1 Malakim Chapters 1 and 2

The Hebrew title of this book is named Malakim which is plural for “kings” or “angels”. Malak is Hebrew and singular for “king” or “angel”. First Kings is the first half of a single book that was divided into two parts. These books continue the history of Ysrayl.

The book of 1 Kings has three parts. The first part (1-2) tells about the last years of King David’s life and how his son Solomon became the king of Ysrayl The exact age of Solomon becoming king is not written in the bible but it is thought he was around 20 years old or younger because he was David’s baby boy so they based this on chronological order/history. Solomon also said in 1 Kings 3:7 when he was asking for wisdom, “I am but a little child”. Solomon could have been as young as 12 years old when he became a king filled with wisdom. Yahoshua was 12 years old and filled with wisdom in Luke 2:40-50. David told Solomon to show yourself to be a man because Solomon was young when he died. Bathsheba had a throne next to Solomon’s because Solomon was young when he took the throne. Solomon’s name in Hebrew was Shlomo, a form of the word peace, shalom. Shlomo may have been given to him as a name to describe his character. Yahoshua was also called Shiloh to describe his peaceful character when he walked the earth, Genesis 49:10, Isaiah 9:6 the prince of peace and Isaiah 52:7 the bringer of peace or good news. *According to the prophet Zechariyah, Yahoshua will re-build the temple and the counsel of peace shall be there, Zechariyah 6:12-13. Yah named Solomon, Yedidiyah, the beloved of Yah. The second part (3-11) includes events from Solomon’s rule and tells how famous and rich he was. Under Solomon’s leadership Ysrayl rises to the peak of her size and esteem. Solomon’s great accomplishments, including the unsurpassed splendor of the temple which he constructs in Yahrushalom (Yah’s city of peace), brings him worldwide fame and respect. However, Solomon’s zeal for Yah diminishes in his later years, as pagan wives turn his heart away from worship in the temple of Yah. As a result, the king with the divided heart leaves behind a divided kingdom. Much of the second part of the book (12-22) reports what happened after Solomon’s death, the northern tribes rebelled against Rehoboam his son and the nation of Ysrayl was divided into two separated kingdoms: Yahudah and Benyamin in the south and Ysrayl in the north. The Levites were technically in both kingdoms but mostly in Yahudah territory. This part of 1 Kings includes stories about the kings of these two kingdoms. The book concludes with the rule of King Yahoshaphat of Yahudah and King Ahaziyah of Ysrayl.

Each king in the book is judged according to his faithfulness to Yah. If the king was faithful and obeyed Yah’s law, he was praised as being obedient but if he disobeyed and did wrong, he was condemned as being evil. All the kings of Ysrayl were judged to be evil because they rejected Yah and worshiped idols. However, most of the kings of Yahudah were judged to be obedient because they followed the example of their ancestor King David and worshiped Yah.

First Kings also includes the familiar stories about Yliyah the prophet who opposed the evil King Ahab and Queen Jezebel (Isabel) of the northern kingdom. Yliyah warned the people of Ysrayl to obey Yah and not to worship the gods. Yliyah wanted to prove that Yah was the one true power and so he arranged a contest (or showdown at Mount Carmyl) between Yah and the pagan god Baal. Yliyah and the prophets of Baal would offer a sacrifice to their own mighty one but the fire on their altars would not be lit. Yliyah explained to the people:

…”How long will you falter between two opinions? If Yah is Almighty, follow Him but if Baal, follow him…Then you call on the name of your gods and I will call on the name of Yah and Yah who answers by fire, He is the Almighty”. 1 Malakim 18:21, 24

Chapter 1: David is Advanced in Age and Can Not Stay Warm: Abishag Keeps David Warm

1 Now King David was old, advanced in years and they put covers on him but he could not get warm. 2 Therefore, his servants said to him, “Let a young woman, a virgin, be sought for our master the king and let her lie in your bosom, that our master the king may be warm”. 3 So they sought for a lovely young woman throughout all the territory of Ysrayl and found Abishag the Shunammite and brought her to the king. 4 The young woman was very lovely and she cared for the king and served him but the king did not know her.

*I have a relative that we affectionately call ‘the heater’ and ‘the heating pad’ and ‘the blanket’. If my hands are cold, I ask her to warm my hands between hers. She eats a lot of cinnamon and cinnamon is known to warm the body. The fat on a woman’s body may keep us warmer too.

Adoniyah Arrogantly Presumes He is the King of Ysrayl: Yoab and Abiathar the Priest and Some of David’s Sons Join Adoniyah: Zadok the Priest, Beniayah, Nathan the Prophet, Shimei, Rei, the Mighty Men and Solomon are not with Adoniyah

5 Then Adoniyah the son of Haggith exalted himself saying, “I will be king” and he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen and fifty men to run before him. 6 And his father had not rebuked him at any time by saying, “Why have you done so”? He was also very good-looking, His mother had borne him after Absalom. 7 Then he conferred with Yoab the son of Zeriuyah and with Abiathar the priest and they followed and helped Adoniyah. 8 But Zadok the Priest, Beniayah the Ben of Yehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei and the mighty men who belonged to David were not with Adoniyah. 9 And Adoniyah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fattened cattle by the stone of Zoheleth, which is by En Rogyl. He also invited all his brothers, the king’s sons and all the men of Yahudah, the king’s servants. 10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiyah, the mighty men or Solomon his brother. *Adoniyah is the 4th son of David, 2 Shemuyah 3:4.

The Prophet Nathan Gives Bathsheba Advice to Save the Lives of Her and Her Son Solomon

11 So Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon saying, “Have you not heard that Adoniyah the son of Haggith has become king and David our master does not know it? 12 Come, please, let me now give you advice, that you may save your own life and the life of your son Solomon. 13 Go immediately to King David and say to him, ‘Did you not, my master, O king, swear to your maidservant saying, Assurdly your son Solomon shall reign after me and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adoniyah become king’? 14 Then, while you are still talking there with the king, I also will come in after you and confirm your words”.

Bathsheba Goes Before King David

15 So Bathsheba went into the chamber to the king. Now the king was very old and Abishag the Shunammite was serving the king. 16 And Bathsheba bowed and did homage to the king. Then the king said, “What is your wish”? 17 Then she said to him, “My master, you swore by Yah your Almighty to your maidservant saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son shall reign after me and he shall sit on my throne”. 18 So now look! Adoniyah has become king and now, my master the king, you do not know about it. 19 He has sacrificed oxen and fattened cattle and sheep in abundance and has invited all the sons of the king, Abiathar the priest and Yoab the commander of the army but Solomon your servant he has not invited. 20 And as for you, my master, O king the yes of all Ysrayl are on you, that you should tell them who will sit on the throne of my master the king after him. 21 Otherwise, it will happen, when my master the king rests with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted as offenders”.

