Deuteronomy Chapter 3 and Chapter 4

Chapter 3: King Og Defeated

1 “Then we turned and went up the road to Bashan and Og king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people to battle at Edrei. 2  And Yah said to me, Do not fear him for I have delivered him and all his people and his land into your hand. You shall do to him as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites who dwelt at Heshbon. 3 So Yah our Almighty also delivered into our hands Og king of Bashan with all his people and we attacked him until he had no survivors remaining. 4 And we took all his cities at that time. There was not a city which we did not take from them. Sixty cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 5 All these cities were fortified with high walls, gates and bars besides a great many rural towns. 6 And we utterly destroyed them, as we did to Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying the men, women and children of every city. 7 But all the livestock and the spoil of the cities we took as booty for ourselves. 8 And at that time we took the land from the hand of the two kings of the Amorites who were on this side of the Yordan from the River Arnon to Mount Hermon. 9 (The Sidonites call Hermon Sirion and the Amorites call it Senir). 10 All the cities of the plain, all Gilead and all Bashan, as far as Salcah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

Og’s Bedstead

11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the giants (Hebrew rephaim). Indeed, his bedstead was an iron bedstead. (Is it not in Rabbah of the people of Ammon?) Nine cubits is its length and four cubits its width (thirteen and half feet long and six feet wide) according to the standard cubit”.

The Land East of the Yordan Divided

12 “And this land, which we possessed at that time, from Aroer, which is by the River Arnon and half the mountains of Gilead and its cities, I gave to Reubenites and the Gadites. 13 The rest of Gilead and all Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to half the tribe of Manasseh. (All the region of Argob, with all Bashan was called the land of the giants. 14 Yair the son of Manasseh took all the region of Argob as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites and called Bashan after his own name, Havoth Yair, to this day). 15 Also I gave Gilead to Machir. 16 And to the Reubenites and the Gadites, I gave from Gilead as far as the River Arnon, the middle of the river as the border, as far as the River Yabbok, the border of the people of Ammon. 17 The plain also with the Yordan as the border, from Chinnereth as far as the east side of the Sea of the Arabah (the Salt Sea), below the slopes of Pisgah. 18 Then I commanded you at that time saying: Yah your Almighty has given you this land to posses. All you men of valor shall cross over armed before your brothers, the children of Ysrayl. 19 But your wives, your little ones and your livestock (I know that you have much livestock) shall stay in your cities which I have given you. 20 Until Yah has given rest to your brothers as to you and they also possess the land which Yah your Almighty is giving them beyond the Yordan. Then each of you may return to his possession which I have given you. 21 And I commanded Yahoshua at that time saying, Your eyes have seen all that Yah your Almighty has done to these two kings. So will Yah do to all the kingdoms through which you pass. 22 You must not fear them, for Yah your Almighty Himself fights for you”.

Moshe Forbidden to Enter the Land

23 Then I pleaded with Yah at that time saying: 24 “O Yah Father, You have begun to show Your servant Your greatness and Your mighty hand, for what Power is there in heaven or on earth who can do anything like Your works and Your mighty deeds? 25 I pray, let me cross over and see the good land beyond the Yordan, those pleasant mountains and Lebanon 26 But Yah was angry with me on your account and would not listen to me. So Yah said to me: Enough of that! Speak no more to Me of this matter. 27 Go up to the top of Pisgah and lift your eyes toward the west, the north, the south and the east: Behold it with your eyes for you shall not cross over this Yordan. 28 But command Yahoshua and encourage him and strengthen him. For he shall go over before this people and he shall cause them to inherit the land which you will see. 29 So we stayed in the valley opposite Beth Peor”.

Chapter 4: Moshe Commands Obedience

1 “Now O Ysrayl, listen to the statutes and the judgments which I teach you to observe, that you may live and go in and possess the land which Yah, Power of your fathers is giving you. 2 You shall not add to the word which I command you nor take from it, that you may keep the commandments of Yah your Almighty which I command you. 3 Your eyes have seen what Yah did at Baal Peor. For Yah your Almighty has destroyed from among you all the men who followed Baal of Peor. 4 But you who held fast to Yah your Almighty are alive today, every one of you. 5 Surely I have taught you statutes and judgments, just as Yah my Power commanded me, that you should act according to them in the land which you go to possess. 6 Therefore, be careful to observe them. For this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes and say, surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people. 7 For what great nation is there that has Yah so near to it as the Almighty our Father is to us, for whatever reason we may call upon Him? 8 And what great nation is there that has such statutes and righteous judgments as are in all this law which I set before you this day? 9 Only take heed to yourself and diligently keep yourself, lest you forget the things your eyes have seen and lest they depart from your heart all the days of your life. And teach them to your children and your grandchildren. 10 Especially concerning the day you stood before Yah your Almighty in Horeb, when Yah said to me, Gather the people to Me and I will let them hear My words, that they may learn to fear Me all the days they live on the earth and that they may teach their children. 11 Then you came near and stood at the foot of the mountain and the mountain burned with fire to the midst of heaven, with darkness, cloud and thick darkness. 12 And Yah spoke to you out of the midst of the fire. You heard the sound of the words but saw no form. You only heard a voice. 13 So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, the ten commandments and He wrote them on two tablets of stone. 14 And Yah commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that you might observe them in the land which you cross over to possess”.

Beware of Idolatry: Don’t Worship Idols

15 “Take careful heed to yourselves, for you saw no form when Yah spoke to you at Horeb out of the midst of the fire. 16 Lest you corruptly and make for yourselves a carved image in the form of any figure the likeness of male or female–17 The likeness of any animal that is on the earth or the likeness of any winged bird that flies in the air. 18 The likeness of anything that creeps on the ground or the likeness of any fish that is in the water beneath the earth. 19 And take heed, lest you lift your eyes to heaven and when you see the sun, the moon and the stars, all the host of heaven, you feel driven to worship them and serve them (or bow down to them), which Yah your Almighty has given to all the peoples under the whole heaven as a heritage. 20 But Yah has taken you and brought you out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to be His people, an inheritance, as you are this day. 21 Furthermore, Yah was angry with me for your sakes and swore that I would not cross over the Yordan and that I would not enter the good land which Yah your Almighty is giving you as an inheritance. 22 But I must die in this land. I must not cross over the Yordan but you shall cross over and possess that good land. 23 Take heed to yourselves, lest you forget the covenant of Yah your Almighty which He made with you and make for yourselves a carved image in the form of anything which Yah your Almighty had forbidden you. 24 For Yah your Almighty is a consuming fire, a jealous Power. (Compare to Hebrews 12:29 and Exodus 20:4-5).

25 When you beget children and grandchildren and have grown old in the land and act corruptly and make a carved image in the form of anything and do evil in the sight of Yah your Almighty to provoke Him to anger. 26 I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that you will soon utterly perish from the land which you cross over the Yordan to possess. You will not prolong your days in it but will be utterly destroyed. 27 And Yah will scatter you among the peoples and you will be left few in number among the nations where Yah will drive you. 28 And there you will serve gods, the work of men’s hands, wood and stone which neither see nor hear nor eat nor smell. 29 But from there you will seek Yah your Almighty and you will find Him if you seek Him with all your heart and with all your soul. (Compare to Mattithyah 6:33, Psalm 27:8, Psalm 119:2,Yeremiyah 29:11-14, Yesiyah 58:2, Luke 11:9-13 and Hosea 5:15, seek Yahoshua Revelation 3:20).

30 When you are in distress and all these things come upon you in the latter days, when you turn to Yah your Power and obey His voice. 31 (For Yah your Almighty is a merciful Father), He will not forsake you nor destroy you nor forget the covenant of your fathers which He swore to them.

32 For ask now concerning the days that are past, which were before you, since the day that Yah created man on the earth and ask from one end of heaven to the other whether any great thing like this has happened or anything like it has been heard. 33 Did any people ever hear the voice of Yah speaking out of the midst of the fire, as you have heard and live? 34 Or did Yah ever try to go and take for Himself a nation from the midst of another nation, by trials, by signs, by wonders, by war, by a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and by great terrors according to all that Yah your Almighty did for you in Egypt before your eyes? 35 To you it was shown that you might know that Yah Himself is Power. There is none other besides Him. (Compare to Yesiyah 43:10-12, Yesiyah 44:6, Yesiyah 45:5,18,21,Yesiyah 46:9, Yesiyah 49:6, Hosea 13:4, Exodus 20:3, 1 Kings 8:60, Deuteronomy 4:39, Deuteronomy 6:4, Deuteronomy 32:39, Psalm 106:21, 2 Shemuyah 7:22).

36 Out of heaven He let you hear His voice, that He might instruct you. On earth He showed you His great fire and you heard His words out of the midst of the fire. (Compare to John 10:4). 37 And because He loved your fathers, therefore, He choose their descendants after them and He brought you out of Egypt with His presence, with His mighty power. 38 Driving out from before you nations greater and mightier than you, to bring you in, to give you their land as an inheritance, as it is this day. 39 Therefore, know this day and consider it in your heart that Yah Himself is Most High in heaven above and on the earth beneath. There is no other. 40 You shall therefore keep His statutes and His commandments which I command you today, that it may go well with you and with your children after you and that you may prolong your days in the land which Yah your Almighty is giving you for all time”.

Cities of Refuge East of the Yordan: Safe Towns

41 Then Moshe set apart three cities on this side of the Yordan, toward the rising of the sun–42 That the man-slayer might flee there, who kills his neighbor unintentionally, without having hated him in time past and that by fleeing to one of these cities he might live: 43 Bezer in the wilderness on the plateau for the Reubenites, Ramoth in Gilead for the Gadites and Golan in Bashan for the Manassites (Compare to Numbers 35:6).

