Ruth Chapter 3 and Chapter 4


Chapter 3: Naomi (Plays Matchmaker) Makes Plans For Ruth’s Security

1 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? 2 Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is he not our relative? In fact, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. 3 Therefore, wash yourself and anoint yourself, put on your best garment and go down to the threshing floor but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. 4 Then it shall be, when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where he lies and you shall go in, uncover his feet and lie down and he will tell you what you should do”. 5 And she said to her, “All that you say to me I will do”.

Ruth Lays at Boaz’s Feet

6 So she went down to the threshing floor and did according to all that her mother-in-law instructed her. 7 And after Boaz had eaten and drunk and his heart was cheerful, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain and she came softly, uncovered his feet and lay down.

Ruth Called a Virtuous Woman

Now it happened at midnight that the man was startled and turned himself and there, a woman was lying at his feet. 9 And he said, “Who are you?” So she answered, “I am Ruth your maidservant. Take your maidservant under your wing (or spread the corner of your garment over your maidservant, symbolism of a covering). For you are a close relative”. 10 Then he said, “Blessed are you of Yah, my daughter! For you have shown more kindness at the end than at the beginning, in that you did not go after young men, whether poor or rich. 11 And now my daughter, do not fear. I will do for you all that you request, for all the people of my town know that you are a virtuous woman.

A Complication but Boaz Promises to Marry Ruth If the Closer Relative Will Not

12 “Now it is true that I am a close relative, however, there is a relative closer than I. 13 Stay this night and in the morning it shall be that if he will perform the duty of a close relative for you–good. Let him do it. But if he does not want to perform the duty for you, then I will perform the duty for you, as Yah lives! Lie down until morning”.

Ruth Tells Naomi All that Happened

14 So she lay at his feet until morning and she arose before one could recognize another. Then he said, “Do not let it be known that the woman came to the threshing floor”. 15 Also he said, “Bring the shawl that is on you and hold it”. And when she held it, he measured six ephahs of barley and laid it on her. Then she went into the city. 16 When she came to her mother-in-law, she said, “Is that you, my daughter”? Then she told her all that the man had done for her. 17 And she said, These six ephahs of barley he gave me, for he said to me, “Do not go empty-handed to your mother-in-law”. 18 Then she said, “Sit still my daughter, until you know how the matter will turn out. For the man will not rest until he has concluded the matter this day”.

Chapter 4: Boaz Redeems (Marries) Ruth

1 Now Boaz went up to the gate and sat down there and behold, the close relative of whom Boaz had spoken came by. So Boaz said, “Come aside friend, sit down here”. So he came aside and sat down. 2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city and said, “Sit down here”. So they sat down. 3 Then he said to the close relative, “Naomi, who has come back from the country of Moab, sold the piece of land which belonged to our brother Ylimelech. 4 And I thought to inform you saying, “Buy it back in the presence of the inhabitants and the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it but if you will not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know. For there is no one but you to redeem it and I am next after you”. And he said, “I will redeem it”. 5 Then Boaz said, “On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also buy it from Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead to perpetuate (Literally raise up) the name of the dead through his inheritance”. 6 And the close relative said, “I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I ruin my own inheritance. You redeem my right of redemption for yourself, for I cannot redeem it”.

7 Now this was the custom in former times in Ysrayl concerning redeeming and exchanging, to confirm anything: One man took off his sandal and gave it to the other and this was a confirmation in Ysrayl. 8 Therefore, the close relative said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself”. So he took off his sandal. 9 And Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses this day that I have bought all that was Ylimelech’s and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, from the hand of Naomi. 10 Moreover, Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of Mahlon, I have acquired as my wife, to perpetuate the name of the dead through his inheritance, that the name of the dead may not be cut off from among his brothers and from his position at the gate. You are witnesses this day”. 11 And all the people who were at the gate and the elders said, “We are witnesses. Yah make the woman who is coming to your house like Rachyl and Leyah, the two who built the house of Ysrayl and may you prosper in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem. 12 May your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Yahudah because of the offspring which Yah will give you from this young woman”.

The Descendants of Boaz and Ruth

13 So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife and when he went into her, Yah gave her conception and she bore a son. 14 Then the women said to Naomi, “Blessed be Yah who has not left you this day without a close relative and may his name be famous in Ysrayl”! 15 “And may he be to you a restorer of life and a nourisher of your old age, for your daughter-in-law who loves you, who is better to you than seven sons has borne him”. 16 Then Naomi took the child and laid him on her bosom and became a nurse to him. 17 Also the neighbor women gave him a name saying, “There is a son born to Naomi”. And they called his name Obed. He is the father of Yesse, the father of David.

