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Numbers Chapter 3 and Chapter 4

Chapter 3: The Sons of Aharon

1 Now these are the records of Aharon and Moshe when Yah spoke with Moshe on Mount Sinai. 2 And these are the names of the sons of Aharon: Nadab, the firstborn and Abihu, Yleazar and Ithamar. 3 These are the names of the sons of Aharon, the anointed priests, whom he consecrated to minister as priests. 4 Nadab and Abihu had died before Yah when they offered profane fire before Yah in the Wilderness of Sinai and they had no children. So Yleazar and Ithamar ministered as priests in the presence of Aharon their father.

The Levites Serve in the Tabernacle (The Duties of the Levites)

5 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 6 “Bring the tribe of Levi near and present them before Aharon the priest, that they may serve him. 7 And they shall attend to his needs and the needs of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of meeting to do the work of the tabernacle. 8 Also they shall attend to all the furnishings of the tabernacle of meeting and to the needs of the children of Ysrayl, to do the work of the tabernacle. 9 And you shall give the Levites to Aharon and his sons. They are given entirely to him (or Me says Yah) from among the children of Ysrayl. 10 So you shall appoint Aharon and his sons and they shall attend to their priesthood but the outsider who comes near shall be put to death. 11 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 12 Now behold, I Myself have taken the Levites from among the children of Ysrayl instead of every firstborn who opens the womb among the children of Ysrayl. Therefore the Levites shall be Mine– 13 Because all the firstborn are Mine. On the day that I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I sanctified to Myself all the firstborn in Ysrayl, both man and beast. They shall be Mine. I am Yah”.

Census of the Levites Commanded

14 Then Yah spoke to Moshe in the Wilderness of Sinai saying: 15 “Number the children of Levi by their father’s houses by their families. You shall number every male from a month old and above. 16 So Moshe numbered them according to the word of Yah, as he was commanded. 17 These were the sons of Levi by their names: Gershon, Kohath and Merari. 18 And these are the names of the sons of Gershon by their families: Libni and Shimei. 19 And the sons of Kohath by their families: Amram, Izehar, Hebron and Uzziyah. 20 And the sons of Merari by their families: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites by their father’s houses.

Levites on the West Side of the Tabernacle

21 From Gershon came the family of the Libnites and the family of the Shimites. These were the families of the Gershonites. 22 Those who were numbered, according to the number of all the males from a month old and above–of those who were numbered there were seven thousand and five hundred. 23 The families of the Gershonites were to camp behind the tabernacle westward. 24 And the leader of the father’s house of the Gershonites was Yliasaph the son of Layl. 25 The duties of the children of Gershon in the tabernacle of meeting included the tabernacle, the tent with its covering, the screen for the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 26 The screen for the door of the court, the hangings of the court which are around the tabernacle and the altar and their cords, according to all the work relating to them.

Levites of the South Side of the Tabernacle

27 From Kohath came the family of the Amramites, the family of the Izharites, the family of the Hebronites and the family of the Uzziyahlites. These were the families of the Kohathites. 28 According to the number of all the males, from a month old and above, there were eight thousand six (some manuscripts read three) hundred keeping charge of the sanctuary. 29 The families of the children of Kohath were to camp on the south side of the tabernacle. 30 And the leader of the father’s house of the families of the Kohathites was Ylizaphan the son of Uzziyah. 31 Their duty included the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the utensils of the sanctuary with which they ministered, the screen and all the work relating to them. 32 And Yleazar the son of Aharon the priest was to be chief over the leaders of the Levites, with oversight of those who kept charge of the sanctuary.

Levites on the North Side of the Tabernacle

33 From Merari came the family of the Mahlites and the family of the Mushites. These were the families of Merari. 34 And those who were numbered, according to the number of all the males from a month old and above, were six thousand two hundred. 35 The leader of the father’s house of the families of Merari was Zuriyah the son of Abihail. These were to camp on the north side of the tabernacle. 36 And the appointed duty of the children of Merari included the boards of the tabernacle, its bars, its pillars, its sockets, its utensils, all the work relating to them. 37 And the pillars of the court all around with their sockets, their pegs and their cords.

Levites on the East Side of the Tabernacle

38 Moreover, those who were to camp before the tabernacle on the east, before the tabernacle of meeting were Moshe, Aharon and his sons, keeping charge of the sanctuary, to meet the needs of the children of Ysrayl but the outsider who came near was to be put to death. 39 All who were numbered of the Levites, whom Moshe and Aharon numbered at the commandment of Yah, by their families, all the males from a month old and above, were twenty-two thousand.

The Levites Dedicated Instead of the  First Born

40 Then Yah said to Moshe: “Number all the firstborn males of the children of Ysrayl from a month old and above and take the number of their names. 41 And you shall take the Levites for Me–I am Yah– instead of all the firstborn among the children of Ysrayl and the livestock of the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the livestock of the children of Ysrayl”. 42 So Moshe numbered all the firstborn among the children of Ysrayl, as Yah commanded him. 43 And all the firstborn males, according to the number of names from a month old and above, of those who were numbered of them were twenty-two thousand two hundred and seventy-three. 44 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 45 “Take the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the children of Ysrayl and the livestock of the Levites instead of their livestock. The Levites shall be Mine. I am Yah. 46 And for the redemption of the two hundred and seventy-three of the firstborn of the children of Ysrayl, who are more than the number of the Levites. 47 And you shall take five shekels for each one individually. You shall take them in the currency of the shekel of the sanctuary, the shekel of twenty gerahs. 48 And you shall give the money, with which the excess number of them is redeemed, to Aharon and his sons. 49 So Moshe took the redemption money from those who were over and above those who were redeemed by the Levites. 50 From the firstborn of the children of Ysrayl he took the money, one thousand three hundred and sixty-five shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary. 51 And Moshe gave their redemption money to Aharon and his sons, according to the word of Yah, as Yah commanded Moshe.

