Posted in scriptures

A Gentle Reminder

Thank you Collette for the kind words you left on ‘Yah knows the intentions of your heart’ post. I just want to remind my readers that Yah’s name is not short for YHWH or Yahuwah. We don’t know what YHWH means (and man puts vowels within the constants of YHWH) but the Most High did give us Yah as His name in Psalm 68:4 (NKJV) and we see his name in HalleluYah, Aaliyah, Hezekiyah, Gabriyah, so on and so forth. Yah bless, ahkotee.


Posted in scriptures

1 Chronicles Chapter 29

Chapter 29: Ysrayl Willingly Gives Beautiful Gifts for Building Yah’s Temple: The Gold of Ophir is Among the Treasury

1 Furthermore King David said to all the assembly, “My son Solomon, whom alone Yah has chosen, is young and inexperienced and the work is great, because the temple (literally palace) is not for man but for Yah Almighty.

*This is the third time we read that Solomon is very young when he became king. Read 1 Kings 3:7, 1 Chronicles 22:5.

2 Now for the house of my Father, I have prepared with all my might: gold for things to be made of gold, silver for things of silver, bronze for things of bronze, iron for things of iron, wood for things of wood, onyx stones, stones to be set, glistening stones of various colors, all kinds of precious stones and marble slabs in abundance. 3 Moreover, because I have set my affection on the house of my Father, I have given to the house of my Father, over and above all that I have prepared for the qodesh house, my own special treasure of gold and silver–4 Three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir and seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the houses–5 The gold for things of gold and silver for things of silver and for all kinds of work to be done by the hands of craftsmen. Who then is willing to consecrate himself this day to Yah? 6 Then the leaders of the father’s houses, leaders of the tribes of Ysrayl, the captains of thousands and of hundreds, with the officers over the king’s work, offered willingly. 7 They gave for the work of the house of Yah five thousand talents and ten thousand darics of gold, ten thousand talents of silver, eighteen thousand talents of bronze and one hundred thousand talents of iron. 8 And whoever had precious stones gave them to the treasury of the house of Yah, into the hand of Yahiyah the Gershonite (possibly the same as Yahiyli, compare to 26:21,22). 9 Then the people rejoiced, for they had offered willingly, because with a loyal heart they had offered willingly to Yah and King David also rejoiced greatly.

David Thanks and Praises Yah Before the Assembly

10 Therefore, David blessed Yah before all the assembly and David said: “Blessed are You, Almighty Yah of Ysrayl, our Abba, forever and ever. 11 Yours, O Yah is the greatness, the power and esteem, the triumph and the majesty. For all that is in heaven and earth is Yours. Yours is the kingdom, O Yah and You are exalted as head over all. 12 Both riches and honor come from You and You reign over all. In Your hand is power and might. In Your hand it is to make great and to give strength to all. 13 Now therefore, our Almighty, we thank You and praise Your great name. 14 But who am I, and who are my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly as this? For all things come from You. And of Your own we have given You”.

*David knows that all the things that they gave Yah, all those things came from Yah in the first place.

David Asks Yah to Fix Our Hearts

15 “For we are guests and pilgrims before You, as were all our fathers. Our days on earth are as a shadow and without hope. 16 O Yah our Father, all this abundance that we have prepared to build You a house for Your qodesh name is from Your hand and is all Your own. 17 I know also, my Yah, that You test the heart and have pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of my heart, I have willingly offered all these things and now with joy I have seen Your people who are present here to offer willingly to You. 18 O Yah Almighty of Abraham, Yitzshaq and Ysrayl, our fathers, keep this forever in the intent of the thoughts of the heart of Your people and fix their heart toward You. 19 And give my son Solomon a loyal heart to keep Your commandments and Your testimonies and Your statutes, to do all these things and to build the temple for which I have made provision”. 20 Then David said to all the assembly, “Now bless the Almighty your Power”. So all the assembly bless the Father Yah of their fathers and bowed their heads and prostrated themselves before Yah and the king.

Solomon Anointed and Crowned King of Ysrayl

21 And they made sacrifices to Yah and offered burnt offerings to Yah on the next day: A thousand bulls, a thousand rams, a thousand lambs, with their drink offerings and sacrifices in abundance for all Ysrayl. 22 So they ate and drank before Yah with great gladness on that day. And they made Solomon the son of David king the second time and anointed him before Yah to be the leader and Zadok to be priest.

*Here it says “second time” because the first time is when Solomon rides David’s donkey into the city via the Gihon Springs and Adoniyah and his friends are afraid. Read 1 Malakim 1:33-40.

23 Then Solomon sat on the throne of Yah as king instead of David his father and prospered and all Ysrayl obeyed him. 24 All the leaders and the mighty men and also all the sons of King David, submitted themselves to King Solomon. 25 So Yah exalted Solomon exceedingly in the sight of all Ysrayl and bestowed on him such royal majesty as had not been on any king before him in Ysrayl.

The Close of David’s Reign: David Ruled Forty Years

26 Thus David the son of Yesse reigned over all Ysrayl. 27 And the period that he reigned over Ysrayl was forty years: Seven years he reigned in Hebron and thirty-three years he reigned in Yahrushalom. 28 So he died in a good old age, full of days and riches and honor and Solomon his son reigned in his place. 29 Now the acts of King David, first and last, indeed they are written in the book of Shemuyah the seer, in the book of Nathan the prophet and in the book of Gad the seer–30 With all his reigned and his might and the events that happened to him, to Ysrayl and to all the kingdom of the lands.

