The word Ruth is a Latin word and in Greek it is Routh. This book is pronounced Re’ut in Hebrew. The ‘Reu’ in Re’ut means friend. Re’ut is thought to mean friendship or friendly. The arch angel named Reuyl (sometimes spelled Raguyl) means friend of Yah. Ruth and Naomi were more than mother-in-law and daughter-in-law. They were best friends. The Hebrew word Naomi means pleasant. Yethro, the father-in-law to Moshe is called friend of Yah or Reuyl in Exodus 2:18. Yethro was a Kenite (Judges 1:16 who once lived in the land of Midian) and the Kenites were known to be friendly to the Children of Ysrayl, 1 Shemuyah 15:6. Yah called Moshe His friend, Exodus 33:11. Yah called Abraham friend because he believed Yah, Genesis 15:6, James 2:23 and Isaiah 41:8. Genesis 11:18, Reu was the son of Peleg. David and Yahanathan were best friends, 1 Shemuyah 18. As iron sharpens iron, so a man sharpens a friend’s character, Proverbs 27:17 (ISV). Yahoshua has made Yah’s ways known to His friends, John 15:15. *Yah said in Zechariyah 13:7, that Yahoshua is His friend and His shepherd. Yahoshua said there is no greater love than to lay down one’s life for friends, John 15:13.
The book of Ruth gives a glimpse into the life of an Israylite family during the period of Judges. This family later became very important to Ysrayl because one of Ruth’s great-grandchildren was King David. Boaz was from the tribe of Yahudah.
In addition to Ruth, the other main character in the book in Naomi, who lived in Bethlehem (Yahudah) with her husband and two sons. But the crops failed and the family moved to the country of Moab. Naomi’s husband died and her sons married Moabite women. Ruth was one of those women.
After Naomi’s two sons died in Moab and she decided to return to Bethlehem and told the people her name was no longer Naomi but Mara which means bitter. Naomi had become upset with Yah during her grief. Naomi told her two daughter-in-laws to stay in Moab and find new husbands. But Ruth refused to stay and instead went to Bethlehem with her. The rest of the book tells how Ruth married a rich relative named Boaz.
According to the law, Moabites were not allowed to become Israylites (Deuteronomy 23:3-6 because they did not give us bread and water coming out of Egypt and they tried to put a curse on us through Balaam). But this book tells how Ruth, a Moabite became completely loyal and faithful (trustworthy) to Yah and was allowed to join the people of Ysrayl. She told Naomi: “Entreat me not to leave you or to turn back from following after you. For wherever you go, I will go. And wherever you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people and your Yah, my Yah. Where you die, I will die. And there will I be buried. Yah do so to me and more also, if anything but death parts you and me”. (Best Friends Forever, her BFF).
Chapter 1: Ylimelech’s Family Goes to Moab
1 Now it came to pass, in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem, Yahudah went to dwell in the country of Moab, he and his wife and his two sons. 2 The name of the man was Ylimelech, the name of his wife was Naomi and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem, Yahudah. And they went to the country of Moab and remained there. 3 Then Ylimelech, Naomi’s husband died and she was left and her two sons. 4 Now they took wives of the women of Moab: the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. And they dwelt there about ten years. 5 Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died. So the woman survived her two sons and her husband.
*Ylimelech means the Power is my King.
Naomi Hears That Yah Visited Ysrayl Giving Them Bread and She wants to Return to Yahudah
6 Then she rose with her daughters-in-law that she might return from the country of Moab, for she had heard in the country of Moab that Yah had visited His people by giving them bread. 7 Therefore, she went out from the place where she was and her two daughters-in-law with her and they went on the way to return to the land of Yahudah. 8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, “Go, return each to her mother’s house. Yah deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me.9 Yah grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband”. So she kissed them and they lifted up their voices and wept. 10 And they said to her, “Surely we will return with you to your people”. 11 But Naomi said, “Turn back, my daughters. Why will you go with me? Are there still sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12 Turn back, my daughters, go. For I am too old to have a husband. If I should say I have hope, if I should have a husband tonight and should also bear sons–13 Would you wait for them till they were grown? Would you restrain yourselves from having husbands? No, my daughters, for it grieves me very much for your sakes that the hand of Yah has gone out against me”! 14 Then they lifted up their voices and wept again and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law but Ruth clung to her.
