Chapter 19: Shaul Wants to Kill David
1 Now Shaul spoke to Yahanathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David but Yahanathan, Shaul’s son, delighted greatly in David. 2 So Yahanathan told David saying, “My father Shaul seeks to kill you. Therefore, please be on your guard until morning and stay in a secret place and hide. 3 And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are and I will speak with my father about you. Then what I observe, I will tell you.
Yahanathan Intercedes Between Shaul and David
4 Thus Yahanathan spoke well of David to Shaul his father and said t0 him, “Let not the king sin against his servant, against David because he has not sinned against you and because his works have been very good toward you. 5 For he took his life in his hands and killed the Philistine and Yah brought about a great deliverance for all Ysrayl. You saw it and rejoiced. Why then will you sin against innocent blood, to kill David without a cause”? 6 So Shaul heeded the voice of Yahanathan and Shaul swore, “As Yah lives, he shall not be killed”!
The Distressing Spirit Returns to Shaul a Third Time and Shaul Tries to Kill David with a Spear a Third Time
7 Then Yahanathan called David and Yahanathan told him all these things. So Yahanathan brought David to Shaul and he was in his presence as in times past. 8 And there was war again and David went out and fought with the Philistines and struck them with a mighty blow and they fled from him. 9 Now the distressing spirit from Yah came upon Shaul as he sat in his house with his spear in his hand. And David was playing music with his hand. 10 Then Shaul sought to pin David to the wall with the spear but he slipped away from Shaul’s presence and he drove the spear into the wall. So David fled and escaped that night.
MichYL Warns David of Her Father’s Plan and Helps David Escape Out Her Window
11 Shaul also sent messengers to David’s house to watch him and to kill him in the morning. And Michal, David’s wife, told him saying, “If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed”. 12 So Michyl let David down through a window. And he went and fled and escaped. 13 And Michyl took an image (a household idol) and laid it in the bed, put a cover of goat’s hair for his head and covered it with clothes. 14 So when Shaul sent messengers to take David, she said, “He is sick”. 15 Then Shaul sent the messengers back to see David saying, “Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may kill him”. 16 And when the messengers had come in, there was the image in the bed with a cover of goat’s hair for his head. 17 Then Shaul said to Michyl, “Why have you deceived me like this and sent my enemy away so that he has escaped”? And Michyl answered Shaul, “He said to me, ‘Let me go! Why should I kill you (or reads let me go or I will kill you)”?
David Flees to Another City To Shemuyah From Shaul’s Persecution: Yah Stops Shaul’s Messengers Three Times: Shaul Goes To Ramah and Yah Stops His Mind From Finding David By Prophesiying
18 So David fled and escaped and went to Shemuyah at Ramah and told him all that Shaul had done to him. And he and Shemuyah went and stayed in Naioth. 19 Now it was told Shaul saying, “Take note, David is at Naioth in Ramah”! 20 Then Shaul sent messengers to take David. And when they saw the group of prophets prophesying and Shemuyah standing as leader over the, the Spirit of Yah came upon the messengers of Shaul and they also prophesied. 21 And when Shaul was told, he sent other messengers and they prophesied likewise. Then Shaul sent messengers again the third time and they prophesied also. 22 Then he also went to Ramah and came to the great well that is at Sechu. So he asked and said, “Where are Shemuyah and David”? And someone said, “Indeed they are at Naioth in Ramah”. 23 So he went there to Naioth in Ramah. Then the Spirit of Yah was upon him also and he went on and prophesied until he came to Naioth in Ramah. 24 And he also stripped off his clothes and prophesied before Shemuyah in like Manner and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Therefore, they say, “Is Shaul also among the Prophets”? (Compare to 1 Shemuyah 10:12 also see Matthew 10:23, flee).