18 Now this is the genealogy of Perez: Perez begot Hezron. 19 Hezron begot Ram and Ram begot Amminadab. 20 Amminadab begot Nahshon and Nahshon begot Salmon (Hebrew Salmah). 21 Salmon begot Boaz and Boaz begot Obed. 22 Obed begot Yesse and Yesse begot David.


Ruth Chapter 1 and Chapter 2


The word Ruth is a Latin word and in Greek it is Routh. This book is pronounced Re’ut in Hebrew.  The ‘Reu’ in Re’ut means friend. Re’ut is thought to mean friendship or friendly. The arch angel named Reuyl (sometimes spelled Raguyl) means friend of Yah. Ruth and Naomi were more than mother-in-law and daughter-in-law. They were best friends. The Hebrew word Naomi means pleasant.

The book of Ruth gives a glimpse into the life of an Israelite family during the period of Judges. This family later became very important to Ysrayl because one of Ruth’s great-grandchildren was King David. Boaz was from the tribe of Yahudah.

In addition to Ruth, the other main character in the book in Naomi, who lived in Bethlehem (Yahudah) with her husband and two sons. But the crops failed and the family moved to the country of Moab. Naomi’s husband died and her sons married Moabite women. Ruth was one of those women.

After Naomi’s two sons died in Moab and she decided to return to Bethlehem and told the people her name was no longer Naomi but Mara which means bitter. Naomi had become upset with Yah during her grief.  Naomi told her two daughter-in-laws to stay in Moab and find new husbands. But Ruth refused to stay and instead went to Bethlehem with her. The rest of the book tells how Ruth married a rich relative named Boaz.

According to the law, Moabites were not allowed to become Israylites (Deuteronomy 23:3-6 because they did not give us bread and water coming out of Egypt and they tried to put a curse on us through Balaam). But this book tells how Ruth, a Moabite became completely loyal and faithful (trustworthy) to Yah and was allowed to join the people of Ysrayl. She told Naomi: “Entreat me not to leave you or to turn back from following after you. For wherever you go, I will go. And wherever you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people and your Yah, my Yah. Where you die, I will die. And there will I be buried. Yah do so to me and more also, if anything but death parts you and me”. (Best Friends Forever, her BFF).

Chapter 1: Ylimelech’s Family Goes to Moab

1 Now it came to pass, in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem, Yahudah went to dwell in the country of Moab, he and his wife and his two sons. 2 The name of the man was Ylimelech, the name of his wife was Naomi and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem, Yahudah. And they went to the country of Moab and remained there. 3 Then Ylimelech, Naomi’s husband died and she was left and her two sons. 4 Now they took wives of the women of Moab: the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. And they dwelt there about ten years. 5 Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died. So the woman survived her two sons and her husband.

Naomi Hears That Yah Visited Ysrayl Giving Them Bread and She wants to Return to Yahudah

6 Then she rose with her daughters-in-law that she might return from the country of Moab, for she had heard in the country of Moab that Yah had visited His people by giving them bread. 7 Therefore, she went out from the place where she was and her two daughters-in-law with her and they went on the way to return to the land of Yahudah. 8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each to her mother’s house. Yah deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me.9 Yah grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband”. So she kissed them and they lifted up their voices and wept. 10 And they said to her, “Surely we will return with you to your people”. 11 But Naomi said, “Turn back, my daughters. Why will you go with me? Are there still sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12 Turn back, my daughters, go. For I am too old to have a husband. If I should say I have hope, if I should have a husband tonight and should also bear sons–13 Would you wait for them till they were grown? Would you restrain yourselves from having husbands? No, my daughters, for it grieves me very much for your sakes that the hand of Yah has gone out against me”! 14 Then they lifted up their voices and wept again and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law but Ruth clung to her.

Determined Ruth Clings to Naomi

15 And she said, “Look, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her gods. Return after your sister-in-law”. 16 But Ruth said: “Entreat me not to leave you or to turn back from following after you. For wherever you go, I will go. And wherever you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people and your Almighty, my Almighty. 17 Where you die, I will die. And there will I be buried. Yah do so to me and more also if anything but death parts you and me”. 18 When she saw that she was determined to go with her, she stopped speaking to her.