Chapter 4: Duties of the Sons of Kohath

1 Then Yah spoke to Moshe and Aharon saying: 2 “Take a census of the sons of Kohath from among the children of Levi, by the families, by their father’s house–3 From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, all who enter the service to do the work in the tabernacle of meeting. 4 This is the service of the sons of Kohath in the tabernacle of meeting, relating to the most qodesh things. 5 When the camp prepares to journey, Aharon and his sons shall come and they shall take down the covering veil and cover the ark of the Testimony with it. 6 Then they shall put on it a covering of badger skins and spread over that a cloth entirely of blue and they shall insert its poles. 7 On the table of showbread they shall spread a blue cloth and put on it the dishes, the pans, the bowls and the pitchers for pouring and the showbread (literally continual bread) shall be on it. 8 They shall spread over them a scarlet cloth and cover the same with a covering of badger skins and they shall insert its poles. 9 And they shall take a blue cloth and cover the lampstand of the light, with its lamps, its wick-trimmers, its trays and all its oil vessels, with which they service it. 10 Then they shall put it with all its utensils in a covering of badger skins and put it on a carrying beam. 11 Over the golden altar, they shall spread a blue cloth and cover it with a covering of badger skins and they shall insert its poles. 12 Then they shall take all the utensils of service with which they minister in the sanctuary, put them in a blue cloth, cover them with a covering of badger skins and put them on a carrying beam. 13 Also they shall take away the ashes from the altar and spread a purple cloth over it. 14 They shall put on it all its implements with which they minister there–the firepans, the forks, the shovels, the basins and all the utensils of the altar and they shall spread on it a covering of badger skins and insert its poles. 15 And when Aharon and his sons have finished covering the sanctuary all the furnishings of the sanctuary, when the camp is set to go, then the sons of Kohath shall come to carry them. But they shall not touch any qodesh thing, lest they die. They are the things in the tabernacle of meeting which the sons of Kohath are to carry. 16 The appointed duty of Yleazar the son of Aharon the priest is the oil for the light, the sweet incense, the daily grain offering, the anointing oil, the oversight of all the tabernacle, of all that is in it, with the sanctuary and its furnishings. 17 Then Yah spoke to Moshe and Aharon saying: 18 Do not cut off the tribe of the families of the Kohathites from among the Levites. 19 But do this in regard to them, that they may live and not die when they appraoch the most qodesh things: Aharon and his sons shall go in and appoint each of them to his service and his task. 20 But they shall not go in to watch while the qodesh things are being covered, lest they die”.

Duties of the Sons of Gershon

21 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 22 “Also take a census of the sons of Gershon, by their father’s house, by their families. 23 From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, you shall number them, all who enter to perform the service, to do the work in the tabernacle of meeting. 24 This is the service of the families of the Gershonites, in serving and carrying. 25 They shall carry the curtains of the tabernacle and the tabernacle of meeting with its covering, the covering of badger skins that is on it, the screen for the door of the tabernacle of meeting–26 The screen for the door of the gate of the court, the hangings of the court which are around the tabernacle and altar and their cords, all the furnishings for their service and all that is made for these things. So they shall serve. 27 Aharon and his sons shall assign all the service of the sons of the Gershonites, all their tasks as their duty. 28 This is the service of the families of the sons of Gershon in the tabernacle of meeting. And their duties shall be under the authority (hand) of Ithamar the son of Aharon the priest”.

Duties of the Sons of Merari

29 “As for the sons of Merari, you shall number them by their families and by their father’s house. 30 From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, you shall number them, everyone who enters the service to do the work of the tabernacle of meeting. 31 And this is what they must carry as all their service for the tabernacle of meeting: the boards of the tabernacle, its bars, its pillars, its sockets. 32 And the pillars around the court with their sockets, pegs and cords with all their furnishings and all their service and you shall assign to each man by name the items he must carry. 33 This is the service of the families of the sons of Merari, as all their service for the tabernacle of meeting, under the authority (hand) of Ithamar the son of Aharon the priest.

The Levites are Counted Again

34 And Moshe, Aharon and the leaders of the congregation numbered the sons of the Kohathites by their families and by their father’s house– 35 From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, everyone who entered the service for work in the tabernacle of meeting. 36 And those who were numbered by their families were two thousand seven hundred and fifty. 37 These were the ones who were numbered of the families of the Kohathites, all who might serve in the tabernacle of meeting whom Moshe and Aharon numbered according to the commandment of Yah by the hand of Moshe.

38 And those who were numbered of the sons of Gershon, by their families and by their father’s house. 39 From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, everyone who entered the service for work in the tabernacle of meeting–40 Those who were numbered by their families, by their father’s house were two thousand six hundred and thirty. 41 These are the ones who were numbered of the families of the sons of Gershon, of all who might serve in the tabernacle of meeting, whom Moshe and Aharon numbered according to the commandment of Yah.

42 Those of the families of the sons of Merari who were numbered, by their families, by their father’s house–43 From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, everyone who entered the service for work in the tabernacle of meeting–44 Those who were numbered by their families were three thousand two hundred. 45 These were the ones who were numbered of the families of the sons of Merari, whom Moshe and Aharon numbered according to the word of Yah by the hand of Moshe.

46 All who were numbered of the Levites, whom Moshe, Aharon and the leaders of Ysrayl numbered, by their families and by their father’s house. 47 From thirty years old and above, even to fifty years old, everyone who came to do the work of service and the work of bearing burdens in the tabernacle of meeting– 48 Those who were numbered were eight thousand five hundred and eighty. 49 According to the commandment of Yah they were numbered by the hand of Moshe, each according to his service and according to his task. Thus were they numbered by him, as Yah commanded Moshe.

Arrangement of Tribal Camps Numbers 2

Numbers Chapter 1 and Chapter 2

The Book of Numbers is the fourth Book of Moshe or the fourth Book of the Torah. In Hebrew this book is named Sefer or S’farim Bemdibar which means the book or writings of the wilderness or the desert. This book is named “numbers” in English because it begins with Moshe counting the Israylites to find out the number of people in each of Ysrayl’s twelve tribes. Yah commanded Moshe to take two censuses of the children of Ysrayl. The first census in chapter 1 and the second in chapter 26, every male twenty years old and above that were able to go to war for the nation. The first census took place at Mount Sinai and the second on the plains of Moab. The first census was of the Israylites who came out of Egypt and the second included the people who grew up in the wilderness. Separate censuses were taken of the Levites, they did not serve in the armies.  The censuses did not include women and (some) children so the whole house of Ysrayl was not counted.

