Judges Chapter 5 and Chapter 6

Chapter 5: Deborah and Barak Sing to Yah

1 Then Deborah and Barak the Ben of Abinoam sang on that day saying: 2 “When leaders lead in Ysrayl, when the people willingly offer themselves, bless Yah! 3 Hear, O kings! Give ear, O princes! I, even I, will sing to Yah. I will sing praise to Yah of Ysrayl. 4 Yah, when You went out from Seir, when You marched from the field of Edom, the earth trembled and the heavens poured. The clouds also poured water. 5 The mountains gushed before Yah, this Sinai before Yah of Ysrayl. 6 In the days of Shamgar, the Ben of Anath, in the days of Yahyl, the highways were deserted. And the travelers walked along the byways. 7 Village life ceased, it ceased in Ysrayl until I, Deborah arose, arose a mother in Ysrayl. 8 They chose the gods, then there was war in the gates. Not a shield or spear was seen among forty thousand in Ysrayl. 9 My heart is with the rulers of Ysrayl who offered themselves willingly with the people, bless Yah! 10 Speak, you who ride on white donkeys, who sit in judges’ attire and who walk along the road. 11 Far from the noise of the archers, among the watering places, there they shall recount the righteous acts of Yah. The righteous acts for His villagers in Ysrayl. Then the people of Yah shall go down to the gates. 12 Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, sing a song! Arise, Barak and lead your captives away, O Ben of Abinoam! 13 Then the survivors came down, the people against the nobles. Yah came down for me against the mighty”.

14 “From Ephraim were those whose roots were in Amalek. After you, Benyamin, with your people, from Machir rulers came down and from Zebulon those who bear the recruiter’s staff. 15 And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah as Issachar, so was Barak sent into the valley under his command (Literally his feet). Among the divisions of Reuben there were great resolves of heart. 16 Why did you sit among the sheepfolds to hear the pipings for the flocks? The divisions of Reuben have great searching of heart. 17 Gilead stayed beyond the Yordan and why did Dan remain on ships (or at ease)? Asher continued at the seashore and stayed by his inlets. 28 Zebulon is a people who jeopardized their lives to the point of death. Naphtali also, on the heights of the battlefield. 19 The kings came and fought, then the kings of Canaan fought in Taanach, by the waters of Megiddo. They took no spoils of silver. 20 They fought from the heavens. The stars from their courses fought against Sisera. 21 The torrent of Kishon swept them away, that ancient torrent, the torrent of Kishon. O my soul, march on in strength! 22 Then the horse’s hooves pounded, the galloping, galloping of his steeds. 23 ‘Curse Meroz,’ said the angel of Yah. Curse its inhabitants bitterly because they did not come to help Yah, to the help of Yah against the mighty”.

24 “Most blessed among women is Yahyl, the wife of Heber the Kenite. Blessed is she among women in tents. 25 He asked for water, she gave milk. She brought out cream in a princely bowl. 26 She stretched her hand to the tent peg. Her right hand to the workmen’s hammer. She pounded Sisera, she pierced his head. She split and struck through his temple. 27 At her feet he sank, he fell. He lay still. At her feet he sank, he fell. Where he sank, there he fell dead. 28 the mother of Sisera looked through the window and cried out through the lattice. ‘Why is his chariot so long in coming’? ‘Why tarries the clatter of his chariots’? 29 Her wisest ladies answered her, Yes, she answered herself. 30 Are they not finding and dividing the spoil: To every man a girl or two. For Sisera, plunder of dyed garments. Plunder of garments embroidered and dyed, two pieces of dyed embroidery for the neck of the looter? 31 Thus let all Your enemies perish, O Yah! But let those who love Him be like the sun when it comes out in full strength”. So the land had rest for forty years.

Chapter 6: Midianites Oppress Ysrayl

1 Then the children of Ysrayl did evil in the sight of Yah so Yah delivered them into the hand of Midian for seven years. 2 And the hand of Midian prevailed against Ysrayl. Because of the Midianites, the children of Ysrayl made for themselves the dens, the caves and the strongholds which are in the mountains. 3 So it was, whenever Ysrayl had sown, Midianites would come up, also the Amalekites and the people of the east would come up against them. 4 Then they would encamp against them and destroy the produce of the earth as far as Gaza (Ayyah) and leave no sustenance for Ysrayl, neither sheep nor ox nor donkey. 5 For they would come up with their livestock and their tents, coming in as numerous as locusts. Both they and their camels were without number and they would enter the land to destroy it. 6 So Ysrayl was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites and the children of Ysrayl cried out to Yah. 7 And it came to pass, when the children of Ysrayl cried out to Yah because of the Midianites–8 That Yah sent a prophet to the children of Ysrayl who said to them, “Thus says Yah Father of Ysrayl: ‘I brought you up from Egypt and brought you out of the house of bondage–9 and I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of all who oppressed you and drove them out before you and gave you their land’. 10 Also I said to you, ‘I am Yah your Father. Do not fear the gods of the Amorites in whose land you dwell’. But you have not obeyed My voice”.

Yah Chooses Gideon: Fifth Judge

11 Now the angel of Yah came and sat under the terebinth tree which was in Ophrah which belonged to Yoash the Abiezrite, while his son Gideon threshed wheat in the winepress, in order to hide it from the Midianites. 12 And the angel of Yah appeared to him and said to him, “Yah is with you, you mighty man of valor”! 13 Gideon said to him, O my Master, if Yah is with us, why then has all this happened to us? And where are all His miracles which our fathers told us about saying, ‘Did not Yah bring us up from Egypt?’ But now Yah has forsaken us and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites”. 14 Then Yah turned to him and said, “Go in this might of yours and you shall save Ysrayl from the hand of the Midianites. Have I not sent you?”15 So he said to Him, “O my Master, how can I save Ysrayl? Indeed my clan is the weakest in Manasseh and I am the least in my father’s house”. 16 And Yah said to him, “Surely I will be with you and you shall defeat the Midianites as one man”. 17 Then he said to Him, “If now I have found favor in Your sight, then show me a sign that it is You who talk with me”. 18 “Do not depart from here, I pray, until I come to You and bring out my offering and set it before You”. And He said, “I will wait until you come back”.

19 So Gideon went in and prepared a young goat and unleavened bread from an ephah of flour. The meat he put in a basket and he put the broth in a pot and he brought them out to Him under the terebinth tree and presented them. 20 The malakim (angel) of Yah said to him, “Take the meat and the unleavened bread and lay them on this rock and pour out the broth”. And he did so. 21 Then the angel of Yah put out the end of the walking stick (staff) that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened bread and fire rose out of the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. And the angel of Yah departed out of his sight.

Yah is Shalom

22 Now Gideon perceived that He was an angel of Yah. So Gideon said, “Alas, O Master Yah! For I have seen the angel of Yah face to face”. 23 Then Yah said to him, “Peace be with you. Do not fear, you shall not die”. 24 So Gideon built an altar there to Yah and called it Yah is Peace (Yah is Shalom). To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites. (Compare to Genesis 49:10, Yesiyah 9:6, Yesiyah 52:7, Yahoshua is the prince of peace, the bringer of peace).

25 Now it came to pass the same night that Yah said to him, “Take your father’s young bull, the second bull of seven years old and tear down the altar of baal that your father has and cut down the wooden image (Hebrew asherah, a Canaanite goddess) that is beside it. 26 And build an altar to Yah your Almighty on top of this rock in the proper arrangement and take the second bull and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the image which you shall cut down”. 27 So Gideon took ten men from among his servants and did as Yah had said to him. But because he feared his father’s household and the men of the city too much to do it by day, he did it by night.

Gideon Destroys the Altar of Baal

28 And when the men of the city arose early in the morning there was the altar of baal torn down and the wooden image that was beside it was cut down and the second bull was being offered on the altar which had been built. 29 So they said to one another, “Who had done this thing?” And when they had inquired and asked, they said, “Gideon the Ben of Yoash had done this thing”. 30 Then the men of the city said to Yoash, “Bring out your son that he may die because he has torn down the altar of baal and because he has cut down the wooden image that was beside it”. 31 But Yoash said to all who stood against him, “Would you plead for baal? Would you save him? Let the one who would plead for him be put to death by morning! If he is a god, let him plead for himself because his altar has been torn down”! 32 Therefore, on that day he called him Yerubbaal  (Literally let baal plead) saying, “Let baal plead against him because he has torn down his altar”.

