Chapter 29: Hezekiyah Reigns in Yahudah Twenty-Nine Years and Does Right in Yah’s Sight
1 Hezekiyah became king when he was twenty-five years old and he reigned twenty-nine years in Yahrushalom. His mother’s name was Abiyah, the daughter of Zechariyah. 2 And he did what was right in the sight of Yah, according to all that his father David had done.
King Hezekiyah Has the Doors of Yah’s House Repaired and Wants the Temple Cleansed: Hezekiyah Explains to the Priests and Levites Why Yahudah is in a Desolate State and Why Their Families are in Captivity: Hezekiyah Wants to Make a Covenant with Yah
3 In the first year of his reign, in the first month, he opened the doors of the house of Yah and repaired them. 4 Then he brought in the priests and the Levites and gathered them in the East Square. 5 And said to them: “Hear me, Levites! Now sanctify yourselves, sanctify the house of Yah of your fathers and carry out the rubbish from the qodesh place. 6 For our fathers have trespassed and done evil in the eyes of Yah our Almighty. They have forsaken Him, have turned their faces away from the dwelling place of Yah and turned their backs on Him. 7 They have also shut up the doors of the vestibule, put out the lamps and have not burned incense or offered burnt offerings in the qodesh place to the Power of Ysrayl. 8 Therefore, the wrath of Yah fell upon Yahudah and Yahrushalom and He has given them up to trouble, to desolation and to jeering (taunting), as you see with your eyes. 9 For indeed, because of this our fathers have fallen by the sword and our sons, our daughters and our wives are in captivity. 10 Now it is in my heart to make a covenant with Yah Almighty of Ysrayl, that His fierce wrath may turn away from us. 11 My sons, do not be negligent now, for Yah has chosen you to stand before Him, to serve Him and that you should minister to Him and burn incense”.
The Levites Clean the House of Yah and the Articles of the House of Yah are Prepared Again
12 Then the Levites arose: Mahath the son of Amasai and Yoyl the son of Azariyah, of the sons of the Kohathites: of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi and Azariyah the son of Yahallylyl: of the Gershonites, Yoah the son of Zimmah and Eden the son of Yoah: 13 Of the sons of Ylizaphan, Shimri and Yahiyl and Shimei and of the sons of Yaduthun, Shemaiyah and Uzziyah. 15 And they gathered their brothers, sanctified themselves and went according to the commandment of the king at the words of Yah, to cleanse the hous of Yah. 16 Then the priests went into the inner part of the house of Yah to cleanse it and brought out all the debris that they found in the temple of Yah to the court of the house of Yah. And the Levites took it out and carried it to the Brook Kidron. 17 Now they began to sanctify on the first day of the first month and on the eighth day of the month, they came to the vestibule of Yah. So they sanctified the house of Yah in eight days and on the sixteenth day of the first month, they finished.
*The number eight represents new beginnings, like Hebrew males are circumcised on the eighth day.
18 Then they went in to King Hezekiyah and said, “We have cleansed all the house of Yah, the altar of burnt offerings with all its articles and the table of the show bread with all its articles. 19 Moreover, all the articles which King Ahaz in his reign had cast aside in his transgression, we have prepared and sanctified and there they are, before the altar of Yah”.
King Hezekiyah Commands the Levites to Make a Sin Offering to Yah
20 Then King Hezekiyah rose early, gathered the rulers of the city and went up to the house of Yah. 21 And they brought seven bulls, seven rams, seven lambs and seven male goats for a sin offering for the kingdom, for the sanctuary and for Yahudah. Then he committed the priests, the sons of Aharon, to offer them on the altar of Yah. 22 So they killed the bulls and the priests received the blood and sprinkled it on the altar. Likewise, they killed the rams and sprinkled the blood on the altar. They also killed the lambs and sprinkled the blood on the altar. 23 Then they brought out the male goats for the sin offering before the king and the assembly and they laid their hands on them. 24 And the priests killed them and presented their blood on the altar as a sin offering to make atonement for all Ysrayl, for the king commanded that the burnt offering and the sin offering be made for all Ysrayl.
