Leviticus Chapter 11 and Chapter 12

Chapter 11: Foods Permitted and Forbidden (Clean and Unclean Animals)

1 Now Yah spoke to Moshe and Aharon saying to them: 2 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl saying, these are the animals which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth: 3 Among the animals, whatever divides the hoof having cloven hooves and chewing the cud– that you may eat.

4 Nevertheless, these you shall not eat among those that chew the cud or those that have cloven hooves: the camel because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves.  (It) is unclean to you. 5 The rock hyrax (or rock badger) because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves. It is unclean to you. 6 The hare (jackrabbit) because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves. It is unclean to you. 7 And swine (pig), though it divides the hoof having cloven hooves yet does not chew the cud. It is unclean to you. 8 Their flesh you shall not eat and their carcasses you shall not touch. They are unclean to you.

9 These you may eat of all that are in the water: whatever in the water has fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the rivers– that you may eat. 10 But all in the sea or in the rivers that do not have fins and scales, all that move in the water or any living thing which is in the water, they are an abomination to you. 11 They shall be an abomination to you. You shall not eat their flesh but you shall regard their carcasses as an abomination. 12 Whatever in the water does not have fins or scales–that shall be an abomination to you.

13 And these you shall regard as an abomination among the birds; They shall not be eaten. They are an abomination: the eagle, the vulture, the buzzard. 14 The kite and the falcon after its kind. 15 Every raven (and or crow) after its kind. 16 The ostrich, the short-eared owl, the sea gull and the hawk after its kind. 17 The little owl, the fisher owl and the screech owl. 18 The white owl, the jackdaw and the carrion vulture. 19 The stork, the heron after its kind, the hoopoe and the bat.

20 All flying insects that creep on all fours shall be an abomination to you. Yet these you may eat of every flying insect that creeps on all fours: those which have jointed legs above their feet with which to leap on the earth. 22 These you may eat: locust after its kind, the destroying locust after its kind, the cricket after its kind and the grasshoppers after its kind. 23 But all other flying insects which have four feet shall be an abomination to you.

24 By these you shall become unclean: whoever touches the carcass of any of them shall be unclean until evening. 25 Whoever carries part of the carcass of any of them shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. 26 The carcass of any animal which divides the foot but is not cloven-hoofed or does not chew the cud is unclean to you. Everyone who touches it shall be unclean. 27 And whatever goes on its paws, among all kinds of animals that go on all fours, those are unclean to you. Whoever touches any such carcass shall be unclean until evening. 28 Whoever carries any such carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. It is unclean to you.

29 These also shall be unclean to you among the creeping things that creep on the earth: the mole, the mouse and the large lizard after its kind. 30 The gecko, the monitor lizard, the sand reptile, the sand lizard and the chameleon.31 These are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening.

32 Anything on which any of them falls, when they are dead shall be unclean, whether it is any item of wood or clothing or skin or sack, whether item it is, in which any work is done, it must be put in water. And it shall be unclean until evening. Then it shall be clean. 33 Any earthen vessel into which any of them falls you shall break and whatever is in it shall be unclean. 34 In such a vessel, any edible food upon which water falls becomes unclean and any drink that may be drunk from it become unclean. 35 And everything on which a part of any such carcass falls shall be unclean. Whether it is an oven or cooking stove, it shall be broken down. For they are unclean and shall be unclean to you. 36 Nevertheless, a spring or a cistern in which there is plenty of water, shall be clean but whatever touches any such carcass becomes unclean.

37 And if a part of any such carcass falls on any planting seed which is to be sown, it remains clean. 38 But if water is put on the seed and if a part of any such carcass falls on it, it becomes unclean to you. 39 And if any animal which you may eat dies, he who touches its carcass shall be unclean until evening. 40 He who eats of its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. He also who carries its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.

41 And every creeping thing that creeps on the earth shall be an abomination. It shall not be eaten. 42 Whatever crawls on its belly, whatever goes on all fours or whatever has many feet among all creeping things that creep on the earth–these you shall not eat, for they are an abomination. 43 You shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creeps. Nor shall you make yourselves unclean with them, lest you be defiled by them.

44 For I am Yah your Almighty. You shall therefore consecrate yourselves and you shall be qodesh, for I am qodesh. Neither shall you defile yourselves with any creeping thing that creeps on the earth. 45 For I am Yah who brings you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your Power. You shall therefore be qodesh, for I am qodesh. 46 This is the law of the animals and the birds and every living creature that moves in the waters and of every creature that creeps on the earth. 47 To distinguish between the unclean and the clean and between animal that may be eaten and the animal that may not be eaten”.

*Genesis 1:28-29 Yah established from the beginning clean vs. unclean things to eat. Genesis 7:2-9, Noah knew clean vs. unclean animals.

Chapter 12: What Women Must Do After Giving Birth

1 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl saying: If a woman has conceived and borne a male child, then she shall be unclean seven days as in the days of her customary impurity she shall be unclean. 3 And on the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised. 4 She shall then continue in the blood of her purification thirty-three days. She shall not touch any hallowed thing nor come into the sanctuary until the days of her purification are fulfilled. 5 But if she bears a female child, then she shall be unclean two weeks, as in her customary impurity and she shall continue in the blood of her purification six-six days. 6 When the days of her purification are fulfilled, whether for a son or a daughter, she shall bring to the priest a lamb of the first year as a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a turtledove as a sin offering, to the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 7 Then he shall offer it before Yah and make atonement for her. And she shall be clean from the flow of her blood. This is the law for her who has borne a male or a female. 8 And if she is not able to bring a lamb, then she may bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons–one as a burnt offering and the other as a sin offering. So the priest shall make atonement for her and she will be clean”.

*Leviticus 11:18, the KJV says the swan, the pelican and the gier eagle. Other translations say the water-hen, desert or horned owl and vulture. The NIV keeps desert owl for Deuteronomy 14:17 and Psalm 102:6 whereas NKJV, Leviticus 11:18 and Deuteronomy 14:17 the jackdaw appears for the same Hebrew word, the pelican. “White” owl or “white” swan is not clear to translators. The animal called gier eagle is not known but thought to be a vulture. *Swan are clean animals.

 

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