Chapter 21: Satan Inspires David to Number Ysrayl: Yoab Did Not Really Want to Number Ysrayl: Yah Strikes Ysrayl and David Realizes He Has Done Wrong By Not Inquiring of Yah First
1 Now satan stood up against Ysrayl and moved David to number Ysrayl. 2 So David said to Yoab and to the leaders of the people, “Go, number Ysrayl from Beersheba to Dan and bring the number of them to me that I may know it”. 3 And Yoab answered, “May Yah make His people a hundred times more than they are. But, my master the king are they not all Yah’s servants? Why then does my master require this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt in Ysrayl?” 4 Nevertheless, the king’s word prevailed against Yoab. Therefore, Yoab departed and went throughout all Ysrayl and came to Yahrushalom. 5 Then Yoab gave the sum of the number of the people to David. All Ysrayl had one million one hundred thousand men who drew the sword and Yahudah had four hundred and seventy thousand men who drew the sword. 6 But he did not count Levi and Benyamin among them, for the king’s word was abominable to Yoab. 7 And Yah was displeased with this thing, therefore, He struck Ysrayl. 8 So David said to Yah, “I have sinned greatly because I have done this thing but now, I pray, take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly”.
*Remember we were taught that Yah told Abraham that the Israylites would be as many as the stars or as the sand of the sea which no one can count. This is why Yah was upset with David taking a census without His permission.
Yah Speaks to Gad the Prophet: Yah Gives David a Choice of Punishments: David Chooses To Be Punished By Yah Instead of Falling Into the Hands of Men
9 Then Yah spoke to Gad, David’s seer saying: 10 “Go and Tell David saying, ‘Thus says Yah: I offer you three things, choose one of them for yourself, that I may do it to you’.” 11 So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says Yah: ‘Choose for yourself. 12 Either three (or seven compare 2 Shemuyah 24:13) years of famine or three months to be defeated by your foes with the sword of your enemies overtaking you or else for three days the sword of Yah, the plague in the land, with the angel of Yah destroying throughout all the territory of Ysrayl’. Now consider what answer I should take back to Him who sent me”. 13 And David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Please let me fall into the hand of Yah, for His mercies are very great but do not let me fall into the hand of man”.
Yah Puts a Plague Upon Ysrayl in the Form of a Destroying Malak (Angel) Standing Over Yahrushalom: David Sees This Destroying Angel: David Asks Yah For Mercy Upon Ysrayl Because of His Sin
14 So Yah sent a plague upon Ysrayl and seventy thousand men of Ysrayl fell. 15 And Yah sent an angel to Yahrushalom to destroy it. As he was destroying, Yah looked and relented of the disaster and said to the angel who was destroying, “It is enough. Now restrain your hand. And the malak (angel) of Yah stood by the threshing floor of Ornan (spelled Aranah in 2 Shemuyah 24:16) the Yebusite. 16 Then David lifted his eyes and saw the angel of Yah standing between earth and heaven, having in his hand a drawn sword stretched out over Yahrushalom. So David and the zahkin (elders), clothed in sackcloth, fell on their faces.
*This angel holding a sword over the city reminds me of how Moshe held his arms up with his rod or walking stick when the children of Ysrayl were in battle with the Amalekites. Exodus 17:11-12. The angel probably lowered his sword when Yah told him to stop destroying. This also reminds me of an old ‘southern saying’. They would say, ‘you don’t want an old person to raise their arm and point to you’ as they are saying what will happen to you, in other words you are doing something wrong and something bad is going to happen to you, so you best mind your manners.
17 And David said to Yah, “Was it not I who commanded the people to be numbered? I am the one who has sinned and done evil indeed but these sheep, what have they done? Let Your hand, I pray, O Yah my Power be against me and my father’s house but not against Your people that they should be plagued”.
The Angel of Yah Speaks to Gad: The Sons of Ornan Hide From the Angel While Ornan Goes On About His Business: David Buys the Threshing Floor of Ornan: Yah Answers David By Fire
18 Therefore, the angel of Yah commanded Gad to say to David that David should go and erect an altar to Yah on the threshing floor of Ornan the Yebusite. 19 So David went up at the word of Gad, which he had spoken to Yah. 20 Now Ornan turned and saw the angel and his four sons who were with him hid themselves but Ornan continued threshing wheat. 21 So David came to Ornan and Ornan looked and saw David. And he went out from the threshing floor and bowed before David with his face to the ground. 22 Then David said to Ornan, “Grant me the place of this threshing floor, that I may build an altar on it to Yah. You shall grant it to me at the full price, that the plague may be withdrawn from the people”. 23 But Ornan said to David, “Take it to yourself and let my master the king do what is good in his eyes. Look, I also give you the oxen for burnt offerings, the threshing implements for wood and the wheat for the grain offering. I give it all”. 24 Then King David said to Ornan, “No, but I will surely buy it for the full price, for I will not take what is yours for Yah nor offer burnt offerings with that which costs me nothing”. 25 So David gave Ornan six hundred shekels of gold by weight for the place. 26 And David built there an altar to Yah and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings and called on Yah and He answered him from heaven by fire on the altar of burnt offering. 27 So Yah commanded the angel and he returned his sword to its sheath.
