Chapter 11: David Made King Over All Ysrayl
1 Then all Ysrayl came together to David at Hebron saying, “Indeed, we are your bone and your flesh. 2 Also, in time past, even Shaul was king, you were the one who led Ysrayl out and brought them in and Yah your Almighty said to you, ‘You shall shepherd My people Ysrayl and be ruler over My people Ysrayl’.” 3 Therefore, all the zahkin of Ysrayl came to the king at Hebron and David made a covenant with them at Hebron before Yah. And they anointed David king over Ysrayl, according to the word of Yah by Shemuyah.
Zion The City of David
4 And David and all Ysrayl went to Yahrushalom, which is Yebus, where the Yebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. 5 But the inhabitants of Yebus said to David, “You shall not come in here!” Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion (that is, the City of David). 6 Now David said, “Whoever attacks the Yebusites first shall be chief and captain”. And Yoab the son of Zeruiyah went up first and became chief. (See 2 Shemuyah 5:8). 7 Then David dwelt in the stronghold. Therefore, they called it the City of David. 8 And he built the city around it, from the Millo (literally the landfill) to the surrounding area. Yoab repaired the rest of the city. 9 So David went on and became great and Yah of hosts was with him.
The Mighty Men of David: Yashobeam
10 Now these were the heads of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, with all Ysrayl, to make him king, according to the word of Yah concerning Ysrayl. 11 And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had: Yashobeam the son of a Hachmonite, chief of the captains (compare to 2 Shemuyah 23:8), he had lifted up his spear against three hundred, killed by him at one time.
12 After him was Yleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighty men. 13 He was with David at Pasdammim. Now there the Philistines were gathered for battle and there was a piece of ground full of barley. So the people fled from the Philistines. 14 But they stationed themselves in the middle of that field, defended it and killed the Philistines. So Yah brought about a great victory.
David Pours Water Out to Yah
15 Now three of the thirty chief men went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam and the army of the Philistines encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. 16 David was then in the stronghold and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem. 17 And David said with longing, “Oh, that someone would give me a drink of water from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate”! 18 So the three broke through the camp of the Philistines, drew water from the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and took it and brought it to David. Nevertheless, David would not drink it but poured it out to Yah. 19 And he said, “Far be it from me, O my Yah, that I should do this! Shall I drink the blood of these men who have put their lives in jeopardy? for at the risk of their lives they brought it”. Therefore, he would not drink it. These things were done by the three mighty men.
Abishai Brother of Yoab
20 Abishai the brother of Yoab was chief of another three (thirty). He had lifted up his spear against three hundred men, killed them and won a name among these three. 21 Of the three he was more honored than the other two men. Therefore, he became their captain. However, he did not attain to the first three.
22 Benaiyah was the son of Yahoiada, the son of a valiant man from Kabzeyl, who had done many deeds. He had killed two lion-like heroes of Moab. He also had gone down and killed a lion in the midst of a pit on a snowy day. 23 And he killed an Egyptian, a man of great height, five cubits tall. In the Egyptian’s hand there was a spear like a weaver’s beam and he went down to him with a staff, wrested the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 24 These things Benaiyah the son of Yahoiada did and won a name among three mighty men. 25 Indeed, he was more honored than the thrity but he did not attain to the first three. And David appointed him over his guard.
Other Mighty Men of David
26 Also the mighty warriors were Asahyl the brother of Yoab, Ylhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem–27 Shammoth the Harorite (spelled Harodite in 2 Shemuyah 23:25) Helez the Pelonite (called Paltite in 2 Shemuyah 23:26)–28 Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abiezer the Anathothite–29 Sibbechai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite–30 Maharai the Netophathite, Heled (spelled Heleb in 2 Shemuyah 23:29) the son of Baanah the Netophathite–31 Ithai (spelled Ittai in 2 Shemuyah 23:29) the son of Ribai of Gibeah, of the sons of Benyamin, Benaiyah the Pirathonite–32 Hurai (spelled Hiddai in 2 Shemuyah 23:30) of the brooks of Gaash, Abiyah the Arbathite–33 Azmaveth the Baharumite (spelled Barhumite in 2 Shemuyah 23:31)m Yliahba the Shaalbonite–34 The sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Yahanathan the son of Shageh the Hararite–35 Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Yliphal the son of Ur–36 Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahiyah the Pelonite–37 Hezro the Carmylite, Naarai the son of Ezbai–38 Yoyl the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri–39 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite (spelled Beerothite in 2 Shemuyah 23:37), the armorbearer of Yoab the son of Zeruiyah. 40 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite–41 Uriyah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai–42 Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a chief of the Reubenites, and thirty with him– 43 Hanan the son of Maachah, Yahoshaphat the Mithnite–44 Uzziyah the Ashterathite, Shama and Yeiyah the sons of Hotham the Aroerite–45 Yediayah the son of Shimri and Yoha his brother, the Tizite–46 Yliyah the Mahavite, Yeribai and Yoshaviyah the sons of Ylnaam, Ithmah the Moabite–47 Yliyah, Obed and Yaasiyah the Mezobaite.
