Exodus Chapter 15 and Chapter 16

Chapter 15: The Song of Moses

1 Then Moshe and the children of Ysrayl sang this song to Yah and spoke saying: “I will sing to Yah for He has triumphed magnificently! The horse and its rider He has thrown into the sea! 2 Yah is my strength and song and He has become my salvation. He is my Power and I will praise Him. My father’s Power and I will exalt Him. 3 Yah is a man of war. Yah is His name. 4 Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea. 5 The depths have covered them. 6 Your right hand, O Yah, has become superb in power. Your right hand, O Yah, has dashed the enemy in pieces. 7 And in the greatness of Your excellence, You have overthrown those who rose against You. You sent forth Your wrath. It consumed them like stubble. 8 And with the blast of Your nostrils, the waters were gathered together. The floods stood upright like a heap. The depths congealed in the heart of the sea. 9 The enemy said, I will pursue. I will overtake. I will divide the spoil. My desire shall be satisfied on them. I will draw my sword. My hand shall destroy them. 10 You blew with Your wind, the sea covered them. They sank like lead in the mighty waters. 11 Who is like You, O Yah, among the gods? Who is like You, superb in righteousness, fearful in praises, doing wonders? 12 You stretched out Your right hand, the earth swallowed them. 13 You in Your mercy have led forth the people whom You have redeemed. You have guided them in Your strength to your Set-apart habitation. 14 The people will hear and be afraid. Sorrow will take hold of the inhabitants of Philistia. 15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be dismayed. The mighty men of Moab, trembling will take hold of them. All the inhabitants of Canaan will melt away. 16 Fear and dread will fall on them by the greatness of Your arm. They will be as still as a stone until Your people pass over, O Yah. Until the people pass over whom You have purchased. 17 You will bring them in and plant them in the mountain of Your inheritance, in the place, O Yah, which You have made for Your own dwelling. The sanctuary, O Yah which Your hands have established. 18 Yah will reign forever and ever. 19 For the horses of Pharaoh went with his chariots and his horsemen into the sea and Yah brought back the waters of the sea upon them. But the children of Ysrayl went on dry land in the midst of the sea.

The Song of Miriam

20 Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aharon took the timbrel in her hand and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. 21 And Miriam answered them: “Sing to Yah. For He has triumphed magnificently! He has thrown into the sea!”

Bitter Waters Made Sweet

22 So Moshe brought Ysrayl from the Red Sea. Then they went out into the Wilderness of Shur. And they went three days in the wilderness and found no water. 23 Now when they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore, the name of it was called Marah (literally bitter). 24 And the people complained against Moshe saying, “What shall we drink”? 25 So he cried out to Yah and Yah showed him a tree. When he cast it into the water, the waters were made sweet. There He made a statue and an ordinance for them and there He tested them. 26 And said, “If you diligently heed the voice of Yah your Almighty and do what is right in His sight, give ear to His commandments and keep all His statues, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have brought on the Egyptians. For I am Yah who heals you”. 27 Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees. So they camped there by the waters.

Chapter 16: Bread from Heaven

1 And they journeyed from Elim and all the congregation of the children of Ysrayl came to the Wilderness of Sin which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they departed from the land of Egypt. 2 Then the whole congregation of the children of Ysrayl complained against Moshe and Aharon in the wilderness. 3 And the children of Ysrayl said to them, “Oh, that we had died by the hand of Yah in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of meat and when we ate bread to the full! For you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger”. 4 Then Yah said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you. And the people shall go out and gather a certain quota every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My law or not”. (compare to Deuteronomy 8:2). 5 “And it shall be on the sixth day that they shall prepare what they bring in and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily”. 6 Then Moshe and Aharon said to all the children of Ysrayl, “At evening you shall know that Yah has brought you out of the land of Egypt”.  7  “And in the morning you shall see the esteem of Yah. For He hears your complaints against (Him) Yah. But what are we, that you complain against us”? 8 Also Moshe said, “This shall be seen when Yah give you meat to eat in the evening and in the morning bread to the full. For Yah hears your complaints which you make against Him. And what are we? Your complaints are not against us but against Yah”. 9 Then Moshe spoke to Aharon, “Say to all the congregation of the children of Ysrayl, “Come near before Yah for He has heard your complaints”. 10 Now it came to pass, as Aharon spoke to the whole congregation of the children of Ysryal, that they looked toward the wilderness and behold, the esteem of Yah appeared in the cloud. 11 And Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 12 “I have heard the complaints of the children of Ysrayl. Speak to them saying, “At twilight you shall eat meat and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. And you shall know that I am Yah your Almighty”. 13 So it was that quails came up at evening and covered the camp and in the morning the dew lay all around the camp. 14 And when the layer of dew lifted, there, on the surface of the wilderness was a small round substance as fine as frost on the ground. 15 So when the children of Ysrayl saw it, they said to one another, “What is it”? For they did not know what it was. And Moshe said to them, “This is the bread which Yah has given you to eat. 16 “This is the thing which Yah has commanded: “Let every man gather it according to each one’s need, one omer for each person, according to the number of persons. Let every man take for those who are in his tent”. 17 Then the children of Ysrayl did so and gathered, some more, some less. 18 So when they measured it by omers, he who gathered much had nothing left over and he who gathered little had no lack. Every man had gathered according to each one’s need. 19 And Moshe said, “Let no one leave any of it until morning”. 20 Notwithstanding, they did not heed Moshe. But some of them left part of it until morning and it bred worms and stank. And Moshe was angry with them. 21 So they gathered it every morning, every man according to his need. And when the sun became hot, it melted. 22 And so it was, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers (or heads) of the congregation came and told Moshe. 23 Then he said to them, “This is what Yah has said: “Tomorrow is a Shabbat rest, a Set-apart Shabbat to Yah. Bake what you will bake today and boil what you will boil and lay up for yourselves all that remains to be kept until morning”. 24 So they laid it up til morning, as Moshe commanded and it did not stink nor were there any worms in it. (compare to Psalm 16:10 Yahoshua Ben Yah being the incorruptible bread) 25 Then Moshe said, “Eat that today, for today is a Shabbat to Yah. Today you will not find it in the field”. 26 “Six days you shall gather it but on the seventh day, the Shabbat, there will be none”. 27  Now it happened that some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather but they found none. 28 And Yah said to Moshe, “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My laws”? 29 “See! For Yah has given you the Shabbat. Therefore, He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place. Let no man go out of his place on the seventh day”. 30 So the people rested on the seventh day. 31 And the house of Ysrayl called its name Manna (literally what? [compare to Exodus 16:15]). And it was like (or appeared like) white coriander seed and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. (compare to Psalm 78:24-25) (compare to Numbers 11:7). 32 Then Moshe said, “This is the thing which Yah has commanded: Fill an omer with it, to be kept for your generations that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt”. 33 And Moshe said to Aharon, “Take a pot and put an omer of manna in it and lay it up before Yah, to be kept for your generations”. 34 As Yah commanded Moshe, so Aharon laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 And the children of Ysrayl ate manna forty years until they came to an inhabited land. They ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36 Now an omer is one-tenth of an ephah.

*Compare Exodus 16:8 to Matthew 14:13-21, Mark 8:1-10, Luke 9:16 and John 6:1-14 Yah fed the multitudes bread and meat, Yahoshua fed the multitudes bread and fish.



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