Gideon Puts His Men into Position

33 Then all the Midianites and Amalekites, the people of the east gathered together and they crossed over and encamped in the Valley of Yezreel. 34 But the Spirit of Yah came upon Gideon. Then he blew the trumpet and the Abiezrites gathered behind him. 35 and he sent messengers throughout all Manasseh, who also gathered behind him. He also sent messengers to Asher, Zebulon and Naphtali and they came up to meet them.

The Sign of the Fleece: Gideon Tests the Spirit to Know It Is Really of Yah

36 So Gideon said to Yah, “If You will save Ysrayl by my hand as You have said–37 Look, I shall put a fleece of wool on the threshing floor. If there is dew on the fleece only and it is dry on all the ground, then I shall know that You will save Ysrayl by my hand, as You have said”. 38 And it was so. When he rose early the next morning and squeezed the fleece together, he wrung the dew out of the fleece, a bowlful of water. 39 Then Gideon said to Yah, “Do not be angry with me but let me speak just once more. Let me test, I pray, just once more with the fleece. Let it now be dry only on the fleece but on all the ground let there be dew”. 40 And Yah did so that night. It was dry on the fleece only but there was dew on all the ground.

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The Switch

Yah says He was going to put ‘the switch’ or the rod of correction on Ysrayl in Yeremiyah 1:11-12. The switch represented captivity. The switch was described as an almond branch here. Our people know about ‘the switch’. Grand parents, daddy, mama and them (the them is our aunties, uncles and older cousins too) did not play. Whoever saw you acting a fool in the streets or at home tore you up then you got the switch or belt again when your parents heard about it.

Judges Chapter 3 and Chapter 4

Chapter 3: The Nations Remaining in the Land

1 Now these are the nations which Yah left, that He might test Ysrayl by them, that is, all who had not known any of the wars in Canaan. 2 (This was only so that the generations of the children of Ysrayl might be taught to know war, at least those who had not formerly known it). 3 Namely, five princes of the Philistines, all the Canaanites, the Sidonites and the Hivites who dwelt in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal Hermon to the entrance of Hamath. 4 And they were left, that He might test Ysrayl by them, to know whether they would obey the commandments of Yah, which He had commanded their fathers by the hand of Moshe. 5 Thus the children of Ysrayl dwelt among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Yebusites. 6 And they took their daughters to be their wives and gave their daughters to their sons and they served their gods.

Othniyah: First Judge

7 So the children of Ysrayl did evil in the sight of Yah. They forgot Yah their Almighty and served the baals and asherahs (name or symbol for Canaanite goddess). 8 Therefore, the anger of Yah was hot against Ysrayl and He sold them into the hand of Cushan-Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia and the children of Ysrayl served Cushan-Rishathaim eight years. 9 When the children of Ysrayl cried out to Yah, Yah raised up a deliverer for the children of Ysrayl, who delivered them: Othniyah the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother. (Joshua 15:17 and Judges 1:13). 10 The Spirit of Yah came upon him and he judged Ysrayl. He went out to war and Yah delivered Cushan-Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand and his hand prevailed over Cushan-Rishathaim. 11 So the land had rest for forty years. Then Othniyah the son of Kenaz died.

Ehud: Second Judge

12 And the children of Ysrayl again did evil in the sight of Yah. So Yah strengthened Eglon king of Moab against Ysrayl because they had one evil in the sight of Yah. 13 Then he gathered to himself the people of Ammon and Amalek, went and defeated Ysrayl and took possession of the City of Palms. 14 So the children of Ysrayl served Eglon king of Moab eighteen years.

15 But when the children of Ysrayl cried out to Yah, Yah raised up a deliverer for them: Ehud the Ben of Gera, the Benyamite, a left-handed man. By him the children of Ysrayl sent tribute to Eglon king of Moab. 16 Now Ehud made himself a dagger (it was double-edged and a cubit in length) and fastened it under his clothes on his right thigh. 17 So he brought the tribute to Eglon king of Moab. (Now Eglon was a very fat man). 18 And when he had finished presenting the tribute, he sent away the people who had carried the tribute. 19 But he himself turned back from the stone images that were at Gilgal and said, “I have a secret message for you, O king”. He said, “Keep silence”! And all who attended him went out from him. 20 So Ehud came to him (now he was sitting upstairs in his cool private chamber). Then Ehud said, “I have a message from Yah for you”. So he arose from his seat. 21 Then Ehud reached with his left hand, took the dagger from his right thigh and thrust it into his belly. 22 Even the hilt went in after the blade and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not draw the dagger out of his belly and his entrails came out. 23 Then Ehud went out through the porch and shut the doors of the upper room behind him and locked them.

24 When he had gone out, Eglon’s servants came to look and to their surprise, the doors of the upper room were locked. So they said, “He is probably attending to his needs in the cool chamber”. 25 So they waited till they were embarrassed and still he had not opened the doors of the upper room. Therefore, they took the key and opened them. And there was their master fallen dead on the floor. But Ehud had escaped while they delayed and passed beyond the stone images and escaped to Seirah. 27 And it happened when he arrived, that he blew the trumpet in the mountains of Ephraim and the children of Ysrayl went down with him from the mountains and he led them. 28 Then he said to them, “Follow me for Yah has delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand”. So they went down after him, seized the fords of the Yordan leading to Moab and did not allow anyone to cross over. 29 And at that time they killed about ten thousand men of Moab, all stout men of valor. Not a man escaped. 30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Ysrayl. And the land had rest for eighty years.

Shamgar: Third Judge

31 After him was Shamgar the Ben of Anath, who killed six hundred men of the Philistines with an ox goad (pointed stick) and he also delivered Ysrayl.

Chapter 4: Deborah: Fourth Judge

1 When Ehud was dead, the children of Ysrayl again did evil in the sight of Yah. 2 So Yah sold them into the hand of Yabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor. The commander of his army was Sisera, who dwelt in Harosheth Hagoyim. 3 And the children of Ysrayl cried out to Yah, for Yabin had nine hundred chariots of iron and for twenty years he had harshly oppressed the children of Ysrayl. 4 Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth was judging Ysrayl at that time. 5 And she would sit under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethyl in the mountains of Ephraim. And the children of Ysrayl came up to her for judgment. 6 Then she sent and called for Barak the Ben of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali and said to him, “Has not Yah Almighty of Ysrayl commanded, ‘Go and deploy troops at Mount Tabor. Take with you ten thousand men of the sons of Naphtali and of the sons of Zebulon. 7 And against you I will deploy Sisera, the commander of Yabin’s army with his chariots and his multitude at the River Kishon and I will deliver him into your hand?” 8 And Barak said to her, “If you will go with me, then I will go but if you will not go with me, I will not go”! 9 So she said, “I will surely go with you. Nevertheless, there will be no esteem for you in the journey you are taking, for Yah will sell Sisera into the hand of a woman”. Then Deborah arose and went with Barak to Kedesh. 10 And Barak called Zebulon and Naphtali to Kedesh. He went up with ten thousand men under his command (Literally at his feet) and Deborah went up with him.

Yah Promises to Deliver Sisera into Barak’s Hand

11 Now Heber the Kenite of the children of Hobab the father-in-law of Moshe had separated himself from the Kenites and pitched his tent near the terebinth tree at Zaanaim which is beside Kedesh. 12 And they reported to Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor. 13 So Sisera gathered together all his chariots, nine hundred chariots of iron and all the people who were with him, from Harosheth Hagoyim to the River Kishon. 14 Then Deborah said to Barak, “Up! For this is the day in which Yah had delivered Sisera into your hand. Has not Yah gone out before you?” So Barak went down from Mount Tabor with ten thousand men following him. 15 And Yah routed  Sisera and all his chariots and all his army with the edge of the sword before Barak and Sisera alighted from his chariot and fled away on foot. 16 But Barak pursued the chariots and the army as far as Harosheth Hagoyim and all the army of Sisera fell by the edge of the sword. Not a man was left.

