Chapter 25: Shemuyah Dies
1 Then Shemuyah died and the Israylites gathered together and lamented for him and buried him at his home in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the Wilderness of Paran (or Maon).
David Goes to Carmyl and Asks Nabal For Bread
2 Now there was a man in Maon whose business was in Carmyl (Carmel or Karmyl comes from the same Hebrew root word as kerem which means vineyard. Carmyl means Yl’s vineyard in Hebrew) and the man was very rich. He had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And he was shearing his sheep in Carmyl. 3 The name of the man was Nabal and the name of his wife Abigail. And she was a woman of good understanding and beautiful appearance but the man was harsh and evil in his doing. He was of the house of Caleb. 4 When David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep–5 David sent ten young men and David said to the young men, “Go up to Carmyl, go to Nabal and greet him in my name. 6 And thus you shall say to him who lives in prosperity, ‘Peace be to you (or Shalom Aleichem), peace to your house and peace to all that you have! 7 Now I have heard that you have shearers. Your shepherds were with us and we did not hurt them nor was there anything missing from them all the while they were in Carmyl. 8 Ask your young men and they will tell you. Therefore, let my young men find favor in your eyes for we come on a feast day. Please give whatever comes to your hand to your servants and to your son David’.” 9 So when David’s young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in the name of David and waited.
David Takes Four Hundred Men to Take the Bread By Force From Nabal
10 Then Nabal answered David’s servants and said, “Who is David and who is the son of Yesse? There are many servants nowadays who break away each one from his master. 11 Shall I then take my bread and my water and my meat that I have killed for my shearers and give it to men when I do not know where they are from?” 12 So David’s young men turned on their heels and went back and they came and told him all these words. 13 Then David said to his men, “Every man gird on his sword”. So every man girded on his sword and David also girded on his sword. And about four hundred men went with David and two hundred stayed with the supplies.
The Sheep Keepers Tell Abigail About David and Also What Her Husband Has Done
14 Now one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife saying, “Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master and he reviled them. 15 But the men were very good to us and we were not hurt nor did we miss anything as long as we accompanied them, when we were in the fields. 16 They were a wall to us both by night and day, all the time we were with them keeping the sheep. 17 Now therefore, know and consider what you will do, for harm is determined against our master and against all his household. For he is such a scoundrel (Literally son of Belial or son of wickedness) that one cannot speak to him”.
*Abigail means the Father rejoices in Hebrew.
Abigail In Wisdom and Understanding Loads Donkeys with Provisions to Give David and His Men So That They will not Hurt Innocent People: David and His Men are On the Way to Kill Nabal and His Male Servants
18 Then Abigail made haste and took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five sheep already dressed, five seahs of roasted grain, one hundred clusters of raisins and two hundred cakes of figs and loaded them on donkeys. 19 And she said to her servants, “Go on before me. See, I am coming after you. But she did not tell her husband Nabal. 20 So it was, as she rode on the donkey, that she went down under cover of the hill and there were David and his men coming down toward her and she met them. 21 Now David had said, “Surely in vain I have protected all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belongs to him. And he has repaid me evil for good. 22 May Yah do so and more also to the enemies of David, if I leave one male of all who belong to him by morning light”.
Beautiful and Smart Abigail Humbles Herself Before David
23 Now when Abigail saw David, she dismounted quickly from the donkey, fell on her face before David and bowed down to the ground. 24 So she fell at his feet and said, “On me, my master, on me let this iniquity be! And please let your maidservant speak in your ears and hear the words of your maidservant. 25 Please, let not my master regard this scoundrel Nabal. For as his name is, so is he: Nabal (Literally Fool) is his name and folly is with him! But I, your maidservant did not see the young men of my master whom you sent. 26 Now therefore, my master, as Yah lives and as your soul lives, since Yah has held you back from coming to bloodshed and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now then, let your enemies and those who seek harm for my master be as Nabal. 27 And now this present which your maidservant has brought to my master, let it be given to the young men who follow my master. 28 Please forgive the trespass of your maidservant. For Yah will certainly make for my master an enduring house because my master fights the battles of Yah and evil is not found in you throughout your days. 29 Yet a man has risen to pursue you and seek your life but the life of my master shall be bound in the bundle of the living with Yah your Almighty and the lives of your enemies He shall sling out, as from the pocket of a sling. 30 And it shall come to pass, when Yah has done for my master according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you and has appointed you ruler over Ysrayl–31 That this will be no grief to you nor offense of heart to my master, either that you have shed blood without cause or that my master has avenged himself. But when Yah has dealt well with my master, then remember your maidservant”. (Abigail was prophesying here).
