Chapter 15: Yah Sends Shaul to Destroy the Amalekites
1 Shemuyah also said to Shaul, “Yah sent me to anoint you king over His people, over Ysrayl. Now therefore, heed the voice of the words of Yah. 2 Thus says Yah of Hosts: “I will punish Amalek for what he did to Ysrayl, how he ambushed him on the way when he came up from Egypt. (Yah put a curse on the Amalekites in Exodus 17:16 and repeated the curse through Balaam in Numbers 24:20). 3 Now go and attack Amalek and utterly destroy all that they have and do not spare them. But kill both man and woman, infant and nursing child, ox and sheep, camel and donkey”. 4 So Shaul gathered the people together and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand men of Yahudah. 5 And Shaul came to a city of Amalek and lay in wait in the valley.
*The Amalekites lived in the Mountains of Ephraim, Numbers 13:29 and Judges 12:15. They also lived in the boundaries of Havilah/Shur of Ishmayl territory and as far as Egypt, Genesis 25:18, 1 Shemuyah 15:7 and 1 Shemuyah 27:8. The Amalekites also lived in the Edom territory, 1 Chronicles 4:42-43. Amalekites also lived near Kadesh Barnea at the time of Abraham, Genesis, 14:7.
Shaul Disobeys Yah by Sparing King Agag and the Best of the Animals
6 Then Shaul said to the Kenites, “Go, depart, get down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them. For you showed kindness to all the children of Ysrayl when they came up out of Egypt”. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites. (See Exodus chapter 18 Yethro the Kenite, Judges 1:16, gave good advice to Moshe and in Exodus 2:18 Yethro the Kenite is called friend of Yah or Reuyl. Yethro the Kenite lived in Midian. Numbers 24:20-21, the Kenites lived among the Amalekites in the mountains). 7 And Shaul attacked the Amalekites, from Havilah all the way to Shur, which is east of Egypt. 8 He also took Agag king of the Amalekites alive and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. 9 But Shaul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, the oxen, the fatlings, the lambs and all that was good and were unwilling to utterly destroy them. But everything despised and worthless, that they utterly destroyed.
Shaul Rejected as King of Ysrayl: Shaul Sets up a Monument to Himself
10 Now the word of Yah came to Shemuyah saying: 11 “I greatly reject that I have set up Shaul as king, for he has turned back from following Me and has not performed My commandments”. And it grieved Shemuyah and he cried out to Yah all night. 12 So when Shemuyah rose early in the morning to meet Shaul, it was told Shemuyah saying, “Shaul went to Carmyl and indeed, he set up a monument for himself and has gone on around, passed by and gone down to Gilgal”. 13 Then Shemuyah went up to Shaul and Shaul said to him, “Blessed are you of Yah! I have performed the commandment of Yah”. 14 But Shemuyah said, “What then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears and the lowing of the oxen which I hear”? 15 And Shaul said, “They have brought them from the Amalekites, for the people spared the best of the sheep and the oxen to sacrifice to Yah your Almighty and the rest we have utterly destroyed”. 16 Then Shemuyah said to Shaul, “Be quiet! And I will tell you what Yah said to me last night”. And he said to him, “Speak on”.
17 So Shemuyah said, “When you were little in your own eyes, were you not head of the tribes of Ysrayl? And did not Yah anoint you king over Ysrayl? 18 Now Yah sent you on a mission and said, “Go and utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites and fight against them until they are consumed. 19 Why then did you not obey the voice of Yah? Why did you swoop down on the spoil and do evil in the sight of Yah”? 20 And Shaul said to Shemuyah, “But I have obeyed the voice of Yah and gone on the mission on which Yah sent me and brought back Agag king of Amalek. I have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. 21 But the people took of the plunder, sheep and oxen, the best things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice to Yah your Almighty in Gilgal”.
Shaul Used the Excuse of Sacrificing the Best Animals of the Amalekites to Yah so He Could Sin
22 So Shemuyah said: “Has Yah as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of Yah? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice and to heed than the fat of rams. 23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft and stubbornness is an iniquity and idolatry (Shaul also had set up a monument to himself, he did not esteem Yah). Because you have rejected the word of Yah, He also has rejected you from being king”.
