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1 Shemuyah Chapters 5 and 6

Chapter 5: The Philistines and the Ark: Yah Made Dagon Bow Down

1 Then the Philistines took the ark of Yah and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. 2 When the Philistines took the ark of Yah, they brought it into the house of Dagon (A Philistine god) and set it by Dagon. 3 And when the people of Ashdod arose early in the morning, there was Dagon, fallen on its face to the earth before the ark of Yah. So they took Dagon and set it in its place again. 4 And when they arose early the next morning, there was Dagon, fallen on its face to the ground before the ark of Yah. The head of Dagon and both the palms of its hands were broken off on the threshold. Only Dagon’s torso was left of it. 5 Therefore, neither the priests of Dagon nor any who come into Dagon’s house tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod to this day.

Yah Causes Trouble For the Philistines

6 But the hand of Yah was heavy on the people of Ashdod and He ravaged them and struck them with tumors (reads possibly Bubonic Plague) both Ashdod and its territory. 7 And when the men of Ashdod saw how it was, they said, “The ark of Yah of Ysrayl must not remain with us, for His hand is harsh toward us and Dagon our god”. 8 Therefore, they sent and gathered to themselves all the princes of the Philistines and said, “What shall we do with the ark of Yah of Ysrayl”? And they answered, “Let the ark of Yah of Ysrayl be carried away to Gath”. So they carried the ark of Yah of Ysrayl away. 9 So it was, after they had carried it away, that the hand of Yah was against the city with a very great destruction and He struck the men of the city both small and great and tumors broke out on them.

The Philistines Send the Ark of Yah From Ashdod to Ekron

10 Therefore, they sent the ark of Yah to Ekron. So it was, as the ark of Yah came to Ekron that the Ekronites cried out saying, “They have brought the ark of Yah of Ysrayl to us to kill us and our people”! 11 So they sent and gathered together all the princes of the Philistines and said, “Send away the ark of Yah of Ysrayl and let it go back to its own place, so that it does not kill us and our people”. For there was a deadly destruction throughout all the city. The hand of Yah was very heavy there. 12 And the men who did not die were stricken with the tumors and the cry of the city went up to heaven.

Chapter 6: The Philistines are Instructed By Diviners on How to Return the Ark of Yah

1 Now the ark of Yah was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners saying, “What shall we do with the ark of Yah? Tell us how we should send it to its place”. 3 So they said, “If you send away the ark of Yah of Ysrayl, do not send it empty but by all means return it to Him with a trespass offering. Then you will be healed and it will be known to you why His hand is not removed from you”. 4 Then they said, “What is the trespass offering which we shall return to Him”? They answered, “Five golden tumors and five golden rats, according to the number of the princes of the Philistines. For the same plague was on all of you and on your princes. 5 Therefore, you shall make images of your tumors and images of your rats that ravage the land and you shall give esteem to Yah of Ysrayl. Perhaps He will lighten His hand from you, from your gods and from your land. 6 Why then do you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? When He did mighty things among them, did they not let the people go, that they might depart? 7 Now therefore, make a new cart, two milk cows which have never been yoked and hitch the cows to the cart and take their calves home, away from them. 8 Then take the ark of Yah and set it on the cart and put the articles of gold which you are returning to Him as a trespass offering in a chest by its side. Then send it away and let it go. 9 And watch. If it goes up the road to its own territory, to Beth Shemesh, then He has done us this great evil. But if not, then we shall know that it is not His hand that struck us, it happened to us by chance”.

The Philistines Send the Ark of Yah to Beth Shemesh with a Trespass Offering

10 Then the men did so. They took two milk cows and hitched them to the cart and shut up their calves at home. 11 And they set the ark of Yah on the cart and the chest with the gold rats and the images of their tumors. 12 Then the cows headed straight for the road to Beth Shemesh and went along the highway, lowing as they went and did not turn aside to the right or the left. And the princes of the Philistines went after them to the border of Beth Shemesh. 13 Now the people of Beth Shemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley and they lifted their eyes and saw the ark and rejoiced to see it. 14 Then the cart came into the field of Yahoshua of Beth Shemesh and stood there, a large stone was there. So they split the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to Yah.15 The Levites took down the ark of Yah and the chest that was with it, in which were the articles of gold and put them on the large stone. Then the men of Beth Shemesh offered burnt offerings and made sacrifices the same day to Yah. 16 So when the five princes of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to Ekron the same day.

Yah Struck the Israylites of Beth Shemesh Because They Looked into the Ark

17 These are the golden tumors which the Philistines returned as a trespass offering to Yah: One for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for Gath, one for Ekron–18 And the golden rats, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five princes, both fortified cities and country villages even as far as the large stone of Abyl on which they set the ark of Yah, which stone remains to this day in the field of Yahoshua of Beth Shemesh. 19 Then He struck the men of Beth Shemesh because they had looked into the ark of Yah. He struck fifty thousand and seventy men (reads or He struck seventy men of the people and fifty oxen of a man) of the people and the people lamented because Yah had struck the people with a great slaughter. (Compare to Numbers 4:5, only Aharon’s sons and descendants are to touch the ark of Yah. Numbers chapter 4 Yah explains who of the Levite families are to carry what articles of the temple. Also see 2 Shemuyah 6:6-7, Belshazzar and his court drank from the gold and silver of Yah’s temple and Yah punished him, Daniyah chapter 5).

The Ark of Yah is Carried to the City of Kiryath Yearim

20 And the men of Beth Shemesh said, “Who is able to stand before this qodesh Yah Almighty? And to whom shall it go up from us”? 21 So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kiryath Yearim saying, “The Philistines have brought back the ark of Yah. Come down and take it up with you”.

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1 Shemuyah Chapters 3 and 4

Chapter 3: Yah Speaks to Shemuyah For the First Time

1 Now the boy Shemuyah ministered to Yah before Yli. And the word of Yah was rare in those days. There was no widespread revelation. 2 And it came to pass at that time, while Yli was lying down in his place and when his eyes had begun to grow so dim that he could not see–3 And before the lamp of Yah went out in the tabernacle of Yah where the ark of Yah was and while Shemuyah was lying down–4 That Yah called Shemuyah. And he answered, “Here I am”! 5 So he ran to Yli and said, “Here I am, for you called me”. And he said, “I did not call. Lie down again”. And he went and lay down. 6 Then Yah called yet again, “Shemuyah”! So Shemuyah arose and went to Yli and said, “Here I am, for you called me”. He answered, “I did not call, my son. Lie down again”. 7 Now Shemuyah did not yet know Yah nor was the word of Yah yet revealed to him. 8 And Yah called Shemuyah again the third time. So he arose and went to Yli and said, “Here I am, for you did call me”. Then Yli perceived that Yah had called the boy. 9 Therefore, Yli said to Shemuyah, “Go, lie down and it shall be, if He calls you, that you must say, “Speak Yah, for Your servant hears”. So Shemuyah went and lay down in his place.

10 Now Yah came and stood and called as at other times, “Shemuyah, Shemuyah!” And Shemuyah answered, “Speak, for Your servant hears”. 11 Then Yah said to Shemuyah: “Behold, I will do something in Ysrayl at which both ears of everyone who hears it will tingle. 12 In that day, I will perform against Yli all that I have spoken concerning his house, from beginning to end. 13 For I have told him that I will judge his house forever for the iniquity which he knows, because his sons made themselves vile and he did not restrain them. 14 And therefore, I have sworn to the house of Yli that the iniquity of Yli’s house shall not be atoned for by sacrifice or offering forever”.

Shemuyah’s First Prophesy

15 So Shemuyah lay down until morning and opened the doors of the house of Yah. And Shemuyah was afraid to tell Yli the vision. 16 Then Yli called Shemuyah and said, “Shemuyah, my son”! He answered, “Here I am”. 17 And he said, “What is the word that Yah spoke to you? Please do not hide it from me. Yah do so to you and more also, if you hide anything from me of all the things that He said to you”. 18 Then Shemuyah told him everything and hid nothing from him. And he said, “It is Yah. Let Him do what seems good to Him”.

