Second Chronicles or Dibre Ha Yamin Bet (records of the times part B) continues the history of Ysrayl that was begun in 1 Chronicles. This book repeats or parallels the information and many stories that are in 1 and 2 Kings but from a slightly different viewpoint. Second Chronicles virtually ignores the northern kingdom of Ysrayl because of its false worship and refusal to acknowledge the temple in Yahrushalom. Chronicles focuses on those kings who pattern their lives and reigns after the life and reign of King David. It gives extended treatment to such zealous reformers as Asayah, Yahoshaphat, Yoash, Hezekiyah and Yoshiyah.
The book of 2 Chronicles begins with the rule of King Solomon, then tells the history of the two separate kingdoms of Yahudah and Ysrayl down to the fall of Yahrushalom in 586 BC and concludes with Cyrus’s edict to rebuild the temple.
King Solomon is honored as the ideal king of Ysrayl. The first part of 2 Chronicles (1-9) includes events from his rule, especially the building and dedication of the temple in Yahrushalom and the beginning of worship there.
The second part of the book (10-36) begins with the rebellion of the northern tribes of Ysrayl and the division of the country into two separate kingdoms, Yahudah (and Benyamin) in the south and Ysrayl in the north. This part of 2 Chronicles is the history of Yahudah down to the time of Yahrushalom’s fall and destruction. Unlike 2 Kings, the book of 2 Chronicles includes very little information about the northern kingdom. According to 2 Chronicles, the people of Ysrayl were sinful and turned their backs on Yah and so their history did not deserve to be told.
Second Chronicles, like first Chronicles is very concerned that Yah be worshiped in the proper way. Hezekiyah and Yoshiyah are two of the most respected kings of Yahudah because they were always faithful to Yah and did many things to see that he was properly worshiped and that his Torah was obeyed.
This book tells how Yahrushalom was destroyed and the people of Yahudah were led away as prisoners to Babylon. But the book concludes with hope for the Israylites. King Cyrus of Persia lets them return to Yahudah and he promises:
Yah will watch over any of his people who want to go back to Yahudah. (36:23)
Chapter 1: Solomon and the Assembly Seek Yah
1 Now Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his kingdom and Yah his Almighty was wit him and exalted him exceedingly. 2 And Solomon spoke to all Ysrayl, to the captains of thousands and of hundreds, to the judges and to every leader in all Ysrayl, the heads of the father’s houses. 3 Then Solomon and all the assembly with him, went to the high place that was at Gibeon, for the tabernacle of meeting with Yah was there, which Moshe the servant of Yah had made in the wilderness. 4 But David had brought up the ark of Yah from Kiryath Yearim to the place David had prepared for it, for he had pitched a tent for it at Yahrushalom. 5 Now the bronze altar that Bezalyl the son of Uriyah, the son of Hur, had made, he put (or was there) before the tabernacle of Yah. Solomon and the assembly sought Him there. 6 And Solomon went up there to the bronze altar before Yah, which was at the tabernacle of meeting and offered a thousand burnt offerings on it.
*Seek Yah with all your heart and you will find Him. Read Deuteronomy 4:29 and Yeremiyah 29:13.
That Night Yah Appears to Solomon: Solomon Requests Wisdom and Yah Makes Solomon Wise
7 On that night, Yah appeared to Solomon and said to him, “Ask! What shall I give you”? 8 And Solomon said to Yah: “You have shown great mercy to David, my father and have made me king in his place. 9 Now, O Father Yah, let Your promise to David, my father be established, for You have made me king over a people like the dust of the earth in multitude. 10 Now give me wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people. For who can judge this great people of Yours”? 11 Then Yah said to Solomon: “Because this was in your heart and you have not asked riches or wealth or honor or the life of your enemies nor have you asked long life–but have asked wisdom and knowledge for yourself, that you may judge My people over whom I have made you king–12 Wisdom and knowledge are granted to you and I will give you riches and wealth and honor, such as none of the kings have had who were before you nor shall any after you have the like”.