This book also contains events that happened while the Israylites were on their way to Moab, a nation living east of the Jordan River. This was a very difficult journey through the desert and the people often complained and even rebelled against Moshe and against Yah. The Israylites refused to enter Canaan after hearing about the giants that lived there. So Yah punished the Israylites by making them remain in the desert for forty years. An eleven day journey took forty years! (See Deuteronomy 1:2).

The Israylites conquered the land just east of the Jordan (Ha Yarden meaning descender) River from the border with Moab in the south to Lake Galilee in the north. Then the King of Moab hired the foreign-prophet Balaam to curse the people of Ysrayl. But Yah told Balaam to bless the Israylites and Balaam obeyed (especially after seeing that warrior angel). Yah chose Yahoshua Ben Nun to be Ysrayl’s next leader near the end of the book (34:16). The book concludes with Yah giving Ysrayl more laws.

Numbers is about the children of Ysrayl who were rebellious and discouraged and who refused to believe that Yah would take care of them. But the book also shows how Yah protected them in war and gave them food and water in the barren desert. He gave them physical and spiritual bread and water. Yah wanted the Israylites to realize that He did not want them to be destroyed.  He wanted to bless them, just as Aharon prayed in Numbers 6:23-27.

Chapter 1: The First Census of Ysrayl (The People of Ysrayl are Counted)

1 Now Yah spoke to Moshe in the Wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt saying: 2 “Take a census of all the congregation of the children of Ysrayl, by their families, by their father’s houses, according to the number of names, every male individually–3 From twenty years old and above–all who are able to go to war in Ysrayl. You and Aharon shall number them by their armies. 4 And with you there shall be a man from every tribe, each one the head of his father’s house. 5 These are the names of the men who shall stand with you: From Reuben, Ylizur the son of Shaedeur. 6 From Simeon, Shelumiyah the son of Zurishaddai. 7 From Yahudah, Nahshon the son of Amminadab. 8 From Issachar, Nethanyl the son of Zuar. 9 From Zebulon, Yliab the son of Helon. 10 From the sons of Yoseph: From Ephraim, Ylishama the son of Ammihud. From Manasseh, Gamaliyah the son of Pedahzur. 11 From Benyamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni. 12 From Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 13 From Asher, Pagiyah the son of Ocran. 14 From Gad, Yliasaph the son of Deuyl (spelled Reuyl in 2:14). 15 From Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan. 16 These were chosen from the congregation, leaders of their father’s tribes, heads of the divisions of Ysrayl. 17 Then Moshe and Aharon took these men who had been mentioned by name. 18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month and they recited their ancestry by families, by their father’s houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, each one individually. 19 As Yah commanded Moshe, so he numbered them in the Wilderness of Sinai.

20 Now the children of Reuben, Ysrayl’s oldest son, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, every male individually, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 21 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Reuben were forty-six thousand five hundred. 22 From the children of Simeon, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, of those who were numbered, according to the number of names, every male individually, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 23 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Simeon were fifty-nine thousand three hundred. 24 From the children of Gad, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 25 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Gad were forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty. 26 From the children of Yahudah, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 27 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Yahudah were seventy-four thousand six hundred. 28 From the children of Issachar, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 29 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Issachar were fifty-four thousand four hundred.

30 From the children of Zebulon, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able t go to war. 31 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Zebulon were fifty-seven thousand four hundred. 32 From the sons of Yoseph, the children of Ephraim, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 33 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Ephraim were forty thousand five hundred. 34 From the children of Manasseh, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 35 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Manasseh were thirty-two thousand two hundred. 36 From the children of Benyamin, their genealogies b their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 37 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Benyamin were thirty-five thousand four hundred. 38 From the children of Dan, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 39 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Dan were sixty-two thousand seven hundred.

40 From the children of Asher, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 41 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Asher were forty-one thousand one hundred. 42 From the children of Naphtali, their genealogies by their families, by their father’s house, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war. 43 Those who were numbered of the tribe of Naphtali were fifty-three thousand four hundred. 44 These are the ones who were  numbered, whom Moshe and Aharon numbered, with the leaders of Ysrayl, twelve men, each one representing his father’s house. 45 So all who were numbered of the children of Ysrayl, by their father’s houses, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war in Ysrayl. 46 All who were numbered were six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty.

47 But the Levites were not numbered among them by their father’s tribe. 48 For Yah had spoken to Moshe saying: 49 Only the tribe of Levi you shall not number nor take a census of them among the children of Ysrayl. 50 But you shall appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of the Testimony, over all its furnishings and over all things that belong to it. They shall carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings. They shall attend to it and camp around the tabernacle. 51 And when the tabernacle is to go forward, the Levites shall take it down and when the tabernacle is to be set up, the Levites shall set it up. The outsider who comes near shall be put to death. 52 The children of Ysrayl shall pitch their tents, everyone by his own camp, everyone by his own standard (family banner), according to their armies. 53 But the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the Testimony that there may be no wrath on the congregation of the children of Ysrayl and the Levites shall keep charge of the tabernacle of the Testimony”. 54 Thus the children of Ysrayl did according to all that Yah commanded Moshe, so they did.

Chapter 2: The Tribes and Leaders by Armies (Instructions for Setting up Ysrayl’s Camps)

1 And Yah spoke to Moshe and Aharon saying: 2 “Everyone of the children of Ysrayl shall camp by his own standard (family banner), beside the emblems of his father’s house. They shall camp some distance from the tabernacle of meeting.