Yah Revealed Himself to the Prophet Shemuyah in Shiloh

19 So Shemuyah grew and Yah was with him and let none of his words fall to the ground (Yah made everything Shemuyah said come true). 20 And all Ysrayl from Dan to Beersheba knew that Shemuyah had been established as a prophet of Yah. 21 Then Yah appeared again in Shiloh. For Yah revealed Himself to Shemuyah in Shiloh by the word of Yah.

Chapter 4: Ysrayl Goes to War with the Philistines

1 And the word of Shemuyah came to all Ysrayl (And it came to pass in those days that the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight). Now Ysrayl went out to battle against the Philistines and encamped beside Ebenezer and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. 2 Then the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Ysrayl. And when they joined battle, Ysrayl was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men of the army in the field. 3 And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Ysrayl said, “Why has Yah defeated us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark of the covenant of Yah from Shiloh to us, that when it comes among us it may save us from the hand of our enemies”. 4 So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the ark of the covenant of Yah of Hosts, who dwells between the cherubim. And the two sons of Yli: Hopni and Phinehas were there with the ark of the covenant of Yah.

The Ark of Yah Captured by the Philistines

5 And when the ark of the covenant of Yah came into the camp, all Ysrayl shouted so loudly that the earth shook. 6 Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What does the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews mean”? Then they understood that the ark of Yah had come into the camp. 7 So the Philistines were afraid, for they said, “Yah has come into the camp”! And they said, “Woe to us! For such a thing has never happened before. 8 Woe to us! Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? These are the gods who stuck the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness”. (The Philistines don’t understand that there is only one Yah). 9 “Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines, that you do not become servants of the Hebrews, as they have been to you. Conduct yourselves like men and fight”! 10 So the Philistines fought and Ysrayl was defeated and every man fled to his tent. There was a very great slaughter and there fell of Ysrayl thirty thousand foot soldiers. 11 Also the ark of Yah was captured and the two sons of Yli, Hophni and Phinehas died.

Yli Dies After Hearing the Bad Report of the Ark of Yah Being Captured

12 Then a man of Benyamin ran from the battle line the same day and came to Shiloh with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. 13 Now when he came, there was Yli sitting on a seat by the wayside watching (beside the gate watching the road) for his heart trembled for the ark of Yah. And when the man came into the city and told it, all the city cried out. 14 When Yli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What does the sound of this tumult mean”? And the man came quickly and told Yli. 15 Yli was ninety-eight years old and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. 16 Then the man said to Yli, “I am he who came from the battle. And I fled today from the battle line”. And he said, “What happened, my son”? 17 So the messenger answered and said, “Ysrayl has fled before the Philistines and there has been a great slaughter among the people. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas are dead and the ark of Yah has been captured”. 18 Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of Yah, that Yli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. And he had judged Ysrayl forty years.

Ichabod: The Esteem of Yah Leaves Ysrayl

19 Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, due to be delivered and when she heard the news that the ark of Yah was captured and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. 20 And about the time of her death the women  who stood by her said to her, “Do not fear, for you have borne a son”. But she did not answer, nor did she regard it. 21 Then she named the child Ichabod (Literally Inglorious or without esteem) saying, “The esteem has departed from Ysrayl”! Because the ark of Yah had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband. 22 And she said, “The esteem has departed from Ysrayl, for the ark of Yah has been captured”.

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1 Shemuyah Chapter 1 and 2

Shemuyah means the name of Yah or His name is Yah in Hebrew. In English it is called the Book of Samuel. First Shemuyah is the first half of a single book that was divided into two parts. One and two Shemuyah because together they were too long to fit one scroll. The books are named for one of the main characters who was a prophet and also the last judge to the people of Ysrayl. Shemuyah was from the tribe of Ephraim.The book of first Shemuyah describes the transition of leadership in Ysrayl from judges to kings. Three characters are prominent in the book: Shemuyah the last to be called judge and the first prophet to have a book named after himself (besides Yahoshua Ben Nun and after a long succession of judges), David the king elect, anointed but not yet recognized as Shaul’s successor and Shaul king of Ysrayl is the third main character.

The first part of 1 Shemuyah (chapters 1-7) tells about the life of Shemuyah and how he helped Ysrayl’s army fight against enemies that were making raids in Ysrayl. But when he grew old, the people decided that they would demand a king from Yah who could lead the army. The children of Ysrayl wanted a king like the nations.

In the second part of this book (chapters 8-15), Yah told Shemuyah to appoint Shaul Ben of Kish to be the first king of Ysrayl. Shaul and his oldest son Yahanathan won several battles against the Ammonites and Philistines but Shaul did not completely obey Yah. Shaul, Shaal or Shau-yl  is thought to mean ‘asked of Yah’ in Hebrew because the Children of Ysrayl asked for a king.

In the third part of the book (chapters 15-31), Yah told Shemuyah to secretly appoint a young man named David to be the next king. The book tells how David soon became a national hero after he killed the giant Philistine warrior, Goliath from Gath. But as David continued to become more popular, Shaul became suspicious, envious and jealous of David. Shaul tried to have him murdered even though David was married to Shaul’s daughter Michal and was best friends with Shaul’s son Yahanathan. The rest of 1 Shemuyah tells how David escaped and became the leader of his own small army in the desert. Shaul continued to hunt for David and so David finally had to lead his followers to Philistia to be safe from Shaul.

The book concludes with the death of Shaul and his sons in a battle with the Philistine army. Yah was keeping His promise to make David the king of Ysrayl. Yah said to Shemuyah:

“I’ve rejected Shaul and I refuse to let him be king any longer. Stop feeling sad about him. Fill your horn with oil (anointing oil) and go visit a man named Yesse who lives in Bethlehem. I’ve chosen one of his sons to be My king. (Shemuyah 16:1)

Chapter 1: The Family of Ylkanah: Hannah Taunted by the Other Wife

1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim Zophim, of the mountains of Ephraim and his name was Ylkanah the Ben of Yeroham, the Ben of Ylihu (spelled Yliyah in 1 Chronicles 6:34), the Ben of Tohu (spelled Toah in 1 Chronicles 6;34), the Ben of Zuph, an Ephramite. 2 And he had two wives: the name of one was Hannah and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children but Hannah had no children. 3 This man went up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to Yah of hosts in Shiloh. Also the two sons of Yli, Hopni and Phinehas, the priests of Yah were there. 4 And whenever the time came for Ylkanah to make an offering, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters. 5 But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, although Yah had closed her womb. 6 And her rival also provoke her severely, to make her miserable because Yah had closed her womb. 7 So it was, year by year, when she went up to the house of Yah, that she provoked her. Therefore she wept and did not eat.

Hannah’s Vow: Hannah Asks Yah For a Male Child: Remember Me O Yah

8 Then Ylkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons”? 9 So Hannah arose after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Yli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the tabernacle (Hebrew heykal, place or temple) of Yah. 10 And she was in bitterness of soul and prayed to Yah and wept in anguish. 11 Then she made a vow and said, O Yah of Hosts, if You  will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me and not forget Your maidservant but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to Yah all the days of his life and no razor shall come upon his head”.

After Praying to Yah Hannah is No Longer Sad

12 And it happened, as she continued praying before Yah, that Yli watched her mouth. 13 Now Hannah spoke in her heart, only her lips moved but her voice was not heard. Therefore, Yli thought she was drunk. 14 So Yli said to her, “How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away from you”! 15 But Hannah answered and said, “No, my master, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink but have poured out my soul before Yah. 16 Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman (Literally daughter of Belial, satan) for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now”. 17 Then Yli answered and said, “Go in peace and Yah of Ysrayl grant your petition which you have asked of Him”. 18 And she said, “Let your maidservant find favor in your sight”. So the woman went her way and ate and her face was no longer sad.