Nathan the Prophet Goes Before King David

22 And just then, while she was still talking with the king, Nathan the prophet also came in. 23 So they told the king saying, “Here is Nathan the prophet”. And when he came in before the king, he bowed down before the king with his face to the ground. 24 And Nathan said, “My master, O king, have you said ‘Adoniyah shall reign after me and he shall sit on my throne’? 25 For he has gone down today and has sacrificed oxen and fattened cattle and sheep in abundance and has invited all the king’s sons and the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest and look! They are eating and drinking before him and they say, ‘Long live King Adoniyah’! 26 But he has not invited me, me your servant nor Zadok the priest nor Beniayah the son of Yehoiada nor your servant Solomon. 27  Has this thing been done by master the king and you have not told your servant who should sit on the throne of my master the king after him”?

David Proclaims Solomon King of Ysrayl

28 Then King David answered and said, “Call Bathsheba to me”. So she came into the king’s presence and stood before the king. 29 And the king took an oath and said, “As Yah lives, who has redeemed my life from every distress–30 Just as I swore to you by Yah Almighty of Ysrayl saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son shall be king after me and he shall sit on my throne in my place’ so I certainly will do this day”. 31 Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth and paid homage to the king and said, “Let my master King David live forever”!

Arrangements are made for Solomon to be Announced King of Ysrayl

32 And King David said, “Call to me Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet and Beniayah the Ben of Yehoiada”. So they came before the king. 33 The king also said to them, “Take with you the servants of your master and have Solomon my son ride on my own mule and take him down to Gihon. 34 There let Zadok the priest and Nathan the Prophet anoint him king over Ysrayl and blow the horn and say, ‘Long live King Solomon’! 35 Then you shall come up after him and he shall come and sit on my throne and he shall be king in my place. For I have appointed him to be ruler over Ysrayl and Yahudah”. 36 Beniayah the son of Yehoiada answered the king and said, “Amein (Hebrew: so let it be)! May Yah Almighty of my master the king, say so too. 37 As Yah has been with my master the king, even so may He be with Solomon and make his throne greater than the throne of my master King David”.

Solomon Makes a Triumphal Ride on David’s Donkey By Way of the City of Gihon and is Praised as King: Also Yahoshua Made a Triumphal Ride into the City of Yahrushalom on a Donkey and was Praised as King

38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiyah the son of Yehoiada, the Cherethites and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon ride on King David’s mule and took him to Gihon. 39 Then Zadok the priest took a horn of oil (anointing oil) from the tabernacle and anointed  Solomon. And they blew the horn and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon”! 40 And all the people went up after him and the people played the flutes and rejoiced with great joy so that the earth seemed to split with their sound.

*See John 12:12-16 and Zechariyah 9:9.

*03-26-2016: Book of Yasher chapter 49, the people played music at Yoseph’s rulership ceremony.

Adoniyah and Yoab Inquire About the Uproar in the City and are Told Solomon is King: Adoniyah’s Guests are Afraid and Leave Him

41 Now Adoniyah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they finished eating. And when Yoab heard the sound of the horn he said, “Why is the city in such a noisy uproar”? 42 While he was still speaking, there came Yahanathan, the son of Abiathar the priest. And Adoniyah said to him, “Come in, for you are a prominent man and bring good news”. 43 Then Yahanathan answered and said to Adoniyah, “No! Our master King David has made Solomon King. 44 The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiyah the son of Yehoiada, the Cherethites and the Pelethites and they have made him ride on the king’s mule–45 So Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king at Gihon and they have gone up from there rejoicing, so that the city is in an uproar. This is the noise that you have heard. 46 Also Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom. 47 And moreover, the king’s servants have gone to bless our master King David saying, ‘May Yah make the name of Solomon better than your name and may He make his throne greater than your throne’. Then the king bowed himself on the bed. 48 Also the king said thus, ‘Blessed be Yah Almighty of Ysrayl, who has given one to sit on my throne this day, while my eyes see it”! 49 So all the guests who were with Adoniyah were afraid and arose and each one went his way.

Adoniyah Flees to the Horns of the Altar and Begs King Solomon for Mercy: Solomon Grants Him Mercy with Conditions

50 Now Adoniyah was Afraid of Solomon, so he arose and went and took hold of the horns of the altar. 51 And it was told Solomon saying, “Indeed Adoniyah is afraid of King Solomon for look, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar saying, ‘Let King Solomon swear to me today that he will not put his servant to death with the sword’.” 52 Then Solomon said, ‘If he proves himself a worthy man, not one hair of him shall fall to the earth but if wickedness is found in him, he shall die”. 53 So King Solomon sent them to bring him down from the altar. And he came and fell down before King Solomon and Solomon said to him, “Go to your house”.

Chapter 2: David’s Instructions to Solomon: Prove Yourself a Man: David Tells Solomon What to do Concerning Yoab, Shimei, Barzillai

1 Now the days of David drew near that he should die and he charged Solomon his son saying: 2 “I go the way of all the earth. Be strong, therefore and prove yourself a man. 3 And keep the charge of Yah your Almighty: to walk in His ways, to keep His statues, His commandments, His judgments and His testimonies, as it is written in the Law of Moshe, that you may prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn. 4 That Yah may fulfill His word which He spoke concerning me saying, ‘If your sons take heed to their way, to walk before Me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul’. He said, ‘you shall not lack a man on the throne of Ysrayl’.” 5 “Moreover, you know also what Yoab the son of Zeruiyah did to me and what he did to the two commanders of the armies of Ysrayl, to Abner the son of Ner and Amasa the son of Yether, whom he killed. And he shed the blood of war in peacetime and put the blood of war on his belt that was around his waist and on his sandals that were on his feet. 6 Therefore, do according to your wisdom and do not let his gray hair go down to the grave in peace. 7 But show kindness to the sons of Barzilla the Gileadite and let them be among those who eat at your table, for so they came to me when I fled from Absalom your brother. 8 And see, you have with you Shimei the son of Gera, a Benyamite from Bahurim, who cursed me with a malicious curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim. But he came down to meet me at the Yordan and I swore to him by Yah saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword’. 9 Now therefore, do not hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man and know what you ought to do to him but bring his gray hair down to the grave with blood”.

The Death of David

10 So David rested with his fathers and was buried in the City of David. 11 The period that David reigned over Ysrayl was forty years: Seven years he reigned in Hebron and in Yahrusahlim he reigned thirty-three years. 12 Then Solomon sat on the throne of his father David and his kingdom was firmly established.