East

3 On the east side, toward the rising of the sun, those of the standard (family) of the forces with Yahudah shall camp according to their armies and Nahshon the son of Amminadab shall be the leader of the children of Yahudah. 4 And his army was numbered at seventy-four thousand six hundred. 5 Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Issachar and Nethanyl the son of Zuar shall be the leader of the children of Issachar. 6 And his army was numbered at fifty-four thousand four hundred. 7 Then comes the tribe of Zebulon and Yliab the son of Helon shall be the leader of the children of Zebulon. 8 And his army was numbered at fifty-seven thousand four hundred. 9 All who were numbered according to their armies of the forces with Yahudah, one hundred and eighty-six thousand four hundred. These shall break camp first.

South

10 On the south side shall be the standard  (family banner) of the forces with Reuben according to their armies and the leader of the children of Reuben shall be Ylizur the son of Shedeur. 11 And his army was numbered at forty-six thousand five hundred. 12 Those who camped next to him shall be the tribe of Simeon and the leader of the children of Simeon shall be Shelumiyah the son of Zurishaddai. 13 And his army was numbered at fifty-nine thousand three hundred. 14 Then comes the tribe of Gad and the leader of the children of Gad shall be Yliasaph the son of Reuyl (spelled Deuyl in 1:14 and 7:42). 15 And his army was numbered at forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty. 16 All who were numbered according to their armies of the forces (families) of Reuben, one hundred and fifty-one thousand four hundred and fifty. They shall be the second to break camp.

The Middle of the Camp

17 And the tabernacle of meeting shall move out with the camp of the Levites in the middle of the camps. As they camp, so they shall move out, everyone in his place, by their standards (families).

West

18 On the west side shall be the standard (family) of forces with Ephraim according to their armies and the leader of the children of Ephraim shall be Ylishama the son of Ammihud. 19 And his army was numbered at forty thousand five hundred. 20 Next to him comes the tribe of Manasseh and the leader of the children of Manasseh shall be Gamaliyah the son of Pedahzur. 21 And his army was numbered at thirty-two thousand two hundred. 22 Then comes the tribe of Benyamin and the leader of children of Benyamin shall be Abidan the son of Gideoni. 23 And his army was numbered at thirty-five thousand four hundred. 24 All who were numbered according to their armies of the forces with Ephraim, one hundred and eight thousand one hundred. They shall be the third to break camp.

North

25 The standard (family) of the forces with Dan shall be on the north side according to their armies and the leader of the children of Dan shall be Ahiezar the son of Ammishaddai. 26 And his army was numbered at sixty-two thousand seven hundred. 27 Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Asher and the leader of the children of Asher shall be Pagiyah the son of Ocran. 28 And his army was numbered at forty-one thousand five hundred. 29 Then comes the tribe of Naphtali and the leader of the children of Naphtali shall be Ahira the son of Enan. 30 And his army was numbered at fifty-three thousand four hundred. 31 All who were numbered of the forces (families) with Dan, one hundred and fifty-seven thousand six hundred. They shall break camp last, with their standards (families).

32 These are the ones who were numbered of the children of Ysrayl by their father’s houses. All who were numbered according to their armies of the forces were six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty. 33 But the Levites were not numbered among the children of Ysrayl, just as Yah commanded Moshe. 34 Thus the children of Ysrayl did according to all that Yah commanded Moshe. So they camped by their standards (families or tribes) and so they broke camp, each one by his family, according to their father’s houses.

*Zurishaddei from verse 6 means My foundation or shelter is the Almighty in Hebrew.

 

 

Leviticus Chapter 27

Chapter 27: Redeeming Persons and Property Dedicated to Yah (Making Promises to Yah)

1 Now Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: When a man consecrates by a vow certain persons to Yah, according to your valuation. 3 If your valuation(estimation of worth) is of a male from twenty years old up to sixty years old, then your valuation shall be fifty shekels of silver, according to the shekel of the sanctuary. 4 If it is a female, then your valuation shall be thirty shekels. 5 And if from five years old up to twenty years old, then your valuation for a male shall be twenty shekels and for a female ten shekels. 6 And if from a month old up to five years old, then your valuation for a male shall be five shekels of silver and for a female the valuation shall be three shekels of silver. 7 And if from sixty years old and above, if it is a male then your valuation shall be fifteen shekels and for a female ten shekels. 8 But if he is too poor to pay your valuation, then he shall present himself before the priest and the priest shall set a value for him according to the ability of him who vowed, the priest shall value him. 9 If it is an animal that men may bring as an offering to Yah, all that anyone gives to Yah shall be qodesh. 10 He shall not substitute it or exchange it, good for bad or bad for good. And if he at all exchanges animal for animal, then both it and the one exchanged for it shall be qodesh. 11 If it is an unclean animal which they do not offer as a sacrifice to Yah, then he shall present the animal before the priest. 12 And the priest shall set a value for it, whether it is good or bad. As you, the priest value it, so it shall be. 13 But if he wants at all to redeem it, then he must add one-fifth to your valuation. 14 And when a man dedicates his house to be qodesh to Yah, then the priest shall set a value for it, whether it is good or bad. As the priest values it, so it shall stand. 15 If he who dedicated it wants to redeem his house, then he must add one-fifth of the money of your valuation to it and  is shall be his. 16 If a man dedicates to Yah part of a field of his possession, then your valuation shall be according to the seed for it. A homer of barley seed shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.