Yah Remembers Hannah: Shemuyah is Born and Dedicated to Yah

19 Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before Yah and returned and came to their house at Ramah. And Ylkanah knew Hannah his wife and Yah remembered her. 20 So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son and called his name Shemuyah saying, “Because I have asked for him from Yah”. 21 Now the man Ylkanah and all his house went up to offer to Yah the yearly sacrifice and his vow. 22 But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “Not until the child is weaned. Then I will take him, that he may appear before Yah and remain there forever”. 23 So Ylkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you. Wait until you have weaned him. Only let Yah establish His word”. Then the woman stayed and nursed her son until she had weaned him.

Hannah Takes Shemuyah to the House of Yah

24 Now when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bulls, one ephah of flour and a skin of wine and brought him to the House of Yah in Shiloh. And the child was young. 25 Then they slaughtered a bull and brought the child to Yli. 26 And she said, “O my master! As your soul lives, my master, I am the woman who stood by you here, praying to Yah. 27 For this child I prayed and Yah has granted me my petition which I asked of Him. 28 Therefore I also have lent him to Yah as long as he lives he shall be lent to Yah”. So they worshiped Yah there.

Chapter 2: Hannah’s Prayer

1 And Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in Yah. My horn (that is, strength) is exalted in Yah. I smile at my enemies because I rejoice in Your salvation. 2 No one is qodesh like Yah, for there is none besides You nor is there any Rock like our Almighty. 3 Talk no more so very proudly. Let no arrogance come from your mouth, for Yah is the Almighty of knowledge and by Him actions are weighed. 4 The bows of the mighty men are broken and those who stumbled are girded with strength. Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread. And the hungry have ceased to hunger. Even the barren has born seven and she who has many children has become feeble. 6 Yah kills and makes alive. He brings down to the grave and brings up. 7 Yah makes poor and makes rich. He brings low and lifts up. 8 He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the beggar from the ash heap, to set them among princes and make them inherit the throne of esteem. For the pillars of the earth are Yah’s and He has set the world upon them. 9 He will guard the feet of His saints but the wicked shall be silent in darkness. For by strength no man shall prevail. 10 The adversaries of Yah shall be broken in pieces. From heaven He will thunder against them. Yah will judge the ends of the earth. He will give strength to His king and exalt the horn of His anointed (prophesy of Yahoshua).

Shemuyah Stays with Yli the Priest

11 Then Ylkanah went to his house at Ramah. But the child ministered to Yah before Yli the priest.

The Wicked Sons of Yli

12 Now the sons of Yli were corrupt (Literally sons of Belial, ha shatan, satan). They did not know Yah. 13 And the priest’s custom with the people was that when any man offered a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come with a three-pronged flesh hook in his hand while the meat was boiling. 14 Then he would thrust it into the pan or kettle or caldron or pot and the priest would take for himself all that the flesh hook brought up. So they did in Shiloh to all the Israylites who came there. 15 Also, before they burned the fat, the priest’s servant would come and say to the man who sacrificed, “Give meat for roasting to the priest, for he will not take boiled meat from you, but raw”. 16 And if the man said to him, “They should really burn the fat first. Then you may take as much as your heart desires”. He would then answer him, “No, but you must give it now and if not, I will take it by force”. 17 Therefore, the sin of the young men was very great before Yah, for men abhorred the offering of Yah.

Shemuyah’s Childhood Ministry: Hannah Visited Shemuyah: Hannah Had More Children

18 But Shemuyah ministered before Yah, even as a child, wearing a linen ephod. 19 Moreover, his mother used to make him a little robe and bring it to him year by year when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. 20 And Yli would bless Ylkanah and his wife and say, “Yah give you descendants from this woman for the loan that was given to Yah”. Then they would go to their own home. 21 And Yah visited Hannah, so that she conceived and bore three sons and two daughters. Meanwhile, the child Shemuyah grew before Yah.

Yli Warns His Sons But Takes No Action

22 Now Yli was very old and he heard everything his sons did to all Ysrayl and how they lay with the women who assembled at the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 23 So he said to them, “Why do you do such things? For I hear of your evil dealings from all the people. 24 No my sons! For it is not a good report that I hear. You make Yah’s people transgress. 25 If one man sins against another, Yah will judge him. But if a man sins against Yah, who will intercede for him”? Nevertheless, they did not heed the voice of their father because Yah desired to kill them. 26 And the child Shemuyah grew in stature and in favor both with Yah and men.

Prophesy Against Yli’s Household: Yah Puts a Curse on Yli’s Household

27 Then a man of Yah came to Yli and said to him, “Thus says Yah: Did I not clearly reveal Myself to the house of your father when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh’s house? 28 Did I not choose him out of all the tribes of Ysrayl to be My priest, to offer upon My altar, to burn incense and to wear an ephod before Me? And did I not give to the house of your father all the offerings of the children of Ysrayl made by fire? 29 Why do you kick at My sacrifice and My offering which I have commanded in My dwelling place and honor your sons more than Me, to make yourselves fat with the best of all the offerings of Ysrayl My people”? 30 Therefore, Yah Almighty of Ysrayl says: “I said indeed that your house and the house of your father would walk before Me forever. But now Yah says: Far be it from Me, for those who honor Me I will honor and those who despise Me shall be lightly esteemed. 31 Behold, the days are coming that I will cut off your arm and the arm of your father’s house, so that there will not be an old man in your house. 32 And you will see an enemy in My dwelling place, despite all the good which Yah does for Ysrayl. And there shall not be an old man in your house forever. (See 1 Kings 2:27). 33 But any of your men whom I do not cut off from My altar shall consume your eyes and grieve your heart. And all the descendants of your house shall die in the flower of their age. 34 Now this shall be a sign to you that will come upon your two sons, on Hopni and Phinehas: in one day they shall die, both of them. 35 Then I will raise up for Myself a faithful (trustworthy) priest who shall do according to what is in My heart and in My mind. I will build him a sure house and he shall walk before My anointed forever. 36 And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left in your house will come and bow down to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread and say, “Please, put me in one of the priestly positions, that I may eat a piece of bread”.

*Compare to 1 Timothy 3:5: If a man can not control his own household, how can he run the House of Yah?

*Hannah’s name in Hebrew is Channah or ChannahYah.

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Ruth Chapter 3 and Chapter 4

Chapter 3: Naomi (Plays Matchmaker) Makes Plans For Ruth’s Security

1 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? 2 Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is he not our relative? In fact, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. 3 Therefore, wash yourself and anoint yourself, put on your best garment and go down to the threshing floor but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. 4 Then it shall be, when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where he lies and you shall go in, uncover his feet and lie down and he will tell you what you should do”. 5 And she said to her, “All that you say to me I will do”.

Ruth Lays at Boaz’s Feet

6 So she went down to the threshing floor and did according to all that her mother-in-law instructed her. 7 And after Boaz had eaten and drunk and his heart was cheerful, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain and she came softly, uncovered his feet and lay down.

Ruth Called a Virtuous Woman

Now it happened at midnight that the man was startled and turned himself and there, a woman was lying at his feet. 9 And he said, “Who are you?” So she answered, “I am Ruth your maidservant. Take your maidservant under your wing (or spread the corner of your garment over your maidservant, symbolism of a covering). For you are a close relative”. 10 Then he said, “Blessed are you of Yah, my daughter! For you have shown more kindness at the end than at the beginning, in that you did not go after young men, whether poor or rich. 11 And now my daughter, do not fear. I will do for you all that you request, for all the people of my town know that you are a virtuous woman.

*Ruth being at his feet could be two-fold.  First, a symbolism for a spiritual covering and second she was humbling herself here. I once read this book called ‘The House at Sugar Beach’ by Helene Cooper about the descendants of some American slaves who went back to Africa and settled in Liberia. This group of Israylites had this saying when asking someone for a favor. They would ask the person the favor and say, “please, I’ll hold your foot”.  We know from scripture that foot washing and bowing at a person’s feet is synonymous with humility. Ruth knew the ways of the Israylites because Naomi taught her.