*The angel put down his arm.
*This time when I read this story, I wondered why did Yah choose the threshing floor of Ornan? I read that this threshing floor was on Mount Moriyah and that the altar David put up was the future site of the temple Solomon built for Yah. Read 2 Chronicles 3:1. Also Mount Moriyah is where Abraham was tested by Yah to sacrifice Yitzshaq. Read Genesis 22:2. Moriyah means ordered or commanded by Yah…
David Sacrifices to Yah at Mount Moriyah at the Threshing Floor of Ornan: David Fears Yah’s Sword
28 At that time, when David saw that Yah had answered him on the threshing floor of Ornan the Yebusite, he sacrificed there. 29 For the tabernacle of Yah and the altar of the burnt offering, which Moshe had made in the wilderness, were at that time at the high place in Gibeon. 30 But David could not go before it to inquire of Yah, for he was afraid of the sword of the angel of Yah.
Chapter 22: David Prepares to Build the Temple Before He Dies
1 Then David said, “This is the house of the Almighty Yah and this is the altar of burnt offering for Ysrayl”. 2 So David commanded to gather the aliens who were in the land of Ysrayl and he appointed masons to cut hewn stones to build the house of Yah. 3 And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails of the doors of the gates and for the joints and bronze in abundance beyond measure–4 And cedar trees in abundance, for the Sidonians and those from Tyre brought much cedar wood to David. 5 Now David said, “Solomon my son is young and inexperienced and the house to be built for Yah must be exceedingly magnificent, famous and esteemed throughout all countries. I will now make preparation for it”. So David made abundant preparations before his death.
*So verse 5 confirms that Solomon was young when he became king of Ysrayl. Read 1 Kings 3:7.
David Instructs Solomon to Build the Temple: David Shed Much Blood the Reason He Was Not Allowed to Build the Temple: Shlomo Means Peaceful
6 Then he called for his son Solomon and charged him to build a house for Yah of Ysrayl. 7 And David said to Solomon: “My son, as for me, it was in my mind to build a house to the name of Yah my Father–8 But the word of Yah came to me saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have made great wars. You shall not build a house for My name because you have shed much blood on the earth in My sight. 9 Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest and I will give him rest from all his enemies all around. His name shall be Shlomo (Solomon, literally peaceful), for I will give peace and quietness to Ysrayl in his days. 10 He shall build a house for My name and he shall be My son and I will be his Father and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Ysrayl forever. 11 Now, my son, may Yah be with you and may you prosper and build the house of Yah your Almighty, as He has said to you. 12 Only may Yah give you wisdom and understanding and give you charge concerning Ysrayl, that you may keep the law of Yah your Almighty.
*Isn’t it interesting that here David wanted Solomon to have wisdom and understanding of Yah and later Solomon asks Yah for it.
13 Then you will prosper, if you take care to fulfill the statues and judgments with which Yah charged Moshe concerning Ysrayl. Be strong and of good courage. Do not fear nor be dismayed. 14 Indeed, I have taken much trouble to prepare for the house of Yah one hundred thousand talents of gold and one million talents of silver and bronze and iron beyond measure, for it is so abundant. I have prepared timber and stone also and you may add to them. 15 Moreover, there are workmen with you in abundance: woodsmen and stonecutters and all types of skillful men for every kind of work. 16 Of gold and silver and bronze and iron there is no limit. Arise and begin working and Yah be with you”.
David Commands Ysrayl to Help Solomon Build the House of Yah: David Commands Solomon to Put the Ark and Qodesh Articles in the House of Yah
17 David also commanded all the leaders of Ysrayl to help Solomon his son saying: 18 “Is not Yah your Almighty with you? and has He not given you rest on every side? For He has given the inhabitants of the land into my hand and the land is subdued before Yah and before His people. 19 Now set your heart and your soul to seek Yah your Almighty. Therefore, arise and build the sanctuary of Yah Almighty, to bring the ark of the covenant of Yah and the Qodesh articles of Yah into the house that is to be built for the name of Yah.