Chapter 17: Hoshea Reigns in Ysrayl: Hoshea was Evil in the Sight of Yah But Not as Yeroboam and Ahab
In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Yahudah, Hoshea the son of Ylath became king of Ysrayl in Samaria and he reigned nine years. 2 And he did evil in the sight of Yah but not as the kings of Ysrayl who were before him. 3 Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against him and Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute money. 4 And the king of Assyria uncovered a conspiracy by Hoshea, for he had sent messengers to So, the king of Egypt and brought no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year. Therefore, the king of Assyria shut him up and bound him in prison.
Samaria is Besieged Three Years by the King of Assyria
5 Now the king of Assyria went throughout all the land and went up to Samaria and besieged it for three years. 6 In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria and carried Ysrayl away to Assyria and placed them in Halah and by the Habor, the River of Gozan and in the cities of the Medes.
Yah Testifies Against Ysrayl and Yahudah: The Israylites Serve the Fallen Angels Moloch and Baal: Ten Tribes of the North Are Taken Captive into Assyria (Around 722-720 BCE)
7 For so it was that the children of Ysrayl had sinned against Yah their Almighty, who had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt and they had feared (reverenced) the gods–8 And had walked in the statues of the nations whom Yah had cast out from before the children of Ysrayl and of the kings of Ysrayl, which they had made. 9 Also the children of Ysrayl secretly did against Yah their Almighty things that were not right and they built for themselves high places in all their cities, from watchtower to fortified city. 10 They set up for themselves sacred pillars and wooden images (Hebrew Asherim, Canaanite deities) on every high hill and under every green tree. 11 There they burned incense on all the high places, like the nations whom Yah had carried away before them and they did wicked things to provoke Yah to anger. 12 For they served idols, of which Yah had said to them, “You shall not do this thing”. 13 Yet Yah testified against Ysrayl and against Yahudah, by all of His prophets, every seer saying, “Turn from your evil ways and keep My commandments and My statues, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers and which I sent to you by My servants the prophets”. 14 Nevertheless, they would not hear but stiffened their necks, like the necks of their fathers, who did not believe in Yah their Father. 15 And they rejected His statues and His covenant that He had made with their fathers and His testimonies which He had testified against them. They followed idols, became idolaters and went after the nations who were all around them, concerning whom Yah had charged them that they should not do like them. 16 So they left all the commandments of Yah their Almighty, made for themselves a molded image and two calves, made a wooden image and worshiped all the host of heaven and served Baal. 17 And they caused their sons and daughters to pass through the fire, practiced witchcraft and soothsaying and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of Yah, to provoke Him to anger. 18 Therefore, Yah was very angry with Ysrayl and removed them from His sight. There was none left but the tribe of Yahudah alone.
Yahudah Walked in the Statues of Ysrayl and Not Yah but Yah Did Not Put Them into Captivity
19 Also Yahudah did not keep the commandments of Yah their Father but walked in the statues of Ysrayl which they made 20 And Yah rejected all the descendants of Ysrayl, afflicted them and delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight. 21 For He tore Ysrayl from the house of David and they made Yeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then Yeroboam drove Ysrayl from following Yah and made them commit a great sin. 22 For the children of Ysrayl walked in all the sins of Yeroboam which he did. They did not depart from them—23 Until Yah removed Ysrayl out of His sight, as He had said by all His servants the prophets. So Ysrayl was carried away from their own land to Assyria, as it is to this day.
Assyria Resettles Samaria: The Assyrians Do Not Fear Yah: Yah Sends Lions to Eat Some of the Assyrians: A Priest of Yah Teaches Some of the Assyrians How to Fear Yah
24 Then the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Av, Hamath and from Sepharvaim and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Ysrayl and they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its cities. 25 And it was so, at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they did not fear Yah. Therefore, Yah sent lions among them, which killed some of them. 26 So they spoke to the king of Assyria saying, “The nations whom you have removed and placed in the cities of Samaria do not know the rituals of Yah of the land. Therefore, He has sent lions among them and indeed, they are killing them because they do not know the rituals of Yah of the land”. 28 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Bethyl and taught them how they should fear Yah.