The Second Speech: Introduction to Yah’s Law: Moshe Tells What Yah Demands

44 Now this is the law which Moshe set before the children of Ysrayl. 45 These are the testimonies, the statutes and the judgments which Moshe spoke to the children of Ysrayl after they came out of Egypt. 46 On this side of the Yordan, in the valley opposite Beth Peor, in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon, whom Moshe and the children of Ysrayl defeated after they came out of Egypt. 47 And they took possession of his land and the land of Og king of Bashan, two kings of the Amorites who were on this side of the Yordan, toward the rising of the sun. 48 From Aroer, which is on the bank of the River Arnon, even to Mount Sion (Reads Sirion compare to Deuteronomy 3:9, that is Hermon). 49 And all the plain on the east side of the Yordan as far as the Sea of the Arabah, below the slopes of Pisgah.

 

 

 

 

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Deuteronomy Chapter 1 and Chapter 2

The Fifth book of Moshe or Torah is called Deuteronomy. It was almost time for the children of Ysrayl to cross the Yordan River and conquer Canaan but Yah refused to let Moshe lead them into the land because of his error at Kadesh. Moshe is told that he will die on the eastern side of the Yordan. So Moshe gave several farewell speeches to the children of Ysrayl in which he repeated Yah’s laws. Because Moshe was giving these laws to Ysrayl for a second time, the book is now called Deuteronomy which comes from the Greek phrase Deuteronomion meaning second law or repetition of law. But in English it means book of remembrance. The Hebrew title of the book is YL Haddebarim which means these words are Yl’s words or these words are the Power’s words but the book title  has also been shortened to Debarim which means words.

Moshe reminded the Israylites about the past forty years. Yah rescued them from Egypt and took care of them in the desert but they had not always been faithful and obedient to Him. Moshe reminds the new generation of the children of Ysrayl of the importance of obedience if they are to learn from the sad example of their parents. He tells them to choose life or death.

Moshe told the children of Ysrayl that if they kept their agreement to worship and obey Yah, they would be a successful, powerful, a blessed nation. But if they broke their agreement and worshipped idols, Yah promised to put terrible curses on the people. They would be defeated by their enemies and lose their land and their lives. Moshe gives them a detailed list of the blessings and curses in Deuteronomy 28.

In Matthew 22:37-40, Yahoshua quoted Deuteronomy 6:4-6 saying,  “Listen, Ysrayl! Yah our Father is the only true Power! So love the Almighty your Power with all your heart, soul and mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets”.

Yah says in Exodus 20:6 to if we love Him, to keep His commandments and Yahoshua repeats this scripture in John 14:15. This is the greatest commandment. The second, love your brothers and sisters as yourself so you will not lie, steal, murder, covet against them et cetera, if you love them.

Chapter 1: The First Speech Where Moshe Reviews the Past: The Previous Command to Enter Canaan

1 These are the words which Moshe spoke to all Ysrayl on this side of the Yordan River in the wilderness, in the plain (Hebrew arabah) opposite Surph (Red Sea) between Paran, Tophyl, Laban, Hazeroth and Dizahab. 2 It is eleven day’s journey from Horeb by way of Mount Seir to Kadesh Barnea. 3 Now it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month that Moshe spoke to the children of Ysrayl according to all that Yah had given him as commandments to them. 4 After he had killed Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon and Og king of Bashan, who dwelt at Ashtaroth in Edrei (compare Yahoshua 12:4). 5 On this side of the Yordan in the land of Moab, Moshe began to explain this law saying: 6 “Yah our Almighty spoke to us in Horeb saying: You have dwelt long enough at this mountain. 7 Turn and take your journey and go to the mountains of the Amorites and in the lowland, in the south and on the seacoast, to the land of the Canaanites and to Lebanon as far as the great river, the river Euphrates. 8 See, I  have set the land before you. Go in and possess the land which Yah swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Yitshaq and Yahqob, to give to them and their descendants after them”.

Tribal Leaders Appointed

9 “And I spoke to you at that time saying: “I alone am not able to bear you. 10 Yah your Almighty has multiplied you and here you are today as the stars of heaven in multitude. 11 May Almighty Yah of your fathers make you a thousand times more numerous than you are and bless you as He has promised you! 12 How can I alone bear your problems and your burdens and your complaints? 13 Choose wise, understanding and knowledgeable men from among your tribes and I will make them heads over you. 14 And you answered me and said, This thing which you have told us to do is good. 15 So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and knowledgeable men and made them heads over you, leaders of thousands, leaders of hundreds, leaders of fifties, leaders of tens and officers of your tribes. 16 Then I commanded your judges at that time saying, Hear the cases between your brethren and judge righteously between a man and his brother or the stranger who with him. (Compare to John 7:24). 17 You shall not show partiality in judgment. You shall hear the small as well as the great. You shall not be afraid in any man’s presence, for the judgment is Yah’s. The case that is too hard for you, bring to me and I will hear it. 18 And I commanded you at that time all the things which you should do”.

Twelve Spies Sent out

19 “So we departed from Horeb and went through all that great and terrible wilderness which you saw on the way to the mountains of the Amorites, as Yah our Father had commanded us. Then we came to Kadesh Barnea. 20 And I said to you, You have come to the mountains of the Amorites which Yah our Almighty is giving us. 21 Look, Yah your Almighty has set the land before you. Go up and possess it as Yah Power of your fathers has spoken to you. Do not fear or be discouraged. 22 And every one of you came near to me and said, Let us send men before us and let them search out the land for us and bring back word to us of the way by which we should go up and of the cities into which we shall come. 23 The plan pleased me well. So I took twelve of your men, one man  from each tribe. 24 And they departed and went up into the mountains and came to the Valley of Eshcol and spied it out. 25 They also took some of the fruit of the land in their hands and brought it down to us and they brought back word to us saying, It is good land which Yah our Almighty is giving us”.

Ysrayl’s Refusal to Enter the Land

26 Nevertheless, you would not go up but rebelled against the command of the Almighty your Power. 27 And you complained in your tents and said, “Because Yah hates us, He has brought us out of the land of Egypt to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. 28 Where can we go up? Our brothers have discouraged our hearts saying, The people are greater and taller than we, the cities are great and fortified up to heaven. Moreover, we have seen the sons of the Anakim there”. 29 Then I said to you, “Do not be terrified or afraid of them. 30 Yah your Almighty who goes before you, He will fight for you, according to all He did for you in Egypt before your eyes. 31 And in the wilderness where you saw how Yah your Almighty carried you, as a man carries his son, in all the way that you went until you came to this place. 32 Yet, for all that, you did not believe Yah your Almighty–33 Who went in the way before you to search out a place for you to pitch your tents, to show you the way you should go, in the fire by night and in the cloud by day”.

The Penalty for Ysrayl’s Rebellion

34 And Yah heard the sound of your words and was angry and took an oath saying: 35 “Surely not one of these men of this evil congregation shall see that good land of which I swore to give to your fathers– 36 Except Caleb the Ben of Yephunneh. He shall see it and to him and his children I am giving the land on which he walked because he wholly followed the Almighty. 37 Yah was also angry with me for your sakes saying, Even you shall not go in there. 38 Yahoshua Ben Nun who stands before you, he shall go in there. Encourage him, for he shall cause Ysrayl to inherit it. 30 Moreover, your little ones and your children, who you say will be victims, who today have no knowledge of good and evil, they shall go in there. To them I will give it and they shall possess it. 40 But as for you, turn and take your journey into the wilderness by the Way of the Red Sea”.

41 Then you answered and said to me, “We have sinned against Yah. We will go up and fight just as Yah our Almighty commanded us”. And when every one of you had girded on his weapons of war, you were ready to go up into the mountain. 42 And Yah said to me, “Tell them, Do not go up nor fight, for I am not among you lest you be defeated before your enemies. 43 So I spoke to you, yet you would not listen, but rebelled against the command of Yah and presumptuously went up into the mountain. 44 And the Amorites who dwelt in that mountain came out against you and chased you as bees do and drove you back from Seir to Hormah. 45 Then you returned and wept before Yah but Yah would not listen to your voice nor give ear to you. 46 So you remained in Kadesh many days according to the days that you spent there”.

Chapter 2: The Desert Years

1 “Then we turned and journeyed into the wilderness of the Way of the Red Sea as Yah spoke to me and we skirted Mount Seir for many days. 2 And Yah spoke to me saying: 3 “You have skirted this mountain long enough. Turn northward. 4 And command the people saying, You are about to pass through the territory of your brethren, the descendants of Esau who live in Seir and they will afraid of you. Therefore, watch yourselves carefully. 5 Do not meddle with them, for I will not give you any of their land, no, not so much as one footstep because I have given Mount Seir to Esau as a possession. 6 You shall buy food from them with money, that you may eat and you shall also buy water from them with money, that you may drink. 7 For Yah your Almighty has blessed you in all the work of your hand. He knows your trudging through this great wilderness. These forty years, Yah your Almighty has been with you. You have lacked nothing.

8 And when we passed beyond our brothers, the descendants of Esau who dwell in Seir away from the road of the plain, away from Elath and Ezion Geber, we turned and passed by way of the Wilderness of Moab. 9 Then Yah said to me, Do not harass Moab nor contend with them in battle for I will not give you any of their land as a possession because I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession.

The People That Lived near Canaan

10 (The Emim had dwelt there in times past, a people as great and numerous and tall as the Anakim).11 They were also regarded as giants (Hebrew rephaim) like the Anakim but the Moabites call them Emim. 12  The Horites formerly dwelt in Seir but the descendants of Esau dispossessed them and destroyed them from before them and dwelt in their place,  just as Ysrayl did to the land of their possession which Yah gave them).

