Chapter 29: The Philistine Troops Reject David
1 Then the Philistines gathered together all their armies at Aphek and the Israylites encamped by a fountain which is in Yezreyl. 2 And the princes of the Philistines passed in review by hundreds and by thousands but David and his men passed in review at the rear with Achish. 3 Then the princes of the Philistines said, “What are these Hebrews doing here”? And Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, “Is this not David the servant of Shaul king of Ysrayl who has been with me these days or these years? And to this day I have found no fault in him since he defected to me”. 4 But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him. So the princes of the Philistines said to him, “Make this fellow return, that he may go back to the place which you have appointed for him and do not let him go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he become our adversary. For with what could he reconcile himself to his master, if not with the heads of these men? 5 Is this not David, of whom they sang to one another in dances saying, ‘Shaul has slain his thousands and David is ten thousands’. (Compare 1 Shemuyah 18:7).
The Philistine King Sends David Back to Ziklag in Peace
6 Then Achish called David and said to him, “Surely, as Yah lives you have been upright and your going out and your coming in with me in the army is good in my sight. For to this day, I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me. Nevertheless, the princes do not favor you. 7 Therefore, return now and go in peace that you may not displease the princes of the Philistines”.
Achish Compares David to a Malak of Yah
8 So David said to Achish, “But what have I done? And to this day what have you found in your servant as long as I have been with you, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my master the king”? 9 Then Achish answered and said to David, “I know that you are as good in my sight as an angel of Yah, nevertheless the princes of the Philistines have said, ‘He shall not go up with us to the battle’. 10 Now therefore, rise early in the morning with your master’s servants who have come with you (and go to the place which I have selected for you there and set no bothersome word in your heart, for you are good before me. And rise on your way). And as soon as you are up early in the morning and have light, depart”. 11 So David and his men rose early in the morning to return to the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Yezreyl.
Chapter 30: The Amalekites Capture the Women and Children of Ziklag Including David’s Wives: The People Want To Stone David in Their Grief: David Has Faith in Yah
1 Now it happened, when David and his men came to Ziklag, on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south and Ziklag, attacked Ziklag and burned it with fire. 2 And had taken captive the women and those who were there, from small to great. They did not kill anyone but carried them away and went their way. 3 So David and his men came to the city and there it was, burned with fire and their wives, their sons and their daughters had been taken captive. 4 Then David and the people who were with him lifted up their voices and wept, until they had no more power to weep. 5 And David’s two wives, Ahinoam the Yezeylitess and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmylite had been taken captive. 6 Now David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and daughters. But David strengthened himself in Yah his Father.
David Inquires of Yah: David Takes Four of His Men to Pursue the Amalekites: Two Hundred of David’s Men are to Weary to Fight
7 Then David said to Abiathar (Hebrew My Father Excels) the priest, Ahimelech’s son, “Please bring the ephod here to me”. And Abiathar brought the ephod to David. 8 So David inquired of Yah saying, “Shall I pursue this troop? Shall I overtake them?” And He answered him, “Pursue, for you shall surely overtake them and without fail recover all”. 9 So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him and came to the Brook Besor, where those stayed who were left behind. 10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men, for two hundred stayed behind, who were so weary that they could not cross the Brook Besor.
An Amalekite Leaves His Sick Egyptian Servant to Die: David Feeds Him Bread, Water, Fig Cakes and Raisins: The Servant Asks David to Take an Oath By Yah and Tells David Where the Amalekites are in Exchange Not To Be Given Back to the Evil Amalekite
11 Then they found an Egyptian in the field and brought him to David and they gave him bread and he ate and they let him drink water. 12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs and two clusters of raisins. So when he had eaten, his strength came back to him for he had eaten no bread nor drunk water for three days and three nights. 13 Then David said to him, “To whom do you belong and where are you from”? And he said, “I am a young man from Egypt, servant of an Amalekite and my master left me behind because the three days ago, I fell sick. 14 We made an invasion of the southern are of the Cherethites, in the territory which belongs to Yahudah and of the southern area of Caleb and we burned Ziklag with fire”. 15 And David said to him, “Can you take me down to this troop”? So he said, “Swear to me by Yah that you will neither kill me nor deliver me into the hands of my master and I will take you down to this troop”.
Four Hundred Young Amalekite Males Escape David: David Recovers all that the Amalekites Took Including His Wives: David Takes the Amalekite Spoil Also
16 And when he had brought him down, there they were, spread out over all the land, eating and drinking and dancing because of all the great spoil which they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Yahudah. 17 Then David attacked them from twilight until the evening of the next day. Not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men who rode on camels and fled. 18 So David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away and David rescued his two wives. 19 And nothing of theirs was lacking, either small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything which they had taken from them. David recovered all. 20 Then David took all the flocks and herds they had driven before those other livestock and said, “This is David’s spoil”.
Some of David’s Four Hundred Men Are Stingy or Selfish and Don’t Want to Share the Spoil Among the Two Hundred that Stayed Behind: They Want the Two Hundred to Take their Wives and Children and Leave the Camp: David Splits the Spoil Among the Six Hundred Men
21 Now David came to the two hundred men who had been so weary that they could not follow David, whom they also had made to stay at the Brook Besor. So they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. And when David came near the people, he greeted them. 22 Then all the wicked and worthless men (Literally men of Belial) of those who went with David answered and said, “Because they did not go with us, we will not give them any of the spoil that we have recovered, except for every man’s wife and children, that they may lead them away and depart”. 23 But David said, “My brothers, you shall not do so with what Yah has given us, who has preserved us and delivered into our hand the troop that came against us. 24 For who will heed you in this matter? But as his part is who goes down to the battle, so shall his part be who stays by the supplies. They shall share alike”. 25 So it was, from that day forward, he made it a statute and an ordinance for Ysrayl to this day.
Also David Shares the Spoil With the Elders of Yahudah:
26 Now when David came to Ziklag, he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Yahudah, to his friends saying, “Here is a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of Yah–27 To those who were in Bethyl, those who were in Ramoth of the south, those who were in Yattir–28 Those who were in Aroer, those who were in Siphmoth, those who were in Eshtemoa–29 Those who were in Rachyl, those who were in the cities of the Yerahmeelites, those who were in the cities of the Kenites–30 Those who were in Hormah, those who were in Chorashan (Spelled Beth Shean in Yahoshua 17:11), those who were in Athach–31 Those who were in Hebron and to all the places where David himself and his men were accustomed to rove.