Naomi Returns to Bethlehem Yahudah with Ruth and Tells Them Her New Name is Mara or Bitter

19 Now the two of them went until they came to Bethlehem. And it happened, when they had come to Bethlehem that all the city was excited because of them and the women said, “Is this Naomi”? 20 But she said to them, “Do not call me Naomi (Literally Pleasant), call me Mara (Literally Bitter) for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full and Yah has brought me home again empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since Yah has testified against me and the Almighty has afflicted me”? 22 So Naomi returned and Ruth, the Moabitess her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the country of Moab. Now they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.

Chapter 2: Ruth Asks Naomi Permission to Go Glean the Fields Hoping to Find Favor That They Will Let Her Glean

1 There was a relative of Naomi’s husband, a man of great wealth, of the family of Ylimelech. His name was Boaz. 2 So Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, “Please let me go to the field and glean heads of grain after him in whose sight I may find favor”. And she said to her, “Go, my daughter”. 3 Then she left and went and gleaned in the field after the reapers. And she happened to come to the part of the field belonging to Boaz, who was of the family of Ylimelech.

Boaz Inquires About Ruth

4 Now behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem and said to the reapers, “Yah be with you”! And they answered him, “Yah bless you”! 5 Then Boaz said to his servant who was in charge of the reapers, “Whose young woman is this”? 6 So the servant who was in charge of the reapers answered and said, “It is the young Moabite woman who came back with Naomi from the country of Moab”. 7 “And she said, Please let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves”. So she came and has continued from morning until now, though she rested a little in the house”.

Ruth Meets Boaz

8 Then Boaz said to Ruth, “You will listen, my daughter, will you not? Do not go to glean in another field nor go from here but stay close by my young women. 9 Let your eyes be on the field which they reap and go after them. Have I not commanded the young men not to touch you? And when you are thirsty, go to the vessels and drink from what the young men have drawn”. 10 So she fell on her face, bowed down to the ground and said to him, “Why have I found favor in your eyes, that you should take notice of me, since I am a foreigner”? 11 And Boaz answered and said to her, “It has been fully reported to me, all that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband and how you have left your father and your mother and the land of your birth and have come to a people whom you did not know before. 12 Yah repay your work and a full reward be given you by Yah Almighty of Ysrayl, under whose wings you have come for refuge” 13 Then she said, “Let me find favor in your sight, my master. For you have comforted me and have spoken kindly to your maidservant, though I am not like one of your maidservants”.  (Ruth called Boaz master like Sarah called Abraham master, 1 Peter 3:6).

Boaz Commands the Young Men Regarding Ruth

14 Now Boaz said to her at mealtime, “Come here and eat of the bread and dip your piece of bread in the vinegar (or sour wine)”. So she sat beside the reapers and he passed parched grain to her and she ate and was satisfied and kept some back (for Naomi). 15 And when she rose up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men saying, “Let her glean even among the sheaves and do not reproach her. 16 Also let grain from the bundles fall purposely for her. Leave it that she may glean and do not rebuke her”.

Ruth Tells Naomi About Meeting Boaz

17 So she gleaned in the field until evening and beat out what she had gleaned and it was about an ephah of barley. 18 Then she took it up and went into the city and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. So she brought out and gave to her what she had kept back after she had been satisfied (eating). 19 And her mother-in-law said to her, “Where have you gleaned today? And where did you work? Blessed be the one who took notice of you”. So she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked and said, “The man’s name with whom I worked today is Boaz”. 20 Then Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, “Blessed be he of Yah who has not forsaken His kindness to the living and the dead”! And Naomi said to her, “This man is a relation of ours, one of our close relatives”. 21 Ruth the Moabitess said, “He also said to me, “You shall stay close by my young men until they have finished all my harvest”. 22 And Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, “It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his young women and that people do not meet you in any other field”. 23 So she stayed close by the young women of Boaz, to glean until the end of barley harvest and wheat harvest and she dwelt with her mother-in-law.



Judges Chapter 21


Chapter 21: The Children of Ysrayl Meet at the House of Yah and Pray For Benyamin

1 Now the men of Ysrayl had sworn an oath at Mizpah saying, “None of us shall give his daughter to Benyamin as a wife”. 2 Then the people came to the house of Yah (Or Bethyl) and remained there before Yah till evening. They lifted up their voices and wept bitterly. 3 And said, “O Yah of Ysrayl, why has this come to pass in Ysrayl, that today there should be one tribe missing in Ysrayl? 4 So it was, on the next morning, that the people rose early and built an altar there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. 5 The children of Ysrayl said, “Who is there among all the tribes of Ysrayl who did not come up with the assembly to Yah? For they had made a great oath concerning anyone who had not come up to Yah at Mizpah saying, “He shall surely be put to death”. 6 And the children of Ysrayl grieved for Benyamin their brother and said, “One tribe is cut off from Ysrayl today. 7 What shall we do for wives for those who remain, seeing we have sworn by Yah that we will not give them our daughters as wives?