Ysrayl Crossed the Zered Gorge

13 Now rise and cross over the Valley of the Zered. So we crossed over the Valley of the Zered. 14 And the time we took to come from Kadesh Barnea until we crossed over the Valley of the Zered was thirty-eight years, until all the generation of the men of war was consumed from the midst of the camp, just as Yah had sworn to them. 15 For indeed, the hand of Yah was against them to destroy them from the midst of the camp until they were consumed”.

16 “So it was, when all the men of war had finally perished from among the people–17 That Yah spoke to me saying: 18 This day you are to cross over at Ar, the boundary of Moab. 19 And when you come near the people of Ammon, do not harass them or meddle with them, for I will not give you any of the land of the people of Ammon as a possession because I have given it to the descendants of Lot as a possession.

More Nations That Lived near Canaan

20 (That was also regarded as a land of giants (Hebrew rephaim), giants formerly dwelt there. But the Ammorites call them Zamzummim–21 A people as great and numerous and tall as the Anakim. But Yah destroyed them before them and they dispossessed them and dwelt in their place. 22 Just as He had done for the descendants of Esau who dwelt in Seir when He destroyed the Horites from before them. They dispossessed them and dwelt in their place, even to this day. 23 And the Avim who dwelt in villages as far as Gaza– the Caphtorim, who came from Caphtor destroyed them and dwelt in their place”.

Ysrayl Crossed the Arnon Gorge

24 “Rise, take your journey and cross over the River Arnon. Look, I have given into your hand Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshbon and his land. Begin to possess it and engage him in battle. 25 This day I will begin to put the dread and fear of you upon the nations under the whole heaven who shall hear the report of you and shall tremble and be in anguish because of you”.

King Sihon Defeated

26 And I sent messengers from the Wilderness of Kedemoth to Sihon king of Heshbon, with words of peace saying: 27 “Let me pass through your land. I will keep strictly to the road and I will turn neither to the right nor to the left. 28 You shall sell me food for money that I may eat and give me water for money that I may drink. Only let me pass through on foot. 29 Just as the descendants of Esau who dwell in Seir and the Moabites who dwell in Ar did for me, until I cross the Yordan to the land which Yah our Almighty is giving us. 30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass through, for Yah your Almighty hardened his spirit and made his heart obstinate, that He might deliver him into your hand, as it is this day. 31 And Yah said to me: See, I have begun to give Sihon and his land over to you. Begin to possess it that you may inherit his land. 32 Then Sihon and all his people came out against us to fight at Yahaz. 33 And Yah our Almighty delivered him over to us. So we defeated him, his sons and all his people. 34 We took all his cities at that time and we utterly destroyed the men, women and little ones of every city. We left none remaining. 35 We took only the livestock as plunder for ourselves with the spoil of the cities which we took. 36 From Aroer which is on the bank of the River Arnon and from the city that is in the ravine, as far as Gilead, there was not one city too strong for us. Yah our Almighty delivered all to us. 37 Only you did not go near the land of the people of Ammon–anywhere along the River Yabbok or to the cities of the mountains or wherever Yah our Almighty had forbidden us.

Numbers Chapter 35 and Chapter 36

Chapter 35: Cities of the Levites

1 And Yah spoke to Moshe in the plains of Moab by the Yordan across from Yericho saying: 2 “Command the children of Ysrayl that they give the Levites cities to dwell in from the inheritance of their possession and you shall also give the Levites common land around the cities. 3 They shall have the cities to dwell in and their common land shall be for their cattle, for their heeds and for all their animals. 4 The common land of the cities which you will give the Levites shall extend from the wall of the city outward a thousand cubits all around. 5 And you shall measure outside the city on the east side two thousand cubits, on the south side two thousand cubits, on the west side two thousand cubits and on the north side two thousand cubits. The city shall be in the middle. This shall belong to them as common land for the cities. 6 Now among the cities which you will give to the Levites, you shall appoint six cities of refuge, to which a man-slayer may flee. And to these you shall add forty-two cities. 7 So all the cities you will give to the Levites shall be forty-eight. These you shall give with their common land. 8 And the cities which you will give shall be from the possession of the children of Ysrayl. From the larger tribe you shall give many, from the smaller you shall give few. Each shall give some of its cities to the Levites, in proportion to the inheritance that each receives”.

Map Levitical Cities refuge

This is the only map I could find with Ashan included within Judah (Yahudah). The tribe of Simeon is missing from the bottom of the map. The tribe of Simeon also had a Levite city called Ashan. See Yahoshua (Joshua) 15:42, Judah 1 Chronicles 6:59 and 1 Chronicles 4:32, Simeon.

The Six Cities of Refuge

9 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 10 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: When you cross the Yordan into the land of Canaan– 11 Then you shall appoint cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the man-slayer who kills any person accidentally may flee there. 12 They shall be cities of refuge for you from the avenger, that the man-slayer may not die until he stands before the congregation in judgment. 13 And of the cities which you give, you shall have six cities of refuge. 14 You shall appoint three cities on this side of the Yordan and three cities you shall appoint in the land of Canaan, which will be cities of refuge. 15 These six cities shall be for refuge for the children of Ysrayl, for the stranger and for the sojourner among them that anyone who kills a person accidentally may flee there.

MapLeviticalrefuge

A map showing 3 cities of  refuge on one side of the Yordan and 3 cities of refuge on the other side of the Yordan.

Laws About Murder and Accidental Killing

16 “But if he strikes him with an iron implement, so that he dies, he is a murderer. The murderer shall surely be put to death. 17 And if he strikes him with a stone in the hand, by which one could die and he does die, he is a murderer. The murderer shall surely be put to death. 18 Or if he strikes him with a wooden hand weapon, by which one could die and he does die, he is a murderer. The murderer shall surely be put to death. 19 The avenger of blood himself shall put the murderer to death when he meets him, he shall put him to death. 20 If he pushes him out of hatred or while lying in wait, hurls something at him so that he dies–21 Or in enmity, he strikes him with his hand so that he dies, the one who struck him shall surely be put to death. He is a murderer. The avenger of blood shall put the murderer to death when he meets him. 22 However, if he pushes him suddenly without enmity or throws anything at him without lying in wait–23 Or uses a stone, by which a man could die, throwing it at him without seeing him, so that he dies, while he was not his enemy or seeking his harm–24 Then the congregation shall judge between the man-slayer and the avenger of blood according to these judgments. 25 So the congregation shall deliver the man-slayer from the hand of the avenger of blood and the congregation shall return him to the city of refuge where he had fled and he shall remain there until the death of the high priest who was anointed with the qodesh oil. 26 But if the man-slayer at any time goes outside the limits of the city of refuge where he fled–27 And the avenger of blood finds him outside the limits of his city of refuge and the avenger of blood kills the man-slayer, he shall not be guilty of blood. 28 Because he should have remained in his city of refuge until the death of the high priest. But after the death of the high priest the man-slayer may return to the land of his possession”.

29 “And these things shall be a statute  of judgment to you throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 30 Whoever kills a person, the murderer shall be put to death on the testimony of witnesses. But one witness is not sufficient testimony against a person for the death penalty. 31 Moreover, you shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death but he shall surely be put to death. 32 And you shall take no ransom for him who has fled to his city of refuge, that he may return to dwell in the land before the death of the priest. 33 So you shall not pollute the land where you are, for blood defiles the land and no atonement can be made for the land, for the blood that is shed on it, except by the blood of him who shed it. 34 Therefore, do not defile the land which you inhabit, in the midst of which I dwell. For I Yah dwell among the children of Ysrayl”.

Chapter 36: The Laws About Married Women and Land

1 Now the chief fathers of the families of the children of Gilead the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh of the families of the sons of Yoseph came near and spoke before Moshe and before the leaders, the chief fathers of the children of Ysrayl. 2 And they said: “Yah commanded my master Moshe to give the land as an inheritance by lot to the children of Ysrayl and my master was commanded by Yah to give the inheritance of our brother Zelophehad to his daughters. 3 Now if they are married to any of the sons of the other tribes of the children of Ysrayl, then their inheritance will be taken from the inheritance of our fathers and it will be added to the inheritance of the tribe into which they marry, so it will be taken from the lot of our inheritance. 4 And when the Yobelim (Jubilee) of the children of Ysrayl comes, then their inheritance will be added to the inheritance of the tribe into which they marry. So their inheritance will be taken away from the inheritance of the tribe of our fathers”.

5 Then Moshe commanded the children of Ysrayl according to the word of Yah saying: “What the tribe of the sons of Yoseph speak is right. 6 This is what Yah commands concerning the daughters of Zelophehad saying: Let them marry whom they think best but they may marry only within the family of their father’s tribe. 7 So the inheritance of the children of Ysrayl shall not change hands from tribe to tribe, for every one of the children of Ysrayl shall keep the inheritance of the tribe of his fathers. 8 And every daughter who possesses an inheritance in any tribe of the children of Ysrayl shall be the wife of one of the family of her father’s tribe, so that the children of Ysrayl each may possess the inheritance of his fathers. 9 Thus no inheritance shall change hands from one tribe to another but every tribe of the children of Ysrayl shall keep its own inheritance.

The Daughters of Zelophehad Marry Within Their Father’s Tribe

10 Just as Yah commanded Moshe, so did the daughters of Zelophehad. 11 For Mahlah, Tizrah, Hoglah, Milcah and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad were married to the sons of their father’s brothers. 12 They were married into the families of the children of Manasseh the son of Yoseph and their inheritance remained in the tribe of their father’s family. 13 These are the commandments and the judgments which Yah commanded the children of Ysrayl by the hand of Moshe in the plains of Moab by the Yordan, across from Yericho.

