Ruth Chapter 1 and Chapter 2


The word Ruth is a Latin word and in Greek it is Routh. This book is pronounced Re’ut in Hebrew.  The ‘Reu’ in Re’ut means friend. Re’ut is thought to mean friendship or friendly. The arch angel named Reuyl (sometimes spelled Raguyl) means friend of Yah. Ruth and Naomi were more than mother-in-law and daughter-in-law. They were best friends. The Hebrew word Naomi means pleasant.

The book of Ruth gives a glimpse into the life of an Israelite family during the period of Judges. This family later became very important to Ysrayl because one of Ruth’s great-grandchildren was King David. Boaz was from the tribe of Yahudah.

In addition to Ruth, the other main character in the book in Naomi, who lived in Bethlehem (Yahudah) with her husband and two sons. But the crops failed and the family moved to the country of Moab. Naomi’s husband died and her sons married Moabite women. Ruth was one of those women.

After Naomi’s two sons died in Moab and she decided to return to Bethlehem and told the people her name was no longer Naomi but Mara which means bitter. Naomi had become upset with Yah during her grief.  Naomi told her two daughter-in-laws to stay in Moab and find new husbands. But Ruth refused to stay and instead went to Bethlehem with her. The rest of the book tells how Ruth married a rich relative named Boaz.

According to the law, Moabites were not allowed to become Israylites (Deuteronomy 23:3-6 because they did not give us bread and water coming out of Egypt and they tried to put a curse on us through Balaam). But this book tells how Ruth, a Moabite became completely loyal and faithful (trustworthy) to Yah and was allowed to join the people of Ysrayl. She told Naomi: “Entreat me not to leave you or to turn back from following after you. For wherever you go, I will go. And wherever you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people and your Yah, my Yah. Where you die, I will die. And there will I be buried. Yah do so to me and more also, if anything but death parts you and me”. (Best Friends Forever, her BFF).

Chapter 1: Ylimelech’s Family Goes to Moab

1 Now it came to pass, in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem, Yahudah went to dwell in the country of Moab, he and his wife and his two sons. 2 The name of the man was Ylimelech, the name of his wife was Naomi and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem, Yahudah. And they went to the country of Moab and remained there. 3 Then Ylimelech, Naomi’s husband died and she was left and her two sons. 4 Now they took wives of the women of Moab: the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. And they dwelt there about ten years. 5 Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died. So the woman survived her two sons and her husband.

Naomi Hears That Yah Visited Ysrayl Giving Them Bread and She wants to Return to Yahudah

6 Then she rose with her daughters-in-law that she might return from the country of Moab, for she had heard in the country of Moab that Yah had visited His people by giving them bread. 7 Therefore, she went out from the place where she was and her two daughters-in-law with her and they went on the way to return to the land of Yahudah. 8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each to her mother’s house. Yah deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me.9 Yah grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband”. So she kissed them and they lifted up their voices and wept. 10 And they said to her, “Surely we will return with you to your people”. 11 But Naomi said, “Turn back, my daughters. Why will you go with me? Are there still sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12 Turn back, my daughters, go. For I am too old to have a husband. If I should say I have hope, if I should have a husband tonight and should also bear sons–13 Would you wait for them till they were grown? Would you restrain yourselves from having husbands? No, my daughters, for it grieves me very much for your sakes that the hand of Yah has gone out against me”! 14 Then they lifted up their voices and wept again and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law but Ruth clung to her.

Determined Ruth Clings to Naomi

15 And she said, “Look, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her gods. Return after your sister-in-law”. 16 But Ruth said: “Entreat me not to leave you or to turn back from following after you. For wherever you go, I will go. And wherever you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people and your Almighty, my Almighty. 17 Where you die, I will die. And there will I be buried. Yah do so to me and more also if anything but death parts you and me”. 18 When she saw that she was determined to go with her, she stopped speaking to her.

Naomi Returns to Bethlehem Yahudah with Ruth and Tells Them Her New Name is Mara or Bitter

19 Now the two of them went until they came to Bethlehem. And it happened, when they had come to Bethlehem that all the city was excited because of them and the women said, “Is this Naomi”? 20 But she said to them, “Do not call me Naomi (Literally Pleasant), call me Mara (Literally Bitter) for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full and Yah has brought me home again empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since Yah has testified against me and the Almighty has afflicted me”? 22 So Naomi returned and Ruth, the Moabitess her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the country of Moab. Now they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.

Chapter 2: Ruth Asks Naomi Permission to Go Glean the Fields Hoping to Find Favor That They Will Let Her Glean

1 There was a relative of Naomi’s husband, a man of great wealth, of the family of Ylimelech. His name was Boaz. 2 So Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, “Please let me go to the field and glean heads of grain after him in whose sight I may find favor”. And she said to her, “Go, my daughter”. 3 Then she left and went and gleaned in the field after the reapers. And she happened to come to the part of the field belonging to Boaz, who was of the family of Ylimelech.

