Chapter 25: David Assigns Temple Musicians-Prophets Their Duties: Heman Was a Seer-Prophet of Yah
1 Moreover, David and the captains of the army separated for the service some of the sons of Asaph, of Heman and of Yeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, string instruments and cymbals. And the number of the skilled men performing their service was: 2 Of the sons of Asaph: Zaccur, Yoseph, Nethaniyah and Asharelah (spelled Yasharelah in verse 14), the sons of Asaph were under the direction of Asaph, who prophesied according to the order of the king. 3 Of Yaduthun, the sons of Yaduthun: Gedaliyah, Zeri (spelled Yizri in verse 11), Yashaiyah, Shimei, Hashabiyah and Mattithiyah, six (six sons, compare to verse 17) under the direction of their father Yaduthun, who prophesied with a harp to give thanks and praise to Yah. 4 Of Heman, the sons of Heman: Bukkiyah, Mattaniyah, Uzziyah (spelled Azaryah in verse 18) Shebuyah (spelled Shubayah in verse 20), Yerimoth (spelled Yeremoth in verse 22), Hananiyah, Hanani, Yliathah, Giddalti, Reomamti-Ezer, Yoshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir and Mahazioth. 5 All these were the sons of Heman the king’s seer in the words of Yah, to exalt his horn (that is, to increase his power of influence). For Yah gave Heman fourteen sons and three daughter. 6 All these were under the direction of their father for the music in the house of Yah, with cymbals, stringed instruments and harps, for the service of the house of Yah. Asaph, Yaduthun and Heman were under the authority of the king (David). 7 So the number of them, with their brothers who were instructed in the songs of Yah, all who were skillful, was two hundred and eighty-eight. 8 And they cast lots for their duty, the small as well as the great, the teacher with the student.
The Sons of Asaph Yaduthun and Heman: Two Hundred and eighty-eight in groups of twelve
9 Now the first lot for Asaph came out of Yoseph: The second for Gedaliyah, him with his brothers and sons, twelve. 10 The third for Zaccur, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 11 The fourth for Yizri (spelled Zeri in verse 3), his sons and brothers, twelve. 12 The fifth for Nethaniyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 13 The sixth for Bukkiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 14 The Seventh for Yasharelah (spelled Asharelah in verse 2), his sons and his brothers, twelve. 15 The eighth for Yashaiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 16 The ninth for Mattaniyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 17 The tenth for Shimei, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 18 The eleventh for Azaryah (spelled Uzziyah in verse 4), his sons and his brothers, twelve. 19 The twelfth for Hashabiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 20 The thirteenth for Shubayah (spelled Shebuyah in verse 4), his sons and his brothers, twelve. 21 The fourteenth for Mattithiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 22 The fifteenth for Yeremoth (spelled Yerimoth in verse 4), his sons and his brothers, twelve. 23 The sixteenth for Hananiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 24 The seventeenth for Yoshbekashah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 25 The eighteenth for Hanani, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 26 The nineteenth for Mallothi, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 27 The twentieth for Yliathah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 28 The twenty-first for Hothir, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 29 The twenty-second for Giddalti, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 30 The twenty-third for Mahazioth, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 31 The twenty-fourth for Romamti-Ezer, his sons and his brothers, twelve.
*Do you remember the battle of the marching bands in undergrad (if you attended a down south HBCU)? Our people always loved big bands.
Chapter 26: The Temple Guards or Gatekeepers are Assigned Their Duties
1 Concerning the divisions of the gatekeepers: Of the Korahites, Meshelmiyah the son of Kore, of the sons of Asaph. 2 And the sons of Meshelemiyah were Zechariyah the firstborn, Yediayah the second, Zebadiyah the third, Yathniyah the fourth–3 Ylam the fifth, Yahohanan the sixth, Yliehoenai the seventh. 4 Moreover, the sons of Obed-Edom were Shemaiyah the firstborn, Yahozabad the second, Yoah the third. Sacar the fourth, Nethanyah the fifth–5 Ammiyah the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth, for Yah blessed him. 6 Also to Shemaiyah his son were sons born who governed their father’s houses, because they were men of great ability. 7 The sons of Shemaiyah were Othni, Rephayah, Obed and Ylzabad, whose brothers Ylihu and Semachiyah were able men. 8 All these were of the sons of Obed-Edom, they and their sons and their brothers, able men with strength for the work, sixty-two of Obed-Edom.
*Remember the ark of Yah rested in Obed-Edom’s house for a while and Yah blessed him for that.
9 And Meshelemiyah had sons and brothers, eighteen able men. 10 Also Hosah, of the children of Merari, had sons: Shimri the first, for though he was not the firstborn, his father made him the first. 11 Hilkiyah the second, Tebaliyah the third, Zechariyah the fourth, all the sons and brothers of Hosah were thirteen.
Lots are Cast For Levites Who Guard Gates and Important Structures Around the City
12 Among these were the divisions of the gatekeepers, among the chief men, having duties just like their brothers, to serve in the house of Yah. 13 And they cast lots for each gate, the small as well as the great, according to their father’s house. 14 The lot for the East Gate fell to Shelemiyah. Then they cast lots for his son Zechariyah, a wise counselor and his lot came out for the North Gate. 15 To Obed-Edom the South Gate and to his sons the storehouse (Hebrew asuppim). 16 To Shuppim and Hosah the lot came out for the West Gate, with Shallecheth Gate on the ascending highway, watchman opposite watchman. 17 On the east were six Levites, on the north four each day, on the south four each day and for the storehouse two by two. 18 As for Parbar (probably court or colonnade extending west of the temple) on the west, there were four on the highway and two at the Parbar. 19 These were the divisions of the gatekeepers among the sons of Korah and among the sons of Merari.
David Assigns Levites to Guard the Treasuries: All Dedicated things are put in the Treasury Including Those Dedicated by Shemuyah Shaul Abner and Yoab
20 Of the Levites, Ahiyah was over the treasuries of the house of Yah and over the treasuries of the dedicated things. 21 The sons of Laadan, the descendants of the Gershonites of Laadan, heads of their father’s houses, of Laadan the Gershonite: Yahiyli. 22 The sons of Yahiyli, Zetham and Yoyl his brother, were over the treasuries of the house of Yah. 23 Of the Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites and the Uzziylites. 24 Shebuyah the son of Gershom, the son of Moshe, was overseer of the treasuries. 25 And his brothers by Yliezer were Rehabiyah his son, Yashaiyah his son, Yoram his son, Zichri his son and Shelomith his son. 26 This Shelomith and his brothers were over all the treasuries of the dedicated things which King David and the heads of father’s houses, the captains over thousands and hundreds and the captains of the army, had dedicated. 27 Some of the spoils won in battles, they dedicated to maintain the house of Yah. 28 And all that Shemuyah the seer, Shaul the son of Kish, Abner the son of Ner and Yoab the son of Zeruiyah had dedicated, every dedicated thing was under the hand of Shelomith and his brothers.
Those David Placed in Position Outside of Yahrushalom
29 Of the Izharites: Chenaniyah and his sons performed duties as officials and judges over Ysrayl outside Yahrushalom. 30 Of the Hebronites: Hashabiyah and his brothers, one thousand seven hundred able men, had the oversight of Ysrayl on the west side of the Yardan for all the business of Yah and in the service of the king. 31 Among the Hebronites: Yeriyah was head of the Hebronites according to his genealogy of the fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David, they were sought and there were found among them capable men at Yazer of Gilead. 32 And his brothers were two thousand seven hundred able men, heads of father’s houses, whom king David made officials over the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, for every matter pertaining to Yah and the affairs of the king.