Adoniyah Asks Bathsheba to Ask Solomon for Abishag the Shunammite as Wife

13 Now Adoniyah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. So she said, “Do you come peaceably”? And he said, “Peaceably”. 14 Moreover he said, “I have something to say to you”. And she said, “Say it”. 15 Then he said, “You know that the kingdom was mine and all Ysrayl had set their expectations on me, that I should reign. However, the kingdom has been turned over and has become my brother’s, for it was his from Yah. 16 Now I ask one petition of you. Do not deny me” And she said to him, “Say it”. 17 Then he said, “Please speak to King Solomon, for he will not refuse you, that he may give me Abishag the Shunammite as wife”. 18 So Bathsheba said, “Very well, I will speak for you to the king”.

Bathsheba Sat at The Right Hand of Solomon’s Throne

19 Bathsheba therefore went to King Solomon, to speak to him for Adoniyah. And the king rose up to meet her and bowed down to her and sat down on his throne and had a throne set for the king’s mother, so she sat at his right hand.

*Solomon bowed to his mother when she entered the room. The Israylites bowed to the gray-haired elderly when they entered a room, Leviticus 19:32. She was not being worshiped here.

Solomon Sends Benaiyah to kill Adoniyah

20 Then she said, “I desire one small petition of you. Do not refuse me”. And the kings said to her, “Ask it, my mother, for I will not refuse you”. 21 So she said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adoniyah your brother as wife”. 22 And King Solomon answered and said to his mother, “Now why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adoniyah? Ask for him the kingdom also–for he is my older brother– for him and for Abiathar the priest and for Yoab the son of Zeriuyah”. 23 Then King Solomon swore by Yah saying, “May Yah do so to me and more also, if Adoniyah has not spoken this word against his own life! 24 Now therefore, as Yah lives, who has confirmed me and set me on the throne of David my father and who has established a house (that is, a royal dynasty) for me, as He promised, Adoniyah shall be put to death today”! 25 So King Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiyah the son of Yehoiada and he struck him down and he died.

*Adoniyah was plotting and planning. Solomon found wickedness in him.

Abiathar is Exiled

26 And to Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go to Anthoth, to your own fields, for you are deserving of death but I will  not put you to death at this time, because you carried the ark of Yah before my father David and because you were afflicted every time my father was afflicted”. 27 So Solomon removed Abiathar from being priest to Yah, that he might fulfill the word of Yah which He spoke concerning the house of Yli at Shiloh. (See 1 Shemuyah 2:31-36, Yah put a curse on Yli’s descendants).

Yoab is Executed by Benaiyah

28 Then news came to Yoab, for Yoab had defected to Adoniyah, though he had not defected to Absalom. So Yoab fled to the tabernacle of Yah and took hold of the horns of the altar. 29 And King Solomon was told, “Yoab has fled to the tabernacle of Yah. There he is, by the altar”. Then Solomon sent Benaiyah the son of Yehoiada saying, “Go, strike him down”. 30 So Benaiyah went to the tabernacle of Yah and said to him, “Thus says the king, ‘Come out’! And he said, “No but I will die here”. And Benaiyah brought back word to the king saying, “Thus said Yoab and thus he answered me”. 31 Then the king said to him, “Do as he has said and strike him down and bury him, that you may take away from me and from the house of my father the innocent blood which Yoab shed–32 Soo Yah will return his blood on his head because he struck down two men more righteous and better than he and killed them with the sword–Abner the son of Ner, the commander of the army of Ysrayl and Amasa the son of Yether, the commander of the army of Yahudah, though my father David did not know it. 33 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Yoab and upon the head of his descendants forever. But upon David and his descendants, upon his house and his throne, there shall be peace forever from Yah”. 34 So Benaiyah the son of Yehoiada went up and struck and killed him and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.

Benaiyah Becomes Commander of Solomon’s Army and Zadok Becomes Priest

35 The king put Benaiyah the son of Yehoiada in his place over the army and the king put Zadok the priest in the place of Abiathar.

Solomon Gives Shimei Travel Restrictions

36  Then the king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Build yourself a house in Yahrushalim and dwell there and do not go out from there anywhere. 37 For it shall be, on the day you go out and cross the Brook Kidron, know for certain you shall surely die. Your blood shall be on your own head”. 38 And Shimei said to the king, “The saying is good. As my master the king has said, so your servant will do”. So Shimei dwelt in Yahrushalim many days.

Shimei is Executed by Benaiyah

39 Now it happened, at the end of three years, that two slaves of Shimei ran away to Achish the son of Maachah, the king of Gath. And they told Shimei saying, “Look, your slaves are in Gath”! 40 So Shimei arose, saddled his donkey and went to Achish at Gath to seek his slaves. And Shimei went and brought his slaves from Gath. 41 And Solomon was told that Shimei had gone from Yahrusalim to Gath and had come back. 42 Then the king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Did I not make you swear by Yah and warn you saying, ‘Know for certain that on the day you go out and travel anywhere, you shall surely die? And you said to me, ‘The word I have heard is good’.” 43 “Why then have you not kept the oath of Yah and the commandment that I gave you”? 44 The king said moreover to Shimei, “You know, as your heart acknowledges, all the wickedness that you did to my father David. Therefore, Yah will return your wickedness on your own head. 45 But the King Solomon shall be blessed and the throne of David shall be established before Yah forever”. 46 So the king commanded Benaiyah the son of Yehoiada and he went out and struck him down and he died. Thus the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon. *See 1 Kings 2:8-9.




Continue reading “1 Malakim Chapters 1 and 2”


The Hebrew Speaks of Rivers: I’ve Known Rivers

yardenyerichoThe title of this blog post came from the Langston Hughes’ poem, “The Negro Speaks of Rivers”. I saw a couple of things he got wrong in the poem but he was right when he said that the Hebrews have known (many) rivers like the Euphrates, the Nile, the Congo and the Mississippi. We are the Hebrews, the wanderers or river crossers. We have also known the Jordan or Ha Yarden Nehar, the Jordan River. That’s a picture of the Jordan above.

The word Yarden means descender because it flows north to south from Lake Huleh and the Sea of Galilee in the north to the Dead (or Salt) Sea in the south. The Jordan plain was described as being “like the garden of Yah” in Genesis 13:10. The current of the Jordan, near where the Israylites crossed in Joshua 3:15 is said to be about 20 yards wide, deeper than a man’s height and so rapid that there is no swimming against it. The Jordan is about 10 km or 6 to 7 miles deep. The Jordan has smaller tributary rivers that flow from it which include: The Yarmuk River, the Yabbok River and the Arnon River.


Another picture of the Jordan River.

