Chapter 5: The Trespass Offering
1 “If a person sins in hearing the utterance of an oath and is a witness, whether he has seen or known of the matter–if he does not tell it, he bears guilt. 2 Or if a person touches any unclean thing, whether it is the carcass of an unclean beast or the carcass of unclean livestock or the carcass of unclean creeping things and he is unaware of it, he also shall be unclean and guilty. 3 Or if he touches human uncleanness–whatever uncleanness with which a man may be defiled and he is unaware of it, when he realizes it, then he shall be guilty. 4 Or if a person swears, speaking thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good, whatever it is that a man may pronounce by an oath and he is unaware of it, when he realizes it, then he shall be guilty in any of these matters. 5 And it shall be , when he is guilty in any of these matters, that he shall confess that he has sinned in that thing. 6 And he shall bring his trespass offering to Yah for his sin which he has committed, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of goats as a sin offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin. 7 If he is not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring to Yah for his trespass which he has committed, two turtledoves or two young pigeons: one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering. 8 And he shall bring them to the priest who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first and wring off its head from its neck but shall not divide it completely. 9 Then he shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar and the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering. 10 And he shall offer the second as a burnt offering according to the prescribed manner. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf for his sin which he has committed and it shall be forgiven him. 11 But if he is not able to bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then he who sinned shall bring for his offering one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a sin offering. He shall put no oil on it, nor shall he put frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering. 12 Then he shall bring it to the priest and the priest shall take his handful of it as a remembrance portion and burn it on the altar according to the offerings made by fire to Yah. It is a sin offering. 13 The priest shall make atonement for him, for his sin that he has committed in any of these matters and it shall be forgiven him. The rest shall be the priest’s as a grain offering”.
Offerings with Restitution (or Sacrifices that Make Things Right)
14 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying. 2 “If a person commits a trespass and sins unintentionally in regard to the qodesh things of Yah, then he shall bring to Yah as his trespass offering a ram without blemish from the flocks, with your valuation in shekels of silver according to the shekel of the sanctuary, as a trespass offering. 16 And he shall make restitution for the harm that he has done in regard to the qodesh thing and shall add one-fifth to it and give it to the priest. So the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering and it shall be forgiven him. 17 If a person sins and commits any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of Yah, though he does not know it, yet he is guilty and shall bear his iniquity. 18 And he shall bring to the priest a ram without blemish from the flock, with your valuation, as a trespass offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him regarding his ignorance in which he erred and did not know it and it shall be forgiven him. 19 It is a trespass offering. He has certainly trespassed against Yah”.
Chapter 6: Other Sins that Need Sacrifices or Payments
1 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “If a person sins and commits a trespass against the Almighty by lying to his neighbor about what was delivered to him for safekeeping or about a pledge or about a robbery or if he has extorted from his neighbor. 3 Or if he has found what was lost and lies concerning it and swears falsely–in any one of these things that a man may do in which he sins: 4 Then it shall be, because he has sinned and is guilty that he shall restore what he has stolen or the thing which he has extorted or what was delivered to him for safekeeping or the lost thing which he found. 5 Or all that about which he has sworn falsely. He shall restore its full value, add one-fifth more to it and give it to whomever it belongs, on the day of his trespass offering. 6 And he shall bring his trespass offering to Yah, a ram without blemish from the flock, with your valuation, as a trespass offering, to the priest. 7 So the priest shall make atonement for him before Yah and he shall be forgiven for any one of these things that he may have done in which he trespasses”.
The Law of the Burnt Offering (Daily Sacrifices)
8 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 9 “Command Aharon and his sons saying This is the law of the Burnt Offering: The burnt offering shall be on the hearth upon the altar all night until morning and the fire of the altar shall be kept burning on it. 10 And the priest shall put on his linen garment and his linen trousers he shall put on his body and take up the ashes of the burnt offering which the fire has consumed on the altar and he shall put them beside the altar. 11 Then he shall take off his garments, put on other garments and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place. 12 And the fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it. It shall not be put out. And the priest shall burn wood on it every morning and lay the burnt offering in order on it and he shall burn on it the fat of the peace offering. 13 A fire shall always be burning on the altar. It shall never go out”.
The Law of the Grain Offering (Sacrifices to Give Thanks to Yah)
14 “This is the law of the grain offering: The sons of Aharon shall offer it on the altar before Yah. 15 He shall take from it his handful of the fine flour of the grain offering, with its oil and all the frankincense which is on the grain offering and shall burn it on the altar for a sweet aroma, as a remembrance (tribute, thanks) to Yah. 16 And the remainder of it Aharon and his sons shall eat with unleavened bread it shall be eaten in a qodesh place, in the court of the tabernacle of meeting, they shall eat it. 17 It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it as their portion of My offerings made by fire. It is most qodesh, like the sin offering and the trespass offering. 18 All the males among the children of Aharon may eat it. It shall be a statute forever in your generations concerning the offerings made by fire to Yah. Everyone who touches them must be qodesh (compare Numbers 4:15 and Haggai 2:11-13)”.
When Priests are Ordained
19 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 20 “This is the offering to Aharon and his sons which they shall offer to Yah, beginning on the day when he is anointed: one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a daily grain offering, half of it in the morning and half of it at night. 21 It shall be made in a pan with oil. When it is mixed, you shall bring it in. The baked pieces of the grain offering you shall offer for a sweet aroma to Yah. 22 The priest from among his sons, who is anointed in his place, shall offer it. It is a statute forever to Yah. It shall be wholly burned. 23 For every grain offering for the priest shall be wholly burned. It shall not be eaten”.
The Law of the Sin Offering (Sacrifices for Sins)
24 Also Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 25 “Speak to Aharon and to his sons saying, this is the law of the sin offering: In the place where the burnt offering is killed, the sin offering shall be killed before Yah. It is most qodesh. 26 The priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. In a qodesh place it shall be eaten, in the court of the tabernacle of meeting. 27 Everyone who touches its flesh must be qodesh (compare to Numbers 4:15 and Haggai 2:11-13). And when its blood is sprinkled on any garment, you shall wash that on which it was sprinkled, in a qodesh place. 28 But the earthen vessel in which it is boiled shall be broken. And if it is boiled in a bronze pot, it shall be both scoured and rinsed in water. 29 All the males among the priests may eat it. It is most qodesh. 30 But no sin offering from which any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of meeting, to make atonement in the qodesh place (The Most Set-apart place) shall be eaten. It shall be burned in the fire”.