Ysrayl  Strikes those of Yabesh Gilead that Would Not Come to Yah: Four Hundred Young Virgins are Spared

8 And they said, “What one is there from the tribes of Ysrayl who did not come up to Mizpah to Yah? And in fact, no one had come to the camp from Yabesh Gilead to the assembly. 9 For when the people were counted, indeed, not one of the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead was there. 10 So the congregation sent out there twelve thousand of their most valiant men and commanded them saying, “Go and strike the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead with the edge of the sword, including the women and children. 11 And this is the thing that you shall do. You shall utterly destroy every male and every woman who has known a man intimately”. 12 So they found among the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead four hundred young virgins who had not known a man intimately and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan. (Compare to Judges 20:47 Six hundred Benyaminites survived the war and needed wives and this is only 400 wives).

Wives Provided for the Benyaminites

13 Then the whole congregation sent word to the children of Benyamin who were at the rock of Rimmon and announced peace to them. 14 So Benyamin came back at that time and they gave them the women whom they had saved alive of the women of Yabesh Gilead and yet they had not found enough for them. 15 And the people grieved for Benyamin because Yah had made a void in the tribes of Ysrayl.

16 Then the elders of the congregation said, “What shall we do for wives for those who remain, since the women of Benyamin have been destroyed”? 17 And they said, “There must be an inheritance for the survivors of Benyamin, that a tribe may not be destroyed from Ysrayl. 18 However, we cannot give them wives from our daughters, for the children of Ysrayl have sworn an oath saying, ‘Cursed be the one who gives a wife to Benyamin’.” 19 Then they said, “In fact, there is a yearly feast of Yah in Shiloh, which is north of Bethyl, on the east side of the highway that goes up from Bethyl to Shechem and south of Lebonah”. 20 Therefore, they instructed the children of Benyamin saying, “Go, lie in wait in the vineyards”. 21 “And watch and just when the daughters of Shiloh come out to perform their dances, then come out from the vineyards and every man catch a wife for himself from the daughters of Shiloh. Then go to the land of Benyamin. 22 Then it shall be, when their fathers or their brothers come to us to complain, that we will say to them, “Be kind to them for our sakes because we did not take a wife for any of them in the war. For it is not as though you have given the women to them at this time, making yourself guilty of your oath”.

23 And the children of Benyamin did so. they took enough wives for their number from those who danced, whom they caught. Then they went and returned to their inheritance and they rebuilt the cities and dwelt in them. 24 So the children of Ysrayl departed from there at that time, every man to his tribe and family. They went out from there, every man to his inheritance.

The Children of Ysrayl Want a Ruler Even Though Yah is Our Ruler

25 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.



Judges Chapter 19 and Chapter 20


Chapter 19: The Levite Goes After His Concubine Who Played the Harlot

1 And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Ysrayl, that there was a certain Levite staying in the remote mountains of Ephraim. He took for himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Yahudah. 2 But his concubine played the harlot against him and went away from him to her father’s house at Bethlehem in Yahudah and was there four whole months. 3 Then her husband arose and went after her, to speak kindly to her and bring her back, having his servant and a couple of donkeys with him. So she brought him into her father’s house and when the father of the young woman saw him, he was glad to meet him. 4 Now his father-in-law, the young woman’s father, detained him and he stayed with him three days. So they ate and drank and lodged there.

5 Then it came to pass on the fourth day that they arose early in the morning and he stood to depart but the young woman’s father said to his son-in-law, “Refresh your heart with a morsel of bread and afterward go your way”. 6 So they sat down and the two of them ate and drank together. Then the young woman’s father said to the man, “Please be content to stay all night and let your heart be merry”. 7 And when the man stood to depart, his father-in-law urged him. So he lodged there again. 8 Then he arose early in the morning on the fifth day to depart but the young woman’s father said, “Please refresh your heart”. So they delayed until afternoon and both of them ate. 9 And when the man stood to depart, he and his concubine and his servant, his father-in-law, the young woman’s father said to him, “Look, the day is now drawing toward evening. Please spend the night. See, the day is coming to an end. Lodge here, that your heart may be merry. Tomorrow go your way early, so that you may get home”.