The River (Water) Crossers: Yah Troubles the Waters

Yah moved the waters for Noah, Genesis 8:1

Abraham crossed the Euphrates River: According to Yahoshua Ben Nun, Joshua 24:2-3.

Yahqob crossed the Euphrates River: Genesis 31:21

Yahqob crossed the Jordan River tributary: Genesis 32:22-23.

Moshe parted the Red Sea, Exodus 14. Compare Exodus 14:22 to the Book of Yaher 81:37-38 Yah put the waters in 12 columns, 6 on the right and 6 on the left and the Children of Ysrayl passed between them.

Ysrayl crossed the Jordan River under Yahoshua Ben Nun, Joshua chapter 3, Joshua 4:18, Joshua 5:1

David crossed the Jordan River, 2 Shemuyah 10:17 and 2 Shemuyah 17:22 but David used a ferry to cross the Jordan River in 2 Shemuyah19:17-18.

Other Hebrews crossed the Jordan River, 1 Shemuyah 13:7, 2 Shemuyah 2:29.

Yah rebuked the sea with the breath of His nostrils, 2 Shemuyah 22:16.

Yliyah divided the Jordan River, 2 Kings 2:8.

Ylishua divided the Jordan River, 2 Kings 2:14.

Yah troubles the waters: Psalm 77:16, Psalm 106:9, Psalm 107:33, Psalm 107:35, Psalm 114:3. *Psalm 136:13-15.

Yah is going to trouble the waters in the future second exodus: Isaiah 11:11-16.

Yah commanded the waters to be silent: Isaiah 41:1. Yah makes our path through the mighty waters, Isaiah 43:16.

Yah rebukes the seas and drys them up, Nahum 1:4.

Yah divided waters in a hidden land for Ysrayl, 2 Esdras 13:39-50.

*Also 4 Esdras 13:40-50

Yahoshua walked on the waters, Mattithyah 14:22-33.

Yahoshua crossed the Jordan River: Mattithyah 19:1, Mark 10:1, Mattithyah 4:25, Mark 3:7-8.

Yahoshua was immersed in the Jordan River, Mattithyah 3:5-6, Mark 1:5, Luke 3:3, John 1:28.

Yahoshua took refuge from those wanting to kill Him at the Jordan River in the place Yahanan the Immerser had immersed Him, John 10:39-40.

Yah will cause waters to be swallowed up in the second Exodus, Revelation 12:16.

*Psalm 65:9 Yah waters the earth and enriches it. The river of Yah is full of water.

*Wells of water appeared to Hagar in Genesis 16:11-14 and Genesis 21:19.

*Isaiah 43:2, Yah is with us when we pass through the waters. They don’t overflow us and when we walk through fire, we are not burned nor scorched.

*Amos 5:8, Yah calls the waters of the sea and pours them out upon the face of the earth.

*Psalm 29:3 The voice of Yah is over the waters…Yah is over the waters.

*Psalm 135:6 Yah controls heaven and earth, the seas and deep places.










Book Review: Without Sanctuary


A few weeks ago I, bought this book called Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America by James Allen, Hilton Als, Congressman John Lewis and Leon F. Litwack circa 2007. I almost didn’t buy it because of the price. I’m cheap with buying books because I buy so many but I usually buy used.  This book was worth every penny.


Some of the photos, I have seen before but I never knew their names. The photo above is the lynching of the only Hebrew woman in the book. I seen this photo before but not the whole photo. On the left, you see another person hanging. It’s her son. They also give her name, Laura Nelson, which I did not know before. In other photos, I noticed that sometimes the Hebrew men appeared to be half-naked. I wondered why their butts or private parts were exposed? Maybe to shame them or they may have been sexually abused before being murdered. There are even a couple of pictures of Gentile men that were hung. I’m not sure of the circumstances of why they were hung. They may have been sympathizers or as the Gentiles say, ‘nigger lovers’.

By the rivers of Babylon: There we sat down, yeah we cried when we remembered Zion. Psalm 137:1. We will never forget our time in Mystery Babylon.

wicked holidays

The Christmas Devil; The Christmas Witch


This demon likes to whip children into submission .

In Germany, they believe a Christmas devil called Krampus (shown above), who is half goat and half demon visits the children on December 6. This holiday is called St. Nicholas Day or Krampusnacht. A gift is put in a wooden shoe outside the house for the children. In Austria, Hungary, Slovenia and the Czech Republic, men dress as devils also. Italians celebrate Christmas and Befana. La Befana is a Christmas witch that rides a broom and passes out gifts to children on January 5.



2 Shemuyah Chapters 23 and 24

Chapter 23: David’s Last Words

1 Now these are the last words of David. Thus says David the son of Yesse. Thus says the man raised up on high, the anointed of Yah of Yahqob and the sweet psalmist of Ysrayl: “The Spirit of Yah spoke by me and His words was on my tongue. 3 Yah of Ysrayl said, the Rock of Ysrayl spoke to me: ‘He who rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of Yah. 4 And he shall be like the light of the morning when the sun rises, a morning without clouds, like the tender grass springing out of the earth, by clear shining after rain’. 5 “Although my house is not so with Yah, yet He has made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things and secure. For this is all my salvation and all my desire. Will He not make it increase? 6 But the sons of rebellion shall all be as thorns thrust away because they cannot be taken with hands. 7 But the man who touches them must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear and they shall be utterly burned with fire in their place”.

David’s Three Mighty Men: Yosheb-Bassebeth Also Called Adino, Yleazar and Shammah

8 These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Yosheb-Bassebeth (literally one who sits in the seat, compare to 1 Chronicles 11:11) the Tachmonite, chief among the captains (or reads ‘chief among the three’). He was called Adino the Eznite because he had killed eight hundred men at one time. 9 And after him was Yleazar the son of Dodo (spelled Dodai in 1 Chronicles 27:4) the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle and the men of Ysrayl had retreated. 10 He arose and attacked the Philistines until his hand was weary and his hand stuck to the sword. Yah brought about a great triumph (or win) that day and the people returned after him only to plunder. 11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. The Philistines had gathered together into a troop where there was a piece of ground full of lentils. So the people fled from the Philistines. 12 But he stationed himself in the middle of the field, defended it and killed the Philistines. So Yah brought about a great win.

The Three Mighty Men Brought David Bethlehem Water From the Philistine Territory but David Poured it Out to Yah

13 Then three of the thirty chief men went down at harvest time and came to David at the cave of Adullam. And the troop of Philistines encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. 14 David was then in the stronghold and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem. 15 And David said with longing, “Oh, that someone would give me a drink of the water from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate”! 16 So the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines, drew water from the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and took it and brought it to David. Nevertheless, he would not drink it but poured it out to Yah. 17 And he said, “Far be it from me, O Yah that I should do this! Is this not the blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives”? Therefore, he would not drink it. These things were done by the three mighty men.