Boaz Inquires About Ruth

4 Now behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem and said to the reapers, “Yah be with you”! And they answered him, “Yah bless you”! 5 Then Boaz said to his servant who was in charge of the reapers, “Whose young woman is this”? 6 So the servant who was in charge of the reapers answered and said, “It is the young Moabite woman who came back with Naomi from the country of Moab”. 7 “And she said, Please let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves”. So she came and has continued from morning until now, though she rested a little in the house”.

Ruth Meets Boaz

8 Then Boaz said to Ruth, “You will listen, my daughter, will you not? Do not go to glean in another field nor go from here but stay close by my young women. 9 Let your eyes be on the field which they reap and go after them. Have I not commanded the young men not to touch you? And when you are thirsty, go to the vessels and drink from what the young men have drawn”. 10 So she fell on her face, bowed down to the ground and said to him, “Why have I found favor in your eyes, that you should take notice of me, since I am a foreigner”? 11 And Boaz answered and said to her, “It has been fully reported to me, all that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband and how you have left your father and your mother and the land of your birth and have come to a people whom you did not know before. 12 Yah repay your work and a full reward be given you by Yah Almighty of Ysrayl, under whose wings you have come for refuge” 13 Then she said, “Let me find favor in your sight, my master. For you have comforted me and have spoken kindly to your maidservant, though I am not like one of your maidservants”.  (Ruth called Boaz master like Sarah called Abraham master, 1 Peter 3:6).

Boaz Commands the Young Men Regarding Ruth

14 Now Boaz said to her at mealtime, “Come here and eat of the bread and dip your piece of bread in the vinegar (or sour wine)”. So she sat beside the reapers and he passed parched grain to her and she ate and was satisfied and kept some back (for Naomi). 15 And when she rose up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men saying, “Let her glean even among the sheaves and do not reproach her. 16 Also let grain from the bundles fall purposely for her. Leave it that she may glean and do not rebuke her”.

Ruth Tells Naomi About Meeting Boaz

17 So she gleaned in the field until evening and beat out what she had gleaned and it was about an ephah of barley. 18 Then she took it up and went into the city and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. So she brought out and gave to her what she had kept back after she had been satisfied (eating). 19 And her mother-in-law said to her, “Where have you gleaned today? And where did you work? Blessed be the one who took notice of you”. So she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked and said, “The man’s name with whom I worked today is Boaz”. 20 Then Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, “Blessed be he of Yah who has not forsaken His kindness to the living and the dead”! And Naomi said to her, “This man is a relation of ours, one of our close relatives”. 21 Ruth the Moabitess said, “He also said to me, “You shall stay close by my young men until they have finished all my harvest”. 22 And Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, “It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his young women and that people do not meet you in any other field”. 23 So she stayed close by the young women of Boaz, to glean until the end of barley harvest and wheat harvest and she dwelt with her mother-in-law.



Judges Chapter 21


Chapter 21: The Children of Ysrayl Meet at the House of Yah and Pray For Benyamin

1 Now the men of Ysrayl had sworn an oath at Mizpah saying, “None of us shall give his daughter to Benyamin as a wife”. 2 Then the people came to the house of Yah (Or Bethyl) and remained there before Yah till evening. They lifted up their voices and wept bitterly. 3 And said, “O Yah of Ysrayl, why has this come to pass in Ysrayl, that today there should be one tribe missing in Ysrayl? 4 So it was, on the next morning, that the people rose early and built an altar there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. 5 The children of Ysrayl said, “Who is there among all the tribes of Ysrayl who did not come up with the assembly to Yah? For they had made a great oath concerning anyone who had not come up to Yah at Mizpah saying, “He shall surely be put to death”. 6 And the children of Ysrayl grieved for Benyamin their brother and said, “One tribe is cut off from Ysrayl today. 7 What shall we do for wives for those who remain, seeing we have sworn by Yah that we will not give them our daughters as wives?

Ysrayl  Strikes those of Yabesh Gilead that Would Not Come to Yah: Four Hundred Young Virgins are Spared

8 And they said, “What one is there from the tribes of Ysrayl who did not come up to Mizpah to Yah? And in fact, no one had come to the camp from Yabesh Gilead to the assembly. 9 For when the people were counted, indeed, not one of the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead was there. 10 So the congregation sent out there twelve thousand of their most valiant men and commanded them saying, “Go and strike the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead with the edge of the sword, including the women and children. 11 And this is the thing that you shall do. You shall utterly destroy every male and every woman who has known a man intimately”. 12 So they found among the inhabitants of Yabesh Gilead four hundred young virgins who had not known a man intimately and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan. (Compare to Judges 20:47 Six hundred Benyaminites survived the war and needed wives and this is only 400 wives).

