Leviticus Chapter 23 and Chapter 24

Chapter 23: The Feasts of Yah

1 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: The feasts of Yah which you shall proclaim to be qodesh convocations, these are My feasts”.

The Shabbat

3 “Six days shall work be done but the seventh day is a Shabbat of solemn rest, a qodesh convocation. You shall do no work on it. It is the Shabbat of Yah in all your dwellings”.

The Passover and Unleavened Bread

4 “These are the feasts of Yah, qodesh convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times. 5 On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is Yah’s Passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to Yah. Seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a qodesh convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. 8 But you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yah for seven days. The seventh day shall be a qodesh convocation. You shall do no customary work on it”.

The Feast of Firstfruits (Offering the First Part of the Harvest)

9 “And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 10 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl and say to them: When you come into the land which I give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 He shall wave the sheaf before Yah, to be accepted on your behalf. On the day after the Shabbat the priest shall wave it. 12 And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to Yah. 13 Its grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to Yah, for a sweet aroma and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin. 14 You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your Almighty. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings”.

The Feast of Weeks (The Harvest Festival)

15 “And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Shabbat, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Shabbats shall be completed. 16 Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Shabbat, then you shall offer a new grain offering to Yah. 17 You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour. They shall be baked with leaven. They are the firstfruits to Yah. 18 And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one young bull, and two rams. They shall be as a burnt offering to Yah, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to Yah. 19 Then you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats as a sin offering and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a peace offering. 20 The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before Yah, with the two lambs. They shall be qodesh to Yah for the priest. 21 And you shall proclaim on the same day that it is a qodesh convocation to you. You shall do no customary work on it. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. 22 When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field when you reap nor shall you gather and gleaning from your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the stranger. I am Yah your Almighty”.

The Feast of Trumpets

23 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 24 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl saying: In the seventh, on the first day of the month, you shall have a Shabbat-rest, a remembrance¬† of blowing of trumpets, a qodesh convocation. 25 You shall do no customary work on it and you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yah”.

The Day of Atonement (The Great Day of Forgiveness)

26 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 27 “Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a qodesh convocation for you. You shall afflict your souls (or fast) and offer an offering made by fire to Yah. 28 And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before Yah your Almighty. 29 For any person who is not afflicted in soul (or fasting) on that same day shall be cut off from his people. 30 And any person who does any work on that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no manner of work. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 It shall be to you a Shabbat of solemn rest and you shall afflict your souls, on the ninth day of the month at evening. From evening to evening, you shall celebrate your Shabbat”.

The Feast of Tabernacles (or Shelters, or Booths)

33 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 34 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl saying: The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of Tabernacles for seven days to Yah. 35 On the first day there shall be a qodesh convocation. You shall do no customary work on it. 36 For seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yah. On the eighth day, you shall have a qodesh convocation and you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yah. It is a sacred assembly and you shall do no customary work on it. 37 These are the feasts of Yah which you shall proclaim to be qodesh convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to Yah, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day–38 Besides the Shabbats of Yah, besides your gifts, besides all your vows and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to Yah. 39 Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of Yah for seven days. On the first day there shall be a Shabbat-rest and on the eighth day a Shabbat-rest. 40 And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook and you shall rejoice before Yah your Almighty for seven days. 41 You shall keep is as a feast to Yah for seven days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israylites shall dwell in booths. 43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Ysrayl dwell in booths (tents, shelters) when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am Yah your Power”. 44 So Moshe declared to the children of Ysrayl the feasts of Yah.

Chapter 24: Care of the Tabernacle Lamps

1 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Command the children of Ysrayl that they bring to you pure oil of pressed olives for the light, to make the lamps burn continually. 3 Outside the veil of the Testimony, in the tabernacle of meeting, Aharon shall be in charge of it from evening until morning before Yah continually. It shall be a statute forever in your generations. 4 He shall be in charge of the lamps on the pure gold lampstand before Yah continually”.

The Bread of the Tabernacle (The Sacred Bread)

5 And you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it. Two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake. 6 You shall set them in two rows, six in a row on the pure gold table before Yah. 7 And you shall put pure frankincense on each row, that it may be on the bread for a remembrance, an offering made by fire to Yah. 8 Every Shabbat he shall set it in order before Yah continually, being taken from the children of Ysrayl by an everlasting covenant. 9 And it shall be for Aharon and his sons and they shall eat it in a qodesh place. For it is most qodesh to him from the offerings of Yah made by fire, by a perpetual statute”.

The Penalty for Blasphemy (Punishment for Cursing Yah)

10 Now the son of an Israylite woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Ysrayl and this Israylite woman’s son and a man of Ysrayl fought each other in the camp. 11 And the Israylite woman’s son blasphemed the name of Yah and cursed and so they brought him to Moshe. (His mother’s name was Shelomith the daughter of Dibri of the tribe of Dan). 12 Then they put him in custody, that the mind of Yah might be shown to them. 13 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 14 “Take outside the camp him who has cursed. Then let all who heard him lay their hands on his head and let all the congregation stone him. 15 Then you shall speak to the children of Ysrayl saying: Whoever curses Yah shall bear his sin. 16 And whoever blasphemes the name of Yah shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall certainly stone him, the stranger as well as him who is born in the land. When he blasphemes the name of Yah, he shall be put to death. 17 Whoever kills any man shall surely be put to death. 18 Whoever kills an animal shall make it good, animal for animal. 19 If a man causes disfigurement of his neighbor, as he has done, so shall it be done to him–20 Fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. As he has caused disfigurement of a man, so shall it be done to him. 21 And whoever kills an animal shall restore it. But whoever kills a man shall be put to death. 22 You shall have the same law for the stranger and for one from your own country. For I am Yah your Almighty”. 23 Then Moshe spoke to the children of Ysrayl and they took outside the camp him who had cursed and stoned him with stones. So the children of Ysrayl did as Yah commanded Moshe.

 

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