*Pouring water out to Yah, 1 Shemuyah 7:6. Also see 1 Chronicles 11:15-19 and 4 Maccabees Pseudepigrapha chapter 3 page 547.

*Compare to what Yahoshua said in Mattithyah 10:40-42 about bringing someone a cool cup of water.

*Bethlehem is five miles south of Yahrushalim.

Abishai the Mighty Man of David

18 Now Abishai the brother of Yoab, the son of Zeruiyah was chief of another three (or thirty mighty men). He lifted his spear against three hundred men, killed them and won a name among these three. 19 Was he not the most honored of three? Therefore, he became their captain. However, he did not attain to the first three.

Benaiyah the Mighty Man of David

20 Benaiyah was the son of Yehoiada, the son of a valiant man from Kabzeyl, who had done many deeds. He had killed two lion-like heroes of Moab. He also had gone down and killed a lion in the midst of a pit on a snowy day. 21 And he killed an Egyptian, a spectacular man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand. So he went down to him with a staff, wrested the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 22 These things Benaiyah the son of Yehoiada did and won a name among three mighty men. 23 He was more honored than the thirty but he did not attain to the first three. And David appointed him over his guard.

The Mighty Men of David

24 Ashahyl the brother of Yoab wa one of the thirty. Ylhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem–25 Shammah the Harodite, Ylika the Harodite–26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite–27 Abiezer the Anathothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite–28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite–29 Heleb the son of Baanah (the Netophathite), Ittai the son of Ribai from Gibeah of the children of Benyamin–30 Benaiyah a Pirathonite, Hiddai from the brooks of Gaash–31 Abi-Albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite–32 Yliahba the Shaalbonite (of the sons of Yashen), Yahanathan–33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite–34 Yliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Yliam the son of Ahithophyl the Gilonite–35 Hezrai (spelled Hezro in 1 Chronicles 11:37) the Carmylite, Paarai the Arbite–36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite–37 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite (armor-bearer of Yoab the son of Zeruiyah)–38 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite–39 And Uriyah the Hittite. Thirty-seven in all.

Did you notice something while reading the roll call? Yoab isn’t directly mentioned as being a mighty man. He is only indirectly mentioned as brother to Abishai and Asahyl in verses 18 and 24 and also he is mentioned indirectly verse 37. hmmm. More on that in the Book of Kings. Did you notice something else? Uriyah the Hittite is mentioned as a mighty man of David!

Chapter 24: David Sends Yoab to Take an Unlawful Census of Ysrayl and Yahudah but Yoab Does Not Really Want to Do it

1 Again the anger of Yah was aroused against Ysrayl and He moved David against them to say, “Go, number Ysrayl and Yahudah”. 2 So the king said to Yoab the commander of the army who was with him, “Now go throughout all the tribes of Ysrayl, from Dan to Beersheba and count the people, that I may know the number of the people”. 3 And Yoab said to the king, “Now may Yah your Almighty add to the people a hundred times more than there are and may the eyes of my master the king see it. But why does my master the king desire this thing”? 4 Nevertheless, the king’s word prevailed against Yoab and against the captains of the army. Therefore, Yoab and the captains of the army went out from the presence of the king to count the people of Ysrayl.

After Nine Months Twenty Days Yoab Gives the Total Number of Israylites

5 And they crossed over the Yordan (Yarden) and camped in Aroer, on the right side of the town which is in the midst of the ravine of Gad and toward Yezer. 6 Then they came to Gilead and to the land of Tahtim Hodshi. They came to Dan Yaan and around to Sidon. 7 And they came to the stronghold of Tyre and to all the cities of the Hivites and the Canaanites. Then they went out to south Yahudah as far as Beersheba. 8 So when they had gone through all the land, they came to Yahrushalim at the end of nine months and twenty days. 9 Then Yoab gave the sum of the number of the people to the king. And there were in Ysrayl eight hundred thousand valiant men who drew the sword and the men of Yahudah were five hundred thousand men.

*Yah commanded Moshe to take two Census counts but Yah did not command this count. Yah told Abraham that the children of Ysrayl would be as the stars of heaven and sands of the sea which no one can count but Him. Moshe did not count all the Hebrew men only those of army age.

Yah’s Judgment on David’s Sin: Yah Sends the Prophet Gad to David: David Repents but He is Punished

10 And David’s heart condemned him after he had numbered the people. So David said to Yah, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done but now, I pay, O Yah take away the iniquity of Your servant for I have done very foolishly”. 11 Now, when David arose in the morning the word of Yah came to the prophet Gad, David’s seer saying: 12 “Go and tell David, ‘Thus says Yah: I offer you three things, choose one of them for yourself, that I may do it to you’.” 13 So Gad came to David and told him and he said to him, “Shall seven (1 Chronicles 21:12 reads three) years of famine come to you in your land? Or shall you flee three months before your enemies, while they pursue you? Or shall there be three day’s plague in your land? Now consider and see what answer I should take back to Him who sent me”. 14 And David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Please let us fall into the hand of Yah, for His mercies are great but do not let me fall into the hand of man”.

David Chooses the Plague as Punishment Because Yah is More Merciful than Man

15 So Yah sent a plague upon Ysrayl from the morning til the appointed time. From Dan to Beersheba seventy thousand men of the people died. 16 And when the angel stretched out his hand over Yahrushalim to destroy it, Yah relented from the destruction and said to the angel who was destroying the people, “It is enough. Now restrain your hand”. And the angel of Yah was by the threshing floor of Aranuah (spelled Ornan in 1 Chronicles 21:15) the Yebusite. 17 Then David spoke to Yah when he saw the angel who was striking the people and said, “Surely I have sinned and I have done wickedly but these sheep, what have they done? Let Your hand, I pray be against me and against my father’s house”.

The Altar to Yah on the Threshing Floor

18 And Gad came that day to David and said to him, “Go up, erect an altar to Yah on the threshing floor of Araunah the Yebusite”. 19 So David, according to the word of Gad, went up as Yah commanded. 20 Now Araunah looked and saw the king and his servants coming toward him. So Araunah went out and bowed before the king with his face to the ground. 21 Then Araunah said, “Why has my master the king come to his servant”? And David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, to build an altar to Yah, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people”. 22 Now Araunah said to David, “Let my master the king take and offer up whatever seems good to him. Look, here are oxen for burnt sacrifice and threshing implements and the yokes of the oxen for wood. 23 All these, O king Araunah has given to the king”. And Araunah said to the king, “May Yah your Almighty accept you”. 24 Then the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will surely buy it from you for a price nor will I offer burnt offerings to Yah my Father with that which costs me nothing”. So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25 And David built there an altar to Yah and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So Yah heeded the prayers for the land and the plague was withdrawn from Ysrayl.