17 If he dedicates his field from the Year of Yobelim, according to your valuation it shall stand. 18 But if he dedicates his field after the Yobelim, then the priest shall reckon to him the money due according to the years that remain until the Year of Yobelim and it shall be deducted from your valuation. 19 And if he who dedicates the field ever wishes to redeem it, then he must add one-fifth of the money of your valuation to it and it shall belong to him. 20 But if he does not want to redeem the field or if he has sold the field to another man, it shall not be redeemed anymore. 21 But the field, when it is released in the Yobelim, shall be qodesh to Yah, as a devoted field. It shall be the possession of the priest. 22 And if a man dedicates to Yah a field which he has bought, which is not the field of his possession–23 Then the priest shall reckon to him the worth of your valuation, up to the Year of Yobelim and he shall give your valuation on that day as a qodesh offering to Yah. 24 In the Year of Yobelim the field shall return to him from whom it was bought, to the one who owned the land as a possession. 25 And all your valuation shall be according to the shekel of the sanctuary: twenty gerahs to the shekel. 26 But the firstborn of the animals which should be Yah’s firstborn, no man shall dedicate, whether it is an ox or sheep. It is Yah’s. 27 And if it is an unclean animal, then he shall redeem it according to your valuation and shall add one-fifth to it or if it is not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to your valuation. 28 Nevertheless, no devoted offering that a man may devote to Yah of all that he has, both man and beast or the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed. Every devoted offering is most qodesh to Yah. 29 No person under the ban, who may become doomed to destruction among men shall be redeemed but shall surely be put to death. 30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land or of the fruit of the tree, is Yah’s. It is qodesh to Yah. 31 If a man wants at all to redeem any of his tithes, he shall add one-fifth to it. 32 And concerning the tithe of the herd or the flock, of whatever passes under the rod, the tenth one shall be qodesh to Yah. 33 He shall not inquire whether it is good or bad nor shall he exchange it and if he exchanges it at all, then both it and the one exchanged for it shall be qodesh. It shall not be redeemed”. 34 These are the commandments which Yah commanded Moshe for the children of Ysrayl on Mount Sinai.

Leviticus Chapter 25 and Chapter 26

Chapter 25: The Shabbat of the Seventh Year

1 And Yah spoke to Moshe on Mount Sinai saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: When you come into the land which I give you, then the land shall keep a Shabbat to Yah. 3 Six years you shall sow your field and six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather its fruits. 4 But in the seventh year there shall be a Shabbat of solemn rest for the land, a Shabbat to Yah. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard. 5 What grows of its own accord of your harvest you shall not reap, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine, for it is a year of rest for the land. 6 And the Shabbat produce of the land shall be food for you. For you , your male and female servants, your hired man and the stranger who dwells with you. 7 For your livestock and the beast that are in your land–all its produce shall be for food”.

The Year of Yobelim (Jubilee)

8 “And you shall count seven Shabbats of years for yourself, seven times seven years and the time of the seven Shabbats of years shall be to you forty-nine years. 9 Then you shall cause the trumpet of the Jubilee (Yobelim) to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land. 10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee (Yobelim) for you. And each of you shall return to his possession and each of you shall return to his family. 11 That fiftieth year shall be a Yobelim to you. In it you shall neither sow nor reap what grows of its own accord nor gather the grapes of your untended vine. 12 For it is the Yobelim. It shall be qodesh to you. You shall eat its produce from the field. 13  In this Year of Yobelim, each of you shall return to his possession. 14 And if you sell anything to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor’s hand, you shall not oppress one another. 15 According to the number of years after the Yobelim yo shall buy from your neighbor and according to the number of years of crops shall sell to you. 16 According to the multitude of years you shall increase its price and according to the fewer number of years you shall diminish it price, for he sells to you according to the number of the years of the crops. 17 Therefore, you shall not oppress one another but you shall fear your Almighty. For I am Yah, your Power”.

Provisions for the Seventh Year

18 “So you shall observe My statutes and keep My judgments and perform them and you will dwell in the land in safety. 19 Then the land will yield its fruit and you will eat your fill and dwell there in safety. 20 And if you say, What shall we eat in the seventh year, since we shall not sow nor gather in our produce? 21 Then I will command My blessing on you in the sixth year and it will bring forth produce enough for three years. 22 And you shall sow in the eighth year and eat old produce until the ninth year. Until its produce comes in, you shall eat of the old harvest”.

Redemption of Property

23 “The land shall not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine. For you are strangers and sojourners with Me. 24 And in all the land of your possession you shall grant redemption of the land. 25 If one of your brothers becomes poor and has sold some of his possession and if his redeeming relative comes to redeem it, then he may redeem what his brother sold. 26 Or if the man has no one to redeem it but he himself becomes able to redeem it–27 Then let him count the years since its sale and restore the remainder to the man to whom he sold it, that he may return to his possession. 28 But if he is not able to have it restored to himself, then what was sold shall remain in the hand of him who bought it until the Year of Yobelim and in the Yobelim it shall be released and he shall return to his possession. 29 If a man sells a house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold, within a full year he may redeem it. 30 But if it is not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house in the walled city shall belong permanently to him who bought it, throughout his generations. It shall not be released in the Yobelim. 31 However, the houses of villages which have no wall around them shall be counted as the fields of the country. They may be redeemed and they shall be released in the Yobelim. 32 Nevertheless, the cities of the Levites and the houses in the cities of their possession, the Levites may redeem at any time. 33 And if a man purchases a house from the Levites, then the house that was sold in the city of his possession shall be released in the Yobelim. For the houses in the cities of the Levites are their possessions among the children of Ysrayl. 34 But the field of the common-land of their cities may not be sold, for it is their perpetual possession”.

Lending to the Poor (or Helping the Poor)

35 “If one of your brothers becomes poor and falls into poverty among you, then you shall help him, like the stranger or a sojourner, that he may live with you. 36 Take no usury or interest from him but fear your Almighty, that your brother may live with you. 37 You shall not lend him your money for usury, nor lend him your food as a profit. 38 I am Yah your Almighty who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan and to be your Power”.