Solomon’s Military and Economic Power
13 So Solomon came to Yahrushalom from the high place that was at Gibeon, from before the tabernacle of meeting and reigned over Ysrayl. 14 And Solomon gathered chariots and horsemen. He had one thousand four hundred chariots and twelve thousand horsemen, whom he stationed in the chariot cities and with the king in Yahrushalom. 15 Also the king made silver and gold as common in Yahrushalom as stones and he made cedars as abundant as the sycamores which are in the lowland. 16 And Solomon had horses imported from Egypt and Keveh. The king’s merchants bought them in Keveh at the current price. 17 They also acquired and imported from Egypt a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver and a horse for one hundred and fifty. Thus, through their agents (literally by their hands), they exported them to all the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Syria.
Chapter 2: Solomon Prepares to Build the Temple
1 Then Solomon determined to build a temple for the name of Yah and a royal house for himself. 2 Solomon selected seventy thousand men to bear burdens, eighty thousand to quarry stone in the mountains and three thousand six hundred to oversee them.
Solomon Asks Hiram to Help Build the Temple
3 Then Solomon sent to Hiram (Hebrew Huram, compare 1 Kings 5:1) king of Tyre saying: As you have dealt with David, my father and sent him cedars to build himself a house to dwell in, so deal with me. 4 Behold, I am building a temple for the name of the Master my Almighty, to dedicate it to Him, to burn before Him sweet incense, for the continual show bread, for the burnt offerings, morning and evening, on the Shabbats, on the New Moons and on the set feasts of Yah our Father. This is an ordinance forever to Ysrayl. 5 And the temple which I build will be great, for our Yah is greater than the gods. 6 But who is able to build Him a temple, since heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain Him? Who am I then, that I should build Him a temple, except to burn sacrifice before Him? 7 Therefore, send me at once a man skillful to work in gold and silver, in bronze and iron, in purple and crimson and blue, who has skill to engrave with the skillful men who are with me in Yahudah and Yahrushalom, whom David my father provided. 8 Also, send me cedar and cypress and algum logs from Lebanon, for I know that your servants have skill to cut timber in Lebanaon and indeed my servants will be with your servants–9 To prepare timber for me in abundance, for the temple which I am about to build shall be great and wonderful. 10 And indeed, I will give to your servants, the woodsmen who cut timber, twenty thousand kors of ground wheat, twenty thousand kors of barley, twenty thousand baths of wine and twenty thousand baths of oyl.
Hiram Answers Solomon and Praises Yah: Hiram Sends an Israylite Master Craftsman of the Tribe Dan Living in Tyre Named Huram
11 Then Hiram king of Tyre answered in writing which he sent to Solomon: Because Yah loves His people, He has made you king over them. 12 Hiram also said: Blessed be Yah Father of Ysrayl, who made heaven and earth, for He has given King David a wise son, endowed with prudence and understanding, who will build a temple for Yah and a royal house for himself! 13 And now I have sent a skillful man, endowed with understanding. Huram (spelled Hiram in 1 Malakim 7:13),my master craftsman–14 (The son of a woman of the daughters of Dan and his father was a man of Tyre, a man of Dan because of his grandfather), skilled to work in gold and silver, bronze and iron, stone and wood, purple and blue, fine linen and crimson and to make any engraving and to accomplish any plan which may be given to him, with your skillful men and with the skillful men of my master David your father. 15 Now therefore, the wheat, the barley, the oyl and the wine which my master has spoken of, let him sent to his servants. 16 And we will cut wood from Lebanon, as much as you need. We will bring it to you in rafts by sea to Yoppa and you will carry it up to Yahrushalom.
Solomon’s Work Force: The Children of Ysrayl and All Foreigners Work on the Temple of Yah
17 Then Solomon numbered all the foreigners who were in the land of Ysrayl, after the census in which David his father had numbered them and there were found to be one hundred and fifty-three thousand six hundred. 18 And he made seventy thousand of them bearers of burdens, eighty thousand stone-cutters in the mountains and three thousand six hundred overseers to make the people work.