The Levite Decides to Lodge in Gibeah Among the Tribe of Benyamin

10 However, the man was not willing to spend that night. So he rose and departed and came to opposite Yebus (that is, Yahrushalim). With him were the two saddled donkeys. His concubine was also with him. 11 They were near Yebus and the day was far spent and the servant said to his master, “Come, please and let us turn aside into this city of the Yebusites and lodge in it”. 12 But his master said to him, “We will not turn aside here into a city of foreigners, who are not of the children of Ysrayl. We will go on to Gibeah”. 13 So he said to his servant, “Come, let us draw near to one of these places and spend the night in Gibeah or in Ramah”. 14 And they passed by and went their way and the sun went down on them near Gibeah, which belongs to Benyamin. 15 They turned aside there to go in to lodge in Gibeah. And when he went in, he sat down in the open square of the city, for no one would take them into his house to spend the night.

An Elder Ephraimite Living in Gibeah City of the Benyaminites Gives Them Lodge

16 Just then an old man came in from his work in the field at evening, who also wa from the mountains of Ephraim. He was staying in Gibeah, whereas the men of the place were Benyaminites. 17 And when he raised his eyes, he saw the traveler in the open square of the city and the old man said, “Where are you going and where do you come from”? 18 So he said to him, “We are passing from Bethlehem in Yahudah toward the remote mountains of Ephraim. I am from there. I went to Bethlehem in Yahudah. Now I am going to the house of Yah. But there is no one who will take me into his house. 19 Although we have both straw and fodder for our donkeys and bread and wine for myself, for your female servant and for the young man who is with your servant, there is no lack of anything”. 20 And the old man said, “Peace be with you (Hebrew shalom aleichem)! However, let all your needs be my responsibility. Only do not spend the night in the open square”. 21 So he brought him into his house and gave fodder to the donkeys. And they washed their feet and ate and drank.

The Benyaminites of Gibeah Want to Have Sex with the Levite: The Levite’s Concubine is Raped and Murdered

22 As they were enjoying themselves, suddenly certain men of the city, perverted men (Literally sons of Belial or Satan) surrounded the house and beat on the door. They spoke to the master of the house, the old man saying, “Bring out the man who came to your house, that we may know him carnally!” 23 But the man, the master of the house, went out to them and said to them, “No, my brothers! I beg you, do not act so wickedly! Seeing this man has come into my house, do not commit this outrage. 24 Look, here is my virgin daughter and the man’s concubine. Let me bring them out now. Humble them and do with them as you please but to this man do not do such a vile thing!” 25 But the men would not heed him. so the man took his concubine and brought her out to them. And they knew her and abused her all night until morning and when the day began to break, they let her go. 26 Then the woman came as the day was dawning and fell down at the door of the man’s house where her master was, till it was light.

27 When her master arose in the morning and opened the doors of the house and went out to go his way, there was his concubine, fallen at the door of the house with her hands on the threshold. 28 And he said to her, “Get up and let us be going”. But there was no answer. So the man lifted her onto the donkey and the man got up and went to his place.

29 When he entered his house, he took a knife, laid hold of his concubine and divided her into twelve pieces, limb by limb (Literally with her bones) and sent her throughout all the territory of Ysrayl. 30 And so it was that all who saw it said, “No such deed has been done or seen from the day that the children of Ysrayl came up from the land of Egypt until this day. Consider it, Confer and speak up”!

Chapter 20: The Children of Ysrayl Have a Meeting and Interrogate the Levite

1 So all the children of Ysrayl came out, from Dan to Beersheba, as well as from the land of Gilead and the congregation gathered together as one man before Yah at Mizpah. 2 And the leaders of all the people, all the tribes of Ysrayl, presented themselves in the assembly of the people of Yah, four hundred thousand foot soldiers who drew the sword. 3 (Now the children of Benyamin heard that the children of Ysrayl had gone up to Mizpah). Then the children of Ysrayl said, “Tell us, how did this wicked deed happen”? 4 So the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered and said, “My concubine and I went into Gibeah which belongs to Benyamin, to spend the night. 5 And the men of Gibeah rose against me and surrounded the house at night because of me. They intended to kill me but instead they ravished my concubine so that she died. 6 So I took hold of my concubine, cut her in pieces and sent her throughout all the territory of the inheritance of Ysrayl, because they committed lewdness and outrage in Ysrayl. 7 “Look! All of you are children of Ysrayl. Give your advice and counsel here and now”!