Numbers Chapter 33 and Chapter 34

Chapter 33: Ysrayl’s Journey from Egypt Reviewed

1 These are the journeys of the children of Ysrayl who went out of the land of Egypt by their armies under the hand of Moshe and Aharon. 2 Now Moshe wrote down the starting points of their journeys at the command of Yah. And these are their journeys according to their starting points:

3 They departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month, on the day after the Passover the children of Ysrayl went out with boldness in the sight of all the Egyptians. 4 For the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn whom Yah had killed among them. Also on their gods, Yah had executed judgments. 5 Then the children of Ysrayl moved from Rameses and camped at Succoth. 6 They departed from Succoth and camped at Etham, which is on the edge of the wilderness. 7 They moved from Etham and turned back to Pi Hahiroth which is east of Baal Zephon and they camped near Migdol. 8 They departed from before Hahiroth (or Pi Hahiroth) and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, went three day’s journey in the Wilderness of Etham and camped at Marah. 9 They moved from Marah and came to Elim. At Elim were 12 springs of water and seventy palm trees. So they camped there. 13 They departed from Dophkah and camped at Alush. 14 They moved from Alush and camped at Rephidim where there was no water for the people to drink. 15 They departed from Rephidim and camped in the Wilderness of Sinai. 16 They moved from the Wilderness of Sinai and camped at Kibroth Hattaavah. 17 They departed from Kibroth Hattaavah and camped at Hazeroth. 18 They departed from Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah. 19 They departed from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon Perez. 20 They departed from Rimmon Perez and camped at Libnah. 21 They moved from Libnah and camped at Rissah. 22 They journeyed from Rissah and camped at Kehelathah. 23 They went from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher. 24 They moved from Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah. 25 They moved from Haradah and camped at Makheloth. 26 They moved from Makheloth and camped at Tahath. 27 They departed from Tahath and camped at Terah. 28 They moved from Terah and camped at Mithkah. 29 They went from Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah. 30 They departed from Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth. 31 They departed from Moseroth and camped at Bene Yaakan. 32 They moved from Bene Yaakan and camped at Hor Hagidgad. 33 They went from Hor Hagidgad and camped at Yotbathah. 34 They moved from Yotbathah and camped at Abornah. 35 They departed from Abronah and camped at Ezion Geber. 36 They moved from Ezion Geber and camped in the Wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh. 37 They moved from Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor, on the boundary of the land of Edom. 38 Then Aharon the priest went up to Mount Hor at the command of Yah and died there in the fortieth year after the children of Ysrayl had come out of the land of Egypt, on the first day of the fifth month. 39 Aharon was one hundred and twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor. 40 Now the king of Arad, the Canaanite who dwelt in the south in the land of Canaan heard of the coming of the children of Ysrayl. 41 So they departed from Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah. 42 They departed from Zalmonah and camped at Punon. 43 They departed from Punon and camped at Oboth. 44 They departed from Oboth and camped at Iye Abarim, at the border of Moab. 45 They departed from Iyim (same as Iye Abarim) and camped at Dibon Gad. 46 They moved from Dibon Gad and camped at Almon Diblathaim. 47 They moved from Almon Diblathaim and camped in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo. 48 They departed from the mountains of Abarim and camped in the plains of Moab by the Yordan, across from Yericho. 49 They camped by the Yordan, from Beth Yesimoth as far as the Abyl Acacia Grove (Hebrew Abyl Shittim) in the plains of Moab.

Instructions for the C0nquest of Canaan

50 Now Yah spoke to Moshe in the plains of Moab by the Yordan, across from Yericho saying: 51 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: When you have crossed the Yordan into the land of Canaan– 52 Then you shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you. Destroy all their engraved stones. Destroy all their molded images and demolish all their high places. 53 You shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land and dwell in it, for I have given you the land to possess. 54 And you shall divide the land by lot as an inheritance among your families. To the larger you shall give a larger inheritance and to the smaller you shall give a smaller inheritance. There everyone’s inheritance shall be whatever falls to him by lot. You shall inherit according to the tribes of your fathers. 55 But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then it shall be that those whom you let remain shall be irritants in your eyes and thorns in your sides and they shall harass you in the land where you dwell. 56 Moreover, it shall be that I will do to you as I thought to do to them”.

wildmap

Click on map to enlarge. This is the most complete map that I could find. Every camp site is not drawn here but maybe in the future some Israylite Bible scholar with the Ruach of Yah will be able to pinpoint every camp site for us. This map is from lds.org. #1 Rameses– Exodus 12; Numbers 33:5. #2 Succoth–After the Hebrews left this first campsite, Yah attended them in a cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night, Exodus 13:20-22. #3 Pi-Hahiroth–Ysrayl passed through the Red Sea, Exodus 14; Numbers 33:8. #4 Wilderness of Etham at Marah– Yah healed the waters of Marah, Exodus 15:23-26. #5 Elim–Ysrayl camped by the 12 springs and 70 palm trees, Exodus 15:27. #6 Wilderness of Sin–Yah sent manna and quail to feed Ysrayl, Exodus 16. #7 Rephidim–Ysrayl fought with Amalek, Exodus 17:8-16. #8 Mount Sinai (or Mount Horeb)–Yah revealed the 10 commandments, Exodus 19-20). #9 Sinai Wilderness–Ysrayl constructed the tabernacle, Exodus chapters 25-30. #10 Wilderness camps–Seventy elders were called to help Moshe govern the people, Numbers chapter 11. #11 Ezion Geber–Ysrayl passed through the lands of Esau and Ammon, Deuteronomy chapter 2. #12 Kadesh Barnea–Moshe sent 12 spies into the promised land. Ysrayl rebelled and failed to enter the land. Kadesh served as the main camp of Ysrayl for many years, Numbers 13, Numbers 14, Numbers 32:8, Deuteronomy 2:14. #13 Eastern Wilderness–Ysrayl avoided conflict with Edom and Moab, Numbers 20: 14-24. #14 Arnon River–Ysrayl destroyed the Amonites who fought against them, Deuteronomy 2:24-37. #15 Mount Nebo–Moshe viewed the promised land, Deuteronomy 34:1-4. Moshe delivers his last 3 teachings. #16 Plains of Moab–Yah told Ysrayl to divide the land and dispossess the inhabitants, Numbers 33:50-56. #17 Yordan River–Ysrayl crossed the Yordan River on dry ground. Near Gilgal stones from the bottom of the Yordan River were placed as a monument of Yordan’s waters being divided, Yahoshua (Joshua) 3:1-5. #18 Yericho– the children of Ysrayl captured and destroyed the city, Yahoshua chapter 6.

Chapter 34: The Appointed Boundaries of Canaan

1 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Command the children of Ysrayl and say to them: When you come into the land of Canaan, this is the land that shall fall to you as an inheritance, the land of Canaan to its boundaries:

3 Your southern border shall be from the Wilderness of Zin along the border of Edom. Then your southern border shall extend eastward to the end of the Salt Sea . 4 Your border shall turn from the southern side of the Ascent of Akrabbim, continue to Zin and be on the south of Kadesh Barnea. Then it shall go on to Hazar Addar and continue to Azmon. 5 The border shall turn from Azmon to the Brook of Egypt and it shall end at the Sea.

6 As for the western border, you shall have the Great Sea for a border. This shall be your western border.

7 And this shall be your northern border: From the Great Sea you shall mark out your border line to Mount Hor. 8 From Mount Hor you shall mark out your border to the entrance of Hamath. Then the direction of the border shall be toward Zedad. 9 The border shall proceed to Ziphron and it shall end at Hazar Enan. This shall be your northern border.

10 You shall mark out your eastern border from Hazar Enan to Shepham. 11 The border shall go down from Shepham to Riblah on the east side of Ain. The border shall go down and reach to the eastern side of the Sea of Chinnereth. 12 The border shall go down along the Yordan and it shall end at the Salt Sea. This shall be your land with its surrounding boundaries.

13 Then Moshe commanded the children of Ysrayl saying: “This is the land which you shall inherit by lot, which Yah has commanded to give to the nine tribes and to the half-tribe. 14 For the tribe of the children of Reuben according to the house of their fathers and the tribe of the children of Gad according to the house of their fathers have received their inheritance and the half-tribe of Manasseh has received its inheritance. 15 The two tribes and the half-tribe have received their inheritance on this side of the Yordan, across from Yericho eastward, toward the sunrise”.

The Leaders Appointed to Divide the Land

16 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 17 “These are the names of the men who shall divide the land among you as an inheritance: Yleazar the priest and Yahoshua Ben Nun. 18 And you shall take one leader of every tribe to divide the land for the inheritance. 19 These are the names of the men: From the tribe of Yahudah, Caleb the son of Yephunneh. 20 From the tribe of the children of Shimeon: Shemuel the son of Ammihud. 21 From the tribe of Benyamin: Ylidad the son of Chislon. 22 A leader from the tribe of the children of Dan: Bukki the son of Yogli. 23 From the sons of Yoseph: a leader from the tribe of the children of Manasseh: Hanniyah the son of Ephod. 24 And a leader from the tribe of the children of Ephraim: Kemuyl the son of Shiphtan. 25 And a leader from the tribe of the children of Zebulon: Ylizaphan the son of Parnach. 26 A leader from the tribe of the children of Issachar: Paltiyah the son of Azzan. 27 A leader from the tribe of the children of Asher: Ahihud the Ben of Shelomi. 28 And a leader from the tribe of the children of Naphtali: Pedahyl the Ben of Ammihud. 29 These are the ones Yah commanded to divide the inheritance among the children of Ysrayl in the land of Canaan.