Yahyl and the Tent Peg and Hammer

17 However, Sisera had fled away on foot to the tent of Yahyl (or YahYah), the wife of Heber the Kenite, for there was peace between Yabin king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite. 18 And Yahyl went out to meet Sisera and said to him, “Turn aside, my master, turn aside to me. Do not fear”. And when he had turned aside with her into the tent, she covered him with a blanket. 19 Then he said to her, “Please give me a little water to drink for I am thirsty”. So she opened a jug of milk, gave him a drink and covered him. 20 And he said to her, “Stand at the door of the tent and if any man comes and inquires of you and says, ‘Is there any man here? You shall say, No’.” 21 Then Yahyl, Heber’s wife took a tent peg and took a hammer in her hand and went softly to him and drove the peg into his temple and it went down into the ground. For he was fast asleep and weary. So he died. 22 And then, as Barak pursued Sisera, Yahyl came out to meet him and said to him, “Come, I will show you the man whom you seek”. And when he went into her tent, there lay Sisera, dead with the peg in his temple.

23 So on that day, Yah subdued Yabin king of Canaan in the presence of the children of Ysrayl. 24 And the hand of the children of Ysrayl grew stronger and stronger against Yabin king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Yabin king of Canaan.

*Deborah is a English name that comes from the Hebrew word Deborim which means bees or Debor meaning bee. Debash means honey. Honey bee. DeborYah…(honey) bee of Yah.

*Barak or Baruch means blessed.

 

Judges Chapter 1 and Chapter 2

Sefer Shophtim (or spelled Shoftim) is called the Book of Judges in English. Shoftim is from the verb Shaphat which means decision or to govern. Judges is another way of saying rulers, deliverers or saviors. The Book of Judges stands in contrast to the Book of Yahoshua. In Yahoshua, an obedient people conquered the land through trust in the power of Yah. In Judges however a disobedient and idolatrous people are defeated time and time again because of their rebellion against Yah.

The Book of Judges tells how the Israylites kept rejecting Yah and worshipping Idols. Each time they did this, Yah punished them by letting other nations attack and defeat them. As a result, the Israylites turned back to Yah and asked for His help and he sent a special leader called a “judge” who helped them defeat their enemies. A time of peace followed and the Israylites were faithful to Yah for as long as the judge lived. But then they again rejected Yah. All these things happened time after time.

Ysrayl did not yet have a king and so during this time everyone did what they thought was right in his own eyes (Judges 21:25). But the people had to learn that they were to worship only Yah and when they were unfaithful Yah punished them.

Chapter 1: The Tribes of Yahudah and Simeon Fight the Canaanites: Yah Repays Adoni-Bezek

1 Now after the death of Yahoshua it came to pass that the children of Ysrayl asked Yah saying, “Who shall be first to go up for us against the Canaanites to fight against them?” 2 And Yah said, “Yahudah shall go up. Indeed, I have delivered the land into his hand”. 3 So Yahudah said to Simeon his brother, “Come up with me to my alloted territory, that we may fight against the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand and they killed ten thousand men at Bezek. 5 And they found Adoni-Bezek in Bezek and fought against him and they defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 6 Then Adoni-Bezek fled and they pursued him and caught him and cut off his thumbs and big toes. 7 And Adoni-Bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to gather scraps under my table . As I have done, so Yah has repaid me”. Then they brought him to Yahrushalim and there he died.

Caleb Blesses His Daughter with Land and Springs of Water

8 Now the children of Yahudah fought against Yahrushalim and took it. They struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire. 9 And afterward, the children of Yahudah went down to fight against the Canaanites who dwelt in the mountains, in the south (Hebrew Negev) and in the lowland. 10 Then Yahudah went against the Canaanites who dwelt in Hebron. (Now the name of Hebron was formerly Kiryath Arba). And they killed Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai. 11 From there they went against the inhabitants of Debir. (The name of Debir was formely Kiryath Sepher). 12 Then Caleb said, “Whoever attacks Kiryath Sepher and takes it, to him I will give my daughter Achsah as wife. 13 And Othniyah the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother took it, to him I will give my daughter Achsah as wife. 14 Now it happened, when she came to him, that she urged him to ask her father for a field. And she dismounted from her donkey and Caleb said to her, “What do you wish?” 15 So she said to him, “Give me a blessing since you have given me land in the south. Give me also springs of water”. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.

16 Now the children of the Kenite, Moshe’s father-in-law went up from the City of Palms with the children of Yahudah into the Wilderness of Yahudah which lies in the south near Arad and they went and dwelt among the people. 17 And Yahudah went with his brother Simeon and they attacked the Canaanites who inhabited Zephath and utterly destroyed it. So the name of the city was Hormah. 18 Also Yahudah took Gaza (Ayyah) with its territory, Ashkelon with its territory and Ekron with its territory. 19 So Yah was with Yahudah. And they drove out the mountaineers but they could not drive out the inhabitants of the lowland because they had chariots of iron. 20 And they gave Hebron to Caleb, as Moshe had said. Then he expelled from there the three sons of Anak (giants).

The Tribe of Benyamin Fight the Yebusites

21 But the children of Benyamin did not drive out the Yebusites who inhabited Yahrushalim. So the Yebusites dwell with the children of Benyamin in Yahrushalim to this day.

The Tribe of Yoseph (Ephraim and Manasseh) Capture BethYL

22 And the house of Yoseph also went up against Bethyl and Yah was with them. 23 So the house of Yoseph sent men to spy out Bethyl. (The name of the city was formerly Luz). 24 And when the spies saw a man coming out of the city, they said to him, “Please show us the entrance to the city and we will show you mercy”. 25 So he showed them the entrance to the city and they struck the city with the edge of the sword but they let the man and all his family go. 26 And the man went to the land of the Hittites, built a city and called the name Luz which is its name to this day.

Incomplete Conquest of the Land

27 However, Manasseh did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth Shean and its villages or Taanach and its villages or the inhabitants of Dor and its villages or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its villages or the inhabitants of Megiddo and its villages for the Canaanites were determined to dwell in that land. 28 And it came to pass, when Ysrayl was strong, that they put the Canaanites under tribute  (taxed) but did not completely drive them out.

29 Nor did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites who dwelt in Gezer. So the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.

The Tribe of Zebulon

30 Nor did Zebulon drive out the inhabitants of Kitron or the inhabitants of Nahalol. So the Canaanites dwelt among them and were put under tribute (taxed).

The Tribe of Asher

31 Nor did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Acco or the inhabitants of Sidon or of Ahlab, Achzib, Helbah, Aphik or Rehob. 32 So the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land. For they did not drive them out.

The Tribe of Naphtali

33 Nor did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh or the inhabitants of Beth Anath buth they dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land. Nevertheless, the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh and Beth Anath were put under tribute to them.

The Tribe of Dan

34 And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the mountains, for they would not allow them to come down to the valley. 35 And the Amorites were determined to dwell in Mount Heres, in Aiyalon and in Shaalbim (Spelled Shaalabbin in Joshua 19:42) yet when the strength of the house of Yoseph became greater, they were put under tribute.

The Amorite-Edomite Border

36 Now the boundary of the Amorites was from the Ascent of Akrabbim, from Sela and upward. *(The old Amorite-Edomite border used to go from Sela through Scorpion Pass or Akkrabbim Pass into the hill country).

Chapter 2: Yah’s Angel Speaks to Ysrayl About Disobedience

1 Then the angel of Yah came up from Gilgal to Bochim and said: “I led you up from Egypt and brought you to the land of which I swore to your fathers and I said, ‘I will never break My covenant with you. 2 And you shall make no covenant with the inhabitants of this land. You shall tear down their altars’. But you have not obeyed My voice. Why have you done this?” 3 Therefore, I also said, “I will not drive them out before you but hey shall be thorns in your side (enemies to you) and their gods shall be a snare to you”. 4 So it was, when the angel of Yah spoke these words to all the children of Ysrayl that the people lifted up their voices and wept. 5 Then they called the name of that place Bochim (Literally weeping) and they sacrificed there to Yah. 6 And when Yahoshua had dismissed the people, the children of Ysrayl went each to his own inheritance to possess the land.