The Children of Ysrayl Gather Men of War

8 So all the people arose as one man saying, “None of us will go to his tent nor will any turn back to his house. 9 But now this is the thing which we will do to Gibeah. We will go up against it by lot. 10 We will take ten men out of every hundred throughout all the tribes of Ysrayl, a hundred out of every thousand and a thousand out of every ten thousand, to make provisions for the people, that when they come to Gibeah in Benyamin, they may repay all the vileness that they have done in Ysrayl”. 11 So all the men of Ysrayl were gathered against the city, united together as one man.

The Tribe of Benyamin Refuse to Hand Over the Offenders

12 Then the tribes of Ysrayl sent men through all the tribe of Benyamin saying. “What is this wickedness that has occurred among you”? 13 “Now therefore, deliver up the men, the perverted men (Literally sons of Belial or Satan) who are in Gibeah that we may put them to death and remove the evil from Ysrayl”! But the children of Benyamin would not listen to the voice of their brothers, the children of Ysrayl. 14 Instead, the children of Benyamin gathered together from their cities to Gibeah, to go to battle against the children of Ysrayl. 15 And from their cities at that time the children of Benyamin numbered twenty-six thousand men who drew the sword, besides the inhabitants of Gibeah, who numbered seven hundred select men. 16 Among all this people were seven hundred select men who were left-handed. Every one could sling a stone at a hair’s breadth and not miss. 17 Now besides Benyamin, the men of Ysrayl numbered four hundred thousand who drew the sword. All of these were men of war.

The Children of Ysrayl Inquire of Yah at Bethyl and Battle Against Benyamin: The War with the Benyaminites

18 Then the children of Ysrayl arose and went up to the house of Yah (or Bethyl) to inquire of Yah. They said, “Which of us shall go up first to battle the children of Benyamin?” Yah said, “Yahudah first”! 19 So the children of Ysrayl rose in the morning and encamped at Gibeah. 20 And the men of Ysrayl went out to battle against Benyamin and the men of Ysrayl put themselves in battle array to fight against them at Gibeah. 21 Then the children of Benyamin came out of Gibeah and on that day cut down to the ground twenty-two thousand men of the Israylites. 22 And the people, that is , the men of Ysrayl, encouraged themselves and again formed the battle line at the place where they had put themselves in array on the first day. 23 Then the children of Ysrayl went up and wept before Yah until evening and asked counsel of Yah saying, “Shall I again draw near for battle against the children of my brother Benyamin”? And Yah said, “Go up against him”.

The Second Day of Battle Against Benyamin

24 So the children of Ysrayl approached the children of Benyamin on the second day. 25 And Benyamin went out against them from Gibeah on the second day and cut down to the ground eighteen thousand more of the children of Ysrayl. All these drew the sword.

The Children of Ysrayl Go Back to Yah at Bethyl

26 Then all the children of Ysrayl, that is, all the people, went up and came to the house of Yah (Or Bethyl) and wept. They sat there before Yah and fasted that day until evening and they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before Yah. 27 So the children of Ysrayl inquired of Yah (the ark of the covenant of Yah was there in those days 28 And Phinehas the son of Yleazar, the son of Aharon stood before it in those days) saying, “Shall I yet again go out to battle against the children of my brother Benyamin or shall I cease”? And Yah said, “Go up, for tomorrow I will deliver them into your hand”.

Ysrayl Ambushes the Tribe of Benyamin on the Third Day: Yah Defeats the Tribe of Benyamin

29 Then Ysrayl set men in ambush all around Gibeah. 30 And the children of Ysrayl went up against the children of Benyamin on the third day and put themselves in battle array against Gibeah as at the other times. 31 So the children of Benyamin went out against the people and were drawn away from the city. They began to strike down and kill some of the people, as at the other times, in the highways (one of which goes up to Bethyl and the other to Gibeah) and in the field, about thirty men of Ysrayl. 32 And the children of Ysrayl said, “They are defeated before us, as at first”. But the children of Ysrayl said, “Let us flee and draw them away from the city to the highways”. 33 So all the men of Ysrayl rose from their place and put themselves in battle array at Baal Tamar. Then Ysrayl’s men in ambush burst forth from their position in the plain of Geba. 34 And ten thousand select men from all Ysrayl came against Gibeah and the battle was fierce. But the Benyaminites did not know that disaster was upon them. 35 Yah defeated Benyamin before Ysrayl. And the children of Ysrayl destroyed that day twenty-five thousand one hundred Benyaminites. All these drew the sword.