A Complication but Boaz Promises to Marry Ruth If the Closer Relative Will Not

12 “Now it is true that I am a close relative, however, there is a relative closer than I. 13 Stay this night and in the morning it shall be that if he will perform the duty of a close relative for you–good. Let him do it. But if he does not want to perform the duty for you, then I will perform the duty for you, as Yah lives! Lie down until morning”.

Ruth Tells Naomi All that Happened

14 So she lay at his feet until morning and she arose before one could recognize another. Then he said, “Do not let it be known that the woman came to the threshing floor”. 15 Also he said, “Bring the shawl that is on you and hold it”. And when she held it, he measured six ephahs of barley and laid it on her. Then she went into the city. 16 When she came to her mother-in-law, she said, “Is that you, my daughter”? Then she told her all that the man had done for her. 17 And she said, These six ephahs of barley he gave me, for he said to me, “Do not go empty-handed to your mother-in-law”. 18 Then she said, “Sit still my daughter, until you know how the matter will turn out. For the man will not rest until he has concluded the matter this day”.

Chapter 4: Boaz Redeems (Marries) Ruth

1 Now Boaz went up to the gate and sat down there and behold, the close relative of whom Boaz had spoken came by. So Boaz said, “Come aside friend, sit down here”. So he came aside and sat down. 2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city and said, “Sit down here”. So they sat down. 3 Then he said to the close relative, “Naomi, who has come back from the country of Moab, sold the piece of land which belonged to our brother Ylimelech. 4 And I thought to inform you saying, “Buy it back in the presence of the inhabitants and the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it but if you will not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know. For there is no one but you to redeem it and I am next after you”. And he said, “I will redeem it”. 5 Then Boaz said, “On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also buy it from Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead to perpetuate (Literally raise up) the name of the dead through his inheritance”. 6 And the close relative said, “I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I ruin my own inheritance. You redeem my right of redemption for yourself, for I cannot redeem it”.

7 Now this was the custom in former times in Ysrayl concerning redeeming and exchanging, to confirm anything: One man took off his sandal and gave it to the other and this was a confirmation in Ysrayl. 8 Therefore, the close relative said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself”. So he took off his sandal. 9 And Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses this day that I have bought all that was Ylimelech’s and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, from the hand of Naomi. 10 Moreover, Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of Mahlon, I have acquired as my wife, to perpetuate the name of the dead through his inheritance, that the name of the dead may not be cut off from among his brothers and from his position at the gate. You are witnesses this day”. 11 And all the people who were at the gate and the elders said, “We are witnesses. Yah make the woman who is coming to your house like Rachyl and Leyah, the two who built the house of Ysrayl and may you prosper in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem. 12 May your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Yahudah because of the offspring which Yah will give you from this young woman”.

The Descendants of Boaz and Ruth

13 So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife and when he went into her, Yah gave her conception and she bore a son. 14 Then the women said to Naomi, “Blessed be Yah who has not left you this day without a close relative and may his name be famous in Ysrayl”! 15 “And may he be to you a restorer of life and a nourisher of your old age, for your daughter-in-law who loves you, who is better to you than seven sons has borne him”. 16 Then Naomi took the child and laid him on her bosom and became a nurse to him. 17 Also the neighbor women gave him a name saying, “There is a son born to Naomi”. And they called his name Obed. He is the father of Yesse, the father of David.

18 Now this is the genealogy of Perez: Perez begot Hezron. 19 Hezron begot Ram and Ram begot Amminadab. 20 Amminadab begot Nahshon and Nahshon begot Salmon (Hebrew Salmah). 21 Salmon begot Boaz and Boaz begot Obed. 22 Obed begot Yesse and Yesse begot David.

Update 8/24/2015: When I wrote the heading for the book of Ruth, Yah was heavily making me think about friendship and especially female best friends. Side note: Have you every visited a state or city and been like whoa, these are the friendliest people who I have ever encountered? Where I’m from, that is how the Hebrews are, friendly (as a whole or generally speaking). The city that I am from is renowned for its friendliness, as a matter of fact, the city has literally won the friendliest people in America award from some magazine that I can’t remember the name of right now.

Yah loves friendly people, like Abraham was friendly to strangers and fed those three angels. Yah also loves pairs of friends. Naomi and Ruth were best friends or sister friends.  Ylisheba and Miriam were good friends. Other friends include Yliyah and Ylishua , David and Yahanathan, Yahoshua and Yahcanan, Moshe and Aharon, the two witnesses could be like best friends. And let us not forget that Yah and Yahoshua are friends also. Yah really does love “two by two”.

A few other prophets worked in twos including Yeremiyah and Baruch but I’m not going into EVERY single case. There were also nations of people who were friendly to the Hebrews like the Kenites.

Let’s talk about the symbolism between Boaz and Yahoshua in the book of Ruth. I was reading (on a website) last night about the symbolism between Yahoshua and Boaz. Fascinating and it made me think of things that I have learned so far.

Boaz is called a redeemer by Ruth in 3:9. A brother was to marry the wife of a deceased brother according to Deuteronomy 25:5-10. But, this custom does not apply to Boaz because Boaz informs Ruth that there is a relative that is closer for redemption in 3:12. The older relative ahead of Boaz had to be HIS BROTHER! The first born! That makes so much sense because we all know this pattern in the bible well. This first born son is not interested in Ruth, he is not interested in the birthright like Esau. But the second son Yahqob pays for the birthright and Boaz pays the debt (more on that in a second). Like Ysrayl and Yahoshua, the first born son and second born son, Boaz is much like Yahoshua being a deliverer while the brother of Boaz is similar to the nation of Ysrayl ‘dropping the ball’ so to speak.

In Ruth 2:20, Naomi identifies Boaz as one of our kinsmen redeemers (some translations say guardian redeemers). Why didn’t Naomi identify the brother of Boaz as the redeemer exactly? She knew Boaz, so she had to have known about the older brother of Boaz. I don’t know, maybe the Spirit of Yah was upon her. She also may have known the personalities of the brothers and who had a heart for Yah.

Let’s look at another thing about Naomi. Naomi knew the Law from Leviticus 25:25. When an Israylite lost his property because of debt (remember they had financial problems and moved to Moab) it was the responsibility of a close relative to pay off the debt and redeem the land so it wouldn’t pass out of a family (Naomi’s sons were deceased). The relative was called the kinsmen redeemer. In Naomi’s case, she choose Boaz. Although the older brother of Boaz should have been the redeemer but backed out (like Esau). So this is how Boaz is like Yahqob. He paid for the birthright as Yahqob paid to become the first born and became part of the Messiyah’s genealogy.

So Boaz redeems Naomi and Ruth. First, he paid off the land debt on Naomi’s behalf and redeemed it. Second, he produced a son, Obed, to preserve the chain of inheritance for Ruth’s dead husband, Mahlon. This is summarized in the declaration Boaz made in Ruth 4:9.

Let’s look at another parallel. Boaz is a redeemer, a deliverer like Yahoshua. Naomi represents Ysrayl. Ruth represents the Gentiles because she is a Moabitess. Yahoshua having come to redeem Ysrayl first (Naomi) and secondly the Gentiles (Ruth),as Boaz redeems Naomi first then Ruth. Boaz saves the inheritance of both; Yahoshua saves the inheritance of both! Ain’t Yah awesome!! First the Hebrews then the Gentiles! Yah repeats Himself. So Ruth was a grafted in Israylite. No, Ruth was an Israylite so now she is able to enter the congregation!

*If Yah gives me (or anyone else) anything else I will come back to this post and add it. I may copy this post and add it as a footnote on the bottom of Ruth chapter 4.

11-27-2015: Ruth and Naomi returned at a time of the barley harvest to the town of Bethlehem which means house of bread.

