Chapter 27: The Altar of Burnt Offering
1 “You shall make an altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits wide–the altar shall be square and its height shall be three cubits”. 2 “You shall make its horns on its four corners. Its horns shall be of one piece with it. And you shall overlay it with bronze”. 3 “Also you shall make its pans to receive its ashes and its shovels and its basins and its forks and its firepans. You shall make all its utensils of bronze”. 4 “You shall make a grate for it, a network of bronze and on the network you shall make four bronze rings at its four corners”. 5 “You shall put it under the rim of the altar beneath that the network may be midway up the altar”. 6 “And you shall make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood and overlay them with bronze”. 7 ” The poles shall be put in the rings and the poles shall be on the two sides of the altar to bear it”. 8 “You shall make it hollow with boards as it was shown you on the mountain, so shall they make it”.
The Court of the Tabernacle
9 “You shall also make the court of the tabernacle. For the south side there shall be hangings for the court made of fine woven linen, one hundred cubits long for one side”. 10 “And its twenty pillars and their twenty sockets shall be bronze. The hooks of the pillars and their bands shall be silver”. 11 “Likewise along the length of the north side there shall be hangings on the hundred cubits long with its twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of bronze and the hooks of the pillars and their bands of silver”. 12 “And along the width of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits with their ten pillars and their ten sockets”. 13 “The width of the court on the east side shall be fifty cubits”. 14 “The hangings on one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits with their pillars and their three sockets”. 15 “And on the other side shall be hangings of fifteen cubits with their three pillars and their three sockets”. 16 “For the gate of the court there shall be a screen twenty cubits long, woven of blue, purple and scarlet thread and fine woven linen made by a weaver. It shall have four pillars and four sockets”. 17 “All the pillars around the court shall have bands of silver. Their hooks shall be of silver and their sockets of bronze”. 18 “The length of the court shall be one hundred cubits, the width fifty throughout and the height five cubits made of fine woven linen and its sockets of bronze”. 19 “All the utensils of the tabernacle for all its service, all its pegs and all the pegs of the court, shall be bronze”.
The Care of the Lampstand
20 “And you shall command the children of Ysrayl that they bring you pure oil pressed olives for the light, to cause the lamp to burn continually”. 21 “In the tabernacle of meeting, outside the veil which is before the Testimony, Aharon and his sons shall tend it from evening until morning before Yah. It shall be a statue forever to their generations on behalf of the children of Ysrayl.
Chapter 28: Garments for the Priesthood
1 “Now take Aharon your brother and his sons with him, from among the children of Ysrayl that he may minister (serve) me as priest, Aharon and his sons: Nadab, Abihu and Yleazer and Ithamar. 2 “And you shall make set-apart (or Qodesh) garments for Aharon your brother, for esteem and for beauty”. 3 “So you shall speak to all who are gifted artisans, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aharon’s garments, to consecrate him, that he may minister to Me as priest”. 4 “And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, an ephod (that is, an ornamented vest), a robe, a skillfully woven tunic, a turban and a sash. So they shall make set-apart garments for Aharon your brother and his sons, that he may minister to Me as priest”.
5 “They shall take the gold, blue, purple and scarlet thread and the fine linen”. 6 “And they shall make the ephod of gold, blue, purple and scarlet thread and fine woven linen, artistically worked”. 7 “It shall have two shoulder straps joined at its two edges and so it shall be joined together”. 8 “And the intricately woven band of the ephod which is on it shall be of the same workmanship, made of gold, blue, purple and scarlet thread and fine woven linen”. 9 “Then you shall take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Ysrayl”. 10 “Six of their names on one stone and six names on the other stone, in order of their birth”. 11 “With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Ysrayl. You shall set them in settings of gold”. 12 “And you shall put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Ysrayl. So Aharon shall bear their names before Yah on his two shoulders as a remembrance”. 13 “You shall also make settings of gold”. 14 “And you shall make two chains of pure gold like braided cords and fasten the braided chains to the settings”.