Shaul Blames the Children of Ysrayl For His Sin: The Torn Robe and the Torn Away Kingdom: Shaul Worships Yah
Then Shaul said to Shemuyah, “I have sinned, for I have transgressed the commandment of Yah and your words because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. 25 Now therefore, please pardon my sin and return with me, that I may worship Yah”. 26 But Shemuyah said to Shaul, “I will not return with you, for you have rejected the word of Yah and Yah has rejected you from being king over Ysrayl”. 27 And as Shemuyah turned around to go away, Shaul seized the edge of his robe and it tore. 28 So Shemuyah said to him, “Yah has torn the kingdom of Yrayl from you today and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you. 29 And also the Strength of Ysrayl (Yah) will not lie nor relent. For He is not a man, that He should relent”. (Compare to Numbers 23:19, what Yah says will happen, will come to pass). 30 Then he said, “I have sinned yet honor me now, please, before the elders of my people and before Ysrayl and return with me, that I may worship Yah your Almighty. 31 So Shemuyah turned back after Shaul and Shaul worshipped Yah.
Shemuyah the Priest of Yah Kills Agag the Amalekite King
32 Then Shemuyah said, “Bring Agag king of the Amalekites here to me”. So Agag came to him cautiously. And Agag said, “Surely the bitterness of death is past”. 33 But Shemuyah said, “As your sword has made women childless, so shall your mother be childless among women”. And Shemuyah hacked Agag in pieces before Yah in Gilgal.
Yah Regrets Making Shaul King: Shemuyah Mourns for Shaul and Never Goes Sees Him Again
34 Then Shemuyah went to Ramah and Shaul went up to his house at Gibeah of Shaul. 35 And Shemuyah went no more to see Shaul until the day of his death. Nevertheless, Shemuyah mourned for Shaul and Yah regretted that He had made Shaul king over Ysrayl.
Chapter 16: Yah Chooses David to be King: Yah Sends Shemuyah to Bethlehem to Anoint David King
1 Now Yah said to Shemuyah, “How long will you mourn for Shaul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Ysrayl? Fill your horn with oil and go. I am sending you to Yesse (or Yishaiyah meaning Yah exists) the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons”. 2 And Shemuyah said, “How can I go? If Shaul hears it, he will kill me”. But Yah said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to Yah’. 3 Then invite Yesse to the sacrifice and I will show you what you shall do. You shall anoint for Me the one I name to you”. 4 So Shemuyah did what Yah said and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming and said, “Do you come peaceably”? 5 And he said, “Peaceably, I have come to sacrifice to Yah. Sanctify yourselves and come with me to the sacrifice”. Then he consecrated Yesse and his sons and invited them to the sacrifice.
The Seven Sons of Yesse are Called Before Shemuyah Then David the Youngest is Called and Anointed
6 So it was, when they came, that he looked at Yliab and said, “Surely Yah’s anointed is before Him”! 7 But Yah said to Shemuyah, “Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature because I have refused him. For Yah does not see as a man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance but Yah looks at the heart (also see Yeremiyah 17:9-10). 8 So Yesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Shemuyah. And he said, “Neither has Yah chosen this one”. 9 Then Yesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has Yah chosen this one”. 10 Thus Yesse made seven of his sons pass before Shemuyah. And Shemuyah said to Yesse, “Yah has not chosen these”. 11 And Shemuyah said to Yesse, “Are all the young men here”? Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest and there he is, keeping the sheep”. And Shemuyah said to Yesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down (reads turn away) till he comes here”. 12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy (red or reddish-brown) with bright eyes and good-looking. And Yah said, “Arise, anoint him for this is the one”! 13 Then Shemuyah took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers and the Spirit of Yah came upon David from that day forward. So Shemuyah arose and went to Ramah. *David or Dawid means beloved or much loved in Hebrew.
A Distressing Spirit Troubles Shaul
14 But the Spirit of Yah departed from Shaul and a distressing spirit from Yah troubled him. 15 And Shaul’s servants said to him, “Surely a distressing spirit from Yah is troubling you. 16 Let our master now command your servants, who are before you, to seek out a man who is a skillful player on the harp. And it shall be that he will play it with his hand when the distressing spirit from Yah is upon you and you shall be well”. 17 So Shaul said to his servants, “Provide me now a man who can play well and bring him to me”. 18 Then one of the servants answered and said, “Look, I have seen a son of Yesse the Bethlehemite, who is skillful in playing, a mighty man of valor, a man of war, wise in speech and a handsome person and Yah is with him”.
19 Therefore, Shaul sent messengers to Yesse and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the sheep”. 20 And Yesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine and a young goat and sent them by his son David to Shaul. 21 So David came to Shaul and stood before him. And he loved him greatly and he became his armor bearer. 22 Then Shaul sent to Yesse saying, “Please let David stand before me, for he has found favor in my sight”. 23 And so it was, whenever the spirit from Yah was upon Shaul, that David would take a harp and play it with his hand. Then Shaul would become refreshed and well and the distressing spirit would depart from him. (Compare to 2 Kings 3:15).