The Law Concerning Slavery

39 “And if one of your brothers who dwells by you becomes poor and sells himself to you, you shall not compel him to serve as a slave. 40 As a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be with you and shall serve you until the Year of Yobelim. 41 And then he shall depart from you–he and his children with him and shall return to his own family. He shall return to the possessions of his fathers. 42 For they are My servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. They shall not be sold as slaves. 43 You shall not rule over him with rigor but you shall fear your Almighty. 44 And as for your male and female slaves whom you may have–from the nations that are around you, from them you may buy male and female slaves. 45 Moreover, you may buy the children of strangers who dwell among you and their families who are with you, which they beget in your land and they shall become your property. 46 And you may take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them as a possession. They shall be your permanent slaves. But regarding your brothers, the children of Ysrayl, you shall not rule over one another with rigor. 47 Now if a sojourner or stranger close to you becomes rich and one of your brothers who dwells by him becomes poor and sells himself to the stranger or sojourner close to you or to a member of the stranger’s family–48 Or his uncle or his uncle’s son may redeem him. Or anyone who is near of kin to him in his family may redeem him. Or if he is able he may redeem himself. 50 Thus he shall reckon with him who bought him. The price of his release shall be according to the number of years, from the year that he was sold to him until the Year of Yobelim. It shall be according to the time of a hired servant for him. 51 If there are still many years remaining, according to them he shall repay the price of his redemption from the money with which he was bought. 52 And if there remain but a few years until the Year of Yobelim, then he shall reckon with him and according to his years he shall repay him the price of his redemption. 53 He shall be with him as a yearly hired servant and he shall not rule with rigor over him in your sight. 54 And if he is not redeemed in these years, then he shall be released in the Year of Yobelim–he and his children with him. 55 For the children of Ysrayl are servants to Me. They are My servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. I am Yah your Almighty”.

Chapter 26: The Promise of Blessing and Retribution

1″You shall not make idols for yourselves. Neither a carved image nor a sacred pillar shall you rear up for yourselves. Nor shall you set up an engraved stone in your land, to bow down to it. For I am Yah your Almighty. You shall keep My Shabbats and reverence My sanctuary. I am Yah.

The Blessings for Obeying Yah

3 If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments and perform them–4 Then I will give you rain in its season, the land shall yield produce and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit. 5 Your threshing shall last until the time of vintage (grape harvest) and the vintage (grape harvest) shall last until the time of sowing. 6 I will give peace in the land and you shall lie down and none will make you afraid. 7 You will chase your enemies and they shall fall by the sword before you. 8 Five of you shall chase a hundred and a hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight. 9 For I will look on you favorably and make you fruitful, multiply you and confirm My covenant with you. 10 You shall eat the old harvest and clear out the old because of the new. 11 I will set My tabernacle among you and My soul shall not abhor you. 12 I will walk among you and be your Power and you shall be My people. 13 I am Yah your Almighty who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that you should not be their slaves. I have broken the bands of your yoke and made you walk upright.

The Punishment for Disobeying Yah

14 But if you do not obey Me and do not observe all these commandments–15 And if you despise My statutes or if your soul abhors My judgments so that you do not perform all My commandments but break My covenant–16 I also will do this to you: I will even appoint terror over you, wasting disease and fever which shall consume the eyes and cause sorrow of heart. 17 I will set My face against you and you shall be defeated by your enemies. Those who hate you shall reign over you and you shall flee when no one pursues you. 18 And after all this, if you do not obey Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins. 19 I will break the pride of your power. I will make your heavens like iron and your earth like bronze.

20 And your strength shall be spent in vain. For your land shall not yield its produce nor shall the trees of the land yield their fruit. 21 Then if you walk contrary to Me and are not willing to obey Me, I will bring on you seven times more plagues, according to your sins.  22 I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, destroy your livestock and make you few in number. And your highways shall be desolate. 23 And if by these things you are not reformed by Me but walk contrary to Me–24 Then I also will walk contrary to you and I will punish you yet seven times for your sins. 25 And I will bring a sword against you that will execute the vengeance of the covenant. When you are gathered together within your cities, I will send pestilence among you. And you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy. 26 When I have cut off your supply of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven and they shall bring back your bread by weight (by ration) and you shall eat and not be satisfied. 27  And after all this, if you do not obey Me but walk contrary to Me–28 Then I also will walk contrary to you in fury. And I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins. 29 You shall eat the flesh of your sons and you shall eat the flesh of your daughters.

30 I will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars and cast your carcasses on the lifeless forms of your idols. And My soul shall abhor you. 31 I will lay your city’s waste and bring your sanctuaries to desolation and I will not smell the fragrance of your sweet aromas. 32  I will bring the land to desolation and your enemies who dwell in it shall be astonished at it. 33 I will scatter you among the nations and draw out a sword after you. 34 Then the land shall enjoy its Shabbats as long as it lies desolate and you are in your enemy’s land. Then the land shall rest and enjoy its Shabbats. 35 As long as it lies desolate it shall rest–for the time it did not rest on your Shabbats when you dwelt in it. 36 And as for those of you who are left, I will send faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies. The sound of a shaken leaf shall cause them to flee. They shall flee as though fleeing from a sword and they shall fall when no one pursues. 37 They shall stumble over one another, as it were before a sword, when no one pursues. 38 You shall perish among the nations and the land of your enemies shall eat you up. 39 And those of you who are left shall waste away in their iniquity in your enemy’s lands. Also in their father’s iniquities, which are with them, they shall waste away.

When the Children of Ysrayl Want to Return to Yah Physically and Spiritually

40 But if they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their fathers, with their unfaithfulness in which they were unfaithful to Me and that they also have walked contrary to Me–41 And that I also have walked contrary to them and have brought them into the land of their enemies, if their uncircumcised hearts are humbled and they accept their guilt–42 Then I will remember My covenant with Yahqob and My covenant with Yitzshaq and My covenant with Abraham. I will remember. 43 The land also shall be left empty by them and will enjoy its Shabbats while it lies desolate without them. They will accept their guilt because they despised My judgments and because their soul abhorred My statutes. 44 Yet for all that, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away nor shall I abhor them, to utterly destroy them and break My covenant with them. For I am Yah their Power. 45 But for their sake, I will remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their Power”. 46 These are the statutes and judgments and laws which Yah made between Himself and the children of Ysrayl on Mount Sinai by the hand of Moshe.

 

In the Garden

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Two pictures of sweet potato flower bloom. They bloom a purple flower. Sweet potatoes should be ready in the fall. This is my nephew’s plant given to him by our next door neighbor.

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Zinnia.

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More Zinnia.

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This is my baby this year. Hibiscus.

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This is my other baby. Sunflowers.

Leviticus Chapter 23 and Chapter 24

Chapter 23: The Feasts of Yah

1 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: The feasts of Yah which you shall proclaim to be qodesh convocations, these are My feasts”.

