Chapter 13: The Firstborn Consecrated
1 Then Yah spoke to Moshe saying: 2 “Consecrate to Me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Ysrayl, both of man and beast. It is Mine”.
The Feast of Unleavened Bread
3 And Moshe said to the people: “Remember this day in which you went out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, for by strength of hand Yah brought you out of this place. No leavened bread shall be eaten. 4 “On this day you are going out, in the month Abib”. 5 “And it shall be, when Yah brings you into the land of the Canaanites and the Hitties and the Amorites and the Hivites and the Yebusites which He swore to your fathers to give you a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month”. 6 “Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to Yah. 7 “Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days. And no leavened bread shall be seen among you, nor shall leaven be seen among you in all your quarters”. 8 “And you shall tell your son in that day saying, “This is done because of what Yah did for me when I came up from Egypt”. 9 “It shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a remembrance between your eyes, that Yah’s law may be in your mouth for with a strong hand Yah has brought you out of Egypt”. 10 “You shall therefore keep this ordinance in its season from year to year”.
The Law of the Firstborn
11 “And it shall be, when Yah brings you into the land of the Canaanites, as He swore to you and your fathers and gives it to you”. 12 “That you shall set apart to Yah all that open the womb, that is, every firstborn that comes from an animal which you have, the males shall be Yah’s”. 13 “But every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. And all the firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem”. 14 “So is shall be, when your son asks you in time to come saying, “What is this”? That you shall say to him, “By strength of hand Yah brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage”. 15 “And it came to pass, when Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us go, that Yah killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of beast. Therefore, I sacrifice to Yah all males that open the womb but all the firstborn of my sons, I redeem”. 16 “It shall be as a sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand Yah brought us out of Egypt”.
The Wilderness Way
17 Then it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that Yah did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near. For Yah said, “Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war and return to Egypt”. 18 So Yah led the people around by way of the wilderness of the Red Sea. And the children of Ysrayl went up in orderly ranks out of the land of Egypt. 19 And Moshe took the bones of Yoseph with him, for he had placed the children of Ysrayl under solemn oath saying, “Yah will surely visit you and you shall carry up my bones from here with you”(Genesis 50:25). 20 So they took their journey from Succoth and camped in Etham at the edge of the wilderness. 21 And Yah went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead the way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light so as to go by day and night. 22 He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day or the pillar of fire by night from before the people.
Chapter 14: The Red Sea Crossing
1 Now Yah spoke to Moses saying: 2 “Speak to the children of Ysrayl, that they turn and camp before Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, opposite Baal Zephon. You shall camp before it by the sea. 3 “For Pharaoh will say of the children of Ysrayl, they are bewildered by the land. The wilderness has closed them in”. 4 “Then I will harden Pharaoh’s heart so that he will pursue them. And I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, that the Egyptians may know that I am Yah”. And they did so. 5 Now it was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people. And they said, “Why have we done this, that we have let Ysrayl go from serving us”? 6 So he made ready his chariot and took his people with him. 7 Also, he took six hundred choice chariots and all the chariots of Egypt with captains over every one of them. 8 And Yah hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt and he pursued the children of Ysrayl and the children of Ysrayl went out with boldness. 9 So the Egyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen and his army and overtook them camping by the sea beside Pi Hahiroth, before Baal Zephon. 10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the children of Ysrayl lifted their eyes and behold, the Egyptians marched after them. So they were very afraid and the children of Ysrayl cried out to Yah. 11 Then they said to Moshe, “Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you so dealt with us, to bring us up out of Egypt”? 12 “Is this not the word that we told you in Egypt saying, Let us alone that we may serve the Egyptians? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than that we should die in the wilderness”. 13 And Moshe said to the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand still and see the salvation of Yah which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever”.
14 “Yah will fight for you and you shall hold you peace”. 15 And Yah said to Moshe, “Why do you cry to Me? Tell the children of Ysrayl to go forward”. 16 “But lift up your rod and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Ysrayl shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea”. (This is the first immersing of the children of Ysrayl). 17 “And I indeed will harden the hearts of the Egyptians and they shall follow them. So I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, his chariots and his horsemen”. 18 “Then the Egyptians shall know that I am Yah when I have gained honor for Myself over Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen”. 19 And the angel of Yah, who went before the camp of Ysrayl moved and went behind them and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. 20 So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Ysrayl. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one and it gave light by night to the other so that the one did not come near the other all that night. 21 Then Moshe stretched out his hand over the sea and Yah caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night and made the sea into dry land and the waters were divided. 22 So the children of Ysrayl went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23 And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots and his horsemen. 24 Now it came to pass, in the morning watch, that Yah looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud and He troubled the army of the Egyptians. 25 And He took off (bound) their chariot wheels so that they drove them with difficulty and the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the face of Ysrayl for Yah fights for them against the Egyptians”. 26 Then Yah said to Moshe, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots and on their horsemen”. 27 And Moshe stretched out his hand over the sea and when the morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. So Yah overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 28 Then the waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen and all the army of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them. Not so much as one of them remained. 29 But the children of Ysrayl had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 30 So Yah saved Ysrayl that day out of the hand of the Egyptians and Ysrayl saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 Thus Ysrayl saw the great work which Yah had done in Egypt. So the people feared Yah and believed Yah and His servant Moshe.