Ysrayl Burns the Whole City of Gibeah

36 So the children of Benyamin saw that they were defeated. The men of Ysrayl had given ground to the Benyaminites because they relied on the men in ambush whom they had set against Gibeah. 37 And the men in ambush quickly rushed upon Gibeah. The men in ambush spread out and struck the whole city with the edge of the sword. 38 Now the appointed signal between the men of Ysrayl and the men in ambush was that they would make a great cloud of smoke rise up from the city– 39 Whereupon, the men of Ysrayl would turn in battle. Now Benyamin had begun to strike and kill about thirty of the men of Ysrayl. For they said, “Surely they are defeated before us, as in the first battle”. 40 But when the cloud began to rise from the city in a column of smoke, the Benyaminites looked behind them and there was the whole city going up in smoke to heaven. 41 And the men of Ysrayl turned back, the men of Benyamin panicked, for they saw that disaster had come upon them. 42 Therefore, they turned their backs before the men of Ysrayl in the direction of the wilderness but the battle overtook them and whoever came out of the cities they destroyed in their midst. 43 They surrounded the Benyamites, chased them and easily trampled them down as far as the front of Gibeah toward the east. 44 And eighteen thousand men of Benyamin fell. All these were men of valor. 45 Then they (or the rest) turned and fled toward the wilderness to the Rock of Rimmon and they cut down five thousand of them on the highways. Then they pursued them relentlessly up to Gidom and killed two thousand of them. 46 So all who fell of Benyamin that day were twenty-five thousand men who drew the sword. All these were men of valor. 47 But six hundred men turned and fled toward the wilderness to the Rock of Rimmon and they stayed at the Rock of Rimmon for four months. 48 And the men of Ysrayl turned back against the children of Benyamin and struck them down with the edge of the sword, from every city, men and beasts, all who were bound. They also set fire to all the cities they came to.

Judges Chapter 17 and Chapter 18


Chapter 17: Micah Makes Idols

1 Now there was a man from the mountains of Ephraim, whose name was Micah. 2 And he said to his mother, “The eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from you and on which you put a curse, even saying it in my ears—here is the silver with me. I took it”. And his mother said, “May you be blessed by Yah, my son”! 3 So when he had returned the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother, his mother said, “I had wholly dedicated the silver from my hand to Yah for my son, to make a carved image and a molded image. Now therefore, I will return it to you”. (Compare to Exodus 20:4). 4 Thus he returned the silver to his mother. Then his mother took two hundred shekels of silver and gave them to the silversmith and he made it into a carved image and a molded image and they were in the house of Micah. 5 The man Micah had a shrine and made an ephod and household idols (Hebrew teraphim) and he consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest. 6 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

Micah Hires a Levite Priest

7 Now there was a young man from Bethlehem in Yahudah, of the family of Yahudah. He was a Levite and was staying there. 8 The man departed from the city of Bethlehem in Yahudah to stay wherever he could find a place. Then he came to the mountains of Ephraim, to the house of Micah, as he journeyed. 9 And Micah said to him, “Where do you come from”? So he said to him, “I am a Levite from Bethlehem in Yahudah and I am on my way to find a place to stay”. 10 Micah said to him, “Dwell with me and be a father and a priest to me and I will give you ten shekels of silver per year, a suit of clothes and your sustenance”. So the Levite went in. 11 Then the Levite was content to dwell with the man and the young man became like one of his sons to him. 12 So Micah consecrated the Levite and the young man became his priest and lived in the house of Micah. 13 Then Micah said, “Now, I know that Yah will be good to me, since I have a Levite Priest”!

Chapter 18: The Tribe of Dan Takes Micah’s Priest and Idols

1 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. And in those days the tribe of the Danites was seeking an inheritance for itself to dwell in, for until that day their inheritance among the tribes of Ysrayl had not fallen to them. 2 So the children of Dan sent five men of their family from their territory, men of valor from Zorah and Eshtaol, to spy out the land and search it. They said to them, “Go, search the land”. So they went to the mountains of Ephraim, to the house of Micah and lodged there. 3 While they were at the house of Micah, they recognized the voice of the young Levite. They turned aside and said to him, “Who brought you here? What are you doing in this place? What do you have here”? 4 He said to them, “Thus and so Micah did for me. He has hired me and I have become his priest”. 5 So they said to him, “Please inquire of Yah, that we may know whether the journey on which we go will be prosperous”. 6 And the priest said to him, “Go in peace. The presence of Yah be with you on your way”.