Wives Provided for the Benyaminites

13 Then the whole congregation sent word to the children of Benyamin who were at the rock of Rimmon and announced peace to them. 14 So Benyamin came back at that time and they gave them the women whom they had saved alive of the women of Yabesh Gilead and yet they had not found enough for them. 15 And the people grieved for Benyamin because Yah had made a void in the tribes of Ysrayl.

16 Then the elders of the congregation said, “What shall we do for wives for those who remain, since the women of Benyamin have been destroyed”? 17 And they said, “There must be an inheritance for the survivors of Benyamin, that a tribe may not be destroyed from Ysrayl. 18 However, we cannot give them wives from our daughters, for the children of Ysrayl have sworn an oath saying, ‘Cursed be the one who gives a wife to Benyamin’.” 19 Then they said, “In fact, there is a yearly feast of Yah in Shiloh, which is north of Bethyl, on the east side of the highway that goes up from Bethyl to Shechem and south of Lebonah”. 20 Therefore, they instructed the children of Benyamin saying, “Go, lie in wait in the vineyards”. 21 “And watch and just when the daughters of Shiloh come out to perform their dances, then come out from the vineyards and every man catch a wife for himself from the daughters of Shiloh. Then go to the land of Benyamin. 22 Then it shall be, when their fathers or their brothers come to us to complain, that we will say to them, “Be kind to them for our sakes because we did not take a wife for any of them in the war. For it is not as though you have given the women to them at this time, making yourself guilty of your oath”.

23 And the children of Benyamin did so. they took enough wives for their number from those who danced, whom they caught. Then they went and returned to their inheritance and they rebuilt the cities and dwelt in them. 24 So the children of Ysrayl departed from there at that time, every man to his tribe and family. They went out from there, every man to his inheritance.

The Children of Ysrayl Want a Ruler Even Though Yah is Our Ruler

25 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.



Judges Chapter 19 and Chapter 20


Chapter 19: The Levite Goes After His Concubine Who Played the Harlot

1 And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Ysrayl, that there was a certain Levite staying in the remote mountains of Ephraim. He took for himself a concubine from Bethlehem in Yahudah. 2 But his concubine played the harlot against him and went away from him to her father’s house at Bethlehem in Yahudah and was there four whole months. 3 Then her husband arose and went after her, to speak kindly to her and bring her back, having his servant and a couple of donkeys with him. So she brought him into her father’s house and when the father of the young woman saw him, he was glad to meet him. 4 Now his father-in-law, the young woman’s father, detained him and he stayed with him three days. So they ate and drank and lodged there.

5 Then it came to pass on the fourth day that they arose early in the morning and he stood to depart but the young woman’s father said to his son-in-law, “Refresh your heart with a morsel of bread and afterward go your way”. 6 So they sat down and the two of them ate and drank together. Then the young woman’s father said to the man, “Please be content to stay all night and let your heart be merry”. 7 And when the man stood to depart, his father-in-law urged him. So he lodged there again. 8 Then he arose early in the morning on the fifth day to depart but the young woman’s father said, “Please refresh your heart”. So they delayed until afternoon and both of them ate. 9 And when the man stood to depart, he and his concubine and his servant, his father-in-law, the young woman’s father said to him, “Look, the day is now drawing toward evening. Please spend the night. See, the day is coming to an end. Lodge here, that your heart may be merry. Tomorrow go your way early, so that you may get home”.

The Levite Decides to Lodge in Gibeah Among the Tribe of Benyamin

10 However, the man was not willing to spend that night. So he rose and departed and came to opposite Yebus (that is, Yahrushalim). With him were the two saddled donkeys. His concubine was also with him. 11 They were near Yebus and the day was far spent and the servant said to his master, “Come, please and let us turn aside into this city of the Yebusites and lodge in it”. 12 But his master said to him, “We will not turn aside here into a city of foreigners, who are not of the children of Ysrayl. We will go on to Gibeah”. 13 So he said to his servant, “Come, let us draw near to one of these places and spend the night in Gibeah or in Ramah”. 14 And they passed by and went their way and the sun went down on them near Gibeah, which belongs to Benyamin. 15 They turned aside there to go in to lodge in Gibeah. And when he went in, he sat down in the open square of the city, for no one would take them into his house to spend the night.

An Elder Ephraimite Living in Gibeah City of the Benyaminites Gives Them Lodge

16 Just then an old man came in from his work in the field at evening, who also wa from the mountains of Ephraim. He was staying in Gibeah, whereas the men of the place were Benyaminites. 17 And when he raised his eyes, he saw the traveler in the open square of the city and the old man said, “Where are you going and where do you come from”? 18 So he said to him, “We are passing from Bethlehem in Yahudah toward the remote mountains of Ephraim. I am from there. I went to Bethlehem in Yahudah. Now I am going to the house of Yah. But there is no one who will take me into his house. 19 Although we have both straw and fodder for our donkeys and bread and wine for myself, for your female servant and for the young man who is with your servant, there is no lack of anything”. 20 And the old man said, “Peace be with you (Hebrew shalom aleichem)! However, let all your needs be my responsibility. Only do not spend the night in the open square”. 21 So he brought him into his house and gave fodder to the donkeys. And they washed their feet and ate and drank.