David Heeds the Voice of Abigail’s Good Advice and Sends Her Home in Peace
32 Then David said to Abigail: “Blessed is Yah Almighty of Ysrayl who sent you this day to meet me! 33 And blessed is your advise and blessed are you because you have kept me this day from coming to bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hand. 34 For indeed as Yah Almighty of Ysrayl lives, who has kept me back from hurting you, unless you had hurried and come to meet me, surly by morning light no males would have been left of Nabal”! 35 So David received from her hand what she had brought him and said to her, “Go up in peace to your house. See, I have heeded your voice and respected your person”.
After Abigail Tells Her Husband That She Gave David Bread Nabal Has a Series of Heart Attacks or Heart Troubles Because of the Evil in His Heart and He Dies
36 Now Abigail went to Nabal and there he was holding a feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabal’s heart was merry within him, for he was very drunk. Therefore, she told him nothing, little or much, until morning light. 37 So it was, in the morning, when the wine had gone from Nabal and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him and he became like a stone. 38 Then it happened, after about ten days, that Yah struck Nabal and he died.
David Thanks Yah For Keeping Him From Doing Evil: David Asks Abigail to Marry Him: Abigail Promises to Wash His Feet or Serve Him: David Marries Abigail a Second Wife and a Third Wife Ahinoam of Yezreyl
39 So when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Blessed be Yah who has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal and has kept his servant from evil”! For Yah has returned the wickedness of Nabal on his own head”. And David sent and proposed to Abigail, to take her as his wife. 40 When the servants of David had come to Abigail at Carmyl, they spoke to her saying, “David sent us to you, to ask you to become his wife”. 41 Then she arose, bowed her face to the earth and said, “Here is your maidservant, a servant to wash the feet of the servants of Yah”. (Compare to John 13:1-17 and Luke 7:38-50). 42 So Abigail rose in haste and rode on a donkey, attended by five of her maidens and she followed the messengers of David and became his wife. 43 David also took Ahinoam of Yezreel and so both of them were his wives.
Shaul Gives His Daughter David’s First Wife to Someone Else Without David Knowing
44 But Shaul had given Michyl his daughter, David’s wife to Paltiyah the son of Laish, who was from Gallim.
*Gallim means who heaps up or covers up. It is thought to be a town of the tribe of Benyamin because Shaul is from Benyamin. Gallim is also mentioned in Isaiah 10:30.
Chapter 26: The Ziphites Tell Shaul David is in the Wilderness Ziph: Yah Tells David Shaul is there in the Wilderness: David Sends Spies and they Confirm What Yah has Said
1 Now the Ziphites came to Shaul at Gibeah saying, “Is David not hiding in the hill of Hachilah, opposite Yeshimon”? 2 Then Shaul arose and went down to Wilderness of Ziph having three thousand chosen men of Ysrayl with him to seek David in the Wilderness of Ziph. 3 And Shaul encamped in the hill of Hachilah which is opposite Yeshimon, by the road. But David stayed in the wilderness and he saw that Shaul came after him into the wilderness. 4 David therefore sent out spies and understood that Shaul had indeed come.