*Its thought that Shemuyah,Nathan and Gad wrote what is now called first and second Shemuyah (one scroll). But there maybe books of Nathan and Gad hidden away.

Posted in scriptures

Bible Study

I have some good news and some bad news. Some chapters in 1 Chronicles were published out of order and I can’t fix it. The good news is that there is only one more chapter of this book. Does it seem like this study is very slow? I have always been slow at studying, even in school. I always wished I could study lightening fast, then have some free time (at school). But I was the girl always studying in the library…

Posted in scriptures

1 Chronicles Chapters 27 and 28

Chapter 27: David Divides Each Military Division into Twenty-Four Thousand Men

1 And the children of Ysrayl, according to their number, the heads of father’s houses, the captains of thousands and hundreds and their officers, served the king in every matter of the military divisions. These divisions came in and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, each division having twenty-four thousand.

David Assigns Army Commanders

2 Over the first division for the first month was Yashobeam the son of Zabdiyah and in his division were twenty-four thousand. 3 He was of the children of Perez and the chief of all the captains of the army for the first month. 4 Over the division of the second month was Dodai (Hebrew Dodai, usually spelled Dodo, compare 2 Shemuyah 23:9) an Ahohite and of his division Mikloth also was the leader. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 5 The third captain of the army for the third month was Benaiyah, the son of Yahoiada the priest, who was chief. In his division was twenty-four thousand. 6 This was the Benaiyah who was mighty among the thirty and was over the thirty. In his division was Ammizabad his son. 7 The fourth captain for the fourth month was Asahyl the brother of Yoab and Zebadiyah his son after him. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 8 The fifth captain for the fifth month was Shamhuth (spelled Shammoth in 11:27 and Shammah in 2 Shemuyah 23:11) the Izrahite. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 9 The sixth captain for the sixth month was Ira the son of Iklesh the Tekoite. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 10 The seventh captain for the seventh month was Helez the Pelonite, of the children of Ephraim. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 11 The eighth captain for the eighth month was Sibbechai the Hushathite, of the Zarhites. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 12 The ninth captain for the ninth month was Abiezer the Anathothite, of the Benyaminites. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 13 The tenth captain for the tenth month was Maharai the Netophathite, of the Zarhites. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 14 The eleventh captain for the eleventh month was Benaiyah the Pirathonite, of the children of Ephraim. In his division were twenty-four thousand. 15 The twelfth captain for the twelfth month was Heldai (spelled Heled in 11:30 and Heleb in 2 Shemuyah 23:29) the Netophathite, of Othniyah. In his division were twenty-four thousand.

David Assigns Leaders of Tribes

16 Furthermore, over the tribes of Ysrayl: the officer over the Reubenites was Yliezer the son of Zichri. Over the Shimeonites, Shephatiyah the son of Maacah. 17 Over the Levites, Hashabiyah the son of Kemuyah. Over the Aharonites, Zadok. 18 Over Yahudah, Ylihu, one of David’s brothers. Over Issachar, Omri the son of Michayah. 19 Over Zebulon, Ishmaiyah the son of Obadiyah. Over Naphtali, Yerimoth the son of Azriyah. 20 Over the children of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Azaziyah. Over the half-tribe of Manasseh, Yoyl the son of Pedaiyah. 21 Over the half-tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo the son of Zechariyah. Over Benyamin, Yaasiyah the son of Abner. 22 Over Dan, Azaryah the son of Yeroham. These were the leaders of the tribes of Ysrayl.

*Did you notice that David made Abner’s son a chief in Benyamin? Read verse 21.

Children Twenty and Under Not Counted: No Census Count was Recorded in the Book of the Chronicles as Commanded by Yah

23 But David did not take the number of those twenty years old and under, because Yah had said He would multiply Ysrayl like the stars of the heavens. 24 Yoab the son of Zeruiyah began a census but he did not finish, for the wrath came upon Ysrayl because of this census. Nor was the number recorded in the account of the chronicles of King David.

David Assigns  Officials For His Property

25 And Azmaveth the son of Adiyah was over the king’s treasuries and Yahanathan the son of Uzziyah was over the storehouses in the field, in the cities, in the villages and in the fortresses. 26 Ezri the son of Chelub was over those who did the work of the field for tilling the ground. 27 And Shimei the Ramathite was over the vineyards and Zabdi the Shiphmite was over the produce of the vineyards for the supply of wine. 28 Baal-Hanan the Gederite was over the olive trees and the sycamore trees that were in the lowlands and Yoash was over the store of oyl. 29 And Shitrai the Sharonite was over the herds that fed in Sharon and Shaphat the son of Adlai was over the herds that were in the valleys. 30 Obil the Ishmaelite was over the camels, Yahdeiyah the Meronothites was over the donkeys–31 And Yaziz the Hagrite was over the flocks. All these were the officials over King David’s property.

David’s Personal Advisors

32 Also Yahanathan, David’s uncle was a counselor, a wise man and a scribe and Yahiyah the son of Hachmoni was with the king’s sons. 33 Ahithophyl was the king’s conselor and Hushai the Archite was the king’s companion. 34 After Ahithophyl was Yahoiada the son of Benaiyah, then Abiathar.  And the general of the king’s army was Yoab.