2 Shemuyah Chapters 21 and 22

Chapter 21: Yah Caused a Drought: David Inquires of Yah: Shaul Broke the Treaty Yahoshua Ben Nun Made with the Gibeonites

1 Now there was a famine in the days of David for three years, year after year and David inquired of Yah. And Yah answered, “It is because Shaul and his bloodthirsty house, because he killed the Gibeonites”. 2 So the king called the Gibeonites and spoke to them. Now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Ysrayl but of the remnant of the Amorites. The children of Ysrayl had sworn protection t them but Shaul had sought to kill them in his zeal for the children of Ysrayl and Yahudah. (See Book of Yahoshua chapter 9). 3 Therefore, David said to the Gibeonites, “What shall I do for you? And with what shall I make atonement, that you may bless the inheritance of Yah”? 4 And the Gibeonites said to him, “We will have no silver or gold from Shaul or from his house nor shall you kill any man in Ysrayl for us”. So he said, “Whatever you say, I will do for you”. 5 Then they answered the king, “As for the man who consumed us and plotted against us, that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the territories of Ysrayl–6 Let seven men of his descendants be delivered to us and we will hang them before Yah in Gibeah of Shaul, whom Yah chose”.  And the king said, “I will give them”.

Seven of Shaul’s Descendants are hung by the Gibeonites but Yahanathan’s Son is Spared

7 But the king spared Mephibosheth the son of Yahanathan, the (grand) son of Shaul because of Yah’s oath that was between them, between David and Yahanathan the son of Shaul. (See 1 Shemuyah 18:3 and 1 Shemuyah 20:42 oath between David and Yahanathan and also 1 Shemuyah 24:21-22 the oath between David and Shaul. Shaul asked David not to kill all his descendants). 8 So the king took Armoni and Mephibosheth, the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiyah, whom she bore to Shaul and the five sons of Merab the (oldest) daughter of Shaul whom she brought up for Adriyah the son of Barzillai the Meholathite. 9 And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites and they hanged them on the hill before Yah. So they fell, all seven together and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest. *Shaul’s youngest daughter had no children.

Rizpah the Concubine of Shaul Guards the Bodies Day and Night so the Animals Do Not Disturb the Bodies: David Hears About What Rizpah is doing so He Buries the Bones of Shaul, Yahanathan, Shaul’s Children and Grandchildren in the Tomb of Kish Shaul’s Father: Rain Returns to the Land

10 Now Rizpah the daughter of Aiyah took sackcloth and spread it for herself on the rock, from the beginning of harvest until the late rains poured on them from heaven. And she did not allow the birds of the air to rest on them by day nor the beasts of the field by night. 11 And David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Aiyah, the concubine of Shaul, had done. 12 Then David went and took the bones of Shaul and the bones of Yahanathan his son, from the men of Yabesh Gilead who had stolen them from the street of Beth Shan (or Beth Shean in Yahoshua 17:11) where the Philistines had hung them up, after the Philistines had struck down Shaul in Gilboa. 13 So he brought up the bones of Shaul and the bones of Yahanathan his son from there and they gathered the bones of those who had been hanged. 14 They buried the bones of Shaul and Yahanathan his son in the country of Benyamin in Zelah, in the tomb of Kish his father. So they performed all that the king commanded. And after that Yah heeded the prayer of the land.

David Has Been Battling Many Years: Abishai Kills the Giant that Wanted to Kill David: The Mighty Men Forbid David To Go to Battle Anymore

15 When the Philistines were at war again with Ysrayl, David and his servants with him went down and fought against the Philistines and David grew faint. 16 Then Ishbi-Benob, who was one of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose bronze spear was three hundred shekels, who was bearing a new sword, thought he could kill David. 17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiyah came to his aid and struck the Philistine and killed him. Then the men of David swore to him saying, “You shall go out no more with us to battle, lest you quench the lamp of Ysrayl”. *Ishbi-Benob was one of the descendants of Rapha a giant also see 1 Chronicles 20:4.

More Wars with the Philistines and David’s Mighty Men Kill More Giants

18 Now it happened afterward that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob. Then Sibbechai the Hushathite killed Saph (spelled Sippai in 1 Chronicles 20:4), who was one of the sons of the giant. 19 Again there was war at Gob with the Philistines where Ylhanan the son of Yaare-Oregim (spelled Yair in 1 Chronicles 20:5), the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam. 20 Yet again there was war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot, twenty-four in number and he also was born to the giant. 21 So when he defied Ysrayl, Yahanathan the son of Shimea (spelled Shammah in 1 Shemuyah 16:9, David’s nephew here), David’s brother, killed him. 22 These four were born to the giant in Gath and fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

Chapter 22: David Sings to Yah and Praises Yah For Delivering Him, Psalm 18

1 Then David spoke to Yah the words of this song, on the day when Yah had delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Shaul. 2 And he said:

“Yah is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer. 3 Yah of my strength, in whom I will trust. My shield and the horn of my salvation. My stronghold and my refuge. My Savior, You save me from violence. 4 I will call upon Yah, who is worthy to be praised. So shall I be saved from my enemies. 5 When the waves of death surrounded me, the floods of unrighteousness made me afraid. 6 The sorrows of Sheol surrounded me, the snares of death confronted me. 7 In my distress, I called upon Yah and cried out to my Father. He heard my voice from His temple and my cry entered His ears. 8 Then the earth shook and trembled. The foundations of heaven (or hills Ps. 18:7) quaked and were shaken because He was angry. 9 Smoke went up from His nostrils and devouring fire from His mouth. Coals were kindled by it. 10 He bowed the heavens also and came down with darkness under His feet. 11 He rode upon a cherub and flew and He was seen (He flew down swiftly, Ps. 18:10) upon the wings of the wind. 12 He made darkness canopies around Him, dark waters and thick clouds of the skies. 13 From the brightness before Him, coals of fire were kindled. 14 Yah thundered from heaven and the Most High uttered His voice. 15 He sent out arrows and scattered them, lightning bolts and He vanquished them. 16 Then the channels of the sea were seen, the foundations of the world were uncovered, at the rebuke of Yah at the blast of the breath of His nostrils. (*Yah troubles the waters). 17 He sent from above, He took me, He drew me out of many waters. 18 He delivered me from my strong enemy, from those who hated me. For they were too strong for me. 19 They confronted me in the day of my calamity but Yah was my support. 20 He also brought me out into a broad place. He delivered me because He delighted in me. 21 Yah rewarded me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands. He has recompensed me. 22 For I have kept the ways of Yah and have not wickedly departed from my Father. 23 For all His judgments were before me and as for His statues, I did not depart from them. 24 I was also blameless (perfect) before Him and I kept myself from my iniquity. 25 Therefore, Yah has recompensed me according to my righteousness, according to my cleanness in His eyes  (the cleanness of my hands in His sight, Ps. 18:24). 26 With the merciful You will show Yourself merciful. With a blameless man You will show Yourself blameless. 27 With the pure You will show Yourself pure. And with the devious You will show Yourself shrewd. 28 You will save the humble people but Your eyes are on the haughty, that You may bring them down. 29 For You are my lamp, O Yah. Yah shall enlighten my darkness. 30 For by You, I can run against a troop. By my Yah, I can leap over a wall.