Death of Yahoshua

7  So the people served Yah all the days of Yahoshua and all the days of the elders who outlived Yahoshua, who had seen all the great works of Yah which He had done for Ysrayl. 8 Now Yahoshua the son of Nun, the servant of Yah died when he was one hundred and ten years old. 9 And they buried him within the border of his inheritance at Timnah Heres in the mountains of Ephraim, on the north side of Mount Gaash. 10 When all that generation had been gathered to their fathers, another generation arose after them who did not know Yah nor the work which He had done for Ysrayl.

Ysrayl’s Unfaithfulness: Ysrayl Stops Worshipping Yah

11 Then the children of Ysrayl did evil in the sight of Yah and served Baals. 12 And they forsook Yah Almighty of their fathers, who had brought them out of the land of Egypt and they followed the gods from among the gods of the people who were all around them and they bowed down to them and they provoked Yah to anger. 13 They forsook Yah and served Baal and the Ashtoreths (Canaanite goddess). 14 And the anger of Yah was hot against Ysrayl. so He delivered them into the hands of plunderers who despoiled them and He sold them into the hands of their enemies all around, so that they could no longer stand before their enemies. 15  Wherever they went out, the hand of Yah was against them for calamity, as Yah had said and as Yah had sworn to them. And they were greatly distressed.

Yah Chooses Judges (Leaders) For Ysrayl

16 Nevertheless, Yah raised up judges who delivered them out of the hand of those who plundered them. 17 Yet they would not listen to their judges but they played the harlot with the gods and bowed down to them. They turned quickly from the way in which their fathers walked, in obeying the commandments of Yah. They did not do so. 18 And Yah raised up judges for them, Yah was with the judge and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge. For Yah was moved to pity by their groaning because of those who oppressed them and harassed them. 19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they reverted and behaved more corruptly than their fathers, by following the gods, to serve them and bow down to them. They did not cease from their own doings nor from their stubborn way.

Yah Tests Ysrayl

20 Then the anger of Yah was hot against Ysrayl and He said, “Because this nation has transgressed My covenant which I commanded their fathers and has not heeded My voice–21 I also will no longer drive out before them any of the nations which Yahoshua left when he died. 22 So that through them I may test Ysrayl, whether they will keep the ways of Yah, to walk in them as their fathers kept them or not”. 23 Therefore, Yah left those nations, without driving them out immediately nor did He deliver them into the hand of Yahoshua.

 

 

 

 

Joshua Chapter 23 and Chapter 24

Yahoshua Chapter 23: Yahoshua’s Farewell Speech

1 Now it came to pass, a long time after Yah had given rest to Ysrayl from all their enemies round about, that Yahoshua was old, advanced in age. 2 And Yahoshua called for all Ysrayl, for their elders, for their heads, for their judges and for their officers and said to them: “I am old, advanced in age. 3 You have seen all that Yah your Almighty has done to all these nations because of you, for Yah your Almighty is He who has fought for you. 4 See, I have divided to you by lot these nations that remain, to be an inheritance for your tribes, from the Yordan, with all the nations that I have cut off, as far as the Great Sea (Mediterranean) westward. 5 And Yah your Father will expel them from before you and drive them out of your sight. So you shall possess their land, as Yah your Almighty promised you. 6 Therefore be very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the Book of the Law of Moshe, lest you turn aside from it to the right hand or to the left– 7 And lest you go among these nations, these who remain among you. You shall not make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause anyone to swear by them. You shall not serve them nor bow down to them. 8 But you shall hold fast to Yah your Almighty, as you have done to this day”.

9 “For Yah has driven out from before you great and strong nations but as for you, no one has been able to stand against you to this day. 10 One man of you shall chase a thousand, for Yah your Father is He who fights for you, as He promised you. 11 Therefore, take careful heed to yourselves, that you love Yah your Father. 12 Or else, if indeed you do go back and cling to the remnant of these nations—these that remain among you—and make marriages with them and go in to them and they to you. 13 Know for certain that Yah your Almighty will no longer drive out these nations from before you. But they shall be snares and traps to you and scourges (thorns) on your sides and thorns in your eyes, until you perish from this good land which Yah your Father has given you”.

14 “Behold, this day I am going the way of all the earth. And you know in all your hearts and all your souls that not one thing has failed of all the good things which Yah your Almighty spoke concerning you. All have come to pass for you. Not one word of them has failed. 15 Therefore, it shall come to pass, that as all the good things have come upon you which Yah your Father promised you, so Yah will bring upon you all harmful things until He has destroyed you from this good land which Yah your Father has given you–16 When you have transgressed the covenant of Yah your Almighty, which He commanded you and have gone and served the gods and bowed down to them, then the anger of Yah will burn against you and you shall perish quickly from the good land which He has given you”.

Yahoshua Chapter 24: Yahoshua Gathers the Children of Ysrayl at Shechem

1 Then Yahoshua gathered all the tribes of Ysrayl to Shechem and called for the elders of Ysrayl, for their heads, for their judges and for their officers and they presented themselves before Yah. 2 And Yahoshua said to all the people, “Thus says Yah Almighty of Ysrayl: Your fathers, including Terah, the father of Abraham and the father of Nahor dwelt on the other side of the River (Hebrew Nahar, the Euphrates and so in verses 3, 14 and 15) in old times and they served the gods. 3 Then I took your father Abraham from the other side of the River, led him throughout all the land of Canaan and multiplied his descendants and gave him Yitzshaq. (Abraham is the first to be called Hebrew or River Crosser in scripture (Genesis 14:13). He crossed the Euphrates River as the children of Ysrayl crossed the Red Sea and the Yordan River and other rivers and future rivers that the Ysrayl will cross. We are the river crossers or wanderers). 4 To Yitshaq, I gave Yahqob and Esau. To Esau, I gave the mountains to Seir to possess but Yahqob and his children went down to Egypt. 5 Also, I set Moshe and Aharon and I plagued Egypt according to what I did among them. Afterward, I brought you out. 6 Then I brought your fathers out of Egypt and you came to the sea and the Egyptians pursued your fathers with chariots and horsemen to the Red Sea. 7 So they cried out to Yah and He put darkness between you and the Egyptians, brought the sea upon the, and covered them. And your eyes saw what I did in Egypt. Then you dwelt in the wilderness a long time. 8 And I brought you into the land of the Amorites, who dwelt on the other side of the Yordan and they fought with you. But, I gave them into your hand, that you might possess their land and I destroyed them from before you. 9 Then Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab arose to make war against Ysrayl and sent and called Balaam the son of Beor to curse you. 10 But, I would not listen to Balaam. Therefore, he continued to bless you. So I delivered you out of his hand. 11 Then you went over the Yordan and came to Yericho. And the men of Yericho fought against you—also the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Hivites and the Yebusites. But I delivered them into your hand. 12 I sent the hornet before you which drove them out from before you, also the two kings of the Amorites but not with your sword or with your bow. 13 I have given a land for which you did not labor and cities which you did not build and you dwell in them. You eat of the vineyards and olive groves which you did not plant”.

14 “Now therefore, fear Yah, serve Him in sincerity and in truth and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the River and in Egypt. Serve Yah! 15 And if it seems evil to you to serve Yah, choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the River or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you dwell. But as for me and my house, we will serve Yah”.

Abraham

This map shows one possible route from Ur to Haran, I saw a few different maps with different routes on the internet. Genesis 11:31.

The Covenant at Shechem: We Will Worship and Obey Yah

16 “So the people answered and said: “Far be it from us that we should forsake Yah to serve the gods. 17 For Yah our Almighty is He who brought us and our fathers up out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, who did those great signs in our sight and preserved us in all the way that we went and among all the people through whom we passed. 18 And Yah drove out from before us all the people including the Amorites who dwelt in the land. We also will serve Yah, for He is our Almighty”. 19 But Yahoshua said to the people, “You cannot serve Yah, for He is a qodesh Power. He is a jealous Power. He will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins. 20 If you forsake Yah and serve the gods, then He will turn and do you harm and consume you, after He has done you good”. 21 And the people said to Yahoshua, “No, but we will serve Yah”! 22 So Yahoshua said to the people, “You are witnesses against yourselves that you have chosen Yah for yourselves, to serve Him”. And they said, “We are witnesses”! 23 “Now therefore, he said, “Put away the gods which are among you and incline your heart to Master Yah of Ysrayl”. 24 And the people said to Yahoshua, “Yah our Almighty we will serve and His voice we will obey”! 25 So Yahoshua made a covenant with the people that day and made for them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem.