*When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather gleanings of your harvest. Do not go over your vineyard a second time or pick up the grapes that have fallen. Leave them for the poor and foreigners. I am Yah, your Almighty. Leviticus 19:9-10. But Boaz let Ruth glean beyond the edges and instructs the young men not to bother her. He was generous to Ruth.

*Levi is called friend of Yah because of his zeal for Yah in the Book of Jubilees chapter 30:20. All those that keep the law are friends of Yah, He says in Jubilees chapter 30:21 and those who do not keep law become enemies…




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Ruth Chapter 1 and Chapter 2

The word Ruth is a Latin word and in Greek it is Routh. This book is pronounced Re’ut in Hebrew.  The ‘Reu’ in Re’ut means friend. Re’ut is thought to mean friendship or friendly. The arch angel named Reuyl (sometimes spelled Raguyl) means friend of Yah. Ruth and Naomi were more than mother-in-law and daughter-in-law. They were best friends. The Hebrew word Naomi means pleasant. Yethro, the father-in-law to Moshe is called friend of Yah or Reuyl in Exodus 2:18. Yethro was a Kenite (Judges 1:16 who once lived in the land of Midian) and the Kenites were known to be friendly to the Children of Ysrayl, 1 Shemuyah 15:6. Yah called Moshe His friend, Exodus 33:11. Yah called Abraham  friend because he believed Yah, Genesis 15:6, James 2:23 and Isaiah 41:8. Genesis 11:18, Reu was the son of Peleg. David and Yahanathan were best friends, 1 Shemuyah 18. As iron sharpens iron, so a man sharpens a friend’s character, Proverbs 27:17 (ISV). Yahoshua has made Yah’s ways known to His friends, John 15:15. *Yah said in Zechariyah 13:7, that Yahoshua is His friend and His shepherd. Yahoshua said there is no greater love than to lay down one’s life for friends, John 15:13.

The book of Ruth gives a glimpse into the life of an Israylite family during the period of Judges. This family later became very important to Ysrayl because one of Ruth’s great-grandchildren was King David. Boaz was from the tribe of Yahudah.

In addition to Ruth, the other main character in the book in Naomi, who lived in Bethlehem (Yahudah) with her husband and two sons. But the crops failed and the family moved to the country of Moab. Naomi’s husband died and her sons married Moabite women. Ruth was one of those women.

After Naomi’s two sons died in Moab and she decided to return to Bethlehem and told the people her name was no longer Naomi but Mara which means bitter. Naomi had become upset with Yah during her grief.  Naomi told her two daughter-in-laws to stay in Moab and find new husbands. But Ruth refused to stay and instead went to Bethlehem with her. The rest of the book tells how Ruth married a rich relative named Boaz.

According to the law, Moabites were not allowed to become Israylites (Deuteronomy 23:3-6 because they did not give us bread and water coming out of Egypt and they tried to put a curse on us through Balaam). But this book tells how Ruth, a Moabite became completely loyal and faithful (trustworthy) to Yah and was allowed to join the people of Ysrayl. She told Naomi: “Entreat me not to leave you or to turn back from following after you. For wherever you go, I will go. And wherever you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people and your Yah, my Yah. Where you die, I will die. And there will I be buried. Yah do so to me and more also, if anything but death parts you and me”. (Best Friends Forever, her BFF).

Chapter 1: Ylimelech’s Family Goes to Moab

1 Now it came to pass, in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem, Yahudah went to dwell in the country of Moab, he and his wife and his two sons. 2 The name of the man was Ylimelech, the name of his wife was Naomi and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem, Yahudah. And they went to the country of Moab and remained there. 3 Then Ylimelech, Naomi’s husband died and she was left and her two sons. 4 Now they took wives of the women of Moab: the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. And they dwelt there about ten years. 5 Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died. So the woman survived her two sons and her husband.

*Ylimelech means the Power is my King.

Naomi Hears That Yah Visited Ysrayl Giving Them Bread and She wants to Return to Yahudah

6 Then she rose with her daughters-in-law that she might return from the country of Moab, for she had heard in the country of Moab that Yah had visited His people by giving them bread. 7 Therefore, she went out from the place where she was and her two daughters-in-law with her and they went on the way to return to the land of Yahudah. 8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each to her mother’s house. Yah deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me.9 Yah grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband”. So she kissed them and they lifted up their voices and wept. 10 And they said to her, “Surely we will return with you to your people”. 11 But Naomi said, “Turn back, my daughters. Why will you go with me? Are there still sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12 Turn back, my daughters, go. For I am too old to have a husband. If I should say I have hope, if I should have a husband tonight and should also bear sons–13 Would you wait for them till they were grown? Would you restrain yourselves from having husbands? No, my daughters, for it grieves me very much for your sakes that the hand of Yah has gone out against me”! 14 Then they lifted up their voices and wept again and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law but Ruth clung to her.

Determined Ruth Clings to Naomi

15 And she said, “Look, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her gods. Return after your sister-in-law”. 16 But Ruth said: “Entreat me not to leave you or to turn back from following after you. For wherever you go, I will go. And wherever you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people and your Almighty, my Almighty. 17 Where you die, I will die. And there will I be buried. Yah do so to me and more also if anything but death parts you and me”. 18 When she saw that she was determined to go with her, she stopped speaking to her.

Naomi Returns to Bethlehem Yahudah with Ruth and Tells Them Her New Name is Mara or Bitter

19 Now the two of them went until they came to Bethlehem. And it happened, when they had come to Bethlehem that all the city was excited because of them and the women said, “Is this Naomi”? 20 But she said to them, “Do not call me Naomi (Literally Pleasant), call me Mara (Literally Bitter) for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full and Yah has brought me home again empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since Yah has testified against me and the Almighty has afflicted me”? 22 So Naomi returned and Ruth, the Moabitess her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the country of Moab. Now they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.

Chapter 2: Ruth Asks Naomi Permission to Go Glean the Fields Hoping to Find Favor That They Will Let Her Glean

1 There was a relative of Naomi’s husband, a man of great wealth, of the family of Ylimelech. His name was Boaz. 2 So Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, “Please let me go to the field and glean heads of grain after him in whose sight I may find favor”. And she said to her, “Go, my daughter”. 3 Then she left and went and gleaned in the field after the reapers. And she happened to come to the part of the field belonging to Boaz, who was of the family of Ylimelech.

Boaz Inquires About Ruth

4 Now behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem and said to the reapers, “Yah be with you”! And they answered him, “Yah bless you”! 5 Then Boaz said to his servant who was in charge of the reapers, “Whose young woman is this”? 6 So the servant who was in charge of the reapers answered and said, “It is the young Moabite woman who came back with Naomi from the country of Moab”. 7 “And she said, Please let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves”. So she came and has continued from morning until now, though she rested a little in the house”.

Ruth Meets Boaz

8 Then Boaz said to Ruth, “You will listen, my daughter, will you not? Do not go to glean in another field nor go from here but stay close by my young women. 9 Let your eyes be on the field which they reap and go after them. Have I not commanded the young men not to touch you? And when you are thirsty, go to the vessels and drink from what the young men have drawn”. 10 So she fell on her face, bowed down to the ground and said to him, “Why have I found favor in your eyes, that you should take notice of me, since I am a foreigner”? 11 And Boaz answered and said to her, “It has been fully reported to me, all that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband and how you have left your father and your mother and the land of your birth and have come to a people whom you did not know before. 12 Yah repay your work and a full reward be given you by Yah Almighty of Ysrayl, under whose wings you have come for refuge” 13 Then she said, “Let me find favor in your sight, my master. For you have comforted me and have spoken kindly to your maidservant, though I am not like one of your maidservants”.  (Ruth called Boaz master like Sarah called Abraham master, 1 Peter 3:6).

Boaz Commands the Young Men Regarding Ruth

14 Now Boaz said to her at mealtime, “Come here and eat of the bread and dip your piece of bread in the vinegar (or sour wine)”. So she sat beside the reapers and he passed parched grain to her and she ate and was satisfied and kept some back (for Naomi). 15 And when she rose up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men saying, “Let her glean even among the sheaves and do not reproach her. 16 Also let grain from the bundles fall purposely for her. Leave it that she may glean and do not rebuke her”.

