Chapter 21: David Flees to Nob and is Hungry: Afraid For His Life a Priest Gives David the Qodesh Bread
1 Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. And Ahimelech was afraid when he met David and said to him, “Why are you alone and no one is with you”? 2 So David said to Ahimelech the priest, “The king has ordered me on some business and said to me, ‘Do not let anyone know anything about the business on which I send you or what I have commanded you’. And I have directed my young men to such and such a place. 3 Now therefore, what have you on hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand or whatever can be found”. 4 And the priest answered David and said, “There is no common bread on hand but there is qodesh bread if the young men have at least kept themselves from women”. 5 Then David answered the priest and said to him, “Truly, women have been kept from us about three days since I came out. And the vessels of the young men are qodesh and the bread is in effect common even though it was consecrated in the vessel this day”. 6 So the priest gave him qodesh bread for there was no bread there but the showbread which had been taken from before Yah, in order to put hot bread in its place on the day when it was taken away. (See Psalm 37:25, the righteous don’t go without bread. Yah had mercy on David and he was given the bread even though only the sons of Aharon were to eat it, Leviticus 24. Yahoshua plucked the grain on Shabbat because he was hungry, Matthew 12).
Ahimelech the Priest Gives Back David the Sword used to Kill Goliath and Shaul’s Servant Witnesses This
7 Now a certain man of the servants of Shaul was there that day, detained before Yah. And his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chief herdsmen who belonged to Shaul. 8 And David said to Ahimelech, “Is there not here on hand a spear or a sword? For I have brought neither my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king’s business required haste”. 9 So the priest said, “The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the Valley of Elah, there it is, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod. If you will take that, take it. For there is no other except that one here”. And David said, “There is none like it, give it to me”.
David Flees to Gath Where the Servants of the King are Amazed at the Appearance of David: David Pretends to be Crazy to Save His Life
10 Then David arose and fled that day from before Shaul and went to Achish the king of Gath. 11 And the servants of Achish said to him, “Is this not David the king of the land? Did they not sing of him to one another in dances saying: “Shaul has slain his thousands and David his ten thousands”? (Compare 1 Shemuyah 18:7) 12 Now David took these words to heart and was very much afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 13 So he changed his behavior before them, pretended madness in their hands, scratched on the doors of the gate and let his saliva fall down his beard. 14 Then Achish said to his servants, “Look, you see the man is insane. Why have you brought him to me? 15 Have I need of madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house”? (Compare to Mark 3:21, Yahoshua accused of being crazy. Noah built an ark and that seemed crazy. Yahanan lived among the woods. Isaiah ran around naked. Yahezqyl made the dung cakes. 2 Corinthians 5:13, If we seem crazy it is to esteem Yah).
Chapter 22: Unable to Stay in the King’s House in Gath David Flees to a Cave: David’s Crew of Four Hundred Men
1 David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. So when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him. 2 And everyone who was in distress, everyone who was in debt and everyone who was discontented gathered to him. (See 1 Shemuyah 8:11-18 Shemuyah warned the people on how Shaul would treat them). So he became captain over them. And there were about four hundred men with him.
David Flees to Moab Where His Father and Mother Visit Him: The Prophet Gad Tells David to Flee to Yahudah
3 Then David went from there to Mizpah of Moab and he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and mother come here with you, till I know what Yah will do for me”. 4 So he brought them before the king of Moab and they dwelt with him all the time that David was in the stronghold. 5 Now the prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold. Depart and go to the land of Yahudah”. So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth.
Shaul Finds Out About the Covenant Between David and Yahanathan and that David Has Men with Him: Envious Shaul Wonders Who is Loyal to Him
6 When Shaul heard that David and the men who were with him had been discovered, now Shaul was staying in Gibeah under a tamarisk tree in Ramah, with his spear in his hand and all his servants standing around him. 7 Then Shaul said to his servants who stood about him, “Hear now, you Benyaminites! Will the son of Yesse give every one of you fields and vineyards and make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds? 8 All of you have conspired against me and there is no one who reveals to me that my son has made a covenant with the son of Yesse and there is not one of you who is sorry for me or reveals to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day”.
The Edomite Witness Tells Shaul Ahimelech the Priest Gave David Bread and a Sword So Shaul Orders all the Priests to be Murdered: The Edomite Murders the Priests of Yah
9 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Shaul and said, “I saw the son of Yesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. 10 And he inquired of Yah for him, gave him provisions and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine”. 11 So the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub and all his father’s house, the priests who were in Nob. And they all came to the king. 12 And Shaul said, “Hear now, son of Ahitub”! He answered, “Here I am, my master”. 13 Then Shaul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Yesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword and have inquired of Yah for him that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day”? 14 So Ahimelech answered the king and said, “And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, who is the king’s son-in-law, who goes at your bidding and is honorable in your house? 15 Did I then begin to inquire of Yah for him? Far be it from me! Let not the king impute anything to his servant or to any in the house of my father. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much”. 16 And the king said, “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father’s house”! 17 Then the king said to the guards who stood about him, “Turn and kill the priests of Yah because their hand also is with David and because they knew when he fled and did not tell it to me”. But the servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests of Yah. 18 And the king said to Doeg, “You turn and kill the priests”! So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests and killed on that day eighty-five men who wore a linen ephod. 19 Also Nob, the city of the priests, he struck with the edge of the sword, both men and women and children and nursing infants, oxen and donkeys and sheep with the edge of the sword.
The Son of Ahimelech Escapes Death and Tells David About the Priests Being Slaughtered
20 Now one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar escaped and fled after David. 21 And Abiathar told David that Shaul had killed Yah’s priests. 22 So David said to Abiathar, “I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Shaul. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father’s house. 23 Stay with me. Do not fear. For he who seeks my life seeks your life but with me you shall be safe”.