The Shabbat

3 “Six days shall work be done but the seventh day is a Shabbat of solemn rest, a qodesh convocation. You shall do no work on it. It is the Shabbat of Yah in all your dwellings”.

The Passover and Unleavened Bread

4 “These are the feasts of Yah, qodesh convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times. 5 On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is Yah’s Passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to Yah. Seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a qodesh convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. 8 But you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yah for seven days. The seventh day shall be a qodesh convocation. You shall do no customary work on it”.

The Feast of Firstfruits (Offering the First Part of the Harvest)

9 “And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 10 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: When you come into the land which I give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 He shall wave the sheaf before Yah, to be accepted on your behalf. On the day after the Shabbat the priest shall wave it. 12 And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to Yah. 13 Its grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to Yah, for a sweet aroma and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin. 14 You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your Almighty. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings”.

The Feast of Weeks (The Harvest Festival)

15 “And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Shabbat, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Shabbats shall be completed. 16 Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Shabbat, then you shall offer a new grain offering to Yah. 17 You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour. They shall be baked with leaven. They are the firstfruits to Yah. 18 And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one young bull, and two rams. They shall be as a burnt offering to Yah, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to Yah. 19 Then you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats as a sin offering and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a peace offering. 20 The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before Yah, with the two lambs. They shall be qodesh to Yah for the priest. 21 And you shall proclaim on the same day that it is a qodesh convocation to you. You shall do no customary work on it. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. 22 When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field when you reap nor shall you gather and gleaning from your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the stranger. I am Yah your Almighty”.

The Feast of Trumpets

23 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 24 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl saying: In the seventh, on the first day of the month, you shall have a Shabbat-rest, a remembrance  of blowing of trumpets, a qodesh convocation. 25 You shall do no customary work on it and you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yah”.

The Day of Atonement (The Great Day of Forgiveness)

26 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 27 “Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a qodesh convocation for you. You shall afflict your souls (or fast) and offer an offering made by fire to Yah. 28 And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before Yah your Almighty. 29 For any person who is not afflicted in soul (or fasting) on that same day shall be cut off from his people. 30 And any person who does any work on that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no manner of work. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 It shall be to you a Shabbat of solemn rest and you shall afflict your souls, on the ninth day of the month at evening. From evening to evening, you shall celebrate your Shabbat”.

The Feast of Tabernacles (or Shelters, or Booths)

33 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 34 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl saying: The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to Yah. 35 On the first day there shall be a qodesh convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. 36 For seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yah. On the eighth day, you shall have a qodesh convocation and you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yah. It is a sacred assembly and you shall do no customary work on it. 37 These are the feasts of Yah which you shall proclaim to be qodesh convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to Yah, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day–38 Besides the Shabbats of Yah, besides your gifts, besides all your vows and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to Yah. 39 Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of Yah for seven days. On the first day there shall be a Shabbat-rest and on the eighth day a Shabbat-rest. 40 And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook and you shall rejoice before Yah your Almighty for seven days. 41 You shall keep is as a feast to Yah for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israylites shall dwell in booths. 43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Ysrayl dwell in booths (tents, shelters) when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am Yah your Power”. 44 So Moshe declared to the children of Ysrayl the feasts of Yah.

Chapter 24: Care of the Tabernacle Lamps

1 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Command the children of Ysrayl that they bring to you pure oil of pressed olives for the light, to make the lamps burn continually. 3 Outside the veil of the Testimony, in the tabernacle of meeting, Aharon shall be in charge of it from evening until morning before Yah continually. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. 4 He shall be in charge of the lamps on the pure gold lampstand before Yah continually”.

The Bread of the Tabernacle (The Sacred Bread)

5 And you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it. Two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake. 6 You shall set them in two rows, six in a row on the pure gold table before Yah. 7 And you shall put pure frankincense on each row, that it may be on the bread for a remembrance, an offering made by fire to Yah. 8 Every Shabbat he shall set it in order before Yah continually, being taken from the children of Ysrayl by an everlasting covenant. 9 And it shall be for Aharon and his sons and they shall eat it in a qodesh place. For it is most qodesh to him from the offerings of Yah made by fire, by a perpetual statute”.

The Penalty for Blasphemy (Punishment for Cursing Yah)

10 Now the son of an Israylite woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Ysrayl and this Israylite woman’s son and a man of Ysrayl fought each other in the camp. 11 And the Israylite woman’s son blasphemed the name of Yah and cursed and so they brought him to Moshe. (His mother’s name was Shelomith the daughter of Dibri of the tribe of Dan). 12 Then they put him in custody, that the mind of Yah might be shown to them. 13 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 14 “Take outside the camp him who has cursed. Then let all who heard him lay their hands on his head and let all the congregation stone him. 15 Then you shall speak to the children of Ysrayl saying: Whoever curses Yah shall bear his sin. 16 And whoever blasphemes the name of Yah shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall certainly stone him, the stranger as well as him who is born in the land. When he blasphemes the name of Yah, he shall be put to death. 17 Whoever kills any man shall surely be put to death. 18 Whoever kills an animal shall make it good, animal for animal. 19 If a man causes disfigurement of his neighbor, as he has done, so shall it be done to him–20 Fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. As he has caused disfigurement of a man, so shall it be done to him. 21 And whoever kills an animal shall restore it. But whoever kills a man shall be put to death. 22 You shall have the same law for the stranger and for one from your own country. For I am Yah your Almighty”. 23 Then Moshe spoke to the children of Ysrayl and they took outside the camp him who had cursed and stoned him with stones. So the children of Ysrayl did as Yah commanded Moshe.