The Benyaminites of Gibeah Want to Have Sex with the Levite: The Levite’s Concubine is Raped and Murdered

22 As they were enjoying themselves, suddenly certain men of the city, perverted men (Literally sons of Belial or Satan) surrounded the house and beat on the door. They spoke to the master of the house, the old man saying, “Bring out the man who came to your house, that we may know him carnally!” 23 But the man, the master of the house, went out to them and said to them, “No, my brothers! I beg you, do not act so wickedly! Seeing this man has come into my house, do not commit this outrage. 24 Look, here is my virgin daughter and the man’s concubine. Let me bring them out now. Humble them and do with them as you please but to this man do not do such a vile thing!” 25 But the men would not heed him. so the man took his concubine and brought her out to them. And they knew her and abused her all night until morning and when the day began to break, they let her go. 26 Then the woman came as the day was dawning and fell down at the door of the man’s house where her master was, till it was light.

27 When her master arose in the morning and opened the doors of the house and went out to go his way, there was his concubine, fallen at the door of the house with her hands on the threshold. 28 And he said to her, “Get up and let us be going”. But there was no answer. So the man lifted her onto the donkey and the man got up and went to his place.

29 When he entered his house, he took a knife, laid hold of his concubine and divided her into twelve pieces, limb by limb (Literally with her bones) and sent her throughout all the territory of Ysrayl. 30 And so it was that all who saw it said, “No such deed has been done or seen from the day that the children of Ysrayl came up from the land of Egypt until this day. Consider it, Confer and speak up”!

Chapter 20: The Children of Ysrayl Have a Meeting and Interrogate the Levite

1 So all the children of Ysrayl came out, from Dan to Beersheba, as well as from the land of Gilead and the congregation gathered together as one man before Yah at Mizpah. 2 And the leaders of all the people, all the tribes of Ysrayl, presented themselves in the assembly of the people of Yah, four hundred thousand foot soldiers who drew the sword. 3 (Now the children of Benyamin heard that the children of Ysrayl had gone up to Mizpah). Then the children of Ysrayl said, “Tell us, how did this wicked deed happen”? 4 So the Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered and said, “My concubine and I went into Gibeah which belongs to Benyamin, to spend the night. 5 And the men of Gibeah rose against me and surrounded the house at night because of me. They intended to kill me but instead they ravished my concubine so that she died. 6 So I took hold of my concubine, cut her in pieces and sent her throughout all the territory of the inheritance of Ysrayl, because they committed lewdness and outrage in Ysrayl. 7 “Look! All of you are children of Ysrayl. Give your advice and counsel here and now”!

The Children of Ysrayl Gather Men of War

8 So all the people arose as one man saying, “None of us will go to his tent nor will any turn back to his house. 9 But now this is the thing which we will do to Gibeah. We will go up against it by lot. 10 We will take ten men out of every hundred throughout all the tribes of Ysrayl, a hundred out of every thousand and a thousand out of every ten thousand, to make provisions for the people, that when they come to Gibeah in Benyamin, they may repay all the vileness that they have done in Ysrayl”. 11 So all the men of Ysrayl were gathered against the city, united together as one man.

The Tribe of Benyamin Refuse to Hand Over the Offenders

12 Then the tribes of Ysrayl sent men through all the tribe of Benyamin saying. “What is this wickedness that has occurred among you”? 13 “Now therefore, deliver up the men, the perverted men (Literally sons of Belial or Satan) who are in Gibeah that we may put them to death and remove the evil from Ysrayl”! But the children of Benyamin would not listen to the voice of their brothers, the children of Ysrayl. 14 Instead, the children of Benyamin gathered together from their cities to Gibeah, to go to battle against the children of Ysrayl. 15 And from their cities at that time the children of Benyamin numbered twenty-six thousand men who drew the sword, besides the inhabitants of Gibeah, who numbered seven hundred select men. 16 Among all this people were seven hundred select men who were left-handed. Every one could sling a stone at a hair’s breadth and not miss. 17 Now besides Benyamin, the men of Ysrayl numbered four hundred thousand who drew the sword. All of these were men of war.

The Children of Ysrayl Inquire of Yah at Bethyl and Battle Against Benyamin: The War with the Benyaminites

18 Then the children of Ysrayl arose and went up to the house of Yah (or Bethyl) to inquire of Yah. They said, “Which of us shall go up first to battle the children of Benyamin?” Yah said, “Yahudah first”! 19 So the children of Ysrayl rose in the morning and encamped at Gibeah. 20 And the men of Ysrayl went out to battle against Benyamin and the men of Ysrayl put themselves in battle array to fight against them at Gibeah. 21 Then the children of Benyamin came out of Gibeah and on that day cut down to the ground twenty-two thousand men of the Israylites. 22 And the people, that is , the men of Ysrayl, encouraged themselves and again formed the battle line at the place where they had put themselves in array on the first day. 23 Then the children of Ysrayl went up and wept before Yah until evening and asked counsel of Yah saying, “Shall I again draw near for battle against the children of my brother Benyamin”? And Yah said, “Go up against him”.