Determined Ruth Clings to Naomi
15 And she said, “Look, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her gods. Return after your sister-in-law”. 16 But Ruth said: “Entreat me not to leave you or to turn back from following after you. For wherever you go, I will go. And wherever you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people and your Almighty, my Almighty. 17 Where you die, I will die. And there will I be buried. Yah do so to me and more also if anything but death parts you and me”. 18 When she saw that she was determined to go with her, she stopped speaking to her.
Naomi Returns to Bethlehem Yahudah with Ruth and Tells Them Her New Name is Mara or Bitter
19 Now the two of them went until they came to Bethlehem. And it happened, when they had come to Bethlehem that all the city was excited because of them and the women said, “Is this Naomi”? 20 But she said to them, “Do not call me Naomi (Literally Pleasant), call me Mara (Literally Bitter) for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me. 21 I went out full and Yah has brought me home again empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since Yah has testified against me and the Almighty has afflicted me”? 22 So Naomi returned and Ruth, the Moabitess her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the country of Moab. Now they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.
Chapter 2: Ruth Asks Naomi Permission to Go Glean the Fields Hoping to Find Favor That They Will Let Her Glean
1 There was a relative of Naomi’s husband, a man of great wealth, of the family of Ylimelech. His name was Boaz. 2 So Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, “Please let me go to the field and glean heads of grain after him in whose sight I may find favor”. And she said to her, “Go, my daughter”. 3 Then she left and went and gleaned in the field after the reapers. And she happened to come to the part of the field belonging to Boaz, who was of the family of Ylimelech.
Boaz Inquires About Ruth
4 Now behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem and said to the reapers, “Yah be with you”! And they answered him, “Yah bless you”! 5 Then Boaz said to his servant who was in charge of the reapers, “Whose young woman is this”? 6 So the servant who was in charge of the reapers answered and said, “It is the young Moabite woman who came back with Naomi from the country of Moab”. 7 “And she said, Please let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves”. So she came and has continued from morning until now, though she rested a little in the house”.
Ruth Meets Boaz
8 Then Boaz said to Ruth, “You will listen, my daughter, will you not? Do not go to glean in another field nor go from here but stay close by my young women. 9 Let your eyes be on the field which they reap and go after them. Have I not commanded the young men not to touch you? And when you are thirsty, go to the vessels and drink from what the young men have drawn”. 10 So she fell on her face, bowed down to the ground and said to him, “Why have I found favor in your eyes, that you should take notice of me, since I am a foreigner”? 11 And Boaz answered and said to her, “It has been fully reported to me, all that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband and how you have left your father and your mother and the land of your birth and have come to a people whom you did not know before. 12 Yah repay your work and a full reward be given you by Yah Almighty of Ysrayl, under whose wings you have come for refuge” 13 Then she said, “Let me find favor in your sight, my master. For you have comforted me and have spoken kindly to your maidservant, though I am not like one of your maidservants”. (Ruth called Boaz master like Sarah called Abraham master, 1 Peter 3:6).
Boaz Commands the Young Men Regarding Ruth
14 Now Boaz said to her at mealtime, “Come here and eat of the bread and dip your piece of bread in the vinegar (or sour wine)”. So she sat beside the reapers and he passed parched grain to her and she ate and was satisfied and kept some back (for Naomi). 15 And when she rose up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men saying, “Let her glean even among the sheaves and do not reproach her. 16 Also let grain from the bundles fall purposely for her. Leave it that she may glean and do not rebuke her”.
Ruth Tells Naomi About Meeting Boaz
17 So she gleaned in the field until evening and beat out what she had gleaned and it was about an ephah of barley. 18 Then she took it up and went into the city and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. So she brought out and gave to her what she had kept back after she had been satisfied (eating). 19 And her mother-in-law said to her, “Where have you gleaned today? And where did you work? Blessed be the one who took notice of you”. So she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked and said, “The man’s name with whom I worked today is Boaz”. 20 Then Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, “Blessed be he of Yah who has not forsaken His kindness to the living and the dead”! And Naomi said to her, “This man is a relation of ours, one of our close relatives”. 21 Ruth the Moabitess said, “He also said to me, “You shall stay close by my young men until they have finished all my harvest”. 22 And Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, “It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his young women and that people do not meet you in any other field”. 23 So she stayed close by the young women of Boaz, to glean until the end of barley harvest and wheat harvest and she dwelt with her mother-in-law.