Map-Canaan-Twelve-Tribes

 

 

 

 

Numbers Chapter 31and Chapter 32

Chapter 31: Ysrayl’s Vengeance on the Midianites

1 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Take Vengeance on the Midianites for the children of Ysrayl. Afterward, you shall be gathered to your people”. 3 So Moshe spoke to the people saying: “Arm some of the yourselves for war and let them go against the Midianites to take vengeance for Yah on Midian. 4 A thousand from each tribe of all the tribes of Ysrayl you shall send to the war”. 5 So there were recruited from the divisions of Ysrayl one thousand from each tribe, twelve thousand armed for war. 6. Then Moshe sent them to war, one thousand from each tribe. He sent them to the war with Phinehas the son of Yleazar the priest, with the qodesh articles and the signal trumpets in his hand. 7 And they warred against the Midianites just as Yah commanded Moshe and they killed all the males. 8 They killed the kings of Midian with the rest of those who were killed–Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur and Reba, the five kings of Midian. Balaam the son of Beor they also killed with the sword. (Remember Revelation 2:14 and Pseudepigrapha Volume 2, page 326, chapter 18:13-14 about their plan). 9 And the children of Ysrayl took the women of Midian captive, with their little ones and took as spoil all their cattle, all their flocks and all their goods. 10 They also burned with fire all the cities where they dwelt and all their forts. 11 And they took all the spoil and all the booty, of man and beast.

Return from the War

12 Then they brought the captives, the booty and the spoil to Moshe, to Yleazar the priest and to the congregation of the children of Ysrayl, to the camp in the plains of Moab by the Yordan, across from Yericho. 13 And Moshe, Yleazar the priest and all the leaders of the congregation went to meet them outside the camp. 14 But Moshe was angry with the officers of the army, with the captains over thousands and captains over hundreds, who had come from the battle. 15 And Moshe said to them: “Have you kept all the women alive? 16 Look, these women cause the children of Ysrayl, through the counsel of Balaam, to trespass against Yah in the incident of Peor and there was a plague among the congregation of Yah. 17 Now therefore, kill every male among the little ones and kill every woman who has known a man intimately. 18 But keep alive for yourselves all the young girls who have not known a man intimately. 19 And as for you, remain outside the camp seven days. Whoever has killed any person and whoever has touched any slain, purify yourselves and your captives on the third day and on the seventh day. 20 Purify every garment, everything made of leather, everything woven of goats’ hair and everything made of wood”. 21 Then Yleazar the priest said to the men of war who had gone to the battle, “This is the ordinance of the law which Yah commanded Moshe: 22 Only the gold, the silver, the bronze, the iron, the tin and the lead. 23 Everything that can endure fire, you shall put through the fire and it shall be clean and it shall be purified with the water of purification. But all that cannot endure fire you shall put through water. 24 And you shall wash your clothes on the seventh day and be clean and afterward you may come into the camp”.

Division of the Plunder From the Battle with the Midianites

25 Now Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 26 “Count up the plunder that was taken–of man and beast–you and Yleazar the priest and the chief fathers of the congregation–27 And divide the plunder into two parts, between those who took part in the war, who went out to battle and all the congregation. 28 And levy a tribute for Yah on the men of war who went out to battle: One of every five hundred of the persons, the cattle, the donkeys and the sheep. 29 Take it from their half and give it to Yleazar the priest as a heave offering to Yah. 30 And from the children of Yrayl’s half you shall take one of every fifty, drawn from the persons, the cattle, the donkeys and the sheep, from all the livestock and give them to the Levites who keep charge of the tabernacle of Yah”. 31 So Moshe and Yleazar the priest did as Yah commanded Moshe.

32 The booty remaining from the plunder, which the men of war had taken, was six hundred and seventy-five thousand sheep. 33 Seventy-two thousand cattle–34 Sixty-one thousand donkeys–35 And thirty-two thousand persons in all, of women who had not know a man intimately. 36 And the half, the portion for those who had gone out to war was in number three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred sheep. 37 And Yah’s tribute of the sheep was six hundred and seventy-five. 38  The cattle were thirty-six thousand, of which Yah’s tribute was seventy-two. 39 The donkeys were thirty thousand five hundred, of which Yah’s tribute was sixty-one. 40 The persons were sixteen thousand, of which Yah’s tribute was thirty-two persons.

41 So Moshe gave the tribute which was Yah’s heave offering to Yleazar the priest, as Yah commanded Moshe. 42 And from the children of Ysrayl’s half, which Moshe separated from the men who fought–43 Now the half belonging to the congregation was three hundred and thirty-seven thousand five hundred sheep. 44 Thirty-six thousand cattle–45 Thirty thousand five hundred donkeys. 46 And sixteen thousand persons–47 And from the children of Ysrayl’s half Moshe took one of every fifty, drawn from man and beast and gave them to the Levites, who kept charge of the tabernacle of Yah, as Yah commanded Moshe. 48 Then the officers who were over thousands of the army, the captains of thousands and captains of hundreds came near to Moshe. 49 And they said to Moshe, “Your servants have taken a count of the men of war who are under our command and not a man of us is missing. 50 Therefore, we have brought an offering to Yah, what every man found of ornaments of gold: armlets and bracelets and signet rings and earrings and necklaces, to make atonement for ourselves before Yah”. 51 So Moshe and Yleazar the priest received the gold from them, all the fashioned ornaments. 52 And all the gold of the offering that they offered to Yah, from the captains of thousands and captains of hundreds was sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels. 53 (The men of war had taken spoil, every man for himself). 54 And Moshe and Yleazar the priest received the gold from the captains of thousands and of hundreds and brought it into the tabernacle of meeting as a remembrance for the children of Ysrayl before Yah.

Chapter 32: The  Tribe of Reuben, Gad and Half of Manasseh   Settle East of the Yordan

1 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of livestock and when they saw the land of Yazer and the land of Gilead, that indeed the region was a place for livestock–2 The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spoke to Moshe, to Yleazar the priest and to the leaders of the congregation saying: 3 “Ataroth, Dibon, Yazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Ylealah, Shebam, Nebo and Beon–4 The country which Yah defeated before the congregation of Ysrayl is a land for livestock and your servants have livestock”. 5 Therefore they said, “If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants as a possession. Do not take us over the Yordan”.

6 And Moshe said to the children of Gad and to the children of Reuben: “Shall your brothers go to war while you sit here? 7 Now why will you discourage the heart of the children of Ysrayl from going over into the land which Yah has given them? 8 Thus your fathers did when I sent them away from Kadesh Barnea to see the land. 9 For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Ysrayl, so that they did not go into the land which Yah had given them. 10 So Yah’s anger was aroused on that day and He swore on oath saying: Surely none of the men who came up from Egypt, from twenty years old and above shall see the land of which I swore to Abraham, Yitshaq and Yahqob because they have not wholly followed Me. 12 Except Caleb the son of Yephunneh, the Kenizzite and Yahoshua the son of Nun, for they have wholly followed Yah. 13 So Yah’s anger was aroused against Ysrayl and He made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that had done evil in the sight of Yah was gone.14 And look, you have risen in your father’s place, a brood of sinful men, to increase still more the fierce anger of Yah against Ysrayl. 15 For if you turn away from following Him, He will once again leave them. in the wilderness and you will destroy all these people”.

16 Then they came near to him and said: “We will build sheepfolds here for our livestock and cities for our little ones. 17 But we ourselves will be armed, ready to go before the children of Ysrayl until we have brought them to their place and our little ones will dwell in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land.18 We will not return to our homes until every one of the children of Ysrayl has received his inheritance. 19 For we will not inherit with them on the other side of the Yordan and beyond because our inheritance has fallen to us on this eastern side of the Yordan”.

20 Then Moshe said to them: “If you do this thing, if you arm yourself before Yah for the war–21 And all your armed men cross over the Yordan before Yah until He has driven out His enemies from before Him–22 And the land is subdued before Yah, then afterward you may return and be blameless (perfect) before Yah and before Ysrayl and this land shall be your possession before Yah. 23 But if you do not do so, then take note, you have sinned against Yah and be sure your sin will find you out. 24 Build cities for your little ones and folds for your sheep and do what has proceeded out of your mouth”.

25 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben spoke to Moshe saying: “Your servants will do as my master commands. 26 Our little ones, our wives, our flocks and all our livestock will be there in the cities of Gilead. 27 But your servants will cross over, every man armed for war, before Yah to battle, just as my master says”.

28 So Moshe gave command concerning them to Yleazar the priest, to Yahoshua the son of Nun and to the chief fathers of the tribes of the children of Ysrayl. 29 And Moshe said to them: “If the children of Gad and the children of Reuben cross over the Yordan with you, every man armed for battle before Yah and the land is subdued before you, then you shall give them the land of Gilead as a possession. 30 But if they do not cross over armed with you, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan”.

31 Then the children of Gad and the children of Reuben answered saying: “As Yah has said to your servants, so we will do”.32 We will cross over armed before Yah into the land of Canaan but the possession of our inheritance shall remain with us on this side of the Yordan”.

33 So Moshe gave to the children of Gad, to the children of Reuben and to half the tribe of Manasseh the son of Yoseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land with its cities within the borders, the cities of the surrounding country. 34 And the children of Gad built Dibon and Ataroth and Aroer–35 Atroth and Shophan and Yazer and Yogbehah–36 Beth Nimrah and Beth Haran, fortified cities and folds for sheep. 37 And the children of Reuben built Heshbon and Ylealeh and Kiryathaim. 38 Nebo and Baal Meon (their names being changed) and Shibmah and they gave other names to the cities which they built. 39 And the children of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead and took it and dispossessed the Amorites who were in it. 40 So Moshe gave Gilead to Machir the son of Manasseh and he dwelt in it. 41 Also Yair the son of Manasseh went and took its small towns and called them Havoth Yair (literally towns of Yair). 42 Then Nobah went and took Kenath and its villages and he called it Nobah, after his own name.

Map-Canaan-Twelve-Tribes

Click on image to enlarge.