26 Then Yahoshua wrote these words in the Book of the Law of Yah. And he took a large stone and set it up there under the oak that was by the sanctuary of Yah. 27 And Yahoshua said to all the people, “Behold, this stone shall be a witness to us, for it has heard all the words of Yah, which He spoke to us. It shall therefore be a witness to you, lest you deny your Father”. 28 So Yahoshua let the people depart, each to his own inheritance.

Yoseph, Yahoshua Ben Nun and Yleazar are Buried

29 Now it came to pass, after these things that Yahoshua the Ben of Nun, the servant of Yah died being one hundred and ten years old. 30 And they buried him within the border of his inheritance at Timnath Serah which is in the mountains of Ephraim, on the north side of Mount Gaash. 31 Ysrayl served Yah all the days of Yahoshua and all the days of the elders who outlived Yahoshua, who had known all the works of Yah which He had done for Ysrayl.

32 The bones of Yoseph, which the children of Ysrayl had brought up out of Egypt, they buried at Shechem, in the plot of ground which Yahqob had bought from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for one hundred pieces of silver and which had become an inheritance of the children of Yoseph. 33 And Yleazar the son of Aharon died. They buried him in a hill belonging to Phinehas his son, which was given to him in the mountains of Ephraim.

 

 

 

 

Joshua Chapter 21 and Chapter 22

Yahoshua Chapter 21: Cities of the Levites

1 Then the heads of the father’s houses of the Levites came near to Yleazar the priest, to Yahoshua the son of Nun and to the heads of the father’s houses of the tribes of the children of Ysrayl. 2 And they spoke to them at Shiloh in the land of Canaan saying, “Yah commanded through Moshe to give us cities to dwell in, with their common-lands for our livestock”. 3 So the children of Ysrayl gave to the Levites from their inheritance, at the commandment of Yah these cities and their common-lands: 4 Now the lot came out for the families of the Kohathites, and the children of Aharon the priest, who were of the Levites, had thirteen cities by lot from the tribe of Yahudah, from the tribe of Simeon and from the tribe of Benyamin. 5 The rest of the children of Kohath had ten cities by lot from the families of the tribe of Ephraim, from the tribe of Dan and from the half-tribe of Manasseh. 6 And the children of Gershon had thirteen cities by lot from the families of the tribe of Issachar, from the tribe of Asher, from the tribe of Naphtali and from the half-tribe of Manasseh in Bashan. 7 The children of Merari according to their families had twelve children from the tribe of Reuben, from the tribe of Gad and from the tribe of Zebulon. 8 And the children of Ysrayl gave these cities with their comm0n-lands by lot to the Levites, as Yah had commanded by the hand of Moshe.

9 So they gave from the tribe of the children of Yahudah and from the tribe of the children of Simeon these cities which are designated by name–10 Which were for the children of Aharon, one of the families of the Kohathites, who were of the children of Levi, for the lot was theirs first. 11 And they gave them Kiyath Arba (Arba was the father of Anak) which is Hebron, in the mountains of Yahudah with the common-land surrounding it. 12 But the fields of the city and its villages they gave to Caleb the Ben of Yephunneh as his possession.

13 Thus to the children of Aharon the priest they gave Hebron with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer), Libnah with its common-land. 14 Yattir with its common-land, Eshtemoa with its common-land–15 Holon with its common-land, Debir with its common-land–16 Ain with its common land, Yuttah with its common-land and Beth Shemesh with its common-land; Nine cities from those two tribes. 17 And from the tribe of Benyamin, Gibeon with its common-land, Geba with its common-land. 18 Anathoth with its common-land and Almon with its common-land; Four cities. 19 All the cities of the children of Aharon, the priests were thirteen cities with their common-lands.

20 And the families of the children of Kohath, the Levites, the rest of the children of Kohath, even they had the cities of their lot from the tribe of Ephraim. 21 For they gave them Shechem with its common-land in the mountains of Ephraim (a city of refuge for the slayer), Gezer with its common-land–22 Kibzaim with its common-land and Beth Horon with its common-land; Four cities. 23 And from the tribe of Dan, Eltekeh with its common-land, Gibbethon with its common-land–24 Aiyalon with its common-land and Gath Rimmon with its common-land; Four cities. 25 And from the half-tribe of Manasseh, Tanach with its common-land and Gath Rimmon with its common-land; Two cities. 26 All the ten cities with their common-lands were for the rest of the families of the children of Kohath.

27 Also to the children of Gershon, of the families of the Levites, from the other half-tribe of Manasseh, they gave Golan in Bashan with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer) and Be Eshterah with its common-land; Two cities. 28 And from the tribe of Issachar, Kishion with its common-land, Daberath with its common-land. 29 Yarmuth with its common-land and En Gannim with its common-land; Four cities. 30 And from the tribe of Asher, Mishal with its common-land, Abdon with its common-land–31 Helkath with its common-land and Rehob with its common-land; Four cities. 32 And from the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Gailee with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer), Hammoth Dor with its common-land and Kartan with its common-land; Three cities. 33 All the cities of the Gershonites according to their families were thirteen cities with their common-lands.

34 And to the families of the children of Merari, the rest of the Levites, from the tribe of Zebulon, Yokneam with its common-land, Kartah with its common land–35 Dimnah with its common-land and Nahalal with its common-land; Four cities. 36 And from the tribe of Reuben, Bezer with its common-land, Yahaz with its common-land– 37 Kedemoth with its common-land and Mephaath with its common-land; Four cities. 38 And from the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead with its common-land (a city of refuge for the slayer), Mahanaim with its common-land–39 Heshbon with its common-land and Yazer with its common-land; Four cities in all. 40 So all the cities for the children of Merari according to their families, the rest of the families of the Levites were by their lot twelve cities. 41 All the cities of the Levites within the possession of the children of Ysrayl were forty-eight cities with their common-lands. 42 Every one of these cities had its common-lands surrounding it. Thus were all these cities.

Yah’s Promises Fulfilled

43 So Yah gave to Ysrayl all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers and they took possession of it and dwelt in it. 44 Yah gave them rest all around, according to all that He had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them. Yah delivered all their enemies into their hand. 45 Not a word failed of any good thing which Yah had spoken to the house of Ysrayl. All came to pass.

Yahoshua Chapter 22: Eastern Tribes Return to Their Lands

1 Then Yahoshua called the Reubenites, the Gadites and half the tribe of Manasseh. 2 And said to them: “You have kept all that Moshe the servant of Yah commanded you and have obeyed my voice in all that I commanded you. 3 You have not left your brothers these many days, up to this day but have kept the charge of the commandment of Yah your Father. 4 And now Yah your Almighty has given rest to your brothers, as He promised them. Now therefore, return and go to your tents and to the land of your possession which Moshe the servant of Yah gave you on the other side of the Yordan. 5 But take careful heed to do the commandment and the law which Moshe the servant of Yah commanded you, to love Yah your Almighty, to walk in all His ways, to keep His commandments, to hold fast to Him and to serve Him with all your heart and with all your soul”. 6 So Yahoshua blessed them and sent them away and they went to their tents.

7 Now to half the tribe of Manasseh Moshe had given a possession in Bashan but to the other half of it Yahoshua gave a possession among their brothers on this side of the Yordan, westward. And indeed, when Yahoshua sent them away to their tents, he blessed them. 8 And spoke to them saying, “Return with much riches to your tents, with very much livestock, with silver, with gold, with bronze, with iron and with very much clothing. Divide the spoil of your enemies with your brothers”. 9 So the children of Reuben, the children of Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh returned and departed from the children of Ysrayl at Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan, to go to the country of Gilead, to the land of their possession, which they had obtained according to the word of Yah by the hand of Moshe.

