Chapter 33: The Command to Leave Sinai
1 Then Yah said to Moshe, “Depart and go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Yitshaq and Yahqob saying, “To your descendants I will give it”. 2 “And I will send My angel before you and I will drive out the Canaanite and the Amorite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Yebusite”. 3 “Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey. For I will not go up in your midst, lest I consume you on the way, for you are a stiff-necked people”. 4 And when the people heard this bad news, they mourned and no one put on his ornaments. 5 For Yah had said to Moshe, “Say to the children of Ysrayl, You are a stiff-necked people. I could come up into your midst in one moment and consume you. Now therefore, take off your ornaments, that I may know what to do to you”. 6 So the children of Ysrayl stripped themselves of their ornaments by Mount Horeb.
Moshe Meets with Yah
7 Moshe took his tent and pitched it outside the camp, far from the camp and called it the tabernacle of meeting. And it came to pass that everyone who sought Yah went out to the tabernacle of meeting which was outside the camp. 8 So it was, whenever Moshe went out to the tabernacle, that all the people rose and each man stood at his tent door and watched Moshe until he had gone into the tabernacle. 9 And it came to pass, when Moshe entered the tabernacle, that the pillar of cloud descended and stood at the door of the tabernacle and Yah talked with Moshe. 10 All the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the tabernacle door and all the people rose and worshiped, each man in his tent door. 11 So Yah spoke to Moshe face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. And he would return to the camp but his servant Yahoshua the son of Nun, a young man, did not depart from the tabernacle.
The Promise of Yah’s Presence
12 Then Moshe said to Yah, “See, You say to me, bring up this people. But You have not let me know whom You will send with me. Yet You have said, I know you by name and you have also found grace in My sight”. 13 “Now therefore, I pray, if I have found grace in Your sight, show me now Your way, that I may know You and that I may find grace in Your sight. And consider that this nation is Your people”. 14 And He said, “My Presence will go with you and I will give you rest”.(compare to Mattithyah 11:28). 15 Then he said to Him, “If Your Presence does not go with us, do not bring us up from here”. 16 “For how then will it be known that Your people and I have found grace in Your sight, except You go with us? So we shall be separate, Your people and I, from all the people who are upon the face of the earth”. 17 So Yah said to Moshe, ‘I will also do this thing that you have spoken. For you have found grace in My sight and I know you by name”. 18 And he said, “Please, show me Your esteem”. 19 Then He said, “I will make all My goodness pass before you and I will proclaim the name of Yah before you. I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion”. 20 But He said, “You cannot see My face for no man shall see Me and live”. 21 And Yah said, “Here is a place by Me and you shall stand on the rock”. 22 “So it shall be, while My esteem passes by, that I will put you in the cleft of the rock and will cover you with My hand while I pass by”. 23 “Then I will take away My hand and you shall see My back but My face shall not be seen”.
Chapter 34: Moshe Makes New Tablets
1 And Yah said to Moshe, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones and I will write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you broke”. 2 “So be ready in the morning and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai and present yourself to Me there on the top of the mountain”. 3 “And no man shall come up with you and let no man be seen throughout all the mountain. Let neither flocks nor herds feed before that mountain”. 4 So he cut two tablets of stone like the first ones. Then Moshe rose early in the morning and went up Mount Sinai as Yah had commanded and he took in his hand the two tablets of stone. 5 Now Yah descended in the cloud and stood with him there and proclaimed the name of Yah. 6 And Yah passed before him and proclaimed, “The Power, the Almighty Yah, merciful and gracious, long-suffering (patience) and abounding in goodness and truth”. 7 “Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children’s children to the third and the fourth generation”. 8 So Moshe made haste and bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped. 9 Then he said, “If now I have found grace in Your sight O Yah, let my Master, I pray go among us, even though we are a stiff-necked people and pardon our iniquity and our sin and take us as Your inheritance”.
The Covenant Renewed
10 And He said, “Behold, I make a covenant. Before all your people I will do marvels such as have not been done in all the earth nor in any nation. And all people among whom you are shall see the work of Yah. For it is an awesome thing that I will do with you”. 11 “Observe what I command you this day. Behold, I am driving out from before you the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Yebusite”. 12 “Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you are going, lest it be a snare in your midst”. 13 “But you shall destroy their altars, break their sacred pillars and cut down their wooden images”. 14 “(For you shall worship no other power, for Yah whose name is Jealous, is a jealous Power)”. 15 “Lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land and they play the harlot with their gods and make sacrifice to their gods and one of them invites you and you eat of his sacrifice”. 16 “And you take of his daughters for your sons and his daughters play the harlot with their gods and make your sons play the harlot with their gods”. 17 “You shall make no molded gods for yourselves”. 18 “The Feast of Unleavened Bread you shall keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread as I commanded you in the appointed time of the month of Abib, for in the month of Abib you came out from Egypt”. 19 “All that open the womb are Mine and every male firstborn among your livestock, whether ox or sheep.” 20 “But the firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb. And if you will not redeem him, then you shall break his neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. And none shall appear before Me empty-handed. 21 “Six days you shall work but on the seventh day you shall rest, in plowing time and in harvest, you shall rest”. 22 “And you shall observe the Feast of Weeks, of the first-fruits of wheat harvest and the Feast of In-gathering at the year’s end”. 23 “Three times in the year all your men shall appear before Yah, the Almighty Power of Ysrayl”. 24 “For I will cast out the nations before you and enlarge your borders. Neither will any man covet your land when you go up to appear before Yah your Father three times in the year”. 25 “You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leaven nor shall the sacrifice of the Feast of Passover be left until morning”. 26 “The first of the first-fruits of your land you shall bring to the house of Yah your Abba. You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk”. 27 Then Yah said to Moshe, “Write these words, for according to the tenor (mouth) of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Ysrayl”. 28 So he was there with Yah forty days and forty nights. He neither ate bread nor drank water. And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments (literally Ten Words).
The Shining (Illuminated) Face of Moshe
29 Now it was so, when Moshe came down from Mount Sinai (and the two tablets of the Testimony were in Moshe’s hand when he came down from the mountain) that Moshe did not know that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him. 30 So when Aharon and all the children of Ysrayl saw Moshe, behold, the skin of his face shone and they were afraid to come near him. 31 Then Moshe called to them and Aharon and all the rulers of the congregation returned to him and Moshe talked with them. 32 Afterward all the children of Ysrayl came near and he gave them as commandments all that Yah had spoken with him on Mount Sinai. 33 And when Moshe had finished speaking with them, he put a veil on his face. 34 But whenever Moshe went in before Yah to speak with Him, he would take the veil off until he came out and he would come out and speak to the children of Ysrayl whatever he had been commanded. 35 And whenever the children of Ysrayl saw the face of Moshe, that the skin of Moshe’s face shone, then Moshe would put the veil on his face again, until he went to speak with Him.