31 As for Yah, His way is perfect. The word of Yah is proven. He is a shield to all who trust in Him. 32 For who is Almighty, except our Yah? And who is a Rock, except our Yah? 33 Yah is my strength and power (Ps 18:32 It is Yah who arms with strength) and He makes my way perfect. 34 He makes my feet like the feet of deer and sets me on my high places (Ps 18:33). 35 He teaches my hands to make war so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze. 36 You have also given me the shield of Your salvation. Your gentleness has made me great. 37 You enlarged my path under me so my feet did not slip. 38 I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them. Neither did I turn back again til they were destroyed. 39 And I have destroyed them and wounded them so that they could not rise. They have fallen under my feet. (*Yah is going to put Yahoshua’s enemies under His feet too). 40 For You have armed me with strength for the battle. You have subdued under me those who rose against me. 41 You have also given me the necks of my enemies so that I destroyed those who hated me. 42 They looked but there was none to save, even to Yah but He did not answer them. 43 Then I beat them as fine as the dust of the earth. I trod them like dirt in the streets and I spread them out. 44 You have also delivered me from the strivings of my people. You have kept me as the head of the nations. A people I have not known shall serve me. 45 Foreigners fade away and come frightened  (Ps. 18:45) from their hideouts. (*This sounds like when they come out of hiding from Yahoshua in Revelation 6:15-17). 47 Yah Lives! Blessed be my Rock! Let Yah be exalted, the Rock of my salvation! 48 It is Yah who avenges me and subdues the peoples under me. 49 He delivers me from my enemies. You also lift me up above those who rise against me. You have delivered me from the violent man. 50 Therefore, I will give thanks to You, O Yah, among the Gentiles and sing praises to Your name. 51 He is the tower of salvation to His king and shows mercy to His anointed, to David and his descendants forevermore”.







2 Shemuyah Chapters 19 and 20

Chapter 19: Yoab Threatens to Take the Mighty Men and Leave David because David is in Grief Over Abishalom and Will Not Talk to the People of Ysrayl

1 And Yoab was told, “Behold, the king is weeping and mourning for Absalom”. 2 So the victory that day was turned into mourning for all the people. For the people heard it said that day, “The king is grieved for his son”. 3 And the people stole back into the city that day, as people who are ashamed steal away when they flee in battle. 4 But the king covered his face and the king cried out with a loud voice, “O my son Absalom! O Absalom, my son, my son”! 5 Then Yoab came into the house of the king and said, “Today you have disgraced all your servants who today have saved your life, the lives of your sons and daughters, the lives of your wives and the lives of your concubines–6 In that you love your enemies and hate your friends. For you have declared today that you regard neither princes nor servants. For today I perceive that if Absalom had lived and all of us had died today, then it would have pleased you well. 7 Now therefore, arise, go out and speak comfort to your servants. For I swear by Yah, if you do not go out, not one will stay with you this night. And that will worse for you than all the evil that has befallen you from your youth until now”. 8 Then the king arose and sat in the gate. And they told all the people saying, “There is the king sitting in the gate”. So all the people came before the king. For every one of Ysrayl had fled to his tent.

The Children of Ysrayl Want David to Return to Yahrushalim

9 Now all the people were in a dispute throughout all the tribes of Ysrayl saying, “The king saved us from the hand of our enemies, he delivered us from the hand of the Philistines and now he has fled from the land because of Absalom. 10 But Absalom, whom we anointed over us had died in battle. Now therefore, why do you say nothing about bringing back the king”?

David Makes Plans to Replace Yoab With Amasa as Commander or Captain of His Army: David Returns to Yahrushalim Over the Yordan: Even the Tribe of Benyamin and Shimei Who Cursed Out David Welcomes David Back

11 So king David sent to Zadok and Abiathar the priests saying, “Speak to the elders of Yahudah saying, ‘Why are you the last to bring the king back to his house, since the words of all Ysrayl have come to the king, to his very house? 12 You are my brothers, you are my bone and my flesh. Why then are you the last to bring back the king’?” 13 And say to Amasa, “Are you not my bone and my flesh? Yah do so to me and more also, if you are not commander of the army before me continually in place of Yoab”. (Amasa is another nephew of David). 14 So he swayed the hearts of all the men of Yahudah, just as the heart of one man, so that they sent this word to the king: “Return, you and all your servants”! 15 Then the king returned and came to the Yordan. And Yahudah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to escort the king across the Yordan. 16 And Shimei son of Gera, a Benyamite who was from Bahurim hurried and came down with the men of Yahudah to meet king David. 17 There were a thousand men of Benyamin with him and Ziba the servant of the house of Shaul and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him and they went over the Yordan before the king. 18 Then a ferryboat went across to carry over the king’s household and to do what he thought good.

David’s Mercy to Shimei Although Abishai is Ready to Kill Him

Now Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king when he had crossed the Yordan. 19 Then he said to the king, “Do not let my master impute iniquity to me or remember what wrong your servant did on the day that my master the king left Yahrushalim, that the king should take it to heart. 20 For I, your servant, know that I have sinned. Therefore, here I am, the first to come today of all the house of Yoseph to go down to meet my master the king”. 21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiyah answered and said, “Shall not Shimei be put to death for this because he cursed Yah’s anointed”? 22 And David said, “What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiyah, that you should be adversaries to me today? Shall any man be put to death today in Ysrayl? For do I not know that today I am king over Ysrayl”? 23 Therefore the king said to Shimei, “You shall not die”. And the king swore to him.