An Altar to Yah by the Yordan Called Witness

10 And when they came to the region of the Yordan which is in the land of Canaan, the children of Reuben, the children of Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh built an altar there by the Yordan–a great, impressive altar. 11 Now the children of Ysrayl heard someone say, “Behold, the children of Reuben, the children of Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh have built an altar on the frontier of the land of Canaan, in the region of the Yordan–on the children of Ysrayl’s side”. 12 And when the children of Ysrayl heard of it, the whole congregation of the children of Ysrayl gathered together at Shiloh to go to war against them.

13 Then the children of Ysrayl sent Phinehas the son of Yleazar the priest to the children of Reuben, to the children of Gad and to half the tribe of Manasseh into the land of Gilead. 14 And with him ten rulers, one ruler each from the chief house of every tribe of Ysrayl and each one was the head of the house of his father among the divisions (Literally thousands) of Ysrayl. 15 Then they came to the children of Reuben, to the children of Gad and to half the tribe of Manasseh, to the land of Gilead and they spoke with them saying: 16 Thus says the whole congregation of Yah: “What treachery is this that you have committed against Yah of Ysrayl to turn away this day from following Yah, in that you have built for yourselves an altar, that you might rebel this day against Yah? 17 Is the iniquity of Peor not enough for us, from which we are not cleansed till this day, although there was a plague in the congregation of Yah– 18 But that you must turn away this day from following Yah? And it shall be, if you rebel today against Yah, that tomorrow He will be angry with the whole congregation of Ysrayl. 19 Nevertheless, if the land of your possession is unclean, then cross over to the land of the possession of Yah, where Yah’s tabernacle stands and take possession among us. But do not rebel against Yah nor rebel against us by building yourselves an altar besides the altar of Yah our Father. 20 Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing and wrath fell on all the congregation of Ysrayl? And that man did not perish alone in his iniquity”.

21 Then the children of Reuben, the children of Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh answered and said to the heads of the divisions of Ysrayl: 22 “Yah, Almighty of mighty ones, the Power of powers, He knows and let Ysrayl itself know–if it is in rebellion or if in treachery against Yah, do not save us this day. 23 If we have built ourselves an altar to turn from following Yah or if to offer on it burnt offerings or grain offerings or if to offer peace offerings on it, let Yah Himself require an account. 24 But in face we have done it for fear, for a reason, saying, What have you to do with Yah Father of Ysrayl? 25 For Yah has made the Yordan a border between you and us, you children of Reuben and children of Gad. You have no part in Yah. So your descendants would make our descendants cease fearing Yah. 26 Therefore we said, ‘Let us now prepare to build ourselves an altar not for burnt offering nor for sacrifice–27 But that it may be a witness between you and us and our generations after us, that we may perform the service of Yah before Him with our burnt offerings, with our sacrifices and with our peace offerings, that your descendants may not say to our descendants in time to come, ‘You have no part in Yah’. 29 Far be it from us that we should rebel against Yah and turn from following Yah this day, to build an altar for burnt offerings, for grain offerings or for sacrifices besides the altar of yah our Father which is before His tabernacle”.

30 Now when Phinehas the priest and the rulers of the congregation, the heads of divisions of Ysrayl who were with him heard the words that the children of Reuben, the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spoke, it pleased them. 31 Then Phinehas the son of Yleazar the priest said to the children of Reuben, the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh, “This day we perceive that Yah is among us because you have not committed this treachery against Yah. Now you have delivered the children of Ysrayl out of the hand of Yah”.

32 And Phinehas the son of Yleazar the priest and the rulers returned from the children of Reuben and the children of Gad, from the land of Gilead to the land of Canaan, to the children of Ysrayl and brought back word to them. 33 So the thing pleased the children of Ysrayl and the children of Ysrayl blessed Yah. They spoke no more of going against them in battle to destroy the land where the children of Reuben and Gad dwelt. 34 The children of Reuben and the children of Gad (and the half tribe of Manasseh) called the altar, Witness, ‘For it is a witness between us that Yah is the Most High’.

“Wisdom” Tooth

A couple of weeks ago, I was watching this vlog where a woman’s husband went to the dentist to get his wisdom tooth (or teeth) surgically removed. The dentist gave him a prescription for pain relief but he refused to fill it. He wanted to heal naturally with natural things. He’s into “organic” or natural and all that. Most of those oxy-what-ever-you-call-it pain medicines are heroin based. Do you know that? His refusing the medication reminded me of a documentary I saw last year. Do you remember El Debarge? One of my favorite songs from the Debarge family was “stay with me”. The song has been heavily sampled by the R & B and hip-hop culture since the 80s…’stay with me, don’t go-don’t go, I love you so’, is how the song’s main chorus goes. It is a beautiful piano piece. Anyway, in the documentary, El says he was homeless and on drugs in Los Angeles for a while. He said he got hooked on drugs after a dental visit. The pain relief medicine…

For some reason that has been heavily on my mind. Be careful with prescription pain medicine, heal naturally if you can.

Joshua Chapter 19 and Chapter 20

Yahoshua Chapter 19: Simeon’s Inheritance with Yahudah

1 The second lot came out for Simeon, for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. And their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Yahudah. 2 They had in their inheritance Beersheba (Sheba), Moladah–3 Hazar, Shual, Balah, Ezem–4 Yltolad, Bethul, Hormah–5 Ziklag, Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susah–6 Beth Lebaoth and Sharuhem: Thirteen cities and their villages. 7 Ain, Rimmon, Ether and Ashan: Four cities and their villages. 8 And all the villages that were all around these cities as far as Baalath Beer, Ramah of the south. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. 9 The inheritance of the children of Simeon was included in the share of the children of Yahudah, for the share of the children of Yahudah was too much for them. Therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of that people.

The Land of Zebulon

10 The third lot came out for the children of Zebulon according to their families and the border of their inheritance was as far as Sarid. 11 Their border went toward the west and to Maralah, went to Dabbasheth and extended along the bro0k that is east of Yokneam. 12 Then from Sarid it went eastward toward the sunrise along the border of Chisloth Tabor and went out toward Daberath, bypassing Yaphia. 13 And from there it passed along on the east of Gath Hepher, toward Eth Kazin and extended to Rimmon, which borders on Neah. 14 Then the border went around it on the north side of Hannathon and it ended in the Valley of Yiphthah YL. 15 Included were Kattah, Nahallal, Shimron, Idalah and Bethlehem: Twelve cities with their villages. 16 This was the inheritance of the children of Zebulon according to their families, these cities with their villages.

The Land of Issachar

17 The fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families. 18 And their territory went to Yezreel and included Chesulloth, Shunem–19 Haphraim, Shion, Anaharath–20 Rabbith, Kishion, Abez–21 Remeth, En Gamnim, En Haddah and Beth Pazzez–22 And the border reached to Tabor, Shahazimah and Beth Shemesh, their border ended at the Yordan: Sixteen cities with their villages. 23 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages.

The Land of Asher

24 The fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families. 25 And their territory included Helkath, Hali, Bethen, Achshaph–26 Alammelech, Amad and Mishal–It reached to Mount Carmel westward, along the Brook Shihor Libnath. 27 It turned toward the sunrise to Beth Dagon and it reached to Zebulon and to the Valley of Yiphthah YL, then northward beyond Beth Emek and Neiyl, bypassing Cabul which was on the left–28 Including Ebron (Abdon compare 21:30 and 1 Chronicles 6:74). 29 And the border turned to Ramah and to the fortified city of Tyre. Then the border turned to Hosah and ended at the sea by the region of Achzib. 30 Also Ummah, Aphek and Rehob were included: Twenty-two cities with their villages. 31 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

The Land of Naphtali

32 The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, for the children of Naphtali according to their families. 33 And their border began at Heleph, enclosing the territory from the terebinth tree in Zaanannim, Adami Nekeb and Yabneel, as far as Lakkum it extended at the Yordan. 34 From Heleph the border extended westward to Aznoth Tabor and went out from there toward Hukkok. It adjoined Zebulon on the south side and Asher on the west side and ended at Yahudah by the Yordan toward the sunrise. 35 And the fortified cities are Ziddim, Zer, Hammath, Rakkath, Chinnereth–36 Adamah, Ramah, Hazor–37 Kedesh, Edrei, En Hazor–38 Iron, Migdal YL, Horem, Beth Anath and Beth Shemesh: Nineteen cities with their villages. 39 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages.