Chapter 20: David Flees From Naioth Ramah: David Questions Yahanathan’s Loyalty
1 Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah and went and said to Yahanathan, “What have I done? What is my iniquity and what is my sin before your father that he seeks my life”? 2 So Yahanathan said to him, “By no means! You shall not die! Indeed my father will do nothing either great or small without first telling me. And why should my father hide this thing from me? It is not so”! 3 Then David took an oath again and said, “Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes and he has said, “Do not let Yahanathan know this, lest he be grieved. But truly, as Yah lives and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death”. 4 So Yahanathan said to David, “Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you”. 5 And David said to Yahanathan, “Indeed tomorrow is the new moon and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. But let me go, that I may hide in the field until the third day at evening. 6 If your father misses me at all then say, “David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family”. 7 If he says thus: ‘It is well’. Your servant will be safe. But if he is very angry, be sure that evil is determined by him. 8 Therefore, you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of Yah with you. Nevertheless, if there is iniquity in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father”? 9 But Yahanathan said, “Far be it from you! For if I knew certainly that evil was determined by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you”? 10 Then David said to Yahanathan, “Who will tell me or what if your father answers you roughly”? 11 And Yahanathan said to David, “Come, let us go out into the field”. So both of them went out into the filed.
Yahanathan and David Make a Covenant Again to Stay Best Friends and Yahanathan Agrees to Help David Escape
12 Then Yahanathan said to David: “Yah Almighty of Ysrayl is witness! When I have sounded out my father sometime tomorrow or the third day and indeed there is good toward David and I do not sent to you and tell you–13 May Yah do so and much more to Yahanathan. But if it pleases my father to do you evil, then I will report it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. And Yah be with you as He has been with my father. 14 And you shall not only show me the kindness of Yah while I still live, that I may not die. 15 But you shall not cut off your kindness from y house forever, no, not when Yah has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth”. 16 So Yahanathan made a covenant with the house of David saying, “Let Yah require it at the hand of David’s enemies”. 17 Now Yahanathan again caused David to vow because he loved him. For he loved him as he loved his own soul.
The Sign of the Arrows: Best Friends Forever
18 Then Yahanathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the new moon and you will be missed because your seat will be empty. 19 And when you have stayed three days, go down quickly and come to the place where you hid on the day of the deed and remain by the stone Ezyl. 20 Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target. 21 And there I will send a lad saying, ‘Go, find the arrows’. If I expressly say to the lad, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you. Get them and come’ then as Yah lives, there is safety for you and no harm”. 22 “But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you’ go your way for Yah has sent you away. 23 And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed Yah be between you and me forever”.
Shaul Throws a Spear at Yahanathan Angry at David
24 Then David hid in the field. And when the new moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. 25 Now the king sat on his seat as at other times, on a seat by the wall. And Yahanathan arose (reads he sat across from Yahanathan) and Abner sat by Shaul’s side but David’s place was empty. 26 Nevertheless, Shaul did not say anything that day, for he thought, “Something has happened to him. He is unclean, surely he is unclean”. 27 And it happened the next day, the second day of the month, that David’s place was empty. And Shaul said to Yahanathan his son, “Why has the son of Yesse not come to eat, either yesterday or today”? 28 So Yahanathan answered Shaul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem”. 29 And he said, ‘Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city and my brother has commanded me to be there. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers’. Therefore, he has not come to the king’s table”. 30 Then Shaul’s anger was aroused against Yahanathan and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Yesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? (or you have chosen David your shame and to the shame your mother who bore you). 31 For as long as the son of Yesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die”. 32 And Yahanathan answered Shaul his father and said to him, “Why should he be killed? What has he done”? 33 Then Shaul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Yahanathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David. 34 So Yahanathan arose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David because his father had treated him shamefully.
The Arrows Shot Beyond and Announced So that David Hears While Hidden in the Field
35 And so it was, in the morning that Yahanathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David and a little boy was with him. 36 Then he said to his boy, “Now run, find the arrows which I shoot”. As the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37 When the boy had come to the place where the arrow was which Yahanathan had shot, Yahanathan cried out after the boy and said, “Is not the arrow beyond you”? 38 And Yahanathan cried out after the boy, “Make haste, hurry, do not delay”! So Yahanathan’s boy gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. 39 But the boy did not know anything. Only Yahanathan and David knew of the matter. 40 Then Yahanathan gave his weapons to his boy and said to him, “Go, carry them to the city”.
David and Yahanathan Cry and Say Good-bye
41 As soon as the boy had gone, David arose from a place toward the south, fell on his face to the ground and bowed down three times. And they kissed one another and they wept together but David more so. 42 Then Yahanathan said to David, “Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of Yah saying, ‘May Yah be between you and me and between your descendants and my descendants forever’.” So he arose and departed and Yahanathan went into the city.