Chapter 17: Water from the Rock
1 Then all the congregation of the children of Ysrayl set out on their journey from the Wilderness of Sin according to the commandment of Yah and camped in Rephidim. But there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Therefore, the people contended with Moshe and said, “Give us water that we may drink”. So Moshe said to them, “Why do you contend with me? Why do you tempt Yah?” 3 And the people thirsted there for water and the people complained against Moshe and said, “Why is it you have brought us up out of Egypt to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst”? 4 So Moshe cried out to Yah saying, “What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me”! 5 And Yah said to Moshe, “Go on before the people and take with you some of the elders of Ysrayl. Also take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river and go”. 6 “Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb and you shall strike the rock and water will come out of it, that the people may drink”. And Moshe did so in the sight of the elders of Ysrayl. 7 So he called the name of the place Massah (literally tempted) and Meribah (literally contention) because of the contention of the children of Ysrayl and because they tempted Yah saying, “Is Yah among us or not”? (compare to Zechariyah 13:7 the Shepherd was struck, John 19:34 Yahoshua Ben Yah was struck in the side and water and blood poured out) (see Numbers chapter 20, speak to the rock).
Triumph Over the Amalekites
8 Now Amalek came and fought with Ysrayl in Rephidim. 9 And Moshe said to Yahoshua, “Choose us some men and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of Yah in my hand”. 10 So Yahoshua did as Moshe said to him and fought with Amalek. And Moshe, Aharon and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 And so it was, when Moshe held up his hand that Ysrayl prevailed and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. 12 But Moshe’s hands became heavy. So they took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. And Aharon and Hur supported his hands, one on one side and the other on the other side and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. 13 So Yahoshua defeated Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword. 14 Then Yah said to Moshe, “Write this for a remembrance in the book and recount it in the hearing of Yahoshua, that I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven”. 15 And Moshe built an altar and called its name, Yah-Is-My-Banner (Hebrew Yah Nissi). 16 For he said, “Because Yah has sworn: Yah will have war with Amalek from generation to generation”.
Chapter 18: Yethro’s Advice
1 And Yethro, the priest of Midian, Moshe’s father-in-law heard of all that Yah had done for Moshe and for Ysrayl His people–that Yah had brought Ysrayl out of Egypt. 2 Then Yethro, Moshe’s father-in-law took Zipporah, Moshe’s wife, after he had sent her back. 3 With her two sons, of whom the name of one was Gershom (for he said, “I have been a stranger in a foreign land, compare Exodus 2:22). 4 And the name of the other was Yliezer (literally My Power is Help) (for he said, “The Power of my father was my help and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh”). 5 And Yethro, Moshe’s father-in-law came with his sons and his wife to Moshe in the wilderness where he was encamped at the mountain of Yah. 6 Now he had said to Moshe, “I, your father-in-law Yethro am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her”. 7 So Moshe went out to meet his father-in-law, bowed down and kissed him. And they asked each other about their well-being and they went into the tent. 8 And Moshe told his father-in-law all that Yah had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Ysrayl’s sake, all the hardship that had come upon them on the way and how Yah had delivered them. 9 Then Yethro rejoiced for all the good which Yah had done for Ysrayl whom He had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians. 10 And Yethro said, “Blessed be Yah who has delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of Pharoah and who has delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. 11 “Now I know that Yah is greater than all the gods for in the very thing in which they behaved proudly, He was above them”. 12 Then Yethro, Moshe’s father-in-law took (offered) a burnt offering and other sacrifices to offer Yah. And Aharon came with all the elders of Ysrayl to eat bread with Moshe’s father-in-law before Yah. 13 And so it was, on the next day that Moshe sat to judge the people and the people stood before Moshe from morning until evening. 14 So when Moshe’s father-in-law saw all that he did for the people he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit and all the people stand before you from morning until evening”?
15 And Moshe said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me to inquire of Yah”. 16 “When they have a difficulty, they come to me and I judge between one and another and I make known the statues of Yah and His laws”. 17 So Moshe’s father-in-law said to him, “The thing that you do is not good”. 18 “Both you and these people who are with you will surly wear yourselves out. For this thing is too much for you. You are not able to perform it by yourself”. 19 “Listen now to my voice. I will give you counsel and Yah will be with you. Stand before Yah for the people, so that you may bring the difficulties to Yah”. 20 “And you shall teach them the statues and the laws and show them the way in which they must walk and the work they must do”. 21 “Moreover, you shall select from all the people able men, such as fear Yah, men of truth, hating covetousness and place such over them to be rulers (or heads) of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties and rulers of tens”. 22 “And let them judge the people at all times. Then it will be that every great matter they shall bring to you but every small matter they themselves shall judge. So it will be easier for you, for they will bear the burden with you”. 23 “If you do this thing and Yah so commands you, then you will be able to endure and all this people will also go to their place in peace”. 24 So Moses heeded the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said. 25 And Moshe chose able men out of all Ysrayl and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties and rulers of tens. 26 So they judged the people at all times. The hard cases they brought to Moshe but they judged every small case themselves. 27 Then Moshe let his father-in-law depart and he went his way to his own land.