Chapter 12: The Growth of David’s Army: Some of David’s Mighty Men Could Throw Stones and Shoot Bows Both Right and Left Handed From the Tribe of Benyamin
1 Now these were the men who came to David at Ziklag while he was still a fugitive from Shaul the son of Kish and they were among the mighty men, helpers in the war–2 Armed with bows, using both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows with the bow. They were of Benyamin, Shaul’s brothers. 3 The chief was Ahiezer, then Yoash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite, Yeziyah and Pelet the sons of Azmaveth, Berachah and Yahu the Anathothite–4 Ishmaiyah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty and over thirty, Yeremiyah, Yahaziyah, Yahanan and Yozabad the Gederathite–5 Yluzai, Yisshiyah, Azaryah, Yoezer and Yashobeam, the Korahites–7 and Yoylah and Zebadiyah the sons of Yeroham of Gedor.
David’s Mighty Men From the Tribe of Gad: The Men of Gad Cross the Overflowing Yarden River
8 Some Gadites joined David at the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions and were as swift as gazelles on the mountains: 9 Ezer the first, Obadiyah the second, Yliab the third–10 Mishmannah the fourth, Yeremiyah the fifth–11 Attai the sixth, Yliyah the seventh–12 Yahanan the eighth, Ylzabad the ninth–13 Yeremiyah the tenth and Machbanai the eleventh. 14 These were the sons of Gad, captains of the army, the least was over a hundred and the greatest was over a thousand. 15 These are the ones who crossed the Yarden in the first month, when it had overflowed all its banks and they put to flight all those in the valleys, to the east and to the west.
*How did they cross the Yarden when it was overflowing? Yah split those waters!
David’s Mighty Men From the Tribe of Benyamin and Yahudah: The Qodesh Spirit Comes Upon Amasai
16 Then some of the sons of Benyamin and Yahudah came to David at the stronghold. 17 And David went out to meet them and answered and said to them, “If you have come peaceably to me to help me, my heart will be united with you but if to betray me to my enemies, since there is no wrong in my hands, may Yah of our fathers look and bring judgment”. 18 Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, chief of the captains and he said: “We are yours, O David. We are on your side, O son of Yesse! Peace, Peace to you and Peace to your helpers! For your Almighty helps you”. So David received them and made them captains of the troop.
David’s Mighty Men From the Tribe of Manasseh: David Had a Very Great Army Like the Army of Yah
19 And some from Manasseh defeated to David when he was going with the Philistines to battle against Shaul but they did not help them, for the princes of the Philistines sent him away by agreement saying, “He may defect to his master Shaul and endanger our heads”. 20 When he went to Ziklag, those of Manasseh who defected to him were Adnah, Yozabad, Yediayah, Michayah, Yozabad, Ylihu and Zillethai, captains of the thousands who were from Manasseh. 21 And they helped David against the bands of raiders for they were all mighty men of valor and they were captains in the army. 22 For at that time, they came to David day by day to help him, until it was a great army, like the army of Yah.
*David had an army like Yah’s army!!
David’s Army at Hebron: Yahudah Shimeon Levi Benyamin Ephraim West Manasseh Issachar Zebulon Naphtali Dan Asher Reuben Gad East Manasseh
23 Now these were the numbers of the divisions that were equipped for war and came to David at Hebron to turn over the kingdom of Shaul to him, according to the word of Yah: 24 Of the sons of Yahudah bearing shield and spear, six thousand eight hundred armed for war. 25 Of the sons of Shimeon, mighty men of valor fit for war, seven thousand one hundred. 26 Of the sons of Levi four thousand six hundred–27 Yahoiada, the leader of the Aharonites and with him three thousand seven hundred–28 Zadok, a young man, a valiant warrior and from his father’s house twenty-two captains. 29 Of the sons of Benyamin, relatives of Shaul, three thousand, until then the greatest part of them had remained loyal to the house of Shaul. 30 Of the sons of Ephraim twenty thousand eight hundred, mighty men of valor, famous men throughout their father’s house. 31 Of the half-tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, who were designated by name to come and make David king. 32 Of the sons of Issachar who had understanding of the times, to know what Ysrayl ought to do, their chiefs were two hundred and all their brothers were at their command. 33 Of Zebulon there were fifty thousand who went out to battle, expert in war with all weapons of war, stouthearted (brave) men who could keep ranks. 34 Of Naphtali one thousand captains and with them thirty-seven thousand with shield and spear. 35 Of the Danites who could keep battle formation, twenty-eight thousand six hundred. 36 Of Asher, those who could go out to war, able to keep battle formation, forty thousand. 37 Of the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, from the other side of the Yarden, one hundred and twenty thousand armed for battle with every kind of weapon of war.
The Children of Ysrayl Celebrate David as King Three Days
38 All these men of war, who could keep ranks, came to Hebron with a loyal heart, to make David king over all Ysrayl and all the rest of Ysrayl were of one mind to make David king. 39 And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking, for their brothers had prepared for them. 40 Moreover, those who were near to them, from as far away as Issachar and Zebulon and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys and camels, on mules and oxen–provisions of flour and cakes of figs and cakes of raisins, wine and oyl and oxen and sheep abundantly, for there was joy in Ysrayl.