Ruth Tells Naomi About Meeting Boaz

17 So she gleaned in the field until evening and beat out what she had gleaned and it was about an ephah of barley. 18 Then she took it up and went into the city and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. So she brought out and gave to her what she had kept back after she had been satisfied (eating). 19 And her mother-in-law said to her, “Where have you gleaned today? And where did you work? Blessed be the one who took notice of you”. So she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked and said, “The man’s name with whom I worked today is Boaz”. 20 Then Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, “Blessed be he of Yah who has not forsaken His kindness to the living and the dead”! And Naomi said to her, “This man is a relation of ours, one of our close relatives”. 21 Ruth the Moabitess said, “He also said to me, “You shall stay close by my young men until they have finished all my harvest”. 22 And Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, “It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his young women and that people do not meet you in any other field”. 23 So she stayed close by the young women of Boaz, to glean until the end of barley harvest and wheat harvest and she dwelt with her mother-in-law.

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Judges Chapter 21

Chapter 21: The Children of Ysrayl Meet at the House of Yah and Pray For Benyamin

1 Now the men of Ysrayl had sworn an oath at Mizpah saying, “None of us shall give his daughter to Benyamin as a wife”. 2 Then the people came to the house of Yah (Or Bethyl) and remained there before Yah till evening. They lifted up their voices and wept bitterly. 3 And said, “O Yah of Ysrayl, why has this come to pass in Ysrayl, that today there should be one tribe missing in Ysrayl? 4 So it was, on the next morning, that the people rose early and built an altar there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. 5 The children of Ysrayl said, “Who is there among all the tribes of Ysrayl who did not come up with the assembly to Yah? For they had made a great oath concerning anyone who had not come up to Yah at Mizpah saying, “He shall surely be put to death”. 6 And the children of Ysrayl grieved for Benyamin their brother and said, “One tribe is cut off from Ysrayl today. 7 What shall we do for wives for those who remain, seeing we have sworn by Yah that we will not give them our daughters as wives?

Ysrayl  Strikes those of Yabesh Gilead that Would Not Come to Yah: Four Hundred Young Virgins are Spared

8 And they said, “What one is there from the tribes of Ysrayl who did not come up to Mizpah to Yah? And in fact, no one had come to the camp from Yabesh Gilead to the assembly. 9 For when the people were counted, indeed, not one of the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead was there. 10 So the congregation sent out there twelve thousand of their most valiant men and commanded them saying, “Go and strike the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead with the edge of the sword, including the women and children. 11 And this is the thing that you shall do. You shall utterly destroy every male and every woman who has known a man intimately”. 12 So they found among the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead four hundred young virgins who had not known a man intimately and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan. (Compare to Judges 20:47 Six hundred Benyaminites survived the war and needed wives and this is only 400 wives).

Wives Provided for the Benyaminites

13 Then the whole congregation sent word to the children of Benyamin who were at the rock of Rimmon and announced peace to them. 14 So Benyamin came back at that time and they gave them the women whom they had saved alive of the women of Yabesh Gilead and yet they had not found enough for them. 15 And the people grieved for Benyamin because Yah had made a void in the tribes of Ysrayl.

16 Then the elders of the congregation said, “What shall we do for wives for those who remain, since the women of Benyamin have been destroyed”? 17 And they said, “There must be an inheritance for the survivors of Benyamin, that a tribe may not be destroyed from Ysrayl. 18 However, we cannot give them wives from our daughters, for the children of Ysrayl have sworn an oath saying, ‘Cursed be the one who gives a wife to Benyamin’.” 19 Then they said, “In fact, there is a yearly feast of Yah in Shiloh, which is north of Bethyl, on the east side of the highway that goes up from Bethyl to Shechem and south of Lebonah”. 20 Therefore, they instructed the children of Benyamin saying, “Go, lie in wait in the vineyards”. 21 “And watch and just when the daughters of Shiloh come out to perform their dances, then come out from the vineyards and every man catch a wife for himself from the daughters of Shiloh. Then go to the land of Benyamin. 22 Then it shall be, when their fathers or their brothers come to us to complain, that we will say to them, “Be kind to them for our sakes because we did not take a wife for any of them in the war. For it is not as though you have given the women to them at this time, making yourself guilty of your oath”.

23 And the children of Benyamin did so. they took enough wives for their number from those who danced, whom they caught. Then they went and returned to their inheritance and they rebuilt the cities and dwelt in them. 24 So the children of Ysrayl departed from there at that time, every man to his tribe and family. They went out from there, every man to his inheritance.

The Children of Ysrayl Want a Ruler Even Though Yah is Our Ruler

25 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.



Posted in scriptures

Judges Chapter 19 and Chapter 20

Chapter 19: The Levite Goes After His Concubine Who Played the Harlot

1 And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Ysrayl, that there was a certain Levite staying in the remote mountains of Ephraim. He took for himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Yahudah. 2 But his concubine played the harlot against him and went away from him to her father’s house at Bethlehem in Yahudah and was there four whole months. 3 Then her husband arose and went after her, to speak kindly to her and bring her back, having his servant and a couple of donkeys with him. So she brought him into her father’s house and when the father of the young woman saw him, he was glad to meet him. 4 Now his father-in-law, the young woman’s father, detained him and he stayed with him three days. So they ate and drank and lodged there.

5 Then it came to pass on the fourth day that they arose early in the morning and he stood to depart but the young woman’s father said to his son-in-law, “Refresh your heart with a morsel of bread and afterward go your way”. 6 So they sat down and the two of them ate and drank together. Then the young woman’s father said to the man, “Please be content to stay all night and let your heart be merry”. 7 And when the man stood to depart, his father-in-law urged him. So he lodged there again. 8 Then he arose early in the morning on the fifth day to depart but the young woman’s father said, “Please refresh your heart”. So they delayed until afternoon and both of them ate. 9 And when the man stood to depart, he and his concubine and his servant, his father-in-law, the young woman’s father said to him, “Look, the day is now drawing toward evening. Please spend the night. See, the day is coming to an end. Lodge here, that your heart may be merry. Tomorrow go your way early, so that you may get home”.

The Levite Decides to Lodge in Gibeah Among the Tribe of Benyamin

10 However, the man was not willing to spend that night. So he rose and departed and came to opposite Yebus (that is, Yahrushalim). With him were the two saddled donkeys. His concubine was also with him. 11 They were near Yebus and the day was far spent and the servant said to his master, “Come, please and let us turn aside into this city of the Yebusites and lodge in it”. 12 But his master said to him, “We will not turn aside here into a city of foreigners, who are not of the children of Ysrayl. We will go on to Gibeah”. 13 So he said to his servant, “Come, let us draw near to one of these places and spend the night in Gibeah or in Ramah”. 14 And they passed by and went their way and the sun went down on them near Gibeah, which belongs to Benyamin. 15 They turned aside there to go in to lodge in Gibeah. And when he went in, he sat down in the open square of the city, for no one would take them into his house to spend the night.

An Elder Ephraimite Living in Gibeah City of the Benyaminites Gives Them Lodge

16 Just then an old man came in from his work in the field at evening, who also wa from the mountains of Ephraim. He was staying in Gibeah, whereas the men of the place were Benyaminites. 17 And when he raised his eyes, he saw the traveler in the open square of the city and the old man said, “Where are you going and where do you come from”? 18 So he said to him, “We are passing from Bethlehem in Yahudah toward the remote mountains of Ephraim. I am from there. I went to Bethlehem in Yahudah. Now I am going to the house of Yah. But there is no one who will take me into his house. 19 Although we have both straw and fodder for our donkeys and bread and wine for myself, for your female servant and for the young man who is with your servant, there is no lack of anything”. 20 And the old man said, “Peace be with you (Hebrew shalom aleichem)! However, let all your needs be my responsibility. Only do not spend the night in the open square”. 21 So he brought him into his house and gave fodder to the donkeys. And they washed their feet and ate and drank.