David and Abishai Enter Shaul’s Camp While They Sleep: Yah Puts a Deep Sleep on Shaul’s Camp
5 So David arose and came to the place where Shaul had encamped. And David saw the place where Shaul lay and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army. Now Shaul lay within the camp, with the people encamped all around him. 6 Then David answered and said to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai the son of Zeruiyah, brother of Yoab saying, “Who will go down with me to Shaul in the camp”? And Abishai said, “I will go down with you”.
*Abishai means My Father is Mighty in Hebrew (Or Abishaddai meaning My Father is the Almighty). Abishai is the son of Zeruiyah, the sister of king David. Abishai’s brothers are Yoab and Asahyl. Abishai becomes important in David’s army by 2 Shemuyah 10:10. Abishai kills a giant named Ishbi-benob and saves David’s life in 2 Shemyah 21:16-17. Abishai is one of David’s mighty men, 1 Chronicles 11:20-21 and 2 Shemuyah 23:18-19.
David Forbids Abishai From Murdering Shaul: David Takes Shaul’s Spear and Water Jug
7 So David and Abishai came to the people by night and there Shaul lay sleeping within the camp, with his spear stuck in the ground by his head. And Abner and the people lay all around him. 8 Then Abishai said to David, “Yah has delivered your enemy into your hand this day. Now therefore, please let me strike him at once with the spear, right to the earth and I will not have to strike him a second time”! 9 But David said to Abishai, “Do not destroy him for who can stretch out his hand against Yah’s anointed and be guiltless”? 10 David said furthermore, “As Yah lives, Yah shall strike him or his day shall come to die or he shall go out to battle and perish. 11 Yah forbid that I should stretch out my hand against Yah’s anointed. But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that are by his head and let us go”. 12 So David took the spear and the jug of water by Shaul’s head and they got away and no man saw or knew it or awoke. For they were all asleep because a deep sleep from Yah had fallen on them.
David Spares Shaul’s Life a Second Time: David Chastens Abner For Not Standing Guard to Protect Shaul
13 Now David went over to the other side and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance being between them. 14 And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner saying, “Do you not answer, Abner”? Then Abner answered and said, “Who are you, calling out to the king”? 15 So David said to Abner, “Are you not a man? And who is like you in Ysrayl? Why then have you not guarded your master the king? For one of the people came in to destroy your master the king. 16 This thing that you have is not good. As Yah lives, you deserve to die because you have not guarded your master, Yah’s anointed. And now see where the king’s spear is and the jug of water that was by his head”.
David Considers Himself Small in Ysrayl Next to the King and Asks Shaul Why Do You Seek My Blood
17 Then Shaul knew David’s voice and said, “Is that your voice my son David”? David said, “It is my voice, my master, O king”. 18 And he said, “Why does my master thus pursue his servant? For what have I done or what evil is in my hand? 19 Now therefore, please, let my master the king hear the words of his servant: If Yah has stirred you up against me, let Him accept an offering. But if it is the children of men, may they be cursed before Yah, for they have driven me out this day from sharing in the inheritance of Yah saying, ‘Go, serve the gods’. 20 So now, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of Yah. For the king of Ysrayl has come out to seek a flea, as when one hunts a partridge in the mountains”.
David Sends Shaul’s Spear Back to Him by Young Messenger: Shaul Blesses David For Sparing His Life a Second Time and Returns Home
21 Then Shaul said, “I have sinned. Return, my son David. For I will harm you no more because my life was precious in your eyes this day. Indeed, I have played the fool and erred exceedingly”. 22 And David answered and said, “Here is the king’s spear. Let one of the young men come over and get it. 23 May Yah repay every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness. For Yah delivered you into my hand today but I would not stretch out my hand against Yah’s anointed. 24 And indeed, as your life was valued much this day in my eyes, so let my life be valued much in the eyes of Yah and let Him deliver me out of all tribulation”. 25 Then Shaul said to David, “May you be blessed, my son David! You shall both do great things and also still prevail”. So David went on his way and Shaul returned to his place.