 

Leviticus Chapter 21 and Chapter 22

Chapter 21: Regulations for Conduct of Priests (Instructions)

1And Yah said to Moshe, “Speak to the priests, the sons of Aharon and say to them: None shall defile himself for the dead among his people. 2 Except for his relatives who are nearest to him: his mother, his father, his son, his daughter and his brother. 3 Also his virgin sister who is near to him, who has had no husband, for her he may defile himself. 4 Otherwise, he shall not defile himself, being a chief man among his people, to profane himself. 5 They shall not make any bald place on their heads nor shall they shave the edges of their beards nor make any cutting in their flesh. 6 They shall be qodesh to their Almighty and not profane the name of their Almighty for they offer the offerings of the Almighty made by fire and the bread of their Almighty. Therefore, they shall be qodesh. 7 They shall not take a wife who is a harlot or a defiled woman nor shall they take a woman divorced from her husband. For the priest is qodesh to his Almighty. 8 Therefore, you shall consecrate him, for he offers the bread of your Almighty. He shall be qodesh to you, for I, Yah who sanctifies you am qodesh. 9 The daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by playing the harlot, she profanes her father. She shall be burned with fire. 10 He who is the high priest among his brothers on whose head the anointing oil was poured and who is consecrated to wear the garments, shall not uncover his head nor tear his clothes. 11 Nor shall he go near any dead body. Nor defile himself for his father or his mother. 12 Nor shall he go out of the sanctuary. Nor profane the sanctuary of his Almighty. For the consecration of the anointing oil of his Power is upon him: I am Yah.

13 And he shall take a wife in her virginity. 14 A widow or a divorced woman or a defiled woman or a harlot–these he shall not marry but he shall take a virgin of his own people as wife. 15 Nor shall he profane his posterity among his people, for I Yah sanctify him. 16 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 17 Speak to Aharon saying: No man of your descendants in succeeding generations who has any defect, may approach to offer the bread of his Almighty.18 For any who who has a defect shall not approach: a man blind or lame, who has a marred face or any limb too long. 19 A man who has a broken foot or broken hand. 20 Or is a hunchback or a dwarf or a man who has a defect in his eye or eczema or scab or is a eunuch. 21 No man of the descendants of Aharon the priest, who has a defect shall come near to offer the offerings made by fire to Yah. He has a defect. He shall not come near to offer the bread of his Almighty. 22 He may eat the bread of his Almighty both the most qodesh and the qodesh. 23 Only he shall not go near the veil or approach the altar because he has a defect, lest he profane My sanctuaries. For I, Yah sanctify them. 24 And Moshe told it to Aharon and his sons and to all the children of Ysrayl”.

Chapter 22: Offerings are Qodesh

1 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying:  2 “Speak to Aharon and his sons, that they separate themselves from the qodesh things of the children of Ysrayl and that they do not profane My qodesh name by what they dedicate to Me: I am Yah. 3 Say to them: Whoever of all your descendants throughout your generations, who goes near the qodesh things which the children of Ysrayl dedicate to Yah, while he has uncleanness upon him, that person shall be cut off from My presence: I am Yah. 4 Whatever man of the descendants of Aharon, who is a leper or has a discharge shall not eat the qodesh offerings until he is clean. And whoever touches anything made unclean by a corpse or a man who has had an emission of semen. 5 Or whoever touches any creeping thing by which he would be made unclean or any person by whom he would become unclean, whatever his uncleanness may be. 6 The person who has touched any such thing shall be unclean until evening and shall not eat the qodesh offerings unless he washes his body with water. 7 And when the sun goes down he shall be clean and afterward he may eat the qodesh offerings because it is his food. 8 Whatever dies naturally or is torn by beasts he shall not eat, to defile himself with it: I am Yah.

9 They shall therefore keep My ordinance, lest they bear sin for it and die thereby, if they profane it: I am Yah sanctify them. 10 No outsider shall eat the qodesh offering. One who dwells with the priest or a hired servant, shall not eat the qodesh thing. 11 But if the priest buys a person with his money, he may eat it and one who is born in his house may eat his food. 12 If the priest’s daughter is married to an outsider, she may not eat of the qodesh things. 13 but if the priest’s daughter is a widow or divorced and has no child and has returned to her father’s house as in her youth, she may eat her father’s food. But no outsider shall eat it. 14 And if a man eats the qodesh offering unintentionally then he shall restore a qodesh offering to the priest and add one-fifth to it. 15 They shall not profane the qodesh offerings of the children of Ysrayl, which they offer to Yah. 16 Or allow them to bear the guilt of trespass when they eat their qodesh offerings, for I, Yah sanctify them”.

Offerings Accepted and Not Accepted

17 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 18 “Speak to Aharon and his sons and to all the children of Ysrayl and say to them: Whatever man of the house of Ysrayl or of the strangers in Ysrayl who offers his sacrifice for any of his vows or for any of his freewill offerings which they offer to Yah as a burnt offering. 19 You shall offer of your own free will a male without blemish from the cattle, from the sheep or from the goats. 20 Whatever has a defect, you shall not offer, for it shall not be acceptable on your behalf. 21 And whoever offers a sacrifice of a peace offering to Yah, to fulfill his vow or a freewill offering from the cattle or the sheep, it must be perfect to be accepted. There shall be no defect in it. 22 Those that are blind or broken or maimed or have an ulcer or eczema or scabs, you shall not offer to Yah nor make an offering by fire of them on the altar to Yah. 23 Either a bull or a lamb that has any limb too long or too short you may offer as a freewill offering but for a vow it shall not be accepted. 24 You shall not offer to Yah what is bruised or crushed or torn or cut. Nor shall you make any offering of them in your land. 25 Nor from a foreigner’s hand shall you offer any of these as the bread of your Almighty because their corruption is in them and defects are in them. They shall not be accepted on your behalf. 26 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 27 When a bull or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall be seven days with its mother and from the eight day and thereafter it shall be accepted as an offering made by fire to Yah. 28 Whether it is a cow or ewe, do not kill both her and her young on the same day. 29 And when you offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving to Yah, offer it of your own free will. 30 On the same day it shall be eaten. You shall leave none of it until morning: I am Yah. 31 Therefore, you shall keep My commandments and perform them: I am Yah. 32 You shall not profane My qodesh name but I will be hallowed among the children of Ysrayl. I am Yah who sanctifies you. 33 Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your Almighty: I am Yah”.