The Benyaminites of Gibeah Want to Have Sex with the Levite: The Levite’s Concubine is Raped and Murdered

22 As they were enjoying themselves, suddenly certain men of the city, perverted men (Literally sons of Belial or Satan) surrounded the house and beat on the door. They spoke to the master of the house, the old man saying, “Bring out the man who came to your house, that we may know him carnally!” 23 But the man, the master of the house, went out to them and said to them, “No, my brothers! I beg you, do not act so wickedly! Seeing this man has come into my house, do not commit this outrage. 24 Look, here is my virgin daughter and the man’s concubine. Let me bring them out now. Humble them and do with them as you please but to this man do not do such a vile thing!” 25 But the men would not heed him. so the man took his concubine and brought her out to them. And they knew her and abused her all night until morning and when the day began to break, they let her go. 26 Then the woman came as the day was dawning and fell down at the door of the man’s house where her master was, till it was light.

27 When her master arose in the morning and opened the doors of the house and went out to go his way, there was his concubine, fallen at the door of the house with her hands on the threshold. 28 And he said to her, “Get up and let us be going”. But there was no answer. So the man lifted her onto the donkey and the man got up and went to his place.

29 When he entered his house, he took a knife, laid hold of his concubine and divided her into twelve pieces, limb by limb (Literally with her bones) and sent her throughout all the territory of Ysrayl. 30 And so it was that all who saw it said, “No such deed has been done or seen from the day that the children of Ysrayl came up from the land of Egypt until this day. Consider it, Confer and speak up”!

Chapter 20: The Children of Ysrayl Have a Meeting and Interrogate the Levite

1 So all the children of Ysrayl came out, from Dan to Beersheba, as well as from the land of Gilead and the congregation gathered together as one man before Yah at Mizpah. 2 And the leaders of all the people, all the tribes of Ysrayl, presented themselves in the assembly of the people of Yah, four hundred thousand foot soldiers who drew the sword. 3 (Now the children of Benyamin heard that the children of Ysrayl had gone up to Mizpah). Then the children of Ysrayl said, “Tell us, how did this wicked deed happen”? 4 So the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered and said, “My concubine and I went into Gibeah which belongs to Benyamin, to spend the night. 5 And the men of Gibeah rose against me and surrounded the house at night because of me. They intended to kill me but instead they ravished my concubine so that she died. 6 So I took hold of my concubine, cut her in pieces and sent her throughout all the territory of the inheritance of Ysrayl, because they committed lewdness and outrage in Ysrayl. 7 “Look! All of you are children of Ysrayl. Give your advice and counsel here and now”!

The Children of Ysrayl Gather Men of War

8 So all the people arose as one man saying, “None of us will go to his tent nor will any turn back to his house. 9 But now this is the thing which we will do to Gibeah. We will go up against it by lot. 10 We will take ten men out of every hundred throughout all the tribes of Ysrayl, a hundred out of every thousand and a thousand out of every ten thousand, to make provisions for the people, that when they come to Gibeah in Benyamin, they may repay all the vileness that they have done in Ysrayl”. 11 So all the men of Ysrayl were gathered against the city, united together as one man.

The Tribe of Benyamin Refuse to Hand Over the Offenders

12 Then the tribes of Ysrayl sent men through all the tribe of Benyamin saying. “What is this wickedness that has occurred among you”? 13 “Now therefore, deliver up the men, the perverted men (Literally sons of Belial or Satan) who are in Gibeah that we may put them to death and remove the evil from Ysrayl”! But the children of Benyamin would not listen to the voice of their brothers, the children of Ysrayl. 14 Instead, the children of Benyamin gathered together from their cities to Gibeah, to go to battle against the children of Ysrayl. 15 And from their cities at that time the children of Benyamin numbered twenty-six thousand men who drew the sword, besides the inhabitants of Gibeah, who numbered seven hundred select men. 16 Among all this people were seven hundred select men who were left-handed. Every one could sling a stone at a hair’s breadth and not miss. 17 Now besides Benyamin, the men of Ysrayl numbered four hundred thousand who drew the sword. All of these were men of war.

The Children of Ysrayl Inquire of Yah at Bethyl and Battle Against Benyamin: The War with the Benyaminites

18 Then the children of Ysrayl arose and went up to the house of Yah (or Bethyl) to inquire of Yah. They said, “Which of us shall go up first to battle the children of Benyamin?” Yah said, “Yahudah first”! 19 So the children of Ysrayl rose in the morning and encamped at Gibeah. 20 And the men of Ysrayl went out to battle against Benyamin and the men of Ysrayl put themselves in battle array to fight against them at Gibeah. 21 Then the children of Benyamin came out of Gibeah and on that day cut down to the ground twenty-two thousand men of the Israylites. 22 And the people, that is , the men of Ysrayl, encouraged themselves and again formed the battle line at the place where they had put themselves in array on the first day. 23 Then the children of Ysrayl went up and wept before Yah until evening and asked counsel of Yah saying, “Shall I again draw near for battle against the children of my brother Benyamin”? And Yah said, “Go up against him”.

The Second Day of Battle Against Benyamin

24 So the children of Ysrayl approached the children of Benyamin on the second day. 25 And Benyamin went out against them from Gibeah on the second day and cut down to the ground eighteen thousand more of the children of Ysrayl. All these drew the sword.

The Children of Ysrayl Go Back to Yah at Bethyl

26 Then all the children of Ysrayl, that is, all the people, went up and came to the house of Yah (Or Bethyl) and wept. They sat there before Yah and fasted that day until evening and they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before Yah. 27 So the children of Ysrayl inquired of Yah (the ark of the covenant of Yah was there in those days 28 And Phinehas the son of Yleazar, the son of Aharon stood before it in those days) saying, “Shall I yet again go out to battle against the children of my brother Benyamin or shall I cease”? And Yah said, “Go up, for tomorrow I will deliver them into your hand”.

Ysrayl Ambushes the Tribe of Benyamin on the Third Day: Yah Defeats the Tribe of Benyamin

29 Then Ysrayl set men in ambush all around Gibeah. 30 And the children of Ysrayl went up against the children of Benyamin on the third day and put themselves in battle array against Gibeah as at the other times. 31 So the children of Benyamin went out against the people and were drawn away from the city. They began to strike down and kill some of the people, as at the other times, in the highways (one of which goes up to Bethyl and the other to Gibeah) and in the field, about thirty men of Ysrayl. 32 And the children of Ysrayl said, “They are defeated before us, as at first”. But the children of Ysrayl said, “Let us flee and draw them away from the city to the highways”. 33 So all the men of Ysrayl rose from their place and put themselves in battle array at Baal Tamar. Then Ysrayl’s men in ambush burst forth from their position in the plain of Geba. 34 And ten thousand select men from all Ysrayl came against Gibeah and the battle was fierce. But the Benyaminites did not know that disaster was upon them. 35 Yah defeated Benyamin before Ysrayl. And the children of Ysrayl destroyed that day twenty-five thousand one hundred Benyaminites. All these drew the sword.

