Exodus Chapter 11 and Chapter 12

Chapter 11: Death of the Firstborn Announced

1 And Yah said to Moshe, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. Afterward, he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will surely drive you out of here altogether”. 2 “Speak now in the hearing of the people and let every man ask from his neighbor and every woman from her neighbor, articles of silver and articles of gold”. 3 And Yah gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moshe was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants and in the sight of the people. 4 Then Moshe said, “Thus says Yah: About midnight, I will go out into the midst of Egypt”. 5 “And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the hand-mill and all the firstborn animals”. 6 “Then there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt such as was not like it before, nor shall be like it again”. 7 “But against none of the children of Ysrayl shall a dog move its tongue, against man or beast, that you may know that Yah does make a difference between the Egyptians and Ysrayl”. 8 “And all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me saying, “Get out and all the people who follow you! After that I will go out”. Then he went out from Pharaoh in great anger. 9 But Yah said to Moshe, “Pharaoh will not heed you, so that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt”. 10 So Moshe and Aharon did all these wonders before Pharaoh and Yah hardened Pharaoh’s heart and he did not let the children of Ysrayl go out of his land.

Chapter 12: The Passover Instituted

1 Now Yah spoke to Moshe and Aharon in the land of Egypt saying. 2 “This month shall be your beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year to you”. 3 “Speak to all the congregation of Ysrayl saying, “On the tenth of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household”. 4 “And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next to his house take it according to the number of the persons, according to each man’s need you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 “Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats”. 6 “Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Ysrayl shall kill it at twilight”. 7 “And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it.” 8 “Then they shall eat the flesh on that night, roasted in fire with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it”. 9 “Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water but roasted in fire–its head with its legs and its entrails”. 10 “You shall let none of it remain until morning and what remains of it until morning you shall burn with fire”. 11 “And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is Yah’s Passover”. 12 “For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast and against all the gods of Egypt.  I will execute judgment. I am Yah”. 13 “Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt”. 14 “So this day shall be to you a remembrance and you shall keep it as a feast to Yah throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance”. 15 “Seven days shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Ysrayl”. 16 “On the first day there shall be a set-apart assembly and on the seventh day there shall be a set-apart assembly for you. No manner of work shall be done on them but that which everyone must eat–that only may be prepared by you”. 17 “So you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I will have brought your armies (tribes) out of the land of Egypt. Therefore, you shall observe this day throughout your generations as an everlasting ordinance”. 18 “In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening”. 19 “For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses since whoever eats what is leavened, that same person shall be cut off from the congregation of Yrsayl, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land”. 20 “You shall eat nothing leavened in all your dwellings. You shall eat unleavened bread”. 21 Then Moshe called for all the elders of Ysrayl and said to them, “Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families and kill the Passover lamb”. 22 “And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning”. 23 “For Yah will pass through to strike the Egyptians and when He sees the blood on the lintel and the two doorposts, Yah will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to strike you”. 24 “And you shall observe this thing as an ordinance for you and your sons forever”. 25 “It will come to pass when you come to the land which Yah will give you, just as He promised, that you shall keep this service”. 26 “And it shall be, when your children say to you, “What do you mean by this service”? 27 “That you shall say, “It is the Passover sacrifice of Yah, who passed over the houses of the children of Ysrayl in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and delivered our households”. So the people bowed their heads and worshipped. 28 Then the children of Ysrayl went away and did so, just as Yah had commanded Moshe and Aharon, so they did.

The Tenth Plague: Death of the Firstborn

29  And it came to pass at midnight that Yah struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon and all the firstborn of livestock. 30 So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants and all the Egyptians and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

The Exodus

31 Then he called for Moshe and Aharon by night and said, “Rise, go out from among my people, both you and the children of Ysrayl. And go, serve Yah as you have said”. 32 “Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said and be gone and bless me also”. 33 And the Egyptians urged the people that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead”. 34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their clothes on their shoulders. 35 Now the children of Ysrayl had done according to the word of Moshe and they had asked from the Egyptians articles of silver, articles of gold and clothing. 36 and Yah had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians so that they granted them what they requested. Thus they plundered the Egyptians. 37 Then the children of Ysrayl journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children. 38 A mixed multitude went up with them also and flocks and herds–a great deal of livestock. 39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Egypt. for it was not leavened because they were driven out of Egypt and could not wait nor had hey prepared provisions for themselves. 40 Now the sojourn of the children of Ysrayl who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. 41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years–on the very same day–it came to pass that all the armies (tribes) of Yah went out from the land of Egypt. 42 It is a night of solemn observance to Yah for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of Yah, a solemn observance for all the children of Ysrayl throughout their generations.

Passover Regulations

43 And Yah said to Moshe and Aharon, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat it. 44 “But every man’s servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then he may eat it. 45 “A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat it”. 46 “In one house it shall be eaten, you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house nor shall you break one of its bones”. 47 “All the congregation of Ysrayl shall keep it”. 48 “And when a stranger dwells with you and wants to keep the Passover to Yah, let all his males be circumcised and then let him come near and keep it and he shall be as a native of the land. For no uncircumcised person shall eat it”. 49 “One law shall be for the native-born and for the stranger who dwells among you”. 50 Thus all the children of Ysrayl did as Yah commanded Moshe and Aharon, so they did. 51 And it came to pass, on that very same day, that Yah brought the children of Ysrayl out of the land of Egypt according to their armies (or according to their tribes).

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