Chapter 28: David Talks With the Leaders of Ysrayl About Why He Can’t Build the Temple and That Solomon Will Build the Temple

1 Now David assembled at Yahrushalom all the leaders of Ysrayl: the officers of the tribes and the captains of the divisions who served the king, the captains over thousands and captains over hundreds and the stewards over all the substance and possessions of the king and of his sons, with the officials, the valiant men and all the mighty men of valor. 2 Then King David rose to his feet and said, “Hear me, my brothers and my people. I had it in my heart to build a house of rest for the ark of the covenant of Yah and for the footstool of our Yah and had made preparations to build it. 3 But Yah said to me, ‘You shall not build a house for My name because you have been a man of war and have shed blood’. 4 However, Yah of Ysrayl chose me above all the house of my father to be king over Ysrayl forever, for He has chosen Yahudah to be the ruler. And of the house of Yahudah, the house of my father and among the sons of my father, He was pleased with me to make me king over all Ysrayl. 5 And of all my sons, for Yah has given me many sons, He has chosen my son Solomon to sit on the throne of the kingdom of Yah over Ysrayl. 6 Now He said to me, ‘It is your son Solomon who shall build My house and My courts, for I have chosen him to be My son and I will be his Father. 7 Moreover, I will establish his kingdom forever, if he is steadfast to observe My commandments and My judgments, as it is this day. 8 Now therefore, in the sight of all Ysrayl, the assembly of Yah and in the hearing of our Father, be careful to seek out all the commandments of Yah your Almighty, that you may possess this good land and leave it as an inheritance for your children after you forever’.”

David Talks to Solomon About Yah’s Ways

9 “As for you, my son Solomon, know the Almighty of your father and serve Him with a loyal heart and with a willing mind. For Yah searches all hearts and understands all the intent of the thoughts. If you seek Him, He will be found by you but if you forsake Him, He will cast you off forever. 10 Consider now, for Yah has chosen you to build a house for the sanctuary. Be strong and do it.

David Gives Solomon the Plans to Build the Temple For the Ark of Yah: Yah Showed David the Plans of the Temple in Written Form

11 Then David gave his son Solomon the plans for the vestibule, its houses, its treasuries, its upper chambers, its inner chambers and the place of the mercy seat–12 And the plans for all that he had by the Spirit, of the courts of the house of Yah, of all the chambers all around, of the treasuries of the house of Yah and of the treasuries for the dedicated things. 13 Also for the division of the priests and the Levites, for all the work of the service of the house of Yah and for all the articles of service in the house of Yah. 14 He gave gold by weight for things of gold, for all articles used in every kind of service. Also silver for all articles of silver by weight, for all articles used in every kind of service. 15 The weight for the lamp stands of gold and their lamps of gold, by weight for each lamp stand and its lamps, for the lamp stands of silver by weight, for the lamp stand and its lamps, according to the use of each lamp stand. 16 And by weight he gave gold for the tables of the show bread, for each table and silver for the tables of silver. 17 Also pure gold for the forks, the basins, the pitchers of pure gold and the golden bowls. He gave gold by weight for every bowl and for the silver bowls, silver by weight for every bowl–18 And refined gold by weight for the altar of incense and for the construction of the chariot, that is, the gold cherubim that spread their wings and overshadowed the ark of the covenant of Yah. 19 “All this,” said David, “Yah made me understand in writing, by His hand upon me, all the words of these plans”.

David Encourages Solomon and Tells Him that the Leaders and Craftsmen Will Help Him: David Warns Solomon not to Forsake Yah

20 And David said to his son Solomon, “Be strong and of good courage and do it. Do not fear nor be dismayed, for Yah, my Father, will be with you. He will not leave you nor forsake you, until you have finished all the work for the service of the house of Yah. 21 “Here are the divisions of the priests and the Levites for all the service of the house of Yah and every willing craftsman will be with you for all manner of workmanship, for every king of service. Also, the leaders and all the people will be completely at your command”.




Posted in scriptures

1 Chronicles Chapters 25 and 26

Chapter 25: David Assigns Temple Musicians-Prophets Their Duties: Heman Was a Seer-Prophet of Yah

1 Moreover, David and the captains of the army separated for the service some of the sons of Asaph, of Heman and of Yeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, string instruments and cymbals. And the number of the skilled men performing their service was: 2 Of the sons of Asaph: Zaccur, Yoseph, Nethaniyah and Asharelah (spelled Yasharelah in verse 14), the sons of Asaph were under the direction of Asaph, who prophesied according to the order of the king. 3 Of Yaduthun, the sons of Yaduthun: Gedaliyah, Zeri (spelled Yizri in verse 11), Yashaiyah, Shimei, Hashabiyah and Mattithiyah, six (six sons, compare to verse 17) under the direction of their father Yaduthun, who prophesied with a harp to give thanks and praise to Yah. 4 Of Heman, the sons of Heman: Bukkiyah, Mattaniyah, Uzziyah (spelled Azaryah in verse 18) Shebuyah (spelled Shubayah in verse 20), Yerimoth (spelled Yeremoth in verse 22), Hananiyah, Hanani, Yliathah, Giddalti, Reomamti-Ezer, Yoshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir and Mahazioth. 5 All these were the sons of Heman the king’s seer in the words of Yah, to exalt his horn (that is, to increase his power of influence). For Yah gave Heman fourteen sons and three daughter. 6 All these were under the direction of their father for the music in the house of Yah, with cymbals, stringed instruments and harps, for the service of the house of Yah. Asaph, Yaduthun and Heman were under the authority of the king (David). 7 So the number of them, with their brothers who were instructed in the songs of Yah, all who were skillful, was two hundred and eighty-eight. 8 And they cast lots for their duty, the small as well as the great, the teacher with the student.