Ysrayl Burns the Whole City of Gibeah

36 So the children of Benyamin saw that they were defeated. The men of Ysrayl had given ground to the Benyaminites because they relied on the men in ambush whom they had set against Gibeah. 37 And the men in ambush quickly rushed upon Gibeah. The men in ambush spread out and struck the whole city with the edge of the sword. 38 Now the appointed signal between the men of Ysrayl and the men in ambush was that they would make a great cloud of smoke rise up from the city– 39 Whereupon, the men of Ysrayl would turn in battle. Now Benyamin had begun to strike and kill about thirty of the men of Ysrayl. For they said, “Surely they are defeated before us, as in the first battle”. 40 But when the cloud began to rise from the city in a column of smoke, the Benyaminites looked behind them and there was the whole city going up in smoke to heaven. 41 And the men of Ysrayl turned back, the men of Benyamin panicked, for they saw that disaster had come upon them. 42 Therefore, they turned their backs before the men of Ysrayl in the direction of the wilderness but the battle overtook them and whoever came out of the cities they destroyed in their midst. 43 They surrounded the Benyamites, chased them and easily trampled them down as far as the front of Gibeah toward the east. 44 And eighteen thousand men of Benyamin fell. All these were men of valor. 45 Then they (or the rest) turned and fled toward the wilderness to the Rock of Rimmon and they cut down five thousand of them on the highways. Then they pursued them relentlessly up to Gidom and killed two thousand of them. 46 So all who fell of Benyamin that day were twenty-five thousand men who drew the sword. All these were men of valor. 47 But six hundred men turned and fled toward the wilderness to the Rock of Rimmon and they stayed at the Rock of Rimmon for four months. 48 And the men of Ysrayl turned back against the children of Benyamin and struck them down with the edge of the sword, from every city, men and beasts, all who were bound. They also set fire to all the cities they came to.

Posted in scriptures

Judges Chapter 17 and Chapter 18

Chapter 17: Micah Makes Idols

1 Now there was a man from the mountains of Ephraim, whose name was Micah. 2 And he said to his mother, “The eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from you and on which you put a curse, even saying it in my ears—here is the silver with me. I took it”. And his mother said, “May you be blessed by Yah, my son”! 3 So when he had returned the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother, his mother said, “I had wholly dedicated the silver from my hand to Yah for my son, to make a carved image and a molded image. Now therefore, I will return it to you”. (Compare to Exodus 20:4). 4 Thus he returned the silver to his mother. Then his mother took two hundred shekels of silver and gave them to the silversmith and he made it into a carved image and a molded image and they were in the house of Micah. 5 The man Micah had a shrine and made an ephod and household idols (Hebrew teraphim) and he consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest. 6 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

Micah Hires a Levite Priest

7 Now there was a young man from Bethlehem in Yahudah, of the family of Yahudah. He was a Levite and was staying there. 8 The man departed from the city of Bethlehem in Yahudah to stay wherever he could find a place. Then he came to the mountains of Ephraim, to the house of Micah, as he journeyed. 9 And Micah said to him, “Where do you come from”? So he said to him, “I am a Levite from Bethlehem in Yahudah and I am on my way to find a place to stay”. 10 Micah said to him, “Dwell with me and be a father and a priest to me and I will give you ten shekels of silver per year, a suit of clothes and your sustenance”. So the Levite went in. 11 Then the Levite was content to dwell with the man and the young man became like one of his sons to him. 12 So Micah consecrated the Levite and the young man became his priest and lived in the house of Micah. 13 Then Micah said, “Now, I know that Yah will be good to me, since I have a Levite Priest”!

Chapter 18: The Tribe of Dan Takes Micah’s Priest and Idols

1 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. And in those days the tribe of the Danites was seeking an inheritance for itself to dwell in, for until that day their inheritance among the tribes of Ysrayl had not fallen to them. 2 So the children of Dan sent five men of their family from their territory, men of valor from Zorah and Eshtaol, to spy out the land and search it. They said to them, “Go, search the land”. So they went to the mountains of Ephraim, to the house of Micah and lodged there. 3 While they were at the house of Micah, they recognized the voice of the young Levite. They turned aside and said to him, “Who brought you here? What are you doing in this place? What do you have here”? 4 He said to them, “Thus and so Micah did for me. He has hired me and I have become his priest”. 5 So they said to him, “Please inquire of Yah, that we may know whether the journey on which we go will be prosperous”. 6 And the priest said to him, “Go in peace. The presence of Yah be with you on your way”.

7 So the five men departed and went to Laish. They saw the people who were there, how they dwelt safely, in the manner of the Sidonians, quiet and secure. There were no rulers in the land who might put them to shame for anything. They were far from the Sidonians and they had no ties with anyone (reads no ties with Syria). 8 Then the spies came back to their brothers at Zorah and Eshaol and their brothers said to them, “What is your report”? 9 So they said, “Arise, let us go up against them. For we have seen the land and indeed it is very good. Would you do nothing? Do you hesitate to go and enter to possess the land? 10 When you go, you will come to a secure people and a large land. For Yah has given it into your hands, a place where there is no lack of anything that is on the earth”. 11 And six hundred men of the family of the Danites went from there, from Zorah and Eshtaol, armed with weapons of war. 12 Then they went up and encamped in Kiryath Yearim in Yahudah. (Therefore they call that place Mahaneh Dan [Literally Camp of Dan] too this day. There it is, west of Kiryath Yearim). 13 And they passed from there to the mountains of Ephraim and came to the house of Micah.

14 Then the five men who had gone to spy out the country of Laish answered and said to their brothers, “Do you know that there are in these houses an ephod, household idols, a carved image and a molded image? Now therefore, consider what you should do”. 15 So they turned aside there and came to the house of the young Levite man, to the house of Micah and greeted him. 16 The six hundred men armed with their weapons of war, who were of the children of Dan, stood by the entrance of the gate.17 Then the five men who had gone to spy out the land went up. Entering there, they took the carved image, the ephod, the household idols and the molded image. The priest stood at the entrance of the gate with the six hundred men who were armed with weapons of war. 18 When these went into Micah’s house and took the carved image, the ephod, the household idols and the molded image, the priest said to them, “What are you doing”? 20 So the priest’s heart was glad and he took the ephod, the household idols and the carved image and took his place among the people. 21 Then they turned and departed and put the little ones, the livestock and the goods in front of them.

22 When they were a good way from the house of Micah, the men who were in the houses near Micah’s house gathered together and overtook the children of Dan. 23 And they called out to the children of Dan. So they turned around and said to Micah, “What ails you, that you have gathered such a company”? 24 So he said, “You have taken away my gods which I made and the priest and you have gone away. Now what more do I have? How can you say to me, ‘What ails you’?” 25 And the children of Dan said to him, “Do not let your voice be heard among us, lest angry men fall upon you and you lose your life, with the lives of your household”! 26 Then the children of Dan went their way. And when Micah saw that they were too strong for him, he turned and went back to his house.

The Danites Settle in Laish

27 So they took the things Micah had made and the priest who had belonged to him and went to Laish, to a people quiet and secure and they struck them with the edge of the sword and burned the city with fire. 28 There was no deliverer, because it was far from Sidon and they had not ties with anyone. It was in the valley that belongs to Beth Rehob. So they rebuilt the city and dwelt there. 29 And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born to Ysrayl. However, the name of the city formerly was Laish.

30 Then the children of Dan set up for themselves the carved images and Yahanathan the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh (or read Moshe) and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land. 31 So they set up for themselves Micah’s carved image which he made, all the time that the house of Yah was in Shiloh.




Posted in flora and fauna

In the Garden: Pretty Girl Salad


I have been reading about edible flowers lately. Beautiful inside and out with salad.


Red Hibiscus flowers are edible. Just remove its penis stamen in the middle. A flowers ovaries lay deep within the flower. The birds and the bees humor. In Jamaica this plant is called Sorrel. It is made into a tea. Some people call this ‘tea’ the fruit punch of the garden.


Nasturtium. This flower ranges in oranges and yellows and is used to guard against pests in the garden so wash carefully.


Zucchini flower. This flower only lives about a day.


Green leaves should be the base of a pretty girl salad.


Blue sage flowers. Sage is known to give dark hair luster when used as a tea hair rinse.


Indigo. Cornflower, also called Bachelor’s Button. There is also a plant called Indigo that when mixed with Henna will give one jet black or blue-black hair color.


This edible flower is called Pansy, Viola or Violets. It is used often to decorate cakes. Did you notice something? I used the 7 colors of Yah’s rainbow. Most fruit and vegetables are these 7 colors too. I once read a math book saying most flowers have an odd number of petals, usually five or some odd number. Just a random fact.