David and Mephibosheth Have a Meeting

24 Now Mephibosheth the (grand) son of Shaul came down to meet the king. And he had not cared for his feet nor trimmed his mustache nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he returned in peace. 25 So it was, when he had come to Yahrushalim to meet the king, that the kings said to him, “Why did you not go with me, Mephibosheth”? 26 And he answered, “My master, O king, my servant deceived me. For your servant said, ‘I will saddle a donkey for myself, that I may ride on it and go to the king’. Because your servant is lame. 27 And he has slandered your servant to my master the king but my master the king is like the angel of Yah. Therefore, do what is good in your eyes. 28 For all my father’s house were but dead men before my master the king. Yet you set your servant among those who eat at your own table. Therefore, what right have I still to cry out anymore to the king”? 29 So the king said to him, “Why do you speak anymore of your matters? I have said, ‘You and Ziba divide the land’.” 30 Then Mephibosheth said to the king, “Rather, let him take it all, insamuch as my master the king has come back in peace to his won house”.

David’s Kindness to Barzillai

31 And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim and went across the Yordan with the king, to escort him across the Yordan. 32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, eighty years old. And he had provided the king with supplies while he stayed at Mahanaim, for he was a very rich man. 33 And the king said to Barzillai, “Come across with me and I will provide for you while you are with me in Yahrusalim”. 34 But Barzillai said to the king, “How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king to Yahrushalim? 35 I am today eighty years old. Can I discern between the good and bad? Can your servant taste what I eat or what I drink? Can I hear any longer the voice of singing men and singing women? Why then should your servant be a further burden to my master the king? 36 Your servant will go a little way across the Yordan with the king. And why should the king repay me with such a reward? 37 Please let your servant turn back again, that I may die in my own city, near the grave of my father and mother. But here is your servant Chimham, let him cross over with my master the king and do for him what seems good to you”. 38 And the king answered, “Chimham shall cross over with me and I will do for him what seems good to you. Now whatever you request of me, I will do for you”. 39 Then all the people went over the Yordan. And when the king had crossed over, the king kissed Barzillai and blessed him and he returned to his own place.

The Men of Ysrayl and the Men of Yahudah Quarrel About the King

40 Now the king went on to Gilgal and Chimham (or Chimhan) went on with him. And all the people of Yahudah escorted the king and also half the people of Ysrayl. 41 Just then all the men of Ysrayl came to the king and said to the king, ‘Why have our brothers, the men of Yahudah stolen you away and brought the king, his household and all David’s men with him across the Yordan”? 42 So all the men of Yahudah answered the men of Ysrayl, “Because the king is a close relative of ours. Why then are you angry over this matter? Have we ever eaten at the king’s expense? Or has he given us any gift”? 43 And the men of Ysrayl answered the men of Yahudah and said, “We have ten shares in the king. Therefore, we also have more right to David than you. Why then do you despise us. Were we not the first to advise bringing back our king? Yet the words of the men of Yahudah were fiercer than the words of the men of Ysrayl.

Chapter 20: Sheba Leads Ysrayl to Rebel Against David

1 And there happened to be there a rebel (literally man of Belial or man of wickedness) whose name was Sheba the son of Bichri, a Benyamite. And he blew a trumpet and said: “We have no share in David nor do we have inheritance in the son of Yesse. Every man to his tents, O Ysrayl”! 2 So every man of Ysrayl deserted David and followed Sheba the son of Bichri. But the men of Yahudah, from the Yordan as far as Yahrushalim remained loyal to their king.

David Puts Away His Wives and Concubines

Now David came to his house at Yahrushalim. And the king took the ten women, his concubines whom he had left to keep the house and put them in seclusion and supported them but did not go into them. So they were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood. *Remember Absalom laid with many of them.

David Asks Amasa to Assemble the Troops But Abishai Has to Take Over

4 And the king said to Amasa, “Assemble the men of Yahudah for me within three days and be present here yourself”. 5 So Amasa went to assemble the men of Yahudah. But he delayed longer than the set time which David had appointed him. 6 And David said to Abishai, “Now Sheba the son of Bichri will do us more harm than Absalom. Take your master’s servants and pursue him, lest he find for himself fortified cities and escape us”.

Yoab Brutally Murders Amasa

7 So Yoab’s men, with the Cherethites, the Pelethites and all the mighty men went out after him. And they went out of Yahrushalim  to pursue Sheba the son of Bichri. 8 When they were at the large stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa came before them. Now Yoab was dressed in battle armor, on it was a belt with a sword fastened in its sheath at his hips and as he was going forward, it fell you. 9 Then Yoab said to Amasa, “Are you in health, my brother”? And Yoab took Amasa by the beard with his right hand to kiss him. 10 But Amasa did not notice the sword that was in Yoab’s hand. And he struck him with it in the stomach and his entrails poured out on the ground and he did not strike him again. Thus he died. Then Yoab and Abishai his brother pursued Sheba the son of Bichri. 11 Meanwhile one of Yoab’s men stood near Amasa and said, “Whoever favors Yoab and whoever is for David–follow Yoab”! 12 But Amasa wallowed in his blood in the middle of the highway. And when the man saw that all the people stood still, he moved Amasa from the highway to the field and threw a garment over him, when he saw that everyone who came upon him halted. 13 When he was removed from the highway, all the people went on after Yoab to pursue Sheba the son Bichri.

Sheba Hides in the City of Abyl

14 And he went through all the tribes of Ysrayl to Abyl and Beth Maachah and all the Berites. So they were gathered together and also went after Sheba. 15 Then they came and besieged him in Abyl of Beth Maachah and they cast up a siege mound against the city and it stood by the rampart. And all the people who were with Yoab battered the wall to throw it down.

A Wise Woman Saves the City of Abyl

16 Then a wise woman cried out from the city, “Hear, hear! Please say to Yoab, ‘Come nearby, that I may speak with you’.” 17 When he had come near to her, the woman said, “Are you Yoab”? He answered, “I am”. Then she said to him, “Hear the words of your maidservant”. And he answered, “I am listening”. 18 So she spoke saying, “They use to talk in former times saying, ‘They shall surely seek guidance at Abyl’ and so they would end disputes. 19 I am among the peaceable and faithful in Ysrayl. You seek to destroy a city and a mother in Ysrayl. Why would you swallow up the inheritance of Yah”? 20 And Yoab answered and said, “Far be it, far be it from me that I should swallow up or destroy! 21 That is not so. But a man from the mountains of Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name has raised his hand against the king, against David. Deliver him only and I will depart from the city”. So the woman said to Yoab, “Watch, his head will be thrown to you over the wall”. 22 Then the woman in her wisdom went to all the people and they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri and threw it out to Yoab. Then he blew a trumpet and they withdrew from the city, every man to his tent. So Yoab returned to the king at Yahrushalim.

David’s Government Officers: Yoab is Still Captain

23 And Yoab was over all the army of Ysrayl. Benaiyah the son of Yehoida was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites. 24 Adoram was in charge of revenue. Yahoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder. 25 Sheva was scribe. Zadok and Abiathar were the priests. 26 And Ira the Yairite was a chief minister (or counselor) under David.