The Land of Dan

40 The seventh lot came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families. 41 And the territory of their inheritance was Zorah, Eshtaol, Ir Shemesh– 42 Shaalabbin, Aiyalon, Yethlah–43 Ylon, Timnah, Ekron–44 Yltekeh, Gibbethon, Baalath–45 Yehud, Bene Berak, Gath Rimmon–46 Me Yarkon and Rakkon, with the region near Yoppa. 47 And the border of the children of Dan went beyond these because the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem and took it and they struck it with the edge of the sword, took possession of it and dwelt in it. They called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father. 48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages.

Yahoshua’s Inheritance

49 When they had made an end of dividing the land as a an inheritance according to their borders, the children of Ysrayl gave an inheritance among them to Yahoshua son of Nun. 50 According to the word of Yah they gave him the city which he asked for, Timnath Serah in the mountains of Ephraim and he built the city and dwelt in it. 51 These were the inheritances which Yleazar the priest, Yahoshua the son of Nun and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Ysrayl divided as an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before Yah, at the door of the tabernacle of meeting. So they made an end of dividing the country.

Joshua

Yahoshua Chapter 20: The Cities of Refuge

1 Yah also spoke to Yahoshua saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl saying, Appoint for yourselves cities of refuge of which I spoke to you through Moshe–3 That the slayer who kills a person accidentally or unintentionally may flee there and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood. 4 And when he flees to one of those cities and stands at the entrance of the gate of the city and declares his case in the hearing of the elders of that city, they shall take him into the city as one of them and give him a place that he may dwell among them. 5 Then if the avenger of blood pursues him, they shall not deliver the slayer into his hand because he struck his neighbor unintentionally but did not hate him beforehand. 6 And he shall dwell in that city until he stands before the congregation for judgment and until the death of the one who is high priest in those days. Then the slayer may return and come to his own city and his own house, to the city from which he fled”. 7 So they appointed Kedesh in Galilee, in the mountains of Naphtali, Shechem in the mountains of Ephraim and Kiryath Arba (which is Hebron) in the mountains of Yahudah. 8 And on the other side of the Yordan, by Yericho eastward, they assigned Bezer in the wilderness on the plain, from the tribe of Reuben, Ramoth in Gilead, from the tribe of Gad and Golan in Bashan, from the tribe of Manasseh. 9 These were the cities appointed for all the children of Ysrayl and for the stranger who dwelt among them, that whoever killed a person accidentally might flee there and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood until he stood before the congregation.

refuge

 

Joshua Chapter 17 and Chapter 18

Yahoshua Chapter 17: The Other Half-Tribe of Manasseh (West)

1 There was also a lot for a tribe of Manasseh, for he was the firstborn of Yoseph: namely Machir the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead because he was a man of war. Therefore he was given Gilead and Bashan. 2 And there was a lot for the rest of the children of Manasseh according to their families, for the children of Abiezer (called Yeezer in Numbers 26:30), the children of Hylek, the children of Asriyah, the children of Shechem, the children of Hepher and the children of Shemida. These were the male children of Manasseh the son of Yoseph according to their families.

3 But Zelophehad the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons but only daughters. And these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah. 4 And they came near before Yleazar the priest, before Yahoshua the son of Nun and before the rulers saying, “Yah commanded Moshe to give us an inheritance among our brothers”. Therefore, according to the commandment of Yah, he gave them an inheritance among their father’s brothers. 5 Ten shares fell to Manasseh, besides the land of Gilead and Bashan which were on the other side of the Yordan. 6 Because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.

7 And the territory of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethath, that lies east of Shechem and the border went along south to the inhabitants of En Tappuah. 8 Manasseh had the land of Tappuah but Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the children of Ephraim. 9 And the border descended to the Brook Kanah, southward to the brook. These cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh. The border of Manasseh was on the north side of the brook and it ended at the sea. 10 Southward it was Eprhraim’s, northward it was Manasseh’s and the sea was its border. Manasseh’s territory was adjoining Asher on the north and Issachar on the east. 11 And in Issachar and in Asher, Manasseh had Beth Shean and its towns, Ibleam and it towns, the inhabitants of Dor and its towns, the inhabitants of En Dor and its towns, the inhabitants of Taanach and its towns and the inhabitants of Megiddo and its towns—three hilly regions (Compare to Revelation 16:16, Megiddo means place of crowns, West Manasseh territory). 12 Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities but the Canaanites were determined to dwell in that land. 13 And it happened, when the children of Ysrayl grew strong that they put the Canaanites to forced labor but did not utterly drive them out.

Yoseph’s Descendants Ask For More Land: Ephraim and Manasseh

14 Then the children of Yoseph spoke to Yahoshua saying, “Why have you given us only one lot and one share to inherit since we are a great people, inasmuch as Yah has blessed us until now”? 15 So Yahoshua answered them, “If you are a great people, then go up to the forest country and clear a place for yourself there in the land of the Perizzites and the giants, since the mountains of Ephraim are too confined for you”. 16 But the children of Yoseph said, “The mountain country is not enough for us and all the Canaanites who dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both these who are of Beth Shean and its towns and those who are of the Valley of Yezreel”. 17 And Yahoshua spoke to the house of Yoseph, to Ephraim and Manasseh saying, “You are a great people and have great power, you shall not have only one lot–18 But the mountain country shall be yours. Although it is wooded, you shall cut it down and its farthest extent shall be yours. For you shall drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots and are strong”.

Yahoshua Chapter 18: The Remainder of the Land Divided

1 Now the whole congregation of the children of Ysrayl assembled together at Shiloh and set up the tabernacle of meeting there. And the land was subdued before them. 2 But there remained among the children of Ysrayl seven tribes which had not yet received their inheritance. 3 Then Yahoshua said to the children of Ysrayl: “How long will you neglect to go and process the land which Yah Almighty of your fathers has given you? 4 Pick out from among three men for each tribe and I will send them. They shall rise and go through the land, survey it according to their inheritance and come back to me. 5 And they shall divide it into seven parts. Yahudah shall remain in their territory on the south and the house of Yoseph shall remain in the territory on the north. 6 You shall therefore survey the land in seven parts and bring the survey here to me, that I may cast lots for you here before Yah our Father. 7 But the Levites have no part among you, for the priesthood of Yah is their inheritance. And Gad, Reuben and half the tribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance beyond the Yordan on the east, which Moshe the servant of Yah gave them”.

8 Then the men arose to go away and Yahoshua charged those who went to survey the land saying, “Go walk through the land, survey it and come back to me, that I may cast lots for you here before Yah in Shiloh.”. 9 So the men went, passed through the land and wrote the survey in a book in seven parts by cities and they came to Yahoshua at the camp in Shiloh. 10 Then Yahoshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before Yah and there Yahoshua divided the land to the children of Ysrayl according to their divisions.

The Land of Benyamin

11 Now the lot of the tribe of the children of Benyamin came up according to their families and the territory of their lot came out between the children of Yahudah and the children of Yoseph. 12 Their border on the north side began at the Yordan and the border went up to the side of Yericho on the north and went up through the mountains westward. It ended at the Wilderness of Beth Aven. 13 The border went over from there toward Luz, to the side of Luz (which is Bethyl) southward and the border descended to Ataroth Addar, near the hill that lies on the south side of Lower Beth Horon. 14 Then the border extended around the west side to the south, from the hill that lies before Beth Horon southward and it ended at Kiryath Baal (which is Kiryath Yearim), a city of the children of Yahudah. This was the west side. 15 The south side began at the end of Kiryath Yearim and the border extended on the west and went out to the spring of the waters of Nephtoah. 16 Then the border came down to the end of the mountain that lies before the Valley of the son of Hinnom which is in the Valley of the Rephaim (Literally Giants) on the north, descended to the Valley of Hinnom, to the side of the Yebusite city on the south and descended to En Rogyl.17 And it went around from the north, went out to En Shemesh and extended toward Geliloth, which is before the Ascent of Adummin and descended to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben. 18 Then it passed along toward the north side of Arabah (Or Beth Arabah compare 15:6 and 18:22) and went down to Arabah. 19 And the border passed along to the north side of Beth Hoglah. Then the border ended at the north bay at the Salt Sea, at the south end of the Yordan. This was the southern boundary. 20 The Yordan was its border on the east side. This was the inheritance of the children of Benyamin, according to its boundaries all around, according to their families.