The Second Day of Battle Against Benyamin

24 So the children of Ysrayl approached the children of Benyamin on the second day. 25 And Benyamin went out against them from Gibeah on the second day and cut down to the ground eighteen thousand more of the children of Ysrayl. All these drew the sword.

The Children of Ysrayl Go Back to Yah at Bethyl

26 Then all the children of Ysrayl, that is, all the people, went up and came to the house of Yah (Or Bethyl) and wept. They sat there before Yah and fasted that day until evening and they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before Yah. 27 So the children of Ysrayl inquired of Yah (the ark of the covenant of Yah was there in those days 28 And Phinehas the son of Yleazar, the son of Aharon stood before it in those days) saying, “Shall I yet again go out to battle against the children of my brother Benyamin or shall I cease”? And Yah said, “Go up, for tomorrow I will deliver them into your hand”.

Ysrayl Ambushes the Tribe of Benyamin on the Third Day: Yah Defeats the Tribe of Benyamin

29 Then Ysrayl set men in ambush all around Gibeah. 30 And the children of Ysrayl went up against the children of Benyamin on the third day and put themselves in battle array against Gibeah as at the other times. 31 So the children of Benyamin went out against the people and were drawn away from the city. They began to strike down and kill some of the people, as at the other times, in the highways (one of which goes up to Bethyl and the other to Gibeah) and in the field, about thirty men of Ysrayl. 32 And the children of Ysrayl said, “They are defeated before us, as at first”. But the children of Ysrayl said, “Let us flee and draw them away from the city to the highways”. 33 So all the men of Ysrayl rose from their place and put themselves in battle array at Baal Tamar. Then Ysrayl’s men in ambush burst forth from their position in the plain of Geba. 34 And ten thousand select men from all Ysrayl came against Gibeah and the battle was fierce. But the Benyaminites did not know that disaster was upon them. 35 Yah defeated Benyamin before Ysrayl. And the children of Ysrayl destroyed that day twenty-five thousand one hundred Benyaminites. All these drew the sword.

Ysrayl Burns the Whole City of Gibeah

36 So the children of Benyamin saw that they were defeated. The men of Ysrayl had given ground to the Benyaminites because they relied on the men in ambush whom they had set against Gibeah. 37 And the men in ambush quickly rushed upon Gibeah. The men in ambush spread out and struck the whole city with the edge of the sword. 38 Now the appointed signal between the men of Ysrayl and the men in ambush was that they would make a great cloud of smoke rise up from the city– 39 Whereupon, the men of Ysrayl would turn in battle. Now Benyamin had begun to strike and kill about thirty of the men of Ysrayl. For they said, “Surely they are defeated before us, as in the first battle”. 40 But when the cloud began to rise from the city in a column of smoke, the Benyaminites looked behind them and there was the whole city going up in smoke to heaven. 41 And the men of Ysrayl turned back, the men of Benyamin panicked, for they saw that disaster had come upon them. 42 Therefore, they turned their backs before the men of Ysrayl in the direction of the wilderness but the battle overtook them and whoever came out of the cities they destroyed in their midst. 43 They surrounded the Benyamites, chased them and easily trampled them down as far as the front of Gibeah toward the east. 44 And eighteen thousand men of Benyamin fell. All these were men of valor. 45 Then they (or the rest) turned and fled toward the wilderness to the Rock of Rimmon and they cut down five thousand of them on the highways. Then they pursued them relentlessly up to Gidom and killed two thousand of them. 46 So all who fell of Benyamin that day were twenty-five thousand men who drew the sword. All these were men of valor. 47 But six hundred men turned and fled toward the wilderness to the Rock of Rimmon and they stayed at the Rock of Rimmon for four months. 48 And the men of Ysrayl turned back against the children of Benyamin and struck them down with the edge of the sword, from every city, men and beasts, all who were bound. They also set fire to all the cities they came to.

Judges Chapter 17 and Chapter 18


Chapter 17: Micah Makes Idols

1 Now there was a man from the mountains of Ephraim, whose name was Micah. 2 And he said to his mother, “The eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from you and on which you put a curse, even saying it in my ears—here is the silver with me. I took it”. And his mother said, “May you be blessed by Yah, my son”! 3 So when he had returned the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother, his mother said, “I had wholly dedicated the silver from my hand to Yah for my son, to make a carved image and a molded image. Now therefore, I will return it to you”. (Compare to Exodus 20:4). 4 Thus he returned the silver to his mother. Then his mother took two hundred shekels of silver and gave them to the silversmith and he made it into a carved image and a molded image and they were in the house of Micah. 5 The man Micah had a shrine and made an ephod and household idols (Hebrew teraphim) and he consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest. 6 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. Everyone did what was right in his own eyes.