Hezekiyah Reinstates the Musicians that David Commanded to Be in the Temple Through Gad and Nathan the Prophets by Yah: Burnt Offering and Song of Yah: Hezekiyah and the Assembly Bow and Worship Yah
25 And he stationed the Levites in the house of Yah with cymbals, with stringed instruments and with harps, according to the commandment of David, of Gad the king’s seer and of Nathan the prophet. For thus was the commandment of Yah by His prophets. 26 The Levites stood with the instruments of David and the priests with trumpets. 27 Then Hezekiyah commanded them to offer the burnt offering on the altar. And when the burnt offering began, the song of Yah also began, with the trumpets and with the instruments of David king of Ysrayl. 28 So all the assembly worshiped, the singers sang and the trumpeters sounded, all this continued until the burnt offering was finished. 29 And when they had finished offering, the king and all who were present with him bowed and worshiped. 30 Moreover, King Hezekiyah and the leaders commanded and Levites to sing praise to Yah with the words of David and of Asaph the seer. So they sang praises with gladness and they bowed their heads and worship.
*Asaph was a Levite, seer, composer of music and one of the chiefs of David’s choir. See 1 Chronicles 6:39 and Nehemiyah 12:46.
There Were So Many Offerings that the Levites Had to Help the Priests Who Were Few in Number: Thank Offerings Peace Offerings and Drink Offerings: All These Events Took Place with Speed or All of a Sudden
31 Then Hezekiyah answered and said, “Now that you have consecrated yourselves to Yah, come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings and as many as were of a willing heart brought burnt offerings. 32 And the number of the burnt offerings which the assembly brought was seventy bulls, one hundred rams and two hundred lambs, all these were for a burnt offering to Yah. 33 The consecrated things were six hundred bulls and three thousand sheep. 34 But the priests were too few, so that they could not skin all the burnt offerings. Therefore, their brothers the Levites helped them until the work was ended and until the other priests had sanctified themselves, for the Levites were more diligent in sanctifying themselves than the priests. 35 Also the burnt offerings were in abundance, with the fat of the peace offerings and with the drink offerings for every burnt offering. So the service of the house of Yah was set in order. 36 Then Hezekiyah and all the people rejoiced that Yah had prepared the people, since the events took place so suddenly.
Chapter 30: Hezekiyah Keeps the Passover and Invites the Tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim and All Ysrayl by Missives to Return to Yah
1 And Hezekiyah sent to all Ysrayl and Yahudah and also wrote letters to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of Yah at Yahrushalom, to keep the Passover to Yah of Ysrayl. 2 For the king and his leaders and all the assembly in Yahrushalom had agreed to keep the Passover in the second month. 3 For they could not keep it at the regular time (that is, the first month, compare to Levites 23:5; literally at that time) because a sufficient number of priests had not consecrated themselves nor had the people gathered together in Yahrushalom. 4 And the matter pleased the king and all the assembly. 5 So they resolved to make a proclamation throughout all Ysrayl, from Beersheba to Dan, that they should come to keep the Passover to Yah Almighty of Ysrayl at Yahrushalom, since they had not done it for a long time in the prescribed manner. 6 Then the runners went throughout all Ysrayl and Yahudah with the letters from the king and his leaders and spoke according to the command of the king: “Children of Ysrayl, return to Yah Almighty of Abraham, Yitshaq and Ysrayl; Then he will return to the remnant of you who have escaped from the hand of the kings of Assyria. 7 And do not be like your fathers and your brothers, who trespassed against Yah Almighty of their fathers, so that He gave them up to desolation, as you see. 8 Now do not be stiff-necked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves to Yah and enter His sanctuary, which He has sanctified forever and serve Yah your Almighty, that the fierceness of His wrath may turn away from you. 9 For if you return to Yah, your brothers and your children will be treated with compassion by those who lead them captive, so that they may come back to this land, for Yah your Almighty is gracious and merciful and will not turn His face from you if you return to Him”.