Numbers Chapter 29 and Chapter 30

Chapter 29: Offerings at the Feast of Trumpets

1 “And the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a qodesh assembly. You shall do no customary work. For you it is a day of blowing the trumpets (shofars). 2 You shall offer a burnt offering as a sweet aroma to Yah: One young bull, one ram and seven lambs in their first year, without blemish. 3 Their grain offering shall be fine flour mixed with oil: Three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the ram–4 And one-tenth for each of the seven lambs. 5 Also one kid of the goats as a sin offering, to make atonement for you. 6 Besides the burnt offering with its grain offering for the new moon, the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and their drink offerings, according to their ordinance, as a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to Yah”.

Offerings on the Day of Atonement (The Great Day of Forgiveness)

7 “On the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a qodesh assembly . You shall afflict your souls (fast). You shall not do any work. 8 You shall present a burnt offering to Yah as a sweet aroma: One young bull, one ram, and seven lambs in their first year. Be sure they are without blemish. 9 Their grain offering shall be of fine flour mixed with oil: Three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the one ram–10 And one-tenth for each of the seven lambs. 11 Also one kid of the goats as a sin offering, besides the sin offering for atonement, the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and their drink offering”.

Offering at the Feast of Tabernacles (Shelters or Booths):

12 “On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a qodesh assembly. You shall do no customary work and you shall keep a feast to Yah seven days. 13 You shall present a burnt offering, an offering made by fire as a sweet aroma to Yah: Thirteen young bulls, two rams and fourteen lambs in their first year. They shall be without blemish. 14 Their grain offering shall be of fine flour mixed with oil: Three-tenths of an ephah for each of the thirteen bulls, two-tenths for each of the two rams. 15 And one-tenth for each of the fourteen lambs. 16 Also one kid of the goats as a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering”.

The Second Day of the Feast of Booths

17 “On the second day present twelve young bulls, two rams, fourteen lambs in their first year without blemish. 18 And their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number, according to the ordinance. 19 Also one kid of the goats as a sin offering besides the regular burnt offering with its grain offering and their drink offerings”.

The Third Day of the Feast of Booths

20 “On the third day present eleven bulls, two rams and fourteen lambs in their first year without blemish. 21 And their grain offering and their drink offering for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number, according to the ordinance. 22 Also one (kid) goat as a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering”.

The Fourth Day of the Feast of Booths

23 “On the fourth day present ten bulls, two rams and fourteen lambs in their first year, without blemish. 24 And their grain offering and their drink offering for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number, according to the ordinance. 25 Also one kid of the goats as a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering”.

The Fifth Day of the Feast of Booths

26 “On the fifth day present nine bulls, two rams and fourteen lambs in their first year without blemish. 27 And their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number, according to the ordinance. 28 Also one (kid) goat as a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering”.

The Sixth Day of the Feast of Booths

29 “On the sixth day present eight bulls, two rams and fourteen lambs in their first year, without blemish. 30 And their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number, according to the ordinance. 31 Also one (kid) goat as a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering”.

The Seventh Day of the Feast of Booths

32 “On the seventh day present seven bulls, two rams and fourteen lambs in their first year, without blemish. 33 And their grain offering and their drink offerings, for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number, according to the ordinance. 34 Also one (kid) goat as a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering”.

The Eighth Day of the Feast of Booths

35 “On the eighth day you shall have a qodesh assembly. You shall do no customary work. 36 You shall present a burnt offering, an offering made by fire as a sweet aroma to Yah: One bull, one ram, seven lambs in their first year without blemish. 37 And their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bull, for the ram and for the lambs, by their number, according to the ordinance. 38 Also one (kid) goat as a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering. 39 These you shall present to Yah at your appointed feasts (besides your vowed offerings and your freewill offerings) as your burnt offerings and your grain offerings, as your drink offerings and your peace offerings”.  40 So Moshe told the children of Ysrayl everything just as Yah commanded Moshe.

Chapter 30: The Law Concerning Vows or Promises to Yah

1 Then Moshe spoke to the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Ysrayl saying: “This is the thing which Yah has commanded: 2 If a man makes a vow to Yah or swears an oath to bind himself by some agreement, he shall not break his word. He shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth”.

If a Woman Makes a Vow While Living in Her Father’s House

3 “Or if a woman makes a vow to Yah and binds herself by some agreement while in her father’s house in her youth–4 And her father hears her vow and the agreement by which she has bound herself and her father holds his peace, then all her vows shall stand and every agreement with which she has bound herself shall stand. 5 But if her father overrules her on the day that he hears, then none of her vows nor her agreements by which she has bound herself shall stand and Yah will release her because her father overruled her”.

If a Woman Makes a Vow While Living in Her Husband’s House

6 “If indeed she takes a husband, while bound by her vows or by a rash utterance from her lips by which she bound herself–7 And her husband hears it and makes no response to her on the day that he hears, then her vows shall stand and her agreements by which she bound herself shall stand. 8 But if her husband overrules her on the day that he hears it, he shall make void her vow which she took and what she uttered with her lips, by which she bound herself and Yah will release her”.

If a Widow or Divorced Woman Makes a Vow

9 “Also any vow of widow or a divorced woman, by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her. 10 If she vowed in her husband’s house or bound herself by an agreement with an oath–11 And her husband heard it and made no response to her and did not overrule her, then all her vows shall stand and every agreement by which she bound herself shall stand. 12 But if her husband truly made them void on the day he heard them, then whatever proceeded from her lips concerning her vows or concerning the agreement binding her, it shall not stand. Her husband has made them void and Yah will release her”.

13 “Every vow and every binding oath to afflict her soul, her husband may confirm it or her husband may make it void. 14 Now if her husband makes no response whatever to her from day-to-day, then he confirms all her vows or all the agreements that bind her. He confirms them because he made no response to her on the day that he heard them. 15 But if he does make them void after he has heard them, then he shall bear her guilt”. 16 These are the statutes which Yah commanded Moshe, between a man and his wife and between a father and his daughter in her youth in her father’s house.

 

 

 

 

Numbers Chapter 27 and Chapter 28

Chapter 27: Inheritance Laws: The Daughters of Zelophehad Are Given Land

1 Then came the daughters of Zelophehad the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, from the families of Manasseh the son of Yoseph and these were the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah. (See census in Numbers 26:33). 2 And they stood before Moshe , before Yleazar the priest and before the leaders and all the congregation, by the doorway of the tabernacle of meeting saying: 3 “Our father died in the wilderness but he was not in the company of those who gathered together against Yah, in company with Korah but he died in his own sin and he had no sons.” 4 “Why should the name of our father be removed from among his family because he had no son? Give us a possession among our father’s brothers”. 5 So Moshe brought their case before Yah. 6 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 7 “The daughters of Zelophehad speak what is right. You shall surely give them a possession of inheritance among their father’s brothers and cause the inheritance of their father to pass to them. 8 And you shall speak to the children of Ysrayl saying: ‘If a man dies and has no son, then you shall cause his inheritance to pass to his daughter. 9 If he has no daughter, then you shall give his inheritance to his brothers. 10 If he has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to his father’s brothers. 11 And if his father has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to the relative closest to him in his family and he shall possess it’.” And it shall be to the children of Ysrayl a statute of judgment, just as Yah commanded Moshe.

Yahoshua Ben Nun Appointed the Next Leader of Ysrayl

12 Now Yah said to Moshe: “Go up into this Mount Abarim and see the land which I have given to the children of Ysrayl. 13 And when you have seen it, you also shall be gathered to your people, as Aharon your brother was gathered. 14 For in the Wilderness of Zin, during the strife of the congregation, you rebelled against My commandment to hallow Me at the waters before their eyes”. (These are the waters of Meribah, at Kadesh in the Wilderness of Zin). 15 Then Moshe spoke to Yah saying: 16 “Let Yah, the Almighty of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation–17 Who may go out before them and go in before them, who may lead them out and bring them in, that the congregation of Yah may not be like sheep which have no shepherd”. 18 And Yah said to Moshe: “Take Yahoshua the son of Nun with you, a man in whom is the Spirit and lay your hand on him–19 Set him before Yleazar the priest and before all the congregation and inaugurate him in their sight. 20 And you shall give some of your authority to him, that all the congregation of the children of Ysrayl may be obedient. 21 He shall stand before Yleazar the priest, who shall inquire before Yah for him by the judgment of the Urim. At his word they shall go out and at his word they shall come in, he and all the children of Ysrayl with him–all the congregation”. 22 So Moshe did as Yah commanded him. He took Yahoshua and set him before Yleazar the priest and before all the congregation. 23 And he laid his hands on him and inaugurated him, just as Yah commanded by the hand of Moshe.

Chapter 28: Daily Offerings

1 Now Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Command the children of Ysrayl and say to them, My offering, My food for My offerings made by fire as a sweet aroma to Me, you shall be careful to offer to Me at their appointed time. 2 And you shall say to them, This is the offering made by fire which you shall offer to Yah: Two male lambs in their first year without blemish, day by day as a regular burnt offering. 4 The one lamb you shall offer in the morning, the other lamb you shall offer in the evening. 5 And one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering mixed with one-fourth of a hin of pressed oil. 6 It is a regular burnt offering which was ordained at Mount Sinai for a sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to Yah. 7 And its drink offering shall be one-fourth of a hin for each lamb, in a qodesh place you shall pour out the drink to Yah as an offering. 8 The other lamb you shall offer in the evening. As the morning grain offering and its drink offering, you shall offer it as an offering made by fire, a sweet aroma to Yah.

Shabbat Offerings

9 “And on the Shabbat Day, two lambs in their first year, without blemish and two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with oil, with its drink offering–10 This is the burnt offering for every Shabbat, besides the regular burnt offering with its drink offering”.

First of the Month Offerings

11 “At the beginnings of your months you shall present a burnt offering to Yah: Two young bulls, one ram and seven lambs in their first year, without blemish. 12 Three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering mixed with oil, for each bull; two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering mixed with oil for the ram. 13 And one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering for each lamb, as a burnt offering of sweet aroma, an offering made by fire to Yah. 14 Their drink offering shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, one-third of a hin for a ram and one-fourth of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt offering for each month throughout the months of the year. 15 Also one kid of the goats as a sin offering to Yah shall be offered, besides the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.”