The Nations Continue Making Images of the Gods to Worship: Yah Tells the Nations Do Not Fear (Reverence) the Gods but They Remained Luke Warm After Finding Out About Yah
29 However, every nation continued to make gods of its own and put them in the shrines on the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in the cities where they dwelt. 30 The men of Babylon made Succoth Benoth, the men of Cuth made Nergal, the men of Hamath made Ashima—31 And the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak and the Sepharvites burned their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. 32 So they feared Yah and from every class they appointed themselves priests of the high places, who sacrificed for them in the shrines of the high places. 33 They feared Yah, yet they served their own gods, according to the rituals of the nations from among whom they were carried away. 34 To this day, they continue practicing the former rituals. They do not fear Yah nor do they follow their statues or their ordinances or the law and commandment which Yah had commanded the children of Yahqob, whom He named Ysrayl—35 With whom Yah had made a covenant and charged them saying, “You shall not fear the gods nor bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them–36 But Yah, who brought you up from the land of Egypt with great power and an outstretched arm, Him you shall fear, Him you shall worship and to Him you shall offer sacrifice. 37 And the statues, the ordinances, the law and the commandment which He wrote for you, you shall be careful to observe forever. You shall not fear (reverence) the gods. 38 And the covenant that I have made with you, you shall not forget nor shall you fear the gods. 39 But Yah your Almighty you shall fear and He will deliver you from the hand of all your enemies”. 40 However, they did not obey but they followed their former rituals. 41 So these nations feared Yah yet served their carved images. Also their children and their children’s children have continued doing as their fathers did, even to this day.
Read Revelation 3:16 about being luke warm.
Chapter 18: Hezekiyah Reigns in Yahudah: Hezekiyah is Righteous in the Sight of Yah
1 Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea the son of Ylah, king of Ysrayl, that Hezekiyah the son of Ahaz, king of Yahudah began to reign. 2 He was twenty-five years old when he became king and he reigned twenty-nine years in Yahrushalom. His mother’s name was Abiyah (see 2 Chronicles 29:1) the daughter of Zechariyah. 3 And he did what was right in the sight of Yah, according to all that his father David had done.
Hezekiyah Cuts Down the Images of the Gods: Hezekiyah Has Great Faith in Yah: Hezekiyah Refuses to Serve the King of Assyria
4 He removed the high places and broke the sacred pillars, cut down the wooden image (Hebrew Asherah, a Canaanite goddess) and broke in pieces the bronze serpent that Moshe had made. For until those days, the children of Ysrayl burned incense to it and called it Nehustan (literally bronze thing). 5 He trusted in Yah Almighty of Ysrayl so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Yahudah nor who were before Him. 6 For he held fast to Yah. He did not depart from following Him but kept His commandments which Yah had commanded Moshe. 7 Yah was with him. He prospered wherever he went. And he rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him. 8 He subdued the Philistines, as far as Gaza and its territory, from watchtower to fortified city.
Ysrayl Went into Captivity During King Hoshea’s Reign and During King Hezekiyah of Yahudah’s Reign: Yah Punishes Ysrayl For Not Keeping the Commandments
9 Now it came to pass in the fourth year of King Hezekiyah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea the son of Ylah, king of Ysrayl, that Shalmaneser the king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it. 10 and at the end of three years, they took it. In the sixth year of Hezekiyah, that is, ninth year of Hoshea king of Ysrayl, Samaria was taken. 11 Then the king of Assyria carried Ysrayl away captive to Assyria and put them in Halah and by the Habor, the River of Gozan and in the cities of the Medes—12 Because they did not obey the voice of Yah their Power but transgressed His covenant and all that Moshe the servant of Yah had commanded and they would neither hear nor do them.