*A missive is a letter, usually an official letter.
Some of the Israylites Mock the Invitation of Hezekiyah But Some From Asher Manasseh and Zebulon Humbled Themselves and Go to Yahrushalom: Yah Humbled the People of Yahudah’s Heart
10 So the runners passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, as far as Zebulon but they laughed at them and mocked them. 11 Nevertheless, some from Asher, Manasseh and Zebulon humbled themselves and came to Yahrushalom. 12 Also the hand of Yah was on Yahudah to give them singleness of heart to obey the command of the king and the leaders, at the word of Yah.
*Why did Yah humble the people of Yahudah’s heart also, I thought? Maybe so that they would not try to argue/fight the other tribes that were coming for the first time, in a long time, to worship Him. The people of Yahudah did not always worship Yah either.
The Priests and the Levites Were Ashamed of Their Past Behavior Towards Yah: Some of the Assembly are Unclean and Not Supposed to Keep the Passover But Hezekiyah Prays For Them: Yah Hears Hezekiyah’s Prayer and Heals Them
13 Now many people, a very great assembly gathered at Yahrushalom to keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread in the second month. 14 They arose and took away the altars that were in Yahrushalom and they took away all the incense altars and cast them into the Brook Kidron. 15 Then they slaughtered the Passover lambs on the fourteenth day of the second month. The priests and the Levites were ashamed and sanctified themselves and brought the burnt offerings to the house of Yah. 16 They stood in their place according to their custom, according to the Law of Moshe the man of Yah, the priests sprinkled the blood received from the hand of the Levites. 17 For there were many in the assembly who had not sanctified themselves, therefore, the Levites had charge of the slaughter of the Passover lambs for everyone who was not clean, to sanctify them to Yah. 18 For a multitude of the people, many from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulon had not cleansed themselves, yet they ate the Passover contrary to what was written. But Hezekiyah prayed for them saying, “May the good Yah provide atonement for everyone—
*See Numbers chapter 9, touching a dead body made one unclean for awhile. Exodus 12:43-50, male strangers also had to be circumcised or they were unclean, Also Read John 11:55 the Israylites went to Yahrushalom and purified themselves before the Passover. Ezra 6:20, the priests and Levites had to be clean.
19 Who prepares his heart to seek Yah, the Almighty Power of his fathers, though he is not cleansed according to the purification of the sanctuary”. 20 And Yah listened to Hezekiyah and healed the people.
The Levites Taught During the Seven Days
21 So the children of Ysrayl who were present at Yahrushalom kept the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with great gladness and the Levites and the priests praised Yah day by day, singing to Yah, accompanied by loud instruments. 22 And Hezekiyah gave encouragement to all the Levites who taught the good knowledge of Yah and they ate throughout the feast seven days, offering peace offerings and making confession to Yah of their fathers.
The Feast Kept Twenty-One Days in Joy of Yah: Yah Heard the Prayers of the Priests and Levites Blessing the People
23 Then the whole assembly agreed to keep the feast another seven days and they kept it another seven days with gladness. 24 For Hezekiyah king of Yahudah gave to the assembly a thousand bulls and seven thousand sheep and the leaders gave to the assembly a thousand bulls and ten thousand sheep and a great number of priest sanctified themselves. 25 The whole assembly of Yahudah rejoiced, also the priests and Levites, all the assembly that came from Ysrayl, the soujourners who came from the land of Ysrayl and those who dwelt in Yahudah. 26 So there was great joy in Yahrushalom, for since the time of Solomon the son of David, king of Ysrayl, there had been nothing like this in Yahrushalom. 27 Then the priests, the Levites, arose and blessed the people and their voice was heard and their prayer came up to His qodesh dwelling place, to heaven.
*Why was this feast kept 21 days? There is defiantly symbolism here.
*King Hezekiyah invited the remnant of Israylites of the northern 10 tribes to return to Yah at the Passover in Yahrushalom. The majority of the northern 10 tribes had been taken captive by king Shalmaneser of Assyria. See 2 Kings chapters 17 and 18.