The Sons of Asaph Yaduthun and Heman: Two Hundred and eighty-eight in groups of twelve

9 Now the first lot for Asaph came out of Yoseph: The second for Gedaliyah, him with his brothers and sons, twelve. 10 The third for Zaccur, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 11 The fourth for Yizri (spelled Zeri in verse 3), his sons and brothers, twelve. 12 The fifth for Nethaniyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 13 The sixth for Bukkiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 14 The Seventh for Yasharelah (spelled Asharelah in verse 2), his sons and his brothers, twelve. 15 The eighth for Yashaiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 16 The ninth for Mattaniyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 17 The tenth for Shimei, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 18 The eleventh for Azaryah (spelled Uzziyah in verse 4), his sons and his brothers, twelve. 19 The twelfth for Hashabiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 20 The thirteenth for Shubayah (spelled Shebuyah in verse 4), his sons and his brothers, twelve. 21 The fourteenth for Mattithiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 22 The fifteenth for Yeremoth (spelled Yerimoth in verse 4), his sons and his brothers, twelve. 23 The sixteenth for Hananiyah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 24 The seventeenth for Yoshbekashah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 25 The eighteenth for Hanani, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 26 The nineteenth for Mallothi, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 27 The twentieth for Yliathah, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 28 The twenty-first for Hothir, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 29 The twenty-second for Giddalti, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 30 The twenty-third for Mahazioth, his sons and his brothers, twelve. 31 The twenty-fourth for Romamti-Ezer, his sons and his brothers, twelve.

*Do you remember the battle of the marching bands in undergrad (if you attended a down south HBCU)? Our people always loved big bands.

Chapter 26: The Temple Guards or Gatekeepers are Assigned Their Duties

1 Concerning the divisions of the gatekeepers: Of the Korahites, Meshelmiyah the son of Kore, of the sons of Asaph. 2 And the sons of Meshelemiyah were Zechariyah the firstborn, Yediayah the second, Zebadiyah the third, Yathniyah the fourth–3 Ylam the fifth, Yahohanan the sixth, Yliehoenai the seventh. 4 Moreover, the sons of Obed-Edom were Shemaiyah the firstborn, Yahozabad the second, Yoah the third. Sacar the fourth, Nethanyah the fifth–5 Ammiyah the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth, for Yah blessed him. 6 Also to Shemaiyah his son were sons born who governed their father’s houses, because they were men of great ability. 7 The sons of Shemaiyah were Othni, Rephayah, Obed and Ylzabad, whose brothers Ylihu and Semachiyah were able men. 8 All these were of the sons of Obed-Edom, they and their sons and their brothers, able men with strength for the work, sixty-two of Obed-Edom.

*Remember the ark of Yah rested in Obed-Edom’s house for a while and Yah blessed him for that.

9 And Meshelemiyah had sons and brothers, eighteen able men. 10 Also Hosah, of the children of Merari, had sons: Shimri the first, for though he was not the firstborn, his father made him the first. 11 Hilkiyah the second, Tebaliyah the third, Zechariyah the fourth, all the sons and brothers of Hosah were thirteen.

Lots are Cast For Levites Who Guard Gates and Important Structures Around the City

12 Among these were the divisions of the gatekeepers, among the chief men, having duties just like their brothers, to serve in the house of Yah. 13 And they cast lots for each gate, the small as well as the great, according to their father’s house. 14 The lot for the East Gate fell to Shelemiyah. Then they cast lots for his son Zechariyah, a wise counselor and his lot came out for the North Gate. 15 To Obed-Edom the South Gate and to his sons the storehouse (Hebrew asuppim). 16 To Shuppim and Hosah the lot came out for the West Gate, with Shallecheth Gate on the ascending highway, watchman opposite watchman. 17 On the east were six Levites, on the north four each day, on the south four each day and for the storehouse two by two. 18 As for Parbar (probably court or colonnade extending west of the temple) on the west, there were four on the highway and two at the Parbar. 19 These were the divisions of the gatekeepers among the sons of Korah and among the sons of Merari.

David Assigns Levites to Guard the Treasuries: All Dedicated things are put in the Treasury Including Those Dedicated by Shemuyah Shaul Abner and Yoab

20 Of the Levites, Ahiyah was over the treasuries of the house of Yah and over the treasuries of the dedicated things. 21 The sons of Laadan, the descendants of the Gershonites of Laadan, heads of their father’s houses, of Laadan the Gershonite: Yahiyli. 22 The sons of Yahiyli, Zetham and Yoyl his brother, were over the treasuries of the house of Yah. 23 Of the Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites and the Uzziylites. 24 Shebuyah the son of Gershom, the son of Moshe, was overseer of the treasuries. 25 And his brothers by Yliezer were Rehabiyah his son, Yashaiyah his son, Yoram his son, Zichri his son and Shelomith his son. 26 This Shelomith and his brothers were over all the treasuries of the dedicated things which King David and the heads of father’s houses, the captains over thousands and hundreds and the captains of the army, had dedicated. 27 Some of the spoils won in battles, they dedicated to maintain the house of Yah. 28 And all that Shemuyah the seer, Shaul the son of Kish, Abner the son of Ner and Yoab the son of Zeruiyah had dedicated, every dedicated thing was under the hand of Shelomith and his brothers.