7 So the five men departed and went to Laish. They saw the people who were there, how they dwelt safely, in the manner of the Sidonians, quiet and secure. There were no rulers in the land who might put them to shame for anything. They were far from the Sidonians and they had no ties with anyone (reads no ties with Syria). 8 Then the spies came back to their brothers at Zorah and Eshaol and their brothers said to them, “What is your report”? 9 So they said, “Arise, let us go up against them. For we have seen the land and indeed it is very good. Would you do nothing? Do you hesitate to go and enter to possess the land? 10 When you go, you will come to a secure people and a large land. For Yah has given it into your hands, a place where there is no lack of anything that is on the earth”. 11 And six hundred men of the family of the Danites went from there, from Zorah and Eshtaol, armed with weapons of war. 12 Then they went up and encamped in Kiryath Yearim in Yahudah. (Therefore they call that place Mahaneh Dan [Literally Camp of Dan] too this day. There it is, west of Kiryath Yearim). 13 And they passed from there to the mountains of Ephraim and came to the house of Micah.

14 Then the five men who had gone to spy out the country of Laish answered and said to their brothers, “Do you know that there are in these houses an ephod, household idols, a carved image and a molded image? Now therefore, consider what you should do”. 15 So they turned aside there and came to the house of the young Levite man, to the house of Micah and greeted him. 16 The six hundred men armed with their weapons of war, who were of the children of Dan, stood by the entrance of the gate.17 Then the five men who had gone to spy out the land went up. Entering there, they took the carved image, the ephod, the household idols and the molded image. The priest stood at the entrance of the gate with the six hundred men who were armed with weapons of war. 18 When these went into Micah’s house and took the carved image, the ephod, the household idols and the molded image, the priest said to them, “What are you doing”? 20 So the priest’s heart was glad and he took the ephod, the household idols and the carved image and took his place among the people. 21 Then they turned and departed and put the little ones, the livestock and the goods in front of them.

22 When they were a good way from the house of Micah, the men who were in the houses near Micah’s house gathered together and overtook the children of Dan. 23 And they called out to the children of Dan. So they turned around and said to Micah, “What ails you, that you have gathered such a company”? 24 So he said, “You have taken away my gods which I made and the priest and you have gone away. Now what more do I have? How can you say to me, ‘What ails you’?” 25 And the children of Dan said to him, “Do not let your voice be heard among us, lest angry men fall upon you and you lose your life, with the lives of your household”! 26 Then the children of Dan went their way. And when Micah saw that they were too strong for him, he turned and went back to his house.

The Danites Settle in Laish

27 So they took the things Micah had made and the priest who had belonged to him and went to Laish, to a people quiet and secure and they struck them with the edge of the sword and burned the city with fire. 28 There was no deliverer, because it was far from Sidon and they had not ties with anyone. It was in the valley that belongs to Beth Rehob. So they rebuilt the city and dwelt there. 29 And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born to Ysrayl. However, the name of the city formerly was Laish.

30 Then the children of Dan set up for themselves the carved images and Yahanathan the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh (or read Moshe) and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land. 31 So they set up for themselves Micah’s carved image which he made, all the time that the house of Yah was in Shiloh.




In the Garden: Pretty Girl Salad



I have been reading about edible flowers lately. Beautiful inside and out with salad.


Red Hibiscus flowers are edible. Just remove its penis stamen in the middle. A flowers ovaries lay deep within the flower. The birds and the bees humor. In Jamaica this plant is called Sorrel. It is made into a tea. Some people call this ‘tea’ the fruit punch of the garden.


Nasturtium. This flower ranges in oranges and yellows and is used to guard against pests in the garden so wash carefully.


Zucchini flower. This flower only lives about a day.


Green leaves should be the base of a pretty girl salad.


Blue sage flowers. Sage is known to give dark hair luster when used as a tea hair rinse.


Indigo. Cornflower, also called Bachelor’s Button. There is also a plant called Indigo that when mixed with Henna will give one jet black or blue-black hair color.


This edible flower is called Pansy, Viola or Violets. It is used often to decorate cakes. Did you notice something? I used the 7 colors of Yah’s rainbow. Most fruit and vegetables are these 7 colors too. I once read a math book saying most flowers have an odd number of petals, usually five or some odd number. Just a random fact.