Chapter 13: Abiyah Reigns Three Years in Yahudah
1 In the eighteenth year of King Yeroboam, Abiyah became king over Yahudah. 2 He reigned three years in Yahrushalom. His mother’s name was Michaiyah (spelled Maachah in 11:20-21) the daughter of Uriyah of Gibeah. and there was war between Abiyah and Yeroboam. 3 Abiyah set the battle in order with an army of valiant warriors, four hundred thousand choice men. Yeroboam also drew up in battle formation against him with eight hundred thousand choice men, mighty men of valor.
Abiyah Prepares to Fight Yeroboam
4 Then Abiyah stood on Mount Zemaraim, which is in the mountains of Ephraim and said, “Hear me, Yeroboam and all Ysrayl: 5 Should you not know that Yah Almighty gave the dominion over Ysrayl to David forever, to him and his sons, by a covenant of salt? 6 Yet Yeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and rebelled against his master. 7 Then worthless rogues gathered to him and strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and inexperienced and could not withstand them. 8 And now you think to withstand the kingdom of Yah, which is in the hand of the sons of David and you are a great multitude and with you are the gold calves which Yeroboam made for you as gods. 9 Have you not cast out the priests of Yah, the sons of Aharon and the Levites and made for yourselves priests, like the peoples of other lands, so that whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams may be a priest of things that are not mighty ones? 10 But as for us, Yah is our Almighty and we have not forsaken Him and the priests who minister to Yah are the sons of Aharon and the Levites attend to their duties. 11 And they burn to Yah every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense. They also set the showbread in order on the pure gold table and the lampstand of gold with its lamps to burn every evening for we keep the commandments of Yah our Power but you have forsaken Him. 12 Now look, Yah Himself is with us as our head and His priests with sounding trumpets to sound the alarm against you. O children of Ysrayl, do not fight against Yah Almighty of our fathers, for you shall not prosper”!
Yeroboam Tries to Ambush Abiyah and Yahudah But Yah Delivers Yeroboam and Ysrayl into the Hand of Abiyah
13 But Yeroboam caused an ambush to go around behind them. So they were in front of Yahudah and the ambush was behind them. 14 And when Yahudah looked around, to their surprise the battle line was at both front and rear and they cried out to Yah and the priests sounded the trumpets. 15 Then the men of Yahudah gave a shout and as the men of Yahudah shouted, it happened that Yah struck Yeroboam and all Ysrayl before Abiyah and Yahudah. 16 And the children of Ysral fled before Yahudah and Yah delivered them into their hand. 17 Then Abiyah and his people struck them with a great slaughter. So five hundred thousand choice men of Ysrayl fell slain. 18 Thus the children of Ysrayl were subdued at that time and the children of Yahudah prevailed, because they relied on Yah Almighty of their fathers. 19 and Abiyah pursued Yeroboam and took cities from him: Bethyl with its villages, Yeshanah with its villages and Ephrain (or Ephron) with its villages. 20 So Yeroboam did not recover strength again in the days of Abiyah and Yah struck him and he died.
Abiyah’s Wives and Children: The Life of Abiyah is written About in the Book of Iddo
21 But Abiyah grew mighty, married fourteen wives and begot twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters. 22 Now the rest of the acts of Abiyah, his ways and his sayings are written in the annals of the prophet Iddo.
*Not only was Yeroboam evil but in 1 Kings 15, Yah says that Abiyah was not loyal to Him (or his heart did not stay loyal to Yah like Solomon and Rehoboam because we just read here in chapter 13 where it seemed like he was fighting for Yah). But For David’s sake Yah let Abiyah reign in Yahudah. The book of Iddo probably would give greater detail into what he exactly was doing against Yah.
Chapter 14: Abiyah Rests with His Fathers
1 So Abiyah rested with his fathers and they buried him in the City of David. Then Asayah his son reigned in his place. In his days the land was quiet for ten years.
Asayah is Righteous in the Sight of Yah: Asayah Seeks Yah and Tears Down the Altars and High Places of the Fallen Angels: Yah Gives Asayah Rest From War and Prospers Yahudah For Ten Years: The Army of Asayah
2 Asayah did what was good and right in the eyes of Yah his Father. 3 For he removed the altars of the gods and the high places and broke down the sacred pillars and cut down the wooden images. 4 He commanded Yahudah to seek Yah Almighty of their fathers and to observe the law and the commandment. 5 He also removed the high places and incense altars from all the cities of Yahudah and the kingdom was quiet under him. 6 And he built fortified cities in Yahudah, for the land had rest. He had no war in those years because Yah had given him rest.7 Therefore, he said to Yahudah, “Let us build these cities and make walls around them and towers, gates and bars while the land is yet before us because we have sought Yah our Almighty. We have sought Him and He has given us rest on every side”. So they built and prospered. 8 And Asayah had an army of three hundred thousand from Yahudah who carried shields and spears and from Benyamin two hundred and eighty thousand men who carried shields and drew bows. All these were mighty men of valor.
Zerah of Ethiopia with His Million Man Army Wants to Fight Yahudah: Asayah Asks Yah For Help
9 Then Zerah the Ethiopian came out against them with an army of a million men and three hundred chariots and he came to Mareshah. 10 So Asayah went out against him and they set the troops in battle array in the Valley of Zephathah at Mareshah. 11 And Asayah cried out to Yah his Power and said, “Yah it is nothing for You to help, whether with many or with those who have no power. Help us O Yah our Power, for we rest on You and in Your name we go against this multitude. O Yah, You are our Power, do not let man prevail against You”!
*This could be Asayah’s test and he seeks Yah.
Yah Hears Asayah and Yahudah and Strikes the Ethiopians and Makes them Flee: Yahudah Takes the Spoils
12 So Yah struck the Ethiopians before Asayah and Yahudah and the Ethiopians fled. 13 And Asayah and the people who were with him pursued them to Gerar. So the Ethiopians were overthrown and they could not recover, for they were broken before Yah and His army. And they carried away very much spoil. 14 Then they defeated all the cities around Gerar, for the fear of Yah came upon them and they plundered all the cities, for there was exceedingly much spoil in them. 15 They also attacked the livestock enclosures and carried off sheep and camels in abundance and returned to Yahrushalom.
*Deuteronomy 28:7 Yah will cause your enemies who rise against you to be defeated before your face. They shall come out against you one way and flee before you seven ways. The blessings.