Sennacherib King of Assyria Captures All the Fortified Cites of Yahudah: Hezekiyah Pays Sennacherib in Silver and Gold
13 And in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiyah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Yahudah and took them. 14 Then Hezekiyah king of Yahudah sent to the king of Assyria at Lachish saying, “I have done wrong. Turn away from me, whatever you impose on me I will pay”. And the king of Assyria assessed Hezekiyah king of Yahudah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. 15 At that time Hezekiyah stripped the gold from the doors of the temple of Yah and from the pillars which Hezekiyah king of Yahudah had overlaid and gave it to the king of Assyria.
King Sennacherib Boosts Against Yah: The king of Assyria Wants Hezekiyah to Serve Him Like a God
17 Then the king of Assyria sent the Tartan (a title, probably commander-in-chief), the Rabsaris (a title, probably chief officer) and the Rabshkeh (a title, probably chief of staff or governor) from Lachish, with a great army against Yahrushalom. When they had come up, they went and stood by the aqueduct from the pool, which was on the highway to the Fuller’s Field. 18 And when they had called to the king, Yliakim the son of Hilikiyah, who was over the household, Shebna the scribe and Yoah the son of Asaph, the recorder came out to them. 19 Then the Rabshakeh said to them, “Say now to Hezekiyah, ‘Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria: What confidence is this in which you trust’? 20 You speak of having plans and power for war but they are mere words. And in whom do you trust, that you rebel against me? 21 Now look! You are trusting in the staff of this broken reed, Egypt, on which if a man leans, it will go into his hand and pierce it. So it Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who trust in him. 22 But if you say to me, ‘Trust in Yah our Almighty, is it not He whose high places and whose altars Hezekiyah has taken away and said to Yahudah and Yahrushalom, ‘You shall worship before this altar in Yahrushalom’?” 23 “Now therefore, I urge you, give a pledge to my master the king of Assyria and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to put riders on them! 24 How then will you repel one captain of the least of my master’s servants and put your trust in Egypt for chariots and horsemen? 25 Have I now come up without Yah against this place to destroy it? Yah said to me, ‘Go up against this land and destroy it’.”
The Messenger of the King of Assyria is Asked to Speak Aramaic So the People of Yahudah Will Not Understand But He Speaks Loudly in Hebrew So That They Will Hear: The Messenger Encourages the People to Rebel Against Yah and Hezekiyah
26 Then Yliakim the son of Hilikiyah, Shebna and Yoah said to the Ravshakeh, “Please speak to your servants in Aramaic for we understand it and do not speak to us in Hebrew (literally Yahudean) in the hearing of the people who are on the wall”. 27 But the Rabshakeh said to them, “Has my master sent me to your master and to you to speak these words and not to the men who sit on the wall, who will eat and drink their own waste with you’? 28 Then the Rabshakeh stood and called out with a loud voice in Hebrew and spoke saying, “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria! 29 Thus says the king: ‘Do not let Hezekiyah deceive you, for he shall not be able to deliver us. This city shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria’.” 30 Nor let Hezekiyah make you trust in Yah saying, “Yah will surely deliver us, this city shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria’.” 31 Do not listen to Hezekiyah, for thus says the king of Assyria: ‘Make peace with me by a present and come out to me and every one of you eat from his own vine and every one from his own fig tree and every one of you drink the waters of his own cistern– 32 Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive groves and honey, that you may live and not die. but do not listen to Hezekiyah, lest he persuade you saying, “Yah will deliver us”. 33 ‘Has any of the gods of the nations at all delivered its land from the hand of the king of Assyria? 34 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim and Hena and Ivah? Indeed, have they delivered Samaria from my hand? 35 Who among all the gods of the lands have delivered their countries from my hand, that Yah should deliver Yahushalom from my hand’?”
The People of Yahudah Do Not Answer the Messenger As They Were Commanded by Hezekiyah: The Servants of Hezekiyah Tear Their Clothes Mourning
36 But the people held their peace and answered him not a word, for the king’s commandment was, “Do not answer him”. 37 Then Yliakim the son of Hilikiyah, who was over the household, Shebna the scribe and Yoah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiyah with their clothes torn and told him the words of the Rabshakeh.