 Those David Placed in Position Outside of Yahrushalom

29 Of the Izharites: Chenaniyah and his sons performed duties as officials and judges over Ysrayl outside Yahrushalom. 30 Of the Hebronites: Hashabiyah and his brothers, one thousand seven hundred able men, had the oversight of Ysrayl on the west side of the Yardan for all the business of Yah and in the service of the king. 31 Among the Hebronites: Yeriyah was head of the Hebronites according to his genealogy of the fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David, they were sought and there were found among them capable men at Yazer of Gilead. 32 And his brothers were two thousand seven hundred able men, heads of father’s houses, whom king David made officials over the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, for every matter pertaining to Yah and the affairs of the king.





Posted in scriptures

1 Chronicles Chapters 19 and 20

Chapter 19: The People of Ammon Shave and Cut the Garments of David’s Servants

1 It happened after this that Nahash the king of the people of Ammon died and his son reigned in his place. 2 Then David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash because his father showed kindness to me”. So David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. And David’s servants came to Hanun in the land of the people of Ammon to comfort him. 3 And the princes of the people of Ammon said to Hanun, “Do you think that David really honors your father because he has sent comforters to you? Did his servants not come to you to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land”? 4 Therefore, Hanun took David’s servants, shaved them and cut off their garments in the middle, at their buttocks and sent them away. 5 Then some went and told David about the men and he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, “Wait at Yericho until your beards have grown and then return”.

The People of Ammon Are Aware They Have Offended David So They Join the Syrians

6 When the people of Ammon saw that they had made themselves repulsive to David, Hanun and the people of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves chariots and horsemen from Mesopotamia (Hebrew Aram Naharaim), from Syrian Maacah and from Zobah (spelled Zoba in 2 Shemuyah 10:6). 7 So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, with the king of Maacah and his people, who came and encamped before Medeba. Also the people of Ammon gathered together from their cities and came to battle. 8 Now when David heard of it, he sent Yoab and all the army of the mighty men. 9 Then the people of Ammon came out and put themselves in battle array before the gate of the city and the kings who had come were by themselves in the field.

Yoab and Abishai Make an Agreement: The Syrians Flee from Abishai So Yoab Returns to Yahrushalom

10 When Yoab saw that the battle line was against him before and behind, he chose some of Ysrayl’s best and put them in battle array against the Syrians. 11 And the rest of the people he put under the command of Abishai his brother and they set themselves in battle array against the people of Ammon. 12 Then he said, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me but if the people of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will help you. 13 Be of good courage and let us be strong for our people and for the cities of our Yah. And may the Almighty do what is good in His sight”. 14 So Yoab and the people who were with him drew near for the battle against the Syrians and they fled before him. 15 When the people of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fleeing, they also fled before Abishai his brother and entered the city. So Yoab went to Yahrushalom.

David Pursues the Syrians Who Flee Beyond the Yarden River: The Syrians Become David’s Servants

16 Now when the Syrians saw that hey had been defeated by Ysrayl, they sent messengers and brought the Syrians who were beyond the River (that is, the Euphrates) and Shophach (spelled Shobach in 2 Shemuyah 10:16) the commander of Hadadezer’s army went before them. 17 When it was told David, he gathered all Ysrayl, crossed over the Yarden and came upon them and set up in battle array against them. So when David had set up in battle array against the Syrians, they fought with him. 18 Then the Syrians fled before Ysrayl and David killed seven thousand charioteers and forty thousand foot soldiers (or horsemen, compare 2 Shemuyah 10:18) of the Syrians and killed Shophach the commander of the army. 19 And when the servants of Hadadezer saw that they were defeated by Ysrayl, they made peace with David and became his servants. So the Syrians were not willing to help the people of Ammon anymore.

Chapter 20: Rabbah is Conquered: David’s Crown

1 It happened in the spring of the year, at the time kings go out to battle, that Yoab led out the armed forces and ravaged the country of the people of Ammon and came and besieged Rabbah. But David stayed at Yahrushalom. And Yoab defeated Rabbah and overthrew it. 2 Then David took their king’s crown from his head and found it to weigh a talent of gold and there were precious stones in it. And it was set on David’s head. Also he brought out the spoil of the city in great abundance. 3 And he brought out the people who were in it and put them to work with saws, with iron picks and with axes. So David did to all the cities of the people of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Yahrushalom.