Micah Hires a Levite Priest

7 Now there was a young man from Bethlehem in Yahudah, of the family of Yahudah. He was a Levite and was staying there. 8 The man departed from the city of Bethlehem in Yahudah to stay wherever he could find a place. Then he came to the mountains of Ephraim, to the house of Micah, as he journeyed. 9 And Micah said to him, “Where do you come from”? So he said to him, “I am a Levite from Bethlehem in Yahudah and I am on my way to find a place to stay”. 10 Micah said to him, “Dwell with me and be a father and a priest to me and I will give you ten shekels of silver per year, a suit of clothes and your sustenance”. So the Levite went in. 11 Then the Levite was content to dwell with the man and the young man became like one of his sons to him. 12 So Micah consecrated the Levite and the young man became his priest and lived in the house of Micah. 13 Then Micah said, “Now, I know that Yah will be good to me, since I have a Levite Priest”!

Chapter 18: The Tribe of Dan Takes Micah’s Priest and Idols

1 In those days there was no king in Ysrayl. And in those days the tribe of the Danites was seeking an inheritance for itself to dwell in, for until that day their inheritance among the tribes of Ysrayl had not fallen to them. 2 So the children of Dan sent five men of their family from their territory, men of valor from Zorah and Eshtaol, to spy out the land and search it. They said to them, “Go, search the land”. So they went to the mountains of Ephraim, to the house of Micah and lodged there. 3 While they were at the house of Micah, they recognized the voice of the young Levite. They turned aside and said to him, “Who brought you here? What are you doing in this place? What do you have here”? 4 He said to them, “Thus and so Micah did for me. He has hired me and I have become his priest”. 5 So they said to him, “Please inquire of Yah, that we may know whether the journey on which we go will be prosperous”. 6 And the priest said to him, “Go in peace. The presence of Yah be with you on your way”.

7 So the five men departed and went to Laish. They saw the people who were there, how they dwelt safely, in the manner of the Sidonians, quiet and secure. There were no rulers in the land who might put them to shame for anything. They were far from the Sidonians and they had no ties with anyone (reads no ties with Syria). 8 Then the spies came back to their brothers at Zorah and Eshaol and their brothers said to them, “What is your report”? 9 So they said, “Arise, let us go up against them. For we have seen the land and indeed it is very good. Would you do nothing? Do you hesitate to go and enter to possess the land? 10 When you go, you will come to a secure people and a large land. For Yah has given it into your hands, a place where there is no lack of anything that is on the earth”. 11 And six hundred men of the family of the Danites went from there, from Zorah and Eshtaol, armed with weapons of war. 12 Then they went up and encamped in Kiryath Yearim in Yahudah. (Therefore they call that place Mahaneh Dan [Literally Camp of Dan] too this day. There it is, west of Kiryath Yearim). 13 And they passed from there to the mountains of Ephraim and came to the house of Micah.

14 Then the five men who had gone to spy out the country of Laish answered and said to their brothers, “Do you know that there are in these houses an ephod, household idols, a carved image and a molded image? Now therefore, consider what you should do”. 15 So they turned aside there and came to the house of the young Levite man, to the house of Micah and greeted him. 16 The six hundred men armed with their weapons of war, who were of the children of Dan, stood by the entrance of the gate.17 Then the five men who had gone to spy out the land went up. Entering there, they took the carved image, the ephod, the household idols and the molded image. The priest stood at the entrance of the gate with the six hundred men who were armed with weapons of war. 18 When these went into Micah’s house and took the carved image, the ephod, the household idols and the molded image, the priest said to them, “What are you doing”? 20 So the priest’s heart was glad and he took the ephod, the household idols and the carved image and took his place among the people. 21 Then they turned and departed and put the little ones, the livestock and the goods in front of them.

22 When they were a good way from the house of Micah, the men who were in the houses near Micah’s house gathered together and overtook the children of Dan. 23 And they called out to the children of Dan. So they turned around and said to Micah, “What ails you, that you have gathered such a company”? 24 So he said, “You have taken away my gods which I made and the priest and you have gone away. Now what more do I have? How can you say to me, ‘What ails you’?” 25 And the children of Dan said to him, “Do not let your voice be heard among us, lest angry men fall upon you and you lose your life, with the lives of your household”! 26 Then the children of Dan went their way. And when Micah saw that they were too strong for him, he turned and went back to his house.

The Danites Settle in Laish

27 So they took the things Micah had made and the priest who had belonged to him and went to Laish, to a people quiet and secure and they struck them with the edge of the sword and burned the city with fire. 28 There was no deliverer, because it was far from Sidon and they had not ties with anyone. It was in the valley that belongs to Beth Rehob. So they rebuilt the city and dwelt there. 29 And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born to Ysrayl. However, the name of the city formerly was Laish.