21 Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benyamin, according to their families were Yericho, Beth Hoglah, Emek Keziz–22 Beth Arabah, Zemaraim, Bethyl–23 Avim, Parah, Ophrah–24 Chephar Haammoni, Ophni and Gaba: Twelve cities with their villages–25 Gibeon, Ramah, Beeroth–26 Mizpah, Chephirah, Mozah–27 Rekem, Irpeyl, Taralah–28 Zelah, Eleph, Yebus (which is Yahrusalim), Gibeath and Kiryath: Fourteen cities with their villages. This was the inheritance of the children of Benyamin according to their families.

 

 

Joshua Chapter 15 and Chapter 16

Yahoshua Chapter 15: The Land of Yahudah

1 So this was the lot of the tribe of the children of Yahudah according to their families: the border of Edom at the Wilderness of Zin southward was the extreme southern boundary. 2 And their southern border began at the shore of the Salt Sea, from the bay that faces southward. 3 Then it went out to the southern side of the Ascent of Akrabbim, passed along to Zin, ascended on the south side of Kadesh Barnea, passed along to Hezron, went up to Adar and went around to Karkaa. 4 From there it passed toward Azomon and went out to the Brook of Egypt and the border ended at the sea. This shall be your southern border. 5 The east border was the Salt Sea as far as the mouth of the Yordan. And the border on the northern quarter began at the by of the sea at the mouth of the Yordan. 6 The border went up to Beth Hoglah and passed north of Beth Arabah and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben. 7 Then the border went up toward Debir from the Valley of Achor and it turned northward toward Gilgal which is before the Ascent of Adummim which is on the south side of the valley. The border continued toward the waters of En Shemesh and ended at En Rogyl. 8 And the border went up by the Valley of the Son of Hinnom to the southern slope of the Yebusite city (which is Yahrusalim). The border went up to the top of the hill to the fountain of the water of Nephtoah and extended to the cities of Mount Ephron. And the border went around to Baalah (which is Kiryath Yearim). 10 Then the border turned westward from Baalah to Mount Seir, passed along to the side of Mount Yearim on the north (which is Chesalon), went down to Beth Shemesh and passed on to Timnah. 11 And the border went out to the side of Ekron northward. Then the border went around to Shicron, passed along to Mount Baalah and extended to Yabneel and the border ended at the sea. 12 The west border was the coastline of the Great Sea (Mediterranean Sea). This is the boundary of the children of Yahudah all around according to their families.

Caleb Occupies Hebron and Debir

13 Now to Caleb the Ben of Yephunneh he gave a share among the children of Yahudah, according to the commandment of Yah to Yahoshua, namely Kiryath Arba which is Hebron (Arba was the father of Anak). 14 Caleb drove out the three sons of Anak from there: Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai, the children of Anak. 15 Then went up from there to the inhabitants of Debir (formely the name of Debir was Kiryath Sepher). 16 And Caleb said, “He who attacks Kiryath Sepher and takes it, to him I will give Achsah my daughter as wife”. 17 Now it was so, when she came to him, that she persuaded him to ask her father for a field. So she dismounted from her donkey and Caleb said to her, “What do you wish?” 19 She answered, “Give me a blessing, since you have given me land in the south. Give me also springs of water”. So he gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.

The Cities of Yahudah

20 This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Yahudah according to their families: 21 The cities at the limits of the tribe of the children of Yahudah, toward the border of Edom in the south were Kabzeel, Eder, Yagur–22 Kinah, Dimonah, Adadah–23 Kedesh, Hazor, Ithnan–24 Ziph, Telem, Bealoth–25 Hazor, Hadattah, Kerioth, Hezron (which is Hazor)–26 Amam, Shema, Moladah–27 Hazar, Gaddah, Heshmon, Beth Pelet–28 Hazar Shual, Beersheba, Bizyothyah–29 Baalah, Iyim, Ezem–30 Ylolad, Chesil, Hormah–31 Ziklag, Madmannah, Sansannah–32 Lebaoth, Shilhim, Ain and Rimmon: all the cities are twenty-nine, with their villages.

33 In the lowland: Eshtaol, Zorah, Ashnah–34 Zanoah, En Gannim, Tappuah, Enam–35 Yarmuth, Adullam, Socoh, Azekah–36 Sharaim, Adithaim, Gederah and Gederothaim: Fourteen cities with their villages. 37 Zenan, Hadashah, Migdal, Gad–38 Dilean, Mizpah, Yokteel–39 Lachish, Bozkath, Eglon–40 Cabbon, Lahmas (or Lahmam), Kithlish–41 Gederoth, Beth Dagon, Naamah and Makkedah: Six-teen cities with their villages–42 Libnah, Ether, Ashan (See Joshua 19:2, 1 Chronicles 4:32 and 1 Chronicles 6:59 Ashan)–43 Yiphtah, Ashnah, Nezib–44 Keilah, Achzib and Mareshah: Nine cities with their villages–45 Ekron with its towns and villages–46 From Ekron to the sea, all that lay near Ashdod with their villages–47 Ashdod with its towns and villages, Gaza with its towns and villages, as far as the Brook of Egypt and the Great Sea with its coastline.

48 And in the mountain country: Shamir, Yattir, Sochoh–49 Dannah, Kiryath Sannah (which is Debir)–50 Anab, Eshtemoh, Anim–51 Goshen, Holon and Giloh: Eleven cities with their villages–52 Arab, Dumah, Eshean–53 Yanum, Beth Tappuah, Aphekah–54 Humtah, Kiryath Arba (which is Hebron) and Zior: Nine cities with their villages. 55 Maon, Carmel, Ziph, Yuttah–56 Yezreel, Yokdeam, Zanoah–57 Kain, Gibeah and Timnah: Ten cities with their villages–59 Maarath, Beth Anoth and Eltekon: Six cities and their villages–60 Kiryath Baal (which is Kiryath Yearim) and Rabbah: Two cities with their villages–61 In the wilderness: Beth Arabah, Middin, Secacah–62 Nibshan, the city of Salt and En Gedi: Six cities with their villages–63 As for the Yebusites, the inhabitants of Yahrusalim, the children of Yahudah could not drive them out but the Yebusites dwell with the children of Yahudah at Yahrusalim to this day.

Yahoshua Chapter 16: Ephraim and West Manasseh

1 The lot fell to the children of Yoseph from the Yordan, by Yericho, to the waters of Yericho on the east, to the wilderness that goes up from Yericho through the mountains of Bethyl. 2 Then went out from Bethyl to Luz, passed along to the border of the Archites at Ataroth. 3 And went down westward to the boundary of the Yaphletites, as far as the boundary of Lower Beth Horon to Gezer and it ended at the sea. 4 So the children of Yoseph, Manasseh and Ephraim took their inheritance.

The Land of Ephraim

5 The border of the children of Ephraim, according to their families was thus: The border of their inheritance on  the east side was Ataroth Addar as far as Upper Beth Horon. 6 And the border went out toward the sea on the north side of Michmethath. Then the border went around eastward to Taanath Shiloh and passed by it on the east of Yanohah. 7 Then it went down from Yanohah to Ataroth and Naarah (or Naaran compare to 1 Chronicles 7:28) reached to Yericho and came out at the Yordan. 8 The border went out from Tappuah westward to the Brook Kanah and it ended at the sea. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim according to their families. 9 The separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages. 10 And they did not drive out the Canaanite who dwelt in Gezer but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites to this day and have become forced laborers.