Philistine Giants Are Destroyed: Ylhanan Kills the Brother of Goliath; Giant with 24 Fingers and Toes

4 Now it happened afterward that war broke out at Gezer with the Philistines, at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite killed Sippai (spelled Saph in 2 Shemuyah 21:18), who was one of the sons of the giant. And they were subdued. 5 Again, there was war with the Philistines and Ylhanan the son of Yair (spelled Yaare-Oregim in 2 Shemuyah 21:19) killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam. 6 Yet again there was war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, with twenty-four fingers and toes, six on each hand and six on each foot and he also born to the giant. 7 So when he defied Ysrayl, Yahanathan the son of Shimea (spelled Shimeah in 2 Shemuyah 21:21 and Shammah in 1 Shemuyah 16:9), David’s brother, killed him. 8 These were born to the giant in Gath and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

Posted in scriptures

1 Chronicles Chapters 21 and 22

Chapter 21: Satan Inspires David to Number Ysrayl: Yoab Did Not Really Want to Number Ysrayl: Yah Strikes Ysrayl and David Realizes He Has Done Wrong By Not Inquiring of Yah First

1 Now satan stood up against Ysrayl and moved David to number Ysrayl. 2 So David said to Yoab and to the leaders of the people, “Go, number Ysrayl from Beersheba to Dan and bring the number of them to me that I may know it”. 3 And Yoab answered, “May Yah make His people a hundred times more than they are. But, my master the king are they not all Yah’s servants? Why then does my master require this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt in Ysrayl?” 4 Nevertheless, the king’s word prevailed against Yoab. Therefore, Yoab departed and went throughout all Ysrayl and came to Yahrushalom. 5 Then Yoab gave the sum of the number of the people to David. All Ysrayl had one million one hundred thousand men who drew the sword and Yahudah had four hundred and seventy thousand men who drew the sword. 6 But he did not count Levi and Benyamin among them, for the king’s word was abominable to Yoab. 7 And Yah was displeased with this thing, therefore, He struck Ysrayl. 8 So David said to Yah, “I have sinned greatly because I have done this thing but now, I pray, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly”.

*Remember we were taught that Yah told Abraham that the Israylites would be as many as the stars or as the sand of the sea which no one can count. This is why Yah was upset with David taking a census without His permission.

Yah Speaks to Gad the Prophet: Yah Gives David a Choice of Punishments: David Chooses To Be Punished By Yah Instead of Falling Into the Hands of Men

9 Then Yah spoke to Gad, David’s seer saying: 10 “Go and Tell David saying, ‘Thus says Yah: I offer you three things, choose one of them for yourself, that I may do it to you’.” 11 So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says Yah: ‘Choose for yourself. 12 Either three (or seven compare 2 Shemuyah 24:13) years of famine or three months to be defeated by your foes with the sword of your enemies overtaking you or else for three days the sword of Yah, the plague in the land, with the angel of Yah destroying throughout all the territory of Ysrayl’. Now consider what answer I should take back to Him who sent me”. 13 And David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Please let me fall into the hand of Yah, for His mercies are very great but do not let me fall into the hand of man”.

Yah Puts a Plague Upon Ysrayl in the Form of a Destroying Malak (Angel) Standing Over Yahrushalom: David Sees This Destroying Angel: David Asks Yah For Mercy Upon Ysrayl Because of His Sin

14 So Yah sent a plague upon Ysrayl and seventy thousand men of Ysrayl fell. 15 And Yah sent an angel to Yahrushalom to destroy it. As he was destroying, Yah looked and relented of the disaster and said to the angel who was destroying, “It is enough. Now restrain your hand. And the malak (angel) of Yah stood by the threshing floor of Ornan (spelled Aranah in 2 Shemuyah 24:16) the Yebusite. 16 Then David lifted his eyes and saw the angel of Yah standing between earth and heaven, having in his hand a drawn sword stretched out over Yahrushalom. So David and the zahkin (elders), clothed in sackcloth, fell on their faces.

*This angel holding a sword over the city reminds me of how Moshe held his arms up with his rod or walking stick when the children of Ysrayl were in battle with the Amalekites. Exodus 17:11-12. The angel probably lowered his sword when Yah told him to stop destroying. This also reminds me of an old ‘southern saying’. They would say, ‘you don’t want an old person to raise their arm and point to you’ as they are saying what will happen to you, in other words you are doing something wrong and something bad is going to happen to you, so you best mind your manners.

17 And David said to Yah, “Was it not I who commanded the people to be numbered? I am the one who has sinned and done evil indeed but these sheep, what have they done? Let Your hand, I pray, O Yah my Power be against me and my father’s house but not against Your people that they should be plagued”.

The Angel of Yah Speaks to Gad: The Sons of Ornan Hide From the Angel While Ornan Goes On About His Business: David Buys the Threshing Floor of Ornan: Yah Answers David By Fire

18 Therefore, the angel of Yah commanded Gad to say to David that David should go and erect an altar to Yah on the threshing floor of Ornan the Yebusite. 19 So David went up at the word of Gad, which he had spoken to Yah. 20 Now Ornan turned and saw the angel and his four sons who were with him hid themselves but Ornan continued threshing wheat. 21 So David came to Ornan and Ornan looked and saw David. And he went out from the threshing floor and bowed before David with his face to the ground. 22 Then David said to Ornan, “Grant me the place of this threshing floor, that I may build an altar on it to Yah. You shall grant it to me at the full price, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people”. 23 But Ornan said to David, “Take it to yourself and let my master the king do what is good in his eyes. Look, I also give you the oxen for burnt offerings, the threshing implements for wood and the wheat for the grain offering. I give it all”. 24 Then King David said to Ornan, “No, but I will surely buy it for the full price, for I will not take what is yours for Yah nor offer burnt offerings with that which costs me nothing”. 25 So David gave Ornan six hundred shekels of gold by weight for the place. 26 And David built there an altar to Yah and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings and called on Yah and He answered him from heaven by fire on the altar of burnt offering. 27 So Yah commanded the angel and he returned his sword to its sheath.

*The angel put down his arm.