30 Then the children of Dan set up for themselves the carved images and Yahanathan the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh (or read Moshe) and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land. 31 So they set up for themselves Micah’s carved image which he made, all the time that the house of Yah was in Shiloh.




In the Garden: Pretty Girl Salad



I have been reading about edible flowers lately. Beautiful inside and out with salad.


Red Hibiscus flowers are edible. Just remove its penis stamen in the middle. A flowers ovaries lay deep within the flower. The birds and the bees humor. In Jamaica this plant is called Sorrel. It is made into a tea. Some people call this ‘tea’ the fruit punch of the garden.


Nasturtium. This flower ranges in oranges and yellows and is used to guard against pests in the garden so wash carefully.


Zucchini flower. This flower only lives about a day.


Green leaves should be the base of a pretty girl salad.


Blue sage flowers. Sage is known to give dark hair luster when used as a tea hair rinse.


Indigo. Cornflower, also called Bachelor’s Button. There is also a plant called Indigo that when mixed with Henna will give one jet black or blue-black hair color.


This edible flower is called Pansy, Viola or Violets. It is used often to decorate cakes. Did you notice something? I used the 7 colors of Yah’s rainbow. Most fruit and vegetables are these 7 colors too. I once read a math book saying most flowers have an odd number of petals, usually five or some odd number. Just a random fact.

Judges Chapter 15 and Chapter 16


Chapter 15: Samson Sets Fire To The Philistines Grain, Grape and Olive Fields After Hearing His Wife Was Given Away by Father-in-Law: The Philistines Burn Samson’s Wife and Father-in-Law Because of Their Fields: Then Samson Slaughters Many of the Philistines

1 After a while, in the time of wheat harvest, it happened that Samson visited his wife with a young goat. And he said, “Let me go into my wife, into her room”. But her father would not permit him to go in. 2 Her father said, “I really thought you thoroughly hated her. Therefore, I gave her to your companion. Is not her younger sister better than she? Please, take her instead”. 3 And Samson said to them, “This time I shall be blameless (perfect) regarding the Philistines if I harm them”! 4 Then Samson went and caught three hundred foxes and he took torches, turned the foxes tail to tail and put a torch between each pair of tails. 5 When he had set the torches on fire, he let the foxes go into the standing grain of the Philistines and burned up both the shocks and the standing grain, as well as the vineyards and olive groves. 6 Then the Philistines said, “Who has done this?” And they answered, “Samson, the son-in-law of the Timnite because he has taken his wife and given her to his companion.” So the Philistines came up and burned her and her father with fire. 7 Samson said to them, “Since you would do a thing like this, I will surely take revenge on you and after that I will cease”. 8 So he attacked them hip and thigh with a great slaughter. Then he went down and dwelt in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

The Tribe of Yahudah Deliver Samson Up To The Philistines

9 Now the Philistines went up, encamped in Yahudah and deployed themselves against Lehi. 10 And the men of Yahudah said, “Why have you come up against us”? So they answered, “We have come up to arrest Samson, to do to him as he has done to us”. 11 Then three thousand men of Yahudah went down to the cleft rock of Etam and said to Samson, “Do you not know that the Philistines rule over us”? What is this you have done to us”? And he said to them, “As they did to me, so I have done to them”. 12 But they said to him, “We have come down to arrest you, that we may deliver you into the hand of the Philistines”. Then Samson said to them, “Swear to me that you will not kill me yourselves”. 13 So they spoke to him saying, “No, but we will tie you securely and deliver you into their hand but we will surely not kill you”. And they bound him with two new ropes and brought him up from the rock. (Compare to Mattithyah 10:21, 35-36, Mattithyah 24:9 and Luke 21:12)

Samson Bursts Out of His Ropes:  The Jawbone of a Donkey

14 When he came to Lehi, the Philistines came shouting against him. Then the Spirit of Yah came mightily upon him and the ropes that were on his arms became like flax that is burned with fire and his bonds broke loose from his hands. 15 He found a fresh jawbone of a donkey, reached out his hand and took it and killed a thousand men with it. 16 Then Samson said, “With the jawbone of a donkey, heaps upon heaps. With a jawbone of a donkey I have slain a thousand men”! 17 And so it was, when he finished speaking that he threw the jawbone from his hand and called that place Ramath Lehi (Literally Jawbone Height).

Yah Causes the Waters to Spring Forward

18 Then he became very thirsty so he cried out to Yah and said, “You have given this great deliverance by the hand of Your servant and now shall I die of thirst and fall into the hand of the uncircumcised”? 19 So Yah split the hollow place that is in Lehi and water came out and he drank and his spirit returned and he revived. Therefore, he called its name En Hakkore (Literally Spring of the Caller) which is in Lehi to this day. 20 And he judged Ysrayl twenty years in the days of the Philistines.