Offerings at Passover: The Festival of Thin (Unleavened) Bread

16 “On the fourteenth day of the first month is the Passover of Yah. 17 And on the fifteenth day of this month is the feast. Unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days. 18 On the first day you shall have a qodesh assembly. You shall do no customary work. 19 And you shall present an offering made by fire as a burnt offering to Yah: Two young bulls, one ram and seven lambs in their first year. Be sure they are without blemish. 20 Their grain offering shall be of fine flour mixed with oil: Three-tenths of an ephah you shall offer for a bull and two-tenths of an ephah you shall offer for a bull and two-tenths for a ram. 21 You shall offer one-tenth of an ephah for each of the seven lambs. 22 Also one goat as a sin offering to make atonement for you. 23 You shall offer these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a regular burnt offering. 24 In this manner you shall offer the food of the offering made by fire for seven days, as a sweet aroma to Yah. It shall be offered besides the regular burnt offering and its drink offering. 25 And on the seventh day you shall have a qodesh assembly. You shall do no customary work”.

Offerings at the Feast of Weeks (Harvest Festival)

26″ Also on the day of the first fruits, when you bring a new grain offering to Yah at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a qodesh assembly. You shall do no customary work. 27 You shall present a burnt offering as a sweet aroma to Yah: Two young bulls, one ram and seven lambs in their first year– 28 With their grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil. Three-tenths of an ephah for each bull, two-tenths for the one ram. 29 And one-tenth for each of the seven lambs. 30 Also one kid of the goats to make atonement for you. 31 Be sure they are without blemish. You shall present them with their drink offerings, besides the regular burnt offering with its grain offering.

 

 

 

Numbers Chapter 25 and Chapter 26

Chapter 25: Ysrayl’s Harlotry in Moab: The Israylites Worship Baal: Phinehas’ Zeal for Yah

1 Now Ysrayl remained in Acacia Grove (Hebrew Shittim) and the people began to commit harlotry with the women of Moab. 2 They invited the people to the sacrifices of their gods and the people ate and bowed down to their gods. 3 So Ysrayl was joined to Baal of Peor and the anger of Yah was aroused against Ysrayl. 4 Then Yah said to Moshe, “Take all the leaders of the people and hang the offenders before Yah, out in the sun, that the fierce anger of Yah may turn away from Ysrayl. 5 So Moshe said to the judges of Ysrayl, “Every one of you kill his men who were joined to Baal of Peor”. 6 And indeed, one of the children of Ysrayl came and presented to his brethren a Midianite woman in the sight of Moshe and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Ysrayl, who were weeping at the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 7 Now when Phinehas the son of Yleazar, the son of Aharon the priest, saw it, he rose from among the congregation and took a javelin in his hand. 8 And he went after the man of Ysrayl into the tent and thrust both of them through, the man of Ysrayl and the woman through her body. So the plague was stopped among the children of Ysrayl. 9 And those who died in the plague were twenty-four thousand. 10 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 11 “Phinehas the son of Yleazar, the son of Aharon the priest has turned back My wrath from the children of Ysrayl because he was zealous with My zeal among them, so that I did not consume the children of Ysrayl in My zeal. 12 Therefore say, ‘Behold, I give to him My covenant of peace. 13 And it shall be to him and his descendants after him a covenant of an everlasting priesthood because he was zealous for his Almighty and made atonement for the children of Ysrayl’.” 14 Now the name of the Israylite who was killed, who was killed with the Midianite woman, was Zimri the son of Salu, a leader of a father’s house among the Simeonites. 15 And the name of the Midianite woman who was killed was Cozbi the daughter of Zur, he was head of the people of a father’s house in Midian. 16 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 17 “Harass the Midianites and attack them. 18 For they harassed you with their schemes by whcih they seduced you in the matter of Peor and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a leader of Midian, their sister, who was killed in the day of the plague because of Peor”.  (Compare to Revelation 2:14 and Pseudepigrapha Volume 2 page 326, chapter 18:13-14).

Chapter 26: The Second Census of Ysrayl

1 And it came to pass, after the plague, that Yah spoke to Moshe and Yleazar the son of Aharon the priest saying: 2 “Take a census of all the congregation of the children of Ysrayl from twenty years old and above, by their father’s houses, all who are able to go to war in Ysrayl”. 3 So Moshe and Yleazar the priest spoke with them in the plains of Moab by the Yordan, across from Yericho saying: 4 “Take a census of the people from twenty years old and above, just as Yah commanded Moshe and the children of Ysrayl who came out of the land of Egypt”.

The Tribe of Reuben

5 Reuben was the firstborn of Ysrayl. The children of Reuben were: of Hanoch, the family of the Hanochites; of Pallu, the family of the Palluites. 6 Of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; of Carmi, the family of the Carmites. 7 These are the families of the Reubenites: Those who were numbered of them were forty-three thousand seven hundred and thirty. 8 And the son of Pallu was Yliab. 9 The sons of Yliab were Nemuyl, Dathan and Abiram. These are the Dathan and Abiram, representatives of the congregation who contended against Moshe and Aharon in the company of Korah, when they contended against Yah. 10 And the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up together with Korah when that company died, when the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men and they became a sign. 11 Nevertheless, the children of Korah did not die.

The Tribe of Shimeon

12 The sons of Shimeon according to their families were: of Nemuyl (compare to spelling in Genesis 46:10 and Exodus 6:15), the family of the Nemuylites; of Yamin, the family of the Yaminites; of Yachin (Called Yarib in 1 Chronicles 4:24), the family of the Yachinites. 13 Of Zerah (Called Zohar in Genesis 46:10), the family of the Zarhites; of Shaul, the family of the Shaulites. 14 These are the families of the Shimeonites: Twenty-two thousand two hundred.

The Tribe of Gad

15 The sons of Gad according to their families were: of Zephon (Called Ziphion in Genesis 46:16) the family of the Zephonites; of Haggi, the family of the Haggites; of Shuni, the family of the Shunites. 16 Of Ozni (Called Ezbon in Genesis 46:16), the family of the Oznites; of Eri, the family of the Erites. 17 of Arod (Spelled Arodi Genesis 46:16), the family of the Arylites. 18 These are the families of the sons of Gad according to those who were numbered of them: Forty thousand five hundred.

The Tribe of Yahudah

19 The sons of Yahudah were Er  and Onan and Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. 20 And the sons of Yahudah according to their families were of Shelah, the family of the Shelanites; of Perez, the family of the Parzites; of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites. 21 And the sons of Perez were: of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites. 22 These are the families of Yahudah according to those who were numbered of them: Seventy-six thousand five hundred.

The Tribe of Issachar

23 The sons of Issachar according to their families were: of Tola, the family of the Tolaites; of Puah (Hebrew Puwah Genesis 46:13 and 1 Chronicles 7:1), the family of the Punites (or Puaites). 24 Of Yashub, the family of the Yashubites; of Shimron, the family of the Shimronites. 25 These are the families of Issachar according to those who were numbered of them: Sixty-four thousand three hundred.

The Tribe of Zebulon

26 The sons of Zebulon according to their families were: of Sered, the family of the Sardites; of Ylon, the family of the Ylonites; of Yahleyl, the family of the Yahleylites. 27 These are the families of the Zebulonites according to those who were numbered of them: Sixty thousand five hundred.

The Tribe of  Yoseph

28 The sons of Yoseph according to their families, by Manasseh and Ephraim were: 29 The sons of Manasseh: of Machir, the family of the Machirites and Machir begot Gilead; of Gilead, the family of the Gileadites. 30  These are sons of Gilead: of Yeezer (Called Abiezer in Yahoshua 17:2), the family of the Yeezerites; of Helek, the family of the Helekites. 31 of Asriyah, the family of the Asriylites; of Shechem, the family of the Shechemites. 32 of Shemida, the family of the Shemidaites; of Hepher, the family of the Hepherites. 33 Now Zelophehad the son of Hepher had no sons but daughters and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tizrah. 34 These are the families of Manasseh and those who were numbered of them were fifty-two thousand seven hundred.

35 These are the sons of Ephraim according to their families: of Shuthelah, the family of the Shuthalhites; of Becher (Called Bered in 1 Chronicles 7:20), the family of the Bachrites; of Tahan, the family of the Tahanites. 36 And these are the sons of Shuthelah: of Eran, the family of the Eeranites. 37 These are the families of the sons of Ephraim according to those who were numbered of them: Thrity-two thousand five hundred. These are the sons of Yoseph according to their families.

The Tribe of Benyamin

38 The sons of Benyamin according to their families were: of Bela, the family of the Belaites; of Ashbyl, the family of the Ashbylites; of Ahiram, the family of the Ahiramites. 39 Of Shupham (Spelled Shephuphan in 1 Corinthians 8:5). 40 And the sons of Bela were Ard (Called Addar in 1 Chronicles 8:3), the family of the Ardites; of Naaman, the family of the Naamites. 41 These are the sons of Benyamin according to their families and those who were numbered of them were forty-five thousand six hundred.

The Tribe of Dan

42 These are the sons of Dan according to their families: of Shuham (Called Hushim in Genesis 46:23), the family of the Shuhamites. These are the families of Dan according to their families. 43 All the families of the Shuhamites according to those who were numbered of them, were sixty-four thousand four hundred.

The Tribe of Asher

44 The sons of Asher according to their families were: of Yimna, the family of the Yimnites; of Yesui, the family of the Yesuites; of Beriyah, the family of the Beriites. Of the sons of Beriyah: Of Heber, the family of the Heberites; of Malchiyah, the family of the Malchiylites. 46 And the name of the daughter of Asher was Serah. 47 These are the families of the sons of Asher according to those who were numbered of them: Fifty-three thousand four hundred.