*This time when I read this story, I wondered why did Yah choose the threshing floor of Ornan? I read that this threshing floor was on Mount Moriyah and that the altar David put up was the future site of the temple Solomon built for Yah. Read 2 Chronicles 3:1. Also Mount Moriyah is where Abraham was tested by Yah to sacrifice Yitzshaq. Read Genesis 22:2. Moriyah means ordered or commanded by Yah…

David Sacrifices to Yah at Mount Moriyah at the Threshing Floor of Ornan: David Fears Yah’s Sword

28 At that time, when David saw that Yah had answered him on the threshing floor of Ornan the Yebusite, he sacrificed there. 29 For the tabernacle of Yah and the altar of the burnt offering, which Moshe had made in the wilderness, were at that time at the high place in Gibeon. 30 But David could not go before it to inquire of Yah, for he was afraid of the sword of the angel of Yah.

Chapter 22:  David Prepares to Build the Temple Before He Dies

1 Then David said, “This is the house of the Almighty Yah and this is the altar of burnt offering for Ysrayl”. 2 So David commanded to gather the aliens who were in the land of Ysrayl and he appointed masons to cut hewn stones to build the house of Yah. 3 And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails of the doors of the gates and for the joints and bronze in abundance beyond measure–4 And cedar trees in abundance, for the Sidonians and those from Tyre brought much cedar wood to David. 5 Now David said, “Solomon my son is young and inexperienced and the house to be built for Yah must be exceedingly magnificent, famous and esteemed throughout all countries. I will now make preparation for it”. So David made abundant preparations before his death.

*So verse 5 confirms that Solomon was young when he became king of Ysrayl. Read 1 Kings 3:7.

David Instructs Solomon to Build the Temple: David Shed Much Blood the Reason He Was Not Allowed to Build the Temple: Shlomo Means Peaceful

6 Then he called for his son Solomon and charged him to build a house for Yah of Ysrayl. 7 And David said to Solomon: “My son, as for me, it was in my mind to build a house to the name of Yah my Father–8 But the word of Yah came to me saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have made great wars. You shall not build a house for My name because you have shed much blood on the earth in My sight. 9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around. His name shall be Shlomo (Solomon, literally peaceful), for I will give peace and quietness to Ysrayl in his days. 10 He shall build a house for My name and he shall be My son and I will be his Father and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Ysrayl forever. 11 Now, my son, may Yah be with you and may you prosper and build the house of Yah your Almighty, as He has said to you. 12 Only may Yah give you wisdom and understanding and give you charge concerning Ysrayl, that you may keep the law of Yah your Almighty.

*Isn’t it interesting that here David wanted Solomon to have wisdom and understanding of Yah and later Solomon asks Yah for it.

13 Then you will prosper, if you take care to fulfill the statues and judgments with which Yah charged Moshe concerning Ysrayl. Be strong and of good courage. Do not fear nor be dismayed. 14 Indeed, I have taken much trouble to prepare for the house of Yah one hundred thousand talents of gold and one million talents of silver and bronze and iron beyond measure, for it is so abundant. I have prepared timber and stone also and you may add to them. 15 Moreover, there are workmen with you in abundance: woodsmen and stonecutters and all types of skillful men for every kind of work. 16 Of gold and silver and bronze and iron there is no limit. Arise and begin working and Yah be with you”.

David Commands Ysrayl to Help Solomon Build the House of Yah: David Commands Solomon to Put the Ark and Qodesh Articles in the House of Yah

17 David also commanded all the leaders of Ysrayl to help Solomon his son saying: 18 “Is not Yah your Almighty with you? and has He not given you rest on every side? For He has given the inhabitants of the land into my hand and the land is subdued before Yah and before His people. 19 Now set your heart and your soul to seek Yah your Almighty. Therefore, arise and build the sanctuary of Yah Almighty, to bring the ark of the covenant of Yah and the Qodesh articles of Yah into the house that is to be built for the name of Yah.





Posted in scriptures

1 Chronicles Chapters 23 and 24

Chapter 23  Yah Orders Levites Thirty Years and Older to Be Numbered: David Assigns the Levites Their Duties

1 So when David was old and full of days, he made his son Solomon king over Ysrayl. 2 And he gathered together all the leaders of Ysrayl with the priests and the Levites. 3 Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and above and the number of individual males was thirty-eight thousand. 4 Of these, twenty-four thousand were to look after the work of the house of Yah, six thousand were officers and judges–5 Four thousand were gatekeepers and four thousand praised Yah with musical instruments, “which I made,” said David, “for giving praise”. 6 Also David separated them into divisions among the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath and Merari.


7 Of the Gershonites: Laadan (spelled Libni in Exodus 6:17) and Shimei–8 The sons of Laddan: the first Yahiyah, then Zetham and Yoyl, three in all. 9 The sons of Shimei: Shelomith, Haziyah and Haran, three in all. These were the heads of the father’s houses of Laadan. 10 And the sons of Shemei: Yahath, Zina (or Zizah compare to verse 11) the second. But Yeush and Beriyah did not have many sons. Therefore, they were assigned as one father’s house.


