Chapter 35: Cities of the Levites
1 And Yah spoke to Moshe in the plains of Moab by the Yordan across from Yericho saying: 2 “Command the children of Ysrayl that they give the Levites cities to dwell in from the inheritance of their possession and you shall also give the Levites common land around the cities. 3 They shall have the cities to dwell in and their common land shall be for their cattle, for their heeds and for all their animals. 4 The common land of the cities which you will give the Levites shall extend from the wall of the city outward a thousand cubits all around. 5 And you shall measure outside the city on the east side two thousand cubits, on the south side two thousand cubits, on the west side two thousand cubits and on the north side two thousand cubits. The city shall be in the middle. This shall belong to them as common land for the cities. 6 Now among the cities which you will give to the Levites, you shall appoint six cities of refuge, to which a man-slayer may flee. And to these you shall add forty-two cities. 7 So all the cities you will give to the Levites shall be forty-eight. These you shall give with their common land. 8 And the cities which you will give shall be from the possession of the children of Ysrayl. From the larger tribe you shall give many, from the smaller you shall give few. Each shall give some of its cities to the Levites, in proportion to the inheritance that each receives”.
This is the only map I could find with Ashan included within Judah (Yahudah). The tribe of Simeon is missing from the bottom of the map. The tribe of Simeon also had a Levite city called Ashan. See Yahoshua (Joshua) 15:42, Judah 1 Chronicles 6:59 and 1 Chronicles 4:32, Simeon.
The Six Cities of Refuge
9 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 10 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: When you cross the Yordan into the land of Canaan– 11 Then you shall appoint cities to be cities of refuge for you, that the man-slayer who kills any person accidentally may flee there. 12 They shall be cities of refuge for you from the avenger, that the man-slayer may not die until he stands before the congregation in judgment. 13 And of the cities which you give, you shall have six cities of refuge. 14 You shall appoint three cities on this side of the Yordan and three cities you shall appoint in the land of Canaan, which will be cities of refuge. 15 These six cities shall be for refuge for the children of Ysrayl, for the stranger and for the sojourner among them that anyone who kills a person accidentally may flee there.
A map showing 3 cities of refuge on one side of the Yordan and 3 cities of refuge on the other side of the Yordan.
Laws About Murder and Accidental Killing
16 “But if he strikes him with an iron implement, so that he dies, he is a murderer. The murderer shall surely be put to death. 17 And if he strikes him with a stone in the hand, by which one could die and he does die, he is a murderer. The murderer shall surely be put to death. 18 Or if he strikes him with a wooden hand weapon, by which one could die and he does die, he is a murderer. The murderer shall surely be put to death. 19 The avenger of blood himself shall put the murderer to death when he meets him, he shall put him to death. 20 If he pushes him out of hatred or while lying in wait, hurls something at him so that he dies–21 Or in enmity, he strikes him with his hand so that he dies, the one who struck him shall surely be put to death. He is a murderer. The avenger of blood shall put the murderer to death when he meets him. 22 However, if he pushes him suddenly without enmity or throws anything at him without lying in wait–23 Or uses a stone, by which a man could die, throwing it at him without seeing him, so that he dies, while he was not his enemy or seeking his harm–24 Then the congregation shall judge between the man-slayer and the avenger of blood according to these judgments. 25 So the congregation shall deliver the man-slayer from the hand of the avenger of blood and the congregation shall return him to the city of refuge where he had fled and he shall remain there until the death of the high priest who was anointed with the qodesh oil. 26 But if the man-slayer at any time goes outside the limits of the city of refuge where he fled–27 And the avenger of blood finds him outside the limits of his city of refuge and the avenger of blood kills the man-slayer, he shall not be guilty of blood. 28 Because he should have remained in his city of refuge until the death of the high priest. But after the death of the high priest the man-slayer may return to the land of his possession”.
29 “And these things shall be a statute of judgment to you throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 30 Whoever kills a person, the murderer shall be put to death on the testimony of witnesses. But one witness is not sufficient testimony against a person for the death penalty. 31 Moreover, you shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death but he shall surely be put to death. 32 And you shall take no ransom for him who has fled to his city of refuge, that he may return to dwell in the land before the death of the priest. 33 So you shall not pollute the land where you are, for blood defiles the land and no atonement can be made for the land, for the blood that is shed on it, except by the blood of him who shed it. 34 Therefore, do not defile the land which you inhabit, in the midst of which I dwell. For I Yah dwell among the children of Ysrayl”.
Chapter 36: The Laws About Married Women and Land
1 Now the chief fathers of the families of the children of Gilead the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh of the families of the sons of Yoseph came near and spoke before Moshe and before the leaders, the chief fathers of the children of Ysrayl. 2 And they said: “Yah commanded my master Moshe to give the land as an inheritance by lot to the children of Ysrayl and my master was commanded by Yah to give the inheritance of our brother Zelophehad to his daughters. 3 Now if they are married to any of the sons of the other tribes of the children of Ysrayl, then their inheritance will be taken from the inheritance of our fathers and it will be added to the inheritance of the tribe into which they marry, so it will be taken from the lot of our inheritance. 4 And when the Yobelim (Jubilee) of the children of Ysrayl comes, then their inheritance will be added to the inheritance of the tribe into which they marry. So their inheritance will be taken away from the inheritance of the tribe of our fathers”.
5 Then Moshe commanded the children of Ysrayl according to the word of Yah saying: “What the tribe of the sons of Yoseph speak is right. 6 This is what Yah commands concerning the daughters of Zelophehad saying: Let them marry whom they think best but they may marry only within the family of their father’s tribe. 7 So the inheritance of the children of Ysrayl shall not change hands from tribe to tribe, for every one of the children of Ysrayl shall keep the inheritance of the tribe of his fathers. 8 And every daughter who possesses an inheritance in any tribe of the children of Ysrayl shall be the wife of one of the family of her father’s tribe, so that the children of Ysrayl each may possess the inheritance of his fathers. 9 Thus no inheritance shall change hands from one tribe to another but every tribe of the children of Ysrayl shall keep its own inheritance.
The Daughters of Zelophehad Marry Within Their Father’s Tribe
10 Just as Yah commanded Moshe, so did the daughters of Zelophehad. 11 For Mahlah, Tizrah, Hoglah, Milcah and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad were married to the sons of their father’s brothers. 12 They were married into the families of the children of Manasseh the son of Yoseph and their inheritance remained in the tribe of their father’s family. 13 These are the commandments and the judgments which Yah commanded the children of Ysrayl by the hand of Moshe in the plains of Moab by the Yordan, across from Yericho.