Chapter 16: Samson Carries Off the Gates of Gaza Like a Shield

1 Now Samson went to Gaza (Ayyah) and saw a harlot there and went into her. 2 When the Gazites were told, “Samson has come here”! They surrounded the place and lay in wait for him all night at the gate of the city. They were quiet all night saying, “In the morning when it is daylight, we will kill him”. 3 And Samson lay low till midnight. Then he arose at midnight, took hold of the doors of the gate of the city and the two gateposts, pulled them up, bar and all, put them on his shoulders and carried them to the top of the hill that faces Hebron.

Samson Meets Delilah: The Philistines ask Delilah to Find Out the Secret to Samson’s Strength

4 Afterward it happened that he loved a woman in the Valley of Sorek, whose name was Delilah. 5 And the princes of the Philistines came up to her and said to her, “Entice him and find out where his great strength lies and by what means we may overpower him, that we may bind him to afflict him and one of us will give you eleven hundred pieces of silver”.

Delilah Tricks Samson By Pestering Him Daily

6 So Delilah said to Samson, “Please tell me where your great strength lies and with what you may be bound to afflict you”. 7 And Samson said to her, “If they bind me with seven fresh bowstrings not yet dried, then I shall become weak and be like any other man”. 8 So the princes of the Philistines brought up to her seven fresh bowstrings not yet dried and she bound him with them. 9 Now men were lying in wait, staying with her in the room. And she said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson”! But he broke the bowstrings as a strand of yarn breaks when it touches fire. So the secret of his strength was not known.

10 Then Delilah said to Samson, “Look, you have mocked me and told me lies. Now, please tell me what you may be bound with”. 11 So he said to her, “If they bind me securely with new ropes that have never been used, then I shall become weak and be like any other man”. 12 Therefore, Delilah took new ropes and bound him with them and said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson”! And men were  lying in wait, staying in the room. But he broke them off his arms like a thread.

13 Delilah said to Samson, “Until now you have mocked me and told me lies. Tell me what you may be bound with”. And he said to her, “If you weave the seven locs of my head into the web of the loom”—14 So she wove it tightly with the batten of the loom and said to him, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson”! But he awoke from his sleep and pulled out the batten and the web from the loom.

15 Then she said to him, “How can you say, ‘I love you’ when your heart is not with me? You have mocked me these three times and have not told me where your great strength lies”. 16 And it came to pass, when she pestered him daily with her words and pressed him, so that his soul was vexed to death–17 That he told her all his heart and said to her, “No razor has ever come upon my head, for I have been a Nazarite to Yah from my mother’s womb. If I am shaven, then my strength will leave me and I shall become weak and be like any other man”.

The Spirit of Yah Departs From Samson

18 When Delilah saw that he had told her all his hear, she sent and called for the princes of the Philistines saying, “Come up once more, for he has told me all his heart”. So the princes of the Philistines came up to her and brought the money in their hand. 19 Then she lulled him to sleep on her knees and called for a man and had him shave off the seven locs of his head. Then she began to torment him (or reads he began to be weak) and his strength left him. 20 And she said, “The Philistines are upon you, Samson”! So he awoke from his sleep and said, “I will go out as before, at other times and shake myself free”! But he did not know that Yah had departed from him.

The Philistines Blind Samson, Put Him in Prison But His Hair Begins to Grow Again

21 Then the Philistines took him and put out his eyes and brought him down to Gaza. They bound him with bronze fetters and he became a grinder in the prison. 22 However, the hair of his head began to grow again after it had been shaven.

The Philistines Call Samson to Perform For Them By the Pillars of Their Temple

23 Now the princes of the Philistines gathered together to offer a great sacrifice to Dagon their god and to rejoice. And they said: “Our god had delivered into our hands Samson our enemy”! 24 When the people saw him, they praised their god, for they said: “Our god had delivered into our hand our enemy, the destroyer of the land and the one who multiplied our dead”. 25 So it happened when their hearts were merry, that they said, “Call for Samson, that he may perform for us”. So they called for Samson from the prison and he performed for them. And they stationed him between the pillars. 26 Then Samson said to the lad who held him by the hand, “Let me feel the pillars which support the temple, so that I can lean on them”. 27 Now the temple was full of men and women. All the princes of the Philistines were there, about three thousand men and women on the roof watching while Samson performed.

Samson Asks Yah to Give Him Strength To Bring Down the Pillars Upon Himself and the Philistines

28 Then Samson called to Yah saying, “O Yah Almighty, remember me, I pray”! Strengthen me, I pray, just this once O Yah, that I may with one blow take vengeance on the Philistines for my two eyes”! 29 And Samson took hold of the two middle pillars which supported the temple and he braced himself against them, one on his right and the other on his left. 30 Then Samson said, “Let me die with the Philistines”! And he pushed with all his might and the temple fell on the princes and all the people who were in it. So the dead that he killed at his death were more than he had killed in his life.

Samson Buried in His Father’s Tomb

31 And  his brothers and all his father’s household came down and took him and brought him up and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the tomb of his father Manoah. He had judged Ysrayl twenty years.