12 The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziyah, four in all. 13 The sons of Amram: Aharon and Moshe and Aharon was set apart, he and his sons forever, that he should sanctify the most qodesh things, to burn incense before Yah, to minister to Him and to give the blessing in His name forever. 14 Now the sons of Moshe the man of Yah were reckoned to the tribe of Levi. 15 The sons of Moshe were Gershon (Hebrew Gershom, compare 6:16) and Ylizer. 16 Of the sons of Gershon, Shebuyah (spelled Shubayah in 24:20) was the first. 17 Of the descendants of Yliezer, Rehabiyah was the first. And Yliezar had no other sons but the sons of Rehabiyah were very many. 18 Of the sons of Izhar, Shelomith was the first. 19 Of the sons of Hebron, Yeriyah was the first, Amariyah the second, Yahaziyah the third and Yakameam the fourth. 20 Of the sons of Uzziyah, Michahyah was the first and Yesshiyah the second.


21 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. The sons of Mahli were Yleazar and Kish. 22 And Yleazar died and had no sons but only daughters and their brothers, the sons of Kish, took them as wives. 23 The sons of Mushi were Mahli, Eder and Yeremoth, three in all.

Levites Report to Duty in the House of Yah at Twenty Years Old and Above: The Sons of Gershon and Merari are Assigned to Help Kohath the Sons of Aharon in the House of Yah

24 These were the sons of Levi by their father’s houses, the heads of the father’s houses as they were counted individually by the number of their names who did the work for the service of the house of Yah, from the age of twenty years and above. 25 For David said, “Yah of Ysrayl had given rest to His people, that they may dwell in Yahrushalom forever”. 26 And also to the Levites, “They shall no longer carry the tabernacle or any of the articles for its service”. 27 For by the last words of David the Levites were numbered from twenty years old and above–28 Because their duty was to help the sons of Aharon in the service of the house of Yah, in the courts and in the chambers, in the purifying of all qodesh things and the work of the service of the house of Yah–29 Both with the showbread and the fine flour for the grain offering with the unleavened cakes and what is baked in the pan, with what is mixed and with all kinds of measures and sizes–30 To stand every morning to thank and praise Yah and likewise at evening. 31 And at every presentation of a burnt offering to Yah on the Shabbats and on the New Moons and on the set feasts, by number according to the ordinance governing them, regularly before Yah. 32 And that they should attend to the needs of the tabernacle of meeting, the needs of the qodesh place and the needs of the sons of Aharon their brothers in the work of the house of Yah.

Chapter 24: David Assigns the Priests Their Duties

1 Now these are the divisions of the sons of Aharon. The sons of Aharon were Nadab, Abihu, Yleazar and Ithamar. 2 And Nadab and Abihu died before their father and had no children. Therefore, Yleazar and Ithamar ministered as priests. 3 Then David with Zadok of the sons of Yleazar and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, divided them according to the schedule of their service. 4 There were more leaders found of the sons of Yleazar than of the sons of Ithamar and thus they were divided. Among the sons of Yleazar were sixteen heads of their father’s houses and eight heads of their father’s houses among the sons of Ithamar. 5 Thus, they were divided by lot, one group as another, for there were officials of the sanctuary and officials of the house of Yah, from the sons of Yleazar and from the sons of Ithamar. 6 And the scribe, Shemiyah the son of Nethanyl, one of the Levites, wrote them down before the king, the leaders, Zadok the priest, Ahimelech the son of Abiathar and the heads of the father’s houses of the priests and Levites, one father’s house taken for Yleazar and one for Ithamar.

7 Now the first lot fell to Yahoiarib, the second to Yadaiyah–8 The third to Harim, the fourth to Seorim–9 The fifth to Malchiyah, the sixth to Miyamin–10 The seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abiyah–11 The ninth to Yahshua, the tenth to Shecaniyah–12 The eleventh to Yliashib, the twelfth to Yahkim–13 The thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to Yashebeab–14 The fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer–15 The seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Happizzez (or Aphses)–16 The nineteenth to Pethahiyah, the twentieth to Yahezekyl–17 The twenty-first to Yachin, the twenty-second to Gamul–18 The twenty-third to Delaiyah, the twenty-fourth to Maaziyah. 19 This was the schedule of their service for coming into the house of Yah according to their ordinance by the hand of Aharon their father, as Yah Father of Ysrayl had commanded him.

The Rest of the Levites Are Assigned Their Duties

20 And the rest of the sons of Levi: of the sons of Amram, Shubayah (spelled Shebuyah in 23:16), of the sons of Shubayah, Yahdeiyah. 21 Concerning Rehabiyah, of the sons of Rehabiyah, the first was Isshiyah. 22 Of the Izharites, Shelomoth (spelled Shelomith in 24:23), of the sons of Shelomoth, Yahath. 23 Of the sons of Hebron, Yeriyah was the first (23:19), Amariyah the second, Yahaziyah the third, and Yahkameam the fourth. 24 Of the sons of Uzziyah, Michahyah. Of the sons of Michahyah, Shamir. 25 The brother of Michahyah, Isshiyah. Of the sons of Isshiyah, Zechariyah. 26 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi, the sons of Yaaziyah, Beno. 27 The sons of Merari by Yaaziyah were Beno, Shoham, Zaccur and Ibri. 28 Of Mahli: Yleazar, who had no sons. 29 Of Kish: the son of Kish, Yerahmeyl. 30 Also the sons of Mushi were Mahli, Eder and Yerimoth. These were the sons of the Levites according to their father’s houses. 31 These also cast lots just as their brothers the sons of Aharon did, in the presence of King David, Zadok, Ahimelech and the heads of the father’s houses of the priests and Levites. The chief father’s did just as their younger brothers.