The Tribe of Naphtali

48 The sons of Naphtali according to their families were: of Yahzeyl (Spelled Yahziyl in 1 Chronicles 7:13), the family of the Yahzeylites; of Guni, the family of the Gunites. 49 Of Yezer, the family of the Yezerites; of Shillem, the family of the Shillemites. 50 These are the families of Naphtali according to their families and those who were numbered of them were forty-five thousand four hundred.

Yah divides the Land According to Families

51 These are those who were numbered of the children of Ysrayl: Six hundred and one thousand seven hundred and thirty. 52 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 53 “To these the land shall be divided as an inheritance according to the number of names. 54 To a large tribe you shall give a larger inheritance and to a small tribe you shall give a smaller inheritance. Each shall be given its inheritance according to those who were numbered of them. 55 But the land shall be divided by lot. They shall inherit according to the names of the tribes of their fathers. 56 According to the lot their inheritance shall be divided between the larger and the smaller”.

The Tribe of Levi

57 And these are those who were numbered of the Levites according to their families: of Gershon, the family of the Gershonites; of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites; of Merari, the family of the Merarites. 58 These are the families of the Levites: the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites and the family of the Korathites. And Kohath begot Amram. 59 The name of Amram’s wife was Yochebed the daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt. And to Amram she bore Aharon and Moshe and their sister Miriam. 60 To Aharon were born Nadab and Abihu, Yleazar and Ithamar. 61 And Nadab and Abihu died when they offered profane fire before Yah. 62 Now those who were numbered of them were twenty-three thousand, every male from a month old and above, for they were not numbered among the other children of Ysrayl because there was no inheritance (land) given to them among the children of Ysrayl.

63 These are those who were numbered by Moshe and Yleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Ysrayl in the plains of Moab by the Yordan, across from Yericho. 64 But among these there was not a man of those who were numbered by Moshe and Aharon the priest when they numbered the children of Ysrayl in the Wilderness of Sinai. 65 For Yah had said of them, “They shall surely die in the wilderness”. So there was not left a man of them, except Caleb the son of Yephunneh and Yahoshua the son of Nun.

A Thorn in the Flesh

roses-thorns5b15d

7 And lest I should be exalted above measure by the abundance of the revelations, a thorn in the flesh was given to me, a messenger of satan to buffet me lest I be exalted above measure (or become proud). 8 Concerning this thing, I pleaded with the Master three times that it might depart from me. 9 And He said to me, .“My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in weakness”. Therefore, most gladly I will rather boast in my afflictions, that the power of Messiyah may rest upon me. 10 Therefore, I take pleasure in afflictions, in reproaches, in needs, in persecutions, in distress, for Messiyah’s sake. For when I am weak, then I am strong. 2 Corinthians 12.

Shaul begged Yahoshua to remove the ‘thorns’ the things he thought hindered his walk but the thorns were the things that kept him humble to Yahoshua. I sometimes ask Yah to remove these thorns from me but maybe its been the thorns keeping me humble as well…

Numbers Chapter 23 and Chapter 24

Chapter 23: Balaam’s First Prophesy

1 Then Balaam said to Balak, “Build seven altars for me here and prepare for me here seven bulls and seven rams”. 2 And Balak did just as Balaam had spoken and Balak and Balaam offered a bull and a ram on each altar. 3 Then Balaam said to Balak, “Stand by your burnt offering and I will go. Perhaps Yah will come to meet me and whatever He shows me I will tell you.” So he went to a desolate height. 4 And Yah met Balaam and he said to Him, “I have prepared the seven altars and I have offered on each altar a bull and a ram”. 5 Then Yah put a word in Balaam’s mouth and said, “Return to Balak and thus you shall speak”. 6 So he returned to him and there he was, standing by his burnt offering, he and all the princes of Moab. 7 And he took up his oracle and said: 8 “How shall I curse whom Yah has not cursed? And how shall I denounce whom Yah has not denounced? 9 For from the top of the rocks I see him and from the hills I behold him. There! A people dwelling alone, not reckoning itself among the nations. 10 Who can count the dust of Yahqob or number one-fourth of Ysrayl? Let me die the death of the righteous and let my end be like his”! 11 Then Balak said to Balaam, “What have you done to me? I took you to curse my enemies and look, you have blessed them bountifully”! 12 So he answered and said, “Must I not take heed to speak what Yah has put in my mouth”?

Balaam’s Second Prophesy

13 Then Balak said to him, “Please come with me to another place from which you may see them. You shall see only the outer part of them and shall not see them all. Curse them for me from there”. 14 So he brought his to the field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah and built seven altars and offered a bull and a ram on each altar. 15 And he said to Balak, “Stand here by your burnt offering while I meet (call or go and ask Yah) the Almighty over there”. 16 Then Yah met Balaam and put a word in his mouth and said, “Go back to Balak and thus you shall speak.” 17 So he came to him and there he was standing by his burnt offering and the princes of Moab were with him. And Balak said to him, “What has Yah spoken?” 18 Then he took up his oracle and said: “Rise up Balak and hear! Listen to me, son of Zippor!” 19 Yah is not a man, that He should lie nor a son of man, that He should repent. Has He said and will He not do? Or has He spoken and will He not make it good? 20 Behold, I have received a command to bless. He has blessed and I cannot reverse it. 21 “He has not observed iniquity in Yahqob nor has He seen wickedness in Ysrayl. Yah his Power is with him and the shout of a King is among them. 22 Yah brings them out of Egypt. He has strength like a wild ox”. 23 “For there is no sorcery against Yahqob nor any divination against Ysrayl. It now must be said of Yahqob and of Ysrayl, ‘Oh, what Yah has done’! 24 Look, a people rises like a lioness and lifts itself up like a lion. It shall not lie down until it devours the prey and drinks the blood of the slain”. 25 Then Balak said to Balaam, “Neither curse them at all nor bless them at all”! 26 So Balaam answered and said to Balak, “Did I not tell you saying, ‘All that Yah speaks, that I must do’?”

Balaam’s Third Prophesy

27 Then Balak said to Balaam, “Please come, I will take you to another place. Perhaps it will please Yah that you may curse them for me from there”. 28 So Balak took Balaam to the top of Peor that overlooks the wasteland (Hebrew Yeshimon). 29 Then Balaam said to Balak, “Build for me here seven altars and prepare for me here seven bulls and seven rams”. 30 And Balak did as Balaam had said and offered a bull and a ram on every altar.

Chapter 24

1 Now when Balaam saw that it pleased Yah to bless Ysrayl, he did not go as at other times, to seek to use sorcery but he set his face toward the wilderness. 2 And Balaam raised his eyes and saw Ysrayl encamped according to their tribes and the Spirit of Yah came upon him. 3 Then he took up his oracle and said: “The utterance of Balaam the son of Beor. The utterance of the man whose eyes are opened. 4 The utterance of him who hears the words of Yah, who sees the vision of the Almighty, who falls down with eyes wide open”. 5 “How lovely are your tents, O Yahqob! Your dwellings, O Ysrayl! 6 Like valleys that stretch out, like gardens by the riverside, like aloes planted by Yah, like cedars beside the waters. 7 He shall pour water from his buckets and his seed shall be in many waters. His king shall be higher than Agag and his kingdom shall be exalted. 8 Yah brings him out of Egypt. He has strength like a wild ox. He shall consume the nations, his enemies. He shall break their bones and pierce them with his arrows. 9 His bows down, he lies down as a lion. And as a lion, who shall rouse him?” (Genesis 49:9). Blessed is he who blesses you and cursed is he who curses you.” (Genesis 12:2-3).

10 Then Balak’s anger was aroused against Balaam and he struck his hands together and Balak said to Balaam, “I called you to curse my enemies and look, you have bountifully blessed them these three times! 11 Now therefore, flee to your place. I said I would greatly honor you but in fact, Yah has kept you back from honor”. 12 So Balaam said to Balak, “Did I not also speak to your messengers whom you sent to me saying: 13 ‘If Balak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, I could not go beyond the word of Yah, to do good or bad of my own will. What Yah says, that I must speak’?” 14 “And now, indeed, I am going to my people. Come, I will advise you what this people will do to your people in the latter days”.

Balaam’s Fourth Prophesy

15 So he took up his oracle and said: “The utterance of Balaam the son of Beor and the utterance of the man whose eyes are opened. 16 The utterance of him who hears the words of Yah and has the knowledge of the Most High, who sees the vision of the Almighty, who falls down with eyes wide open.” 17 “I see Him but not now. I behold Him but not near. A star shall come out of Yahqob. A Scepter shall rise out of Ysrayl and batter the brow of Moab and destroy all the sons of tumult (Hebrew Sheth, compare Yeremiyah 48:45)(This verse is prophesy of Yahoshua). 18 “And Edom shall be a possession. Seir also, his enemies shall be a possession while Ysrayl does valiantly. 19 Out of Yahqob One shall have dominion and destroy the remains of the city”. (This is Yahoshua). 20 Then he looked on Amalek and he took up his oracle and said: “Amalek was first among the nations but shall be last until he perishes”. 21 Then he looked on the Kenites and he took up his oracle and said: “Firm is your dwelling place and your nest is set in the rock. 22 Nevertheless, Kain shall be burned. How long until Asshur carries you away captive”? 23 Then he took up his oracle and said: “Alas! Who shall live when Yah does this? 24 But ships shall come from the coats of Cyprus (Hebrew Kittim) and they shall afflict Asshur and afflict Eber and so shall Amalek (literally he or that one) until he perishes”. 25 So Balaam rose and departed and returned to his place. Balak also went his way.

*Compare to Nehemiyah 13:1-3.