In 2 Shemuyah, after the death of King Shaul, the people of the tribe of Yahudah chose David to be their king. And for the next seven years, David was at war with Shaul’s son king Ishbosheth of Ysrayl. Then David became king of the entire nation.
David captured Yahrushalim from the Yebusites, made it his new capital and the ark of Yah was brought there from Kiriath Yearim, 1 Shemuyah 7:2. He wanted to build a temple to honor Yah but Yah refused him to do so (Psalm 27:4). Instead Yah promised that David would be a powerful ruler and that one of his descendants would always be king and his descendants would build Yah’s house.
David conquered the enemies of Ysrayl and became the ruler of a small empire. But he also had an affair with Bathsheba, the wife of an army officer who was away at war. As a result, Yah allowed David to have serious troubles later on and many of those troubles came from within his own family. For example, one of David’s sons, Amnon raped David’s daughter, Tamar. Amnon was then killed by David’s other son Absalom who later led a rebellion against David.
David never did the same sin twice but he was loyal to Yah and worshipped only Him (Psalm 62:6). And for as long as Yahudah continued as a tribe, Yah kept the promise he made to David:
Moreover, I will appoint a place for my people Ysrayl and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own and move no more. Since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Ysrayl and have caused you to rest from all your enemies. Also Yah tells you that He will make you a house (that is, a royal dynasty). When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his Father and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men. But My mercy shall not depart from him, as I took it from Shaul, whom I removed from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever. 2 Shemuyah 7:11-16
Yah is talking about Yahoshua being the descendant from David’s body that will rule the kingdom forever.
Chapter 1: The Report of Shaul’s Death Brought to Ziklag to David by an Amalekite Witness: The Amalekite Gives David Shaul’s Crown and Bracelet as Proof Shaul is Dead But the Amalekite Lies About How Shaul Really Died
1 Now it came to pass after the death of Shaul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites and David had stayed two days in Ziklag–2 On the third day, behold, it happened that a man came from Shaul’s camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head. So it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the ground and prostrated himself. 3 And David said to him, “Where have you come from”? So he said to him, “I have escaped from the camp of Ysrayl”. 4 Then David said to him, “How did the matter go? Please tell me”. And he answered, “The people have fled from the battle, many of the people are fallen and dead and Shaul and Yahanathan his son are dead also”. 5 So David said to the young man who told him, “How do you know that Shaul and Yahanathan his son are dead”? 6 Then the young man who told him said, “As I happened by chance to be on Mount Gilboa, there was Shaul leaning on his spear and indeed the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him. 7 Now when he looked behind him, he saw me and called to me. And I answered, ‘Here I am’. 8 And he said to me, ‘Who are you’? So I answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite’. 9 He said to me again, ‘Please stand over me and kill me, for anguish has come upon me but my life still remains in me’. 10 So I stood over him and killed him because I was sure that he could not live after he had fallen. And I took the crown that was on his head and the bracelet that was on his arm and have brought them here to my master”.
*We just read in 1 Shemuyah chapter 31 that the Philistines wounded Shaul with an arrow from an archer and Shaul finished himself with a sword by falling on it. So this Amalekite must have been a witness because he knew the story and was right there to get Shaul’s crown and bracelet (the Philistines found Shaul the next day and cut his head off and took his armor) and he goes to David probably bragging thinking he was going to get some cool points. He told David, “I stood over him and killed him because I was sure that he could not live after he had fallen”.
David and His Men Mourn For Shaul, Yahanathan and Yah’s People Killed in Battle: David Has the Bragging Amalekite Executed
11 Therefore David took hold of his own clothes and tore them and so did all the men who were with him. 12 And they mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Shaul and for Yahanathan his son, for the people of Yah and for the house of Ysrayl because they had fallen by the sword. 13 Then David said to the young man who told him, “Where are you from”? And he answered, “I am the son of an alien, an Amalekite”. 14 So David said to him, “How was it you were not afraid to put forth your hand to destroy Yah’s anointed”? 15 Then David called one of the young men and said, “Go near and execute him”! And he struck him so that he died. 16 So David said to him, “Your blood is on your own head, for your own mouth has testified against you saying, ‘I have killed Yah’s anointed’.” (Remember David had just returned from battling the Amalekites who took their wives and children, 1 Shemuyah chapter 30).
The Song of the Bow: David Sings in Memory of Shaul and Yahanathan
17 Then David lamented with this lamentation over Shaul and over Yahanathan his son–18 And he told them to teach the children of Yahudah the Song of the Bow. Indeed it is written in the Book of Jasher (or Book of Yasher meaning the Book of the Upright):
*Before Yahqob died, he reminded Yahudah to be skillful of the bow (archery). Yasher 56:9, “Only teach your sons the bow and all the weapons of war in order that they may fight the battles of their brother who will rule over his enemies”. Shaul was struck with an arrow. David remind them of this scripture. The Philistines may have pulled out all manner of weapons against Shaul and Ysrayl and Yahudah was not there.*
19 “The beauty of Ysrayl is slain on your high places! How the mighty have fallen! 20 Tell it not in Gath, proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice. Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph. 21 O mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew nor rain upon you nor fields of offerings. For the shield of the mighty is cast away there! The shield of Shaul, not anointed with oil. 22 From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Yahanathan did not turn back and the sword of Shaul did not return empty. 23 Shaul and Yahanathan were beloved and pleasant in their lives and in their death they were not divided. They were swifter than eagles. They were stronger than lions. 24 O daughters of Ysrayl, weep over Shaul who clothed you in scarlet, with luxury, who put ornaments of gold on your apparel. 25 How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle! Yahanathan was slain in your high places. 26 I am distressed for you, my brother Yahanathan. You have been very pleasant to me. Your love to me was wonderful, surpassing the love of women. 27 How the mighty have fallen and the weapons of war perished”!
Chapter 2: Yah Sends David to Hebron
1 It happened after this that David inquired of Yah saying, “Shall I go up to any of the cities of Yahudah”? And Yah said to him, “Go up”. David said, “Where shall I go up”? And He said, “To Hebron”. 2 So David went up there and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Yezeylitess and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmylite. 3 And David brought up the men who were with him, every man with his household. So they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.
David Anointed King of Yahudah: David is Told that the Men of the Tribe of Benyamin of the City of Yabesh Gilead Buried Shaul and David Sends Word Blessing Them
4 Then the men of Yahudah came and there they anointed David king over the house of Yahudah. And they told David saying, “The men of Yabesh Gilead were the ones who buried Shaul”. 5 So David sent messengers to the men of Yabesh Gilead and said to them, “You are blessed of Yah, for you have shown kindness to your master, to Shaul and have buried him. 6 And now may Yah show kindness and truth to you. I also will repay you this kindness because you have done this thing. 7 Now therefore, let your hands be strengthened and be valiant. For your master Shaul is dead and also the house of Yahudah has anointed me king over them”.
Ishbosheth Made King of Ysrayl by Abner Cousin and Commander of Shaul’s Army
8 But Abner the son of Ner, commander of Shaul’s army took Ishbosheth the son of Shaul and brought him over to Mahanaim (Ysrayl’s capital). 9 And he made him king over Gilead, over the Ashurites, over Yezreyl, over Ephraim, over Benyamin and over all Ysrayl. 10 Ishbosheth, Shaul’s son was forty years old when he began to reign over Ysrayl and he reigned two years. Only the house of Yahudah followed David. 11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Yahudah was seven years and six months.
*Called Esh-baal or Ish-baal in 1 Chronicles 8:33 and 1 Chronicles 9:39. Ish-baal means man or husband of baal. Ishbosheth means man or husband of shame. He is the 4th and youngest son of Shaul.
Ysrayl or Benyamin and Yahudah at War: The War Between Ishbosheth and David: The Field of Sharp Swords
12 Now Abner the son of Ner and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Shaul went out from Mahanaim (Ysrayl’s capital) to Gibeon. 13 And Yoab the son of Zeruiyah (Abishai’s brother, David’s nephew and mighty man) went out and met them by the pool of Gibeon. So they sat down, one on one side of the pool and the other on the other side of the pool. 14 Then Abner said to Yoab, “Let the young men now arise and compete before us”. And Yoab said, “Let them arise”. 15 So they arose and went over by number, twelve from Benyamin, followers of Ishbosheth the son of Shaul and twelve from the servant of David. 16 And each one grasped his opponent by the head and thrust his sword in his opponent’s side so they fell down together. Therefore, that place was called the Field of Sharp Swords (Hebrew Helkath Hazzurim) which is in Gibeon. 17 So there was a very fierce battle that day and Abner and the men of Ysrayl were beaten before the servants of David.
Brothers Yoab, Abishai and Asahyl: Asahyl Pursues Abner and Abner Kills Asahyl
18 Now the three sons of Zeruiyah were there: Yoab, Abishai and Asahyl. And Ashahyl was as fleet of foot as a wild gazelle. 19 So Asahyl pursued Abner and in going he did not turn to the right hand or to the left from following Abner. 20 Then Abner looked behind him and said, “Are you Asahyl”? He answered, “I am”. 21 And Abner said to him, “Turn aside to your right hand or to your left and lay hold on one of the young men and take his armor for yourself”. But Asahyl would not turn aside from following him. 22 So Abner said again to Asahyl, “Turn aside from following me. Why should I strike you to the ground? How then could I face your brother Yoab”? 23 However, he refused to turn aside. Therefore, Abner struck him in the stomach with the blunt end of the spear, so that the spear came out of his back and he fell down there and died on the spot. So it was that as many as came to the place where Asahyl fell down and died, stood still.
Yoab and Abishai Pursue Abner: Abner Tells Yoab to Stop Pursuing His Brothers: Abner and His Men Return to Mahanaim
24 Yoab and Abishai also pursued Abner. And the sun was going down when they came to the hill of Ammah which is before Giah by the road to the Wilderness Gibeon. 25 Now the children of Benyamin gathered together behind Abner and became a unit and took their stand on top of a hill. 26 Then Abner called to Yoab and said, “Shall the sword devour forever? Do you not know that it will be bitter in the latter end? How long will it be then until you tell the people to return from pursuing their brethren”? 27 And Yoab said, “As Yah lives, unless you had spoken, surely then by morning all the people would have given up pursuing their brethren”. 28 So Yoab blew a trumpet and all the people stood still and did not pursue Ysrayl anymore nor did they fight anymore. 29 Then Abner and his men went on all that night through the plain, crossed over the Yordan and went through all Bithron and they came to Mahaniam.
Asahyl Buried in Bethlehem: Yoab and His Men Return to Hebron
30 So Yoab returned from pursuing Abner. And when he had gathered all the people together, there were missing of David’s servants nineteen men and Asahyl. 31 But the servants of David had struck down of Benyamin and Abner’s men, three hundred and sixty men who died. 32 Then they took up Asahyl and buried him in his father’s tomb which was in Bethlehem. And Yoab and his men went all night and they came to Hebron at daybreak.