15 “You shall make the breastplate of judgment. Artistically woven according to the workmanship of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, blue, purple and scarlet thread and fine woven linen, you shall make it”. 16 “It shall be doubled into a square: a span shall be its length and a span shall be its width”. 17 “And you shall put settings of stones in it, four rows of stones: The first row shall be a sardius (ruby), a topaz and an emerald. This shall be the first row”. 18 “The second row shall be a turquoise, a sapphire and a diamond”. 19 “The third row, a jacinth (Hebrew leshem), an agate and an amethyst”. 20 “And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx(shoham) and a jasper (Hebrew yashepheh). They shall be set in gold settings”. 21 “And the stones shall have the names of the sons of Ysrayl, twelve according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, each one with its own name. They shall be according to the twelve tribes”. 22 “You shall make chains for the breastplate at the end, like braided cords of pure gold”. 23 “And you shall make two rings of gold for the breastplate and put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate”. 24 “Then you shall put the two braided chains of gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the breatplate”. 25 “And the other two ends of the two braided chains you shall fasten to the two settings and put them on the shoulder straps of the ephod in the front”. 26 “You shall make two rings of gold and put hem on the two ends of the breastplate, on the edge of it, which is on the inner side of the ephod”. 27 “And two other rings of gold you shall make and put them on the two shoulders straps, underneath the ephod toward its front, right at the seam, above the intricately woven band of the ephod”. 28 “They shall bind the breastplate by means of its rings to the rings of the ephod using a blue cord so that it is above the intricately woven band of the ephod and so that the breastplate does not come loose from the ephod”. 29 “So Aharon shall bear the names of the sons of Ysrayl on the breastplate of judgment over his heart when he goes into the Qodesh place as a remembrance before Yah continually”. 30 “And you shall put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim (literally the lights and the perfections, compare to Leviticus 8:8) and they shall be over Aharon’s heart when he goes in before Yah. So Aharon shall bear the judgment of the children of Ysrayl over his heart before Yah continually”.
Other Priestly Garments
31 “You shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue”. 32 “There shall be an opening for his head in the middle of it. It shall have a woven binding all around its opening like the opening in a coat of mail (or opening like scaled armor), so that it does not tear”. 33 “And upon its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet, all around its hem and bells of gold between them all around”. 34 “A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe all around”. 35 “And it shall be upon Aharon when he ministers and its sound will be heard when he goes into the Set-apart (Qodesh) place before Yah and when he comes out, that he may not die”. 36 “You shall also make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet: QODESH TO YAH. 37 “And you shall put it on a blue cord, that it may be on the turban. It shall be on the front of the turban”. 38 “So it shall be on Aharon’s forehead, that Aharon may bear the iniquity of the set-apart things which the children of Ysrayl hallow in all their set-apart gifts and it shall always be on his forehead, that they may be accepted before Yah. 39 ” You shall skillfully weave the tunic of fine linen thread. You shall make the turban of fine linen and you shall make the sash of woven work”. 40 “So you shall put them on Aharon your brother and on his sons with him. You shall anoint them, consecrate them and sanctify them, that they may minister to Me as priests”. 42 “And you shall make for them linen trouser to cover their nakedness. They shall reach from the waist to the thighs”. 43 “They shall be on Aharon and on his sons when they come into the tabernacle of meeting or when they come near the altar to minister in the Qodesh place, that they do not incur iniquity and die. It shall be a statue forever to him and his descendants after him”.
*A span is the distance measured by a human hand from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the little finger. In ancient times, a span was considered to be half a cubit.
*(28:9-12 compare the names of the 12 sons as a signet placed from first to last or beginning to end or alpha to omega like Yah and Yahoshua). (compare 28:28, 37 priests had a cord of blue on breastplate or heart and on the turban or forehead like the children of Ysrayl wore a cord of blue, see Numbers 15:38).