Chapter 17: David Wants to Build a House For Yah
1 Now it came to pass, when David was dwelling in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar but the ark of the covenant of Yah is under tent curtains”. 2 Then Nathan said to David, “Do all that is in your heart, for Yah is with you”.
Through the Prophet Nathan Yah Forbade David From Building the House For the Ark: Yah Tells David His Sons Shall Build the House of Yah
3 But it happened that night that the word of Yah came to Nathan saying: 4 “Go and tell My servant David, ‘Thus says Yah: You shall not build Me a house to dwell in. 5 For I have not dwelt in a house since the time that I brought up Ysrayl, even to this day but have gone from tent to tent and from one tabernacle to another. 6 Wherever I have moved about with all Ysrayl, have I ever spoken a word to any of the judges of Ysrayl, whom I commanded to shepherd My people saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar’?” 7 “Now therefore, thus shall you say to My servant David, ‘Thus says Yah of hosts: “I took you from the sheepfold, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My people Ysrayl. 8 And I have been with you wherever yo have gone and I have cut off all your enemies from before you and I have made you a name like the name of the great men who are on the earth. 9 Moreover, I will appoint a place for My people Ysrayl and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own and move no more. Nor shall the sons of wickedness oppress them anymore, as previously–10 Since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Ysrayl. Also, I will subdue all your enemies. Furthermore, I tell you that Yah will build you a house (that is, a royal dynasty). 11 And it shall be, when your days are fulfilled, when you must go to be with your fathers, that I will set up your seed after you, who will be of your sons and I will establish his kingdom. 12 He shall build Me a house and I will establish his throne forever. 13 I will be his Father and he shall be My son and I will not take My mercy away from him, as I took it from him who was before you. 14 And I will establish will establish him in My house and in My kingdom forever and his throne shall be established forever’.” 15 According to all these words and according to all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David.
*Yah said ‘your sons will establish’ in verse 11. Solomon built Yah’s first house and Yah’s house was rebuilt after the Babylonian captivity in the book of Ezra. But in verses 12-13, Yah is referring to Yahoshua rebuilding the temple, see Zechariyah 6:12-13.
David Sits and Talks to Yah
16 Then king David went in and sat before Yah and he said: “Who am I, O Yah? And what is my house, that You have brought me this far? 17 And yet this was a small thing in Your sight, O Yah and You have also spoken of Your servant’s house for a great while to come and have regarded me according to the rank of a man of high degree, O Yah Almighty. 18 What more can David say to You for the honor of Your servant? For You know Your servant. 19 O Yah, for Your servants sake and according to Your own heart, You have done all this greatness, in making known all these great things. 20 O Yah, there is none like You, nor is there any Power besides You, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 21 And who is like Your people, the one nation on the earth whom Yah went to redeem for Himself as a people, to make for Yourself a name by great and awesome deeds, by driving out nations from before Your people whom You redeem from Egypt? 22 For You have made Your people Ysrayl Your very own people forever and You, Yah, have become their Father”.
David Thanks Yah in Prayer
23 “And now, O Yah, the word which You have spoken concerning Your servant and concerning his house, let it be established forever and do as You have said. 24 So let it be established, that Your name may be magnified forever saying, ‘Yah of hosts, the Father of Ysrayl, is Ysrayl’s Power’. And let the house of Your servant David be established before You. 25 For You, O my Yah, have revealed to Your servant that You will build him a house. Therefore, Your servant has found it in his heart to pray before You. 26 And now, Yah, You are Almighty and have promised this goodness to Your servant. 27 Now You have been pleased to bless the house of Your servant, that it may continue before You forever, for You have blessed it, O Yah and it shall be blessed forever”.
A List of David’s Conquests in War
1 After this it came to pass that David attacked the Philistines, subdued them and took Gath and its towns from the hand of the Philistines. 2 Then he defeated Moab and the Moabites became David’s servants and brought tribute.
3 And David defeated Hadadezer (Hebrew Hadarezer) king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his power by the River Euphrates. 4 David took from him one thousand chariots, seven thousand (seven hundred, compare 2 Shemuyah 8:4) horsemen and twenty thousand foot soldiers. Also David hamstrung all the chariot horses, except that he spared enough of them for one hundred chariots.
5 When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians. 6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus and the Syrians became David’s servants and brought tribute. So Yah preserved David wherever he went. 7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Yahrushalom. 8 Also from Tibhath (spelled Betah in 2 Shemuyah 8:8) and from Chun, cities of hadadezer, David brought a large amount of bronze, with which Solomon made the bronze Sea, the pillars and the articles of bronze.
David Gives Yah Gold Silver and Bronze of All His Conquests
9 Now when Tou (spelled Toi in 2 Shemuyah 8:9-10) king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer king of Zobah–10 He sent Hadoram (see 2 Shemuyah 8:10) his son to King David, to greet him and bless him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou and Hadoram brought with him all kinds of articles of gold, silver and bronze. 11 King David also dedicated these to Yah, along with the silver and gold that he had brought from all these nations–from Edom, from Moab, from the people of Ammon, from the Philistines and from Amalek.
Yah Preserved David Wherever He Went: Abishai Killed Thousands
12 Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiyah killed eighteen thousand Edomites (or Syrians, compare 2 Shemuyah 8:13) in the Valley of Salt. 13 He also put garrisons in Edom and all the Edomites became David’s servants. And Yah preserved David wherever he went.
14 So David reigned over all Ysrayl and administered judgment and justice to all his people. 15 Yoab the son of Zeruiyah was over the army. Yahoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder. 16 Zadok the son of Ahitub and Abimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests. Shavsha (spelled Seraiyah in 2 Shemuyah 8:17) was he scribe. 17 Benaiyah the son